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together our duty and our interest, and to Take a bunch of hysop, and dip it in the Take those very things the instances of our blood that is in the bason, and strike the listel cecience, which are the natural means and and the two side-posts.
Exodus. causes of our happiness.
Tillotson. When you lay any timber or brick work, as 6. To unite or concatenate in a regular lintels over windows, lay them in loam, which series of consequences.
is a great preserver of timber. Moxon. These things are linked, and, as it were,
Silver the lintels deep projecting o'er, chaiaed one to another: we labour to eat, and
And gold the ringlets that command the door.
Pope. we eat to live, and we live to do good; and the good which we do is as seed sown, with re
Li'on. n. s. [lion, Fr. leo, Lat.) ference unto a future harvest.
Hooker. 1. The fiercest and most magnanimous of Tell me, which part it does necessitate? fourfooted beasts. I'll chuse the other; there I'll link th' effect ; King Richard's sirname was Cor-de-Lion, for A chain, which fools to catch themselves project! his lion-like courage.
Camden's Remains. Dryden. Be lion mettled; proud, and take no care By which chain of ideas thus visibly linked Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are; together in train, i.e. each intermediate idea Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be. Sbakspeare. agreeing on each side with those two it is im- The sphinx, a famous monster in Egypt, had madately placed between, the ideas of men and the face of a virgin, and the body of a lion. sel-determination appear to be connected.
Peachan on Drawing.
Milton commodate passengers with light.
See lion hearted Richard, What a ridiculous thing it was, that the continued shadow of the earth should be broken by
Piously valiant, like a torrent swellid seddea miraculous disclusions of light, to pre
With wintry tempests, that disdains all mounds, ved .be officiousness of the linkboy. More.
Breaking away impetuous, and involves
Within its sweep trees, houses, men, he press'd,
Pbilipas Yet trust him not along the lonely wall. Gay.
la the back form ot cinder-wench she came. 2. A sign in the zodiack. O may no linkboy interrupt their love! Gay. The lion, for the honour of his skin, Lisset. 2. s. '[linot, Fr. linaria, Latin.]
The squeezing crab, and stinging scorpion shine A small singing bird.
For aiding heaven, when giants dar'd to brave
The threat'ned stars. Creecb's Manilius, The swallows make use of celandine, the linzet el euphragia, for the repairing of their Li'oNESS. n. s. [feminine of lion.) A sight
she lion. Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat? Pope. Under which bush's shade, a lioness LINGE ED. 2. 5. (semen lini, Latin.] The Lay couching head on ground, with catlike seed of flax, which is much used in
When that the sleeping man should stir.
Sbakspeare. The joints may be closed with a cement of
The furious lioness Pice, linseed oil, and cotton, Mortimer.
Forgetting young ones, through the fields doth LISSEYWOOLSEY. adj. [linen and wool.]
May. Made of linen and wool mixed ; vile; The greedy lioness the wolf
pursues, mean; of different and unsuitable The wolf the kid, the wanton kid the browze. parts.
Dryder. A lawless linseytpoolsie brother,
If we may believe Pliny, lions do, in a very Half of one order, half another. Hudibras. severe manner, punish the adulteries of the
lioness. Peeld, patch'd and pyebald, linseywoelsey
Ayliffe's Parergon. brothers,
LIONLEAF. n. s. [lecntopetalon, Latin.] Grave mummers! sleeveless some, and shirtless A plant. others.
Pope. Li'ON'S-MOUTH LI'NSTOCK. n. s. (lunte or lente, Teuto. Li'on's-Paw. n. s. [from lion.] The
nick, lint and stock.] A staff of wood Lion's-TAIL. name of an herb.
The nimble gunner
1. The outer part of the mouth, the mus. Aad doso goes all before him. Shakspeare.
cles that shoot beyond the teeth, which The distance judg’d for shot of ev'ry size,
are of so much use in speaking, that The tinstocks touch, the pond'rous bail expires. they are used for all the organs of
Dryden. speech. LIST. I. s. [linteum, Lat. llin, Welsh and
Those happiest smiles
That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to 1. Tle soft substance commonly called
What guests were in her eyes. Shakspeare.
No talshood shall dehle my lips with lies, 2. Linen scraped into soft woolly sub- Or with a vale of truth disguise. Sandys. stance to lay on sores.
Her lips blush deeper sweets. Thomson. I dressed them up with unguentum basilici com vitello ovi, upon pledgits of lint. Wiseman.
2. The edge of any thing. Listel. n. š. (linteal, French.] That
In many places is a ridge of mountains some part of the door frame that lies cross
distance from the sea, and a plain from their
roots to the shore; which plain was formerly the door posts over head,
covered by the sea, which bounded against those
hills as its first ramparts, or as the ledges or lips spreading of the spirits and tangible parts, the of its vessel.
Burnet. closeness of the tangible parts, and the jejune. In wounds, the lips sink and are flaccid; a ness or extreme comminution of spirits; the gleet followeth, and the flesh within withers. two first may be joined with a nature liquefiable, Wiseman. the last not.
Bacon. 3. To make a Lip. To hang the lip in To LIQUEFY. v.a. (liquefier, Fr. liquesullenness and contempt.
facis, Lat.) To melt; to dissolve. A letter for me! It gives me an estate of seven
That degree of heat which is in lime and years health; in which time I will make a lip at
ashes, being a smothering heat, is the most the physician.
proper, for it doth neither liquefy nor rarefy; To Lip. v. a. (from the noun.) To kiss. and that is true maturation. Bacon's Nat. Hist. Obsolete.
To Li'QueFY. v. n. To grow liquid. A hand, that kings
The blood of St. Januarius liquefied at the apo Have lipt, and trembled kissing. Shakspears.
proach of the saint's head.
Addison on Italy. Oh! 'tis the fiend's arch mock,
Lique'sCENCY. n. s. [liquescentia, Lat.] To lip a wanton and suppose her chaste.
Aptness to melt. LIPLA'BOUR. n. s. [lip and labour.j LiQUE SCENT, adj. [liquescens, Latin.] Action of the lips without concurrence
Melting. of the mind; words without senti- Liquid, adj. (liquide, French ; liquidus,
Latin.) ments. Fasting, when prayer is not directed to its
1. Not solid ; not forming one continuous own purposes, is but liplabour.
substance ; Auid. LIPOʻTHYMOUS. adj. (asinw and Jupos.] Gently rolls the liquid glass. Dr. Daniel. Swooning ; fainting.
2. Soft ; clear. If the patient be surprised with a lipotbymous
Her breast, the sug'red nest languor, and great oppression about the stomach
Of her delicious soul, that there does lie, and hypochonders, expect no relief from cor
Bathing in streams of liquid melody. Crasbaw. dials.
Harvey. 3. Pronounced without any jar or harshLIPOʻTHYMY, n. s. (destolnia.] Swoon; fainting fit.
The many liquid consonants give a pleasing The senators falling into a lipothomy, or deep sound to the words, though they are all of one swooning, made up this pageantry of death with syllable.
Dryden's Bneid. a representing of it unto life. Taylor. Let Carolina smooth the tuneful lay,
In lipotbymys or swoonings, he used the frica- Lull with Amelia's liquid name the nine, tion of this finger with saffron and gold. Brown. And sweetly flow through all the royal line. Li'PPED. adj. [from lip.] Having lips.
Pope. LIPPITUDE. n. s. [lippitude, Fr. lippitudo, 4. Dissolved, so as not to be obtainable by Latin.) Blearedness of eyes.
law. Diseases that are infectious are, such as are in If a creditor should appeal to hinder the the spirits and not so much in the humours, and burial of his debtor's corpse, his appeal ought therefore pass easily from body to body; such not to be received, since the business of burial are pestilences and lippitudes.
Bacon. requires a quick dispatch, though the debt be Li'PWISDOM. n. š. (lip and wisdom.] entirely liquid.
Ayliffc. Wisdom in talk without practice.
LIQUID. n. s. Liquid substance; liquor. I find that all is but lipwisdom, which wants
Be it thy choice, when summer heats annoy,
To sit beneath her leafy canopy,
Pbilips. LIQUABLE. adj. [from liquo, Latin.] To Li'QUIDATE. v. a. (from liquid.] 1o Such as may be melted.
clear away ; to lessen debts. LiQua'tion. n. s. (from liquo, Lat.) Liqui'dity, n. s. [from liquid.] Sub1. The act of melting.
tilty ; thinness. 2. Capacity to be melted.
The spirits for their liquidity, are more inThe common opinion hath been, that chrystal
capable than the fluid medium, which is the is nothing but ice and snow concreted, and, by
conveyer of sounds, to persevere in the con
tinued repetition of vocal airs. Glanville, duration of time, congealed beyond liquation.
Brown. LiquidNESS. n. s. (from liquid.] Quality To Li'guate. w. n. (liquo, Latin.] To of being liquid ; Auency. melt; to liquefy.
Oil of anniseeds, in a cool place, thickened
into the consistence of white butter, which with If the salts be not drawn forth before the clay is baked, they are apt to liquate. Woodward.
the least heat, resumed its former liquidness.
Boyle. Liquefa'ction. n. so [liquefactio, Lat. liquefaction, Fr.] The act of melting; LI'QUOR, n. [liquor, Latin ; liqueur,
French.) the state of being melted.
Heat dissolveth and melteth bodies that keep 1. Any thing liquid: it is commonly used in their spirits, as in divers liquefactions; and so of Áuids inebriating, or impregnated doth time in honey, which by age waxeth more with something, or made by decoction. liquid Bacon's Nat. Hist.
Nor envy'd them the grape The burning of the earth will be a true lique- Whose heads that turbulent liquor fills with faction or dissolution of it as to the exterior re
Burnet. Sin taken into the soul, is like a liquor pour'd 'Li
I'QUEFIABLE. n. s. [from liquefy.) Such into a vessel; so much of it as it fills, it also as may be melted.
Soutb's Sermons. There are three causes of fixation, the even 2. Strong drink; in familiar language.
To LIQUOR. v.a. (from the noun.) To Nothing of passion or peevishness, or list to drench or moisten.
contradict, shall have any bias on my judgment. Cart wheels squeak not when they are liquored.
King Charles. Bacon.
He saw false reynard where he lay full low; LIRICONFA'NCY. n. S. A fower.
I need not swear he had no list to crow. Dryd.
5. [licium, Latin; lisse, French.) A strip LISSE. *. 5. A cavity; a hollow.
of cloth. In the lisne of a rock at Kingscote in Gloucestershire, I found a bushel of petrified cockles,
A linen stock on one leg; and a kersey boot each near as big as my fist.
Hale. hose on the other, gartered with a red and blue list.
Sbakspeare. To LISP. v. a. (hlisp, Saxon.] To
Instead of a list of cotton, or the like tiltre, speak with too frequent appulses of the
we made use of a siphon of glass. Boyle. tongue to the teeth or palate, like A list the cobler's temples ties, children.
To keep the hair out of his eyes. Swift. Come, I cannot cog, and say, thou art this 6. A border. and that, like a many of these lisping hawthorn They thought it better to let them stand as a buds, that come like women in men's apparel, list, or marginal border, unto the Old Testaand smell like Bucklersbury in simpling time.
Hooker. Sbakspears. To List. v.n. [løstan, Sax.] To choose ; Scarce had she learnt to lisp a name
to desire ; to be disposed ; to incline. Of martyr, yet she thinks it shame
To fight in field, or to defend this wall,
Point what you list, I nought refuse at all.
Unto them that add to the word of God what They ramble not to learn the mode,
them listeth, and make God's will submit unto How to be drest, or how to lisp abroad.
their will, and break God's commandments Cleaveland.
for their own tradition's sake, unto them it Appulse partial, giving some passage to breath,
seemeth not good.
Hooker. is made to the upper teeth, and causes a lisping sound, the breath being strained through the
They imagine, that laws which permit them teeth.
not to do as they would, will endure them to speak as they list.
Hooker., As yet a child, nor yet a fool to fame,
Let other men think of your devices as they I lispa in numbers, for the numbers came.
Wbitgift. LISP. n. s. [from the verb.) The act of Now by my mother's son, and that's myself, lisping:
It shall be moon, or star, or what I list. Sbaksp. I over heard her answer, with a very pretty
Kings, lords of times, and of occasions, may lisg,
Take their advantage, when, and how they list. O! Screphon, you are a dangerous creature.
When they list, into the womb LI'SPER. n. s. [from lisp.] One who
That bred them they return; and howl, and
My bowels, their repast. Milton's Par. Lost. LIST. 7. s. (liste, French.]
To List. v. a. (from list, a roll.] 1. A roll; a catalogue.
1. To enlist; to enrol or register. He was the ablest emperor of all the list.
For a man to give his name to Christianity in Bacon.
those days, was to list himself a martyr, and to Some say the loadstone is poison, and there
bid farewel not only to the pleasures, but also fore in the lists of poisons we find it in many
to the hopes of this life.
Brown. Bring next the royal list of Stuarts forth,
They list with women each degen'rate name
Who dares not hazard life for future fame. Undaunted minds, that ruld the rugged north. Prior.
2. To retain and enrol soldiers ; to enlist. 2. (lice, Fr.] Enclosed ground in which
The lords would, by, listing their own sertilts are run, and combats fought. vants, persuade the gentlemen in the town to do Till now alone the mighty nations strove, the like.
Clarendon. The rest, at gaze, without the lists did stand; The king who raised this wall appointed a . And threat'ning France, plac'd like a painted million of soldiers, who were listed and paid for Jove,
the defence of it against the Tartars. Temple. Kept idle thunder in his lifted hand. Dryden.
Two hundred horse he shall command; Paris thy son, and Sparta's king advance, Though few, a warlike and well-chosen band, la measur'd lists to toss the weighty lance; These in my name are listed.
Dryden. And who his rival shall in arms subdue,
3. (from list; enclosed ground.] To enHis be the dame, and his the treasure too.
close for combats.
Pope. 3. Bound; limit.
How dares your pride presume against my
laws, The ocean, overpeering of his list, Eats not the flats with more impetuous haste,
As in a listed field to fight your cause? Than young Laertes in a riotous head
Unask'd the royal graut.
Dryden. O'er-bears your officers. Shakspeare's Hamlet. 4. (froin list, a shred or border.] To sew
She withínlists my ranging mind hath brought, together, in such a sort as to make a parThat now beyond myseli i will not go. Davies.
ticoloured show. 4. (lyruan, Saxon.) Desire; willingness; Some may wonder at such an accumulation of choice.
benefits, ike a kind of einbroidering or listing Alas, she has no speech! of one favour upon another.
Wetton, -Too much;
5. [contracted from listen.) To hearken I find it still when I have list to sleep. Sbaksp. to; to listen ; to attend.
Then weigh, what loss your honour may Li'sTLESNESS. n. s. [from listless.) In. sustain,
attention ; want of desire. If with too credent ear you list his songs:
It may be the palate of the soul is indisposed Or lose your heart, or your chaste treasure open
by listlesness or sorrow. To his unmaster'd importunity.
Taylor. Sbakspeare. Li'STLESS. adj. [from list.] I, this sound I better know: List! I would I could hear Mo.
s. Without inclination; without any deLi'sted. adj. striped ; particoloured in
termination to one thing more than long streaks.
another. Over his head beholds
Intemperance and sensuality clog men's spirits: A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow
make them gross, listless, and unactive. Tillotson.
If Conspicuous, with three listed colours gay,
your care to wheat alone extend, Betok’ning peace from God, and cov'nant new. Let Maja with her sister's first descend,
Milton. Before you trust in earth your future hope, As the show'ry arch
Or else expect a listless, lazy crop. Dryden. With listed colours gay, or, azure, gules,
Lazy Jolling sort
Of ever listless loit'rers, chat attend
No cause, no trust.
I was listless, and desponding. Gulliver. Obsolete.
2. Careless; heedless : with.of.
The sick for air before che portal gasp,
Or idle in their empty hives remain,
Benumb’d with cold, and listless of their gain. As they had seen me with these hangman's hands,
Dryden, Listening their fear I could not say, amen! LIT, the preterit of light; whether to light
Sbakspeare. signifies to happen, or to set on fire, or He, that no more must say, is listened more
guide with light. Than they whom youth and ease have taoght to Believe thyself, thy eyes, glose.
Sbakspeare. That first infiam'd, and lit me to thy love, The wonted roar was up amidst the woods,
Those stars, that still must guide me to my joy. And fill'd the air with barbarous dissonance,
Soutberac. At which I ceas'd and listen'd them awhile.
I lit my pipe with the paper. Addison
Milton. To Listen. V. n. To hearken; to give LľTANY. n. s. (notártia ; litanie, French.}
A forn of supplicatory prayer, attention. Listen to me, and if you speak me fair,
Supplications, with solemnity for the appeasI'll tell you news.
ing of God's wrath, were, of the Greek church, Antigonus used often to go disguised, and
termed litanies, and rogations of the Latin.
Hooker. listen at the tents of his soldiers; and at a time heard some that spoke very ill of him : where
Recollect your sins that you have done that upon he said, if you speak ill of me, you should
week, and all your lifetime; and recite humbly go a little farther off. Bacon's Apophthegms.
and devoutly some penitential litanies. Taylor. Listen, O isles, unto me, and bearken, ye LI'TERAL. adj. (literal, French'; litera, people.
Isaiab. Latin.] When we have occasion to listen, and give a
1. According to the primitive meaning; more particular attention to some sound, the
not figurative. tympanum is drawn to a more than ordinary tension.
'Through all the writings of the ancient faOn the green bank I sat, and listen'd long;
thers, we see that the words which were, do Nor till her lay was ended could I move,
continue; the only difference is, that whereas beBut wish'd to dwell for ever in the grove.
fore they had a literal, they now have a metapho. Dryden.
rical use, and are as so many notes of rememHe shall be receiv'd with more regard,
brance unto us, that what they did signify in the And listen'd to, than modest truth is heard.
latter, is accomplished in the truth. Hocker. Dryden.
A foundation being primarily of use in archiTo this humour most of our late comedies
tecture, hath no other literal notation but what owe their success: the audience listens to nothing
belongs to it in relation to an house, or other else.
building; nor figurative, but what is founded in
that, and deduced from thence. Hamond. Listner. n. s. [from listen.]' One that hearkens; a hearkener.
2. Following the letter, or exact words.
The fittest for publick audience are such as, They are light of belief, great listners after
following a middle course between the rigour Howel.
of literal translations and the liberty of paraListners never hear well of themselves.
phrasts, do with greater shortness and plairness deliver the meaning.
Hooker. If she constantly attends the tea, and be a good listener, she may make a tolerable figure, 3. Consisting of letters: as, the literal which will serve to draw in the young chaplain.
notation of numbers was known to
Swift. Europeans before the ciphers. The hush word, when spoke by any brother LITERAL. n.s. Primitive or literal mean. io a lodge, was a warning to the rest to have a care of listeners.
How dangerous it is in sensible things to use Li'STLESLY, adv. [from listless.] With- metaphorical expressions unto the people, and out thought; without attention,
what absurd conceits they will swallow in their To know this perfectly, watch him at play,
literals, an example we have in our profession. and see whether he be stirring and active, or
Brown whether he lazily and listleshin dreams away his
LITERA'LITY. M, s. [from literal.] Orja time.
Locke, ginal meaning.
Not attaining the true deuteroscopy and se
Thou antick death, cond intention of the words, they are fain to Tiro Talbots winged through the lither sky, omit their superconsequences, coherences, fi- In thy despight shall 'scape mortality. Sbaksp. gures, or tropologies, and are not sometimes per- 2. [lyder, Saxon.) Bad; sorry; corrupt. suaded beyond their literalities. Brown.
It is in the work of Robert of Gloucester LITERALLY. adv. (from literal.]
written luther. 1. According to the primitive import of LiTHOʻGRAPHY. n. s. [1.9os and ypce pw ] words; not figuratively.
The art or practice of engraving upon That a man and his wife are one flesh, I can
stones. comprehend: yet literally taken, is a thing impossible.
Li’THOMANCY. n. s. [an. Jos and partice. ] 2. With close adherence to words; word
Prediction by stones. by word.
As strange must be the litbomancy, or divinaEndeavouring to turn his Nisus and Euryalus
tion, from this stone, whereby Helenus the proas close as I was able, I have performed that epi- LITHONTRIPTICK. n. s. [andos and 7picw;
phet foretold the destruction of Troy. Brown. sode 150 literally; that giving more scope to Mezentius and Lausus, that version, which has lithontriprique, Fr.] Any medicine prumore of the majesty of Virgil, has less of his per to dissolve the stone in the kidneys conciseness.
Dryden. or bladder. So wild and ungovernable a poet cannot be LiTHOʻTOMIST. n. s. [16 Sos and Tips] translated literally; his genius is too strong to bear a chain.
A chirurgeon who extracts the stone by LITERARY. adj. (literarius, Latin.] Re. LITHOʻTOMY. n. s. [argos and teww.]
opening the bladder. specting letters, regarding learning.
The art or practice of cutting for the Literary history, is an account of the
stone. state of learning and of the lives of Li'TIGANT. n. s. [litigans, Latin; litigant, learned men. Literary conversation, is talk about questions of learning. Lite
French.) One engaged in a suit of law.
The cast litigant sits not down with one cross rary is not properly used of missive let
verdict, but recommences his suit. ters. It may be said, this epistolary cor
Decay of Piety. respondence was political ottener than The litigants tear one another to pieces for literary.
the benefit of some third interest. L'Es:range. LITER A'TI. n. s.
LITIGANT. adj. Engaged in a juridical n. s. [Italian.] The learned.
contest. I shall consult some literati on the project sent me for the discovery of the longitude. Spectator.
Judicial acts are those writings and matters LITERATURE. n. s. [literatura, Latin )
which relate to judicial proceedings, and are sped
in open court at the instance of one or both of Learning; skill in letters.
the parties litigant. Aylife's Parergon. This kingdom hath been famous for good literatare; and if preferment attend deservers, there
To Li’TIGATE. V. a. (litigo, Latin.] To will not want supplies.
Bacon. contest in law; to debate by judicial When men of learning are acted by a know- process. ledge of the world, they give a reputation to lie To LI'TIGATE. v. n. To manage a suit; berature, and convince the world of its usefulness.
to carry on a cause. Addison,
The appellant, after the interposition of an L'THARCE.n. s. [litbarge, Fr. lithargyrum, appeal, still litigates in the same cause. Ayliffe. Lat.]
LITIGATION. n. s. (litigatio, Lat. from Litbarge is properly lead vitrified, either alone litigate.) Judicial contest; suit of law. or with a mixture of copper. This recrement Never one clergyman had experience of both is of two kinds, litharge of gold, and litharge of litigations, that hath not confessed, he had rather silver. It is collected from the furnaces where have three suits in Westminster-hall, than one silver is separated from lead, or from those in the arches.
Clarendon. where gold and silver are purified by means of LitIGIOUS. adj. [litigieux, French.) that metal. The litbarge sold in the shops is produced in the copper works, where lead has
1. Inclinable to lawsuits; quarrelsome ; been used to purity that metal, or to separate
wrangling. silver from it.
Hill. Soldiers find wars, and lawyers find out still I have seen some parcels of glass adhering to Litigious men, who quarrels move. Donne. the test or cupel as well as the gold or litharge,
His great application to the law had not in. Boyle.
fected his temper with any thing positive or litie If the lead be blown off from the silver by the
Addison. bellows, it will, in great part, be collected in the 2. Disputable; controvertible. form of a darkish powder ; which, because it is In litigious and controverted causes, the will blown off from silver, they call litbarge of silver. of God is to have them to do whatsoever the sene
Boyle. tence of judicial and tinal decision shall deter. LITHE. adj. [lide, Saxon.] Limber;
Hooker. flexible; pliant; easily bent.
No fences parted fields, nor marks, nor bounds, Th' unwieldy elephant,
Distinguish'd acres of litigious grounds. Dryden. To make them mirth, usd all his might, and LITIGIOUSLY. adv. [from litigious.] wrearn'd
Wranglingly. His lits proboscis. Milton's Paradise Lost. Liti'GIOUSNESS. n. s. [from litigious.] LI'THENESS. a. s. (from litbe.] Limber- A wrangling disposition ; inclination ness; flexibility.
to vexatious suits. LI'THER. adj. (from litbe.] Soft; pliant. LI'TTER. n. s. [litiere, French.) YOL.III.