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No more can impure man retain and move from retard.] Hinderance; the act of In che pure region of that worthy love,

delaying Than earthly substance can unforc'd aspire,

Out of this a man may devise the means of And leave his nature to converse with fire.

altering the colour of birds, and the retardation Donne. of hoary hairs.

Bacon, RETAINER. n. s. [from retain ]

RETA'RDER. n. s. [from retard.] Hin. 1. An adherent; a dependant; a hanger- derer ; obstructer.

This disputing way of enquiry is so far from You now are mounted,

advancing science, that it is no inconsiderable reWhere pow'rs are your retainers. Shakspeare. tarder.

Glanville. One darling inclination of mankind affects to TO RETCH. V. n. (hræcan, Saxon.] To be a retainer to religion; the spirit of opposition,

force up something from, the stomach. that lived long before christianity, and can easily subsist without it.


It is commonly written reach. A combination of honest men would endea: REʼTCHLESS. adj. (soinetimes written your to extirpate all the protligate immoral re- wretchless, properly reckless. See Reck. tainers to each side, that have nothing to recom- LESS.) Careless. mend them but an implicit submission to their He struggles into breath, and cries for aid; leaders,

Addison. Then hel; less in his mother's lap is laid: 2. In common law, retainer signifieth a He creeps, he walks, and issuing into man,

servant not inenial nor familiar, that is Grudges their life from whence his own began; not dweiling in his house; but only

Ritibless of laws, affects to rule alone. Dryden. using or bearing his naine or livery. Rete'ction. n. s. [retecties, Latin.] The

Cowell. act of discovering to the view. 3. The act of keeping dependants, or be

This is rather a restoration of a body to its ing in de pendance.

own colour, or a retection of its native colour, than a change.

Boyle, By another law, the king's officers and farmers were to forfeit their places and holds, in case of RETE'NTION, n. s. (retention, French; unlawful retainty, or partaking in unlawful as

retentio, from retentus, Latin.) semblies.

Bacon, 1. The act of retaining; the power of reTo RETA'KE. v. a. (re and take.] To take taining. again.

No woman's heart A day should be appointed, when the remon

So big to hold so much; they lack retention. strance should be retaken into consideration.

Sbakspeare. Clarendon.

A froward retention of custom is as turbulent TO RETA’LIATE. v. a. [re and talio, a thing as an innovation; and they that reverence

too much old things, are but a scorn to the new, Latin.) To return by giving like for

Bacon. like; to repay ; to requite: it may be 2. Retention and retentive faculty is that used of good or evil.

state of contraction in the solid parts, It is very unlucky, to be obliged to retaliate the

which makes them hold fast their proinjuries of authors, whose works are so soon forgotten, that we are in danger of appearing the per contents.

Quincy. first aggressors.

Srvift. 3. Memory. If a first minister of state had used me as you The backward learner makes amends another have done, retalisting would be thought a mark way, expiating his wa:t of docility with a deeper of courage, Swift. and a more rooted ratention.

Soutb. RETALIA'TION. n. s. [from retoliate.] Retention is ihe keeping of those simple ideas, Requital ; return of like for jike.

which from sensation or reflection the mind hath

received. They thought it no irreligion to prosecute the

Locke. severest retaliation or revelge; so that at the

4. The act of withholding any thing; same time their outward man might be a saint,

His life I gave him, and did thereto add and their inward man a devil.


My love without retention or restraint; God, graciously becoming our debtor, takes

All his.

Sbakspeare. wliat is done to others as done to himself, and 5. Custody; confinement; restraint. by promise obliges himscif to full retaliation.

I sent the old and miserable king,

Calamy. To some retention and appointed guard. Shaksp: TO RETA'RD. v. a. [retardo, Latin; re. RETE'NTIVE, adj. (retertus, Lat. retentif, tarder, French.)

French.) 1. To hinder; to obstruct in swiftness of 1. Having the power of retention. course.

It keepeth sermons in memory, and doth in How Iphitus with me, and Pelias

that respect, although not feed the soul of man, Slowly retire; the one retarded was

yet help the retentive force of that stomach of By feeble age, the other by a wound. Denham.

the mind.

Hooker. 2. To delay; to put off.

Have I been ever free, and must my house Nor kings nor nations

Be my retentive enemy, my gaol ? Sbakspeare.

From retentive cage One moment can retard th' appointed hour.

When sullen Philomel escapes, her notes

Dryden. It is as natural to delay a letter at such a sea

She varies, and of past imprisonment son, as to retard a melancholy visit to a person

Sweetly complains:


In Tot'nam fields the brethren with amaze one cannot relieve. TO RETARD. V. n. To stay back.

Prick all their ears up, and forget to graze; Some years it hath also retarded, and come far

Long Chancery-lane retentive rolls the sound,

And courts to courts return it round and round. later, than usually it was expected. Lrowi.

Pope. RETARDA’TION, K. s. (retardation, Fr. 2. Having memory


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To remember a song or tune, our souls must He, that had driven many out of their coun: be an harmony continually running over in a try, perished in a strange land, retiring to the silent whisper those musical accents, which our Lacedemonians.

2 Maccabees. retentive faculty is preserver of. Glanville. To RETI'RE. v. a. To withdraw; to take RETE'NTIVENESS. n. s. [from retentive.] away. The quality of retention.

He brake up his court, and retired himself

, RETICENCE. n. s. (reticence, French; re

his wife, and children, into à forest thereby.


. ticentia, from reticeo, Latin.] Conceal

He, our hope, might have retir'd his power, ment by silence.

Dict. And driven into despair an enemy's hate. RE'ticlé. n. s. (reticulum, Latin.) A

Sbakspeare small net.


I will thence retire me to my Milan. Shakes

There may be as great a variety in retrang RETICULAR. adj. (from reticulum, Lat.]

and withdrawing men's conceits in the world, as Haying the form of a small net.

in obtruding thein.

Baraz. RETICULATED. adj. [reticulatus, Lat.] As when the sun is present all the year,

Made of network į formed with inter- And never doth retire his golden ray,
stitial vacuities.

Needs must the spring be everlasting there,
The intervals of the cavities, rising a little,

And every season like the month of May. make a pretty kind of reticuluted work. Weodw.


These actions in her closet, all alone, RETIFORM. adj. (retiformis, Latin.) Hav

Retir'd within herself, she doth fu til. Dacia, ing the form of a net.

After some slight skirmishes, he retired Es The uveous coat and inside of the choroides self into the castle of Farnham. Clarez are blackened, that the rays may not be reflected

Hydra-like, the fire backwards to confound the sight; and if any be

Lifts up his hundred heads to aim his way; by the retiform coat reflected, they are soon And scarce the wealthy can one half satire, choaked in the black inside of the uvea. Ray. Before he rushes in to share the prey. Drzés.

RETIRE: n. s. [from the verb.) RETI'Nue. n. s. (retenue, French.] A

1. Retreat; recession. Not in use. number attending upon a principal per

I heard his praises in pursuit, son ; a train ; a meiny.

But ne'er, till now, his scandal of retire. Stale Not only this your all-licens'd fool,

Thou hast talk'd But other of your insolent retinue,

Of sallies and retires, of trenches, tents. Skalsp. bo hourly carp and quarrel. Sbakspeare. The battle and the ritire of the English se What followers, what retinue can'st thou gain,

cours were the causes of the loss of that durchy, Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, Longer than thou can'st feed them on thy cost?

2. Retirement ; place of privacy: Not in

There appears

use. The long retinue of a prosperous reign,

Eve, who unseen A series of successtul years.


Yet all had heard, with audible lament
Neither pomp nor retinue shall be able to die

Discovered soon the place of her şdiri. Mit vert the great, nor shall the richs be relieved by Reti'RED. part. adj. [from retire.]

the multitude of his treasures. Rogers. 1, Secret; private. TO RETIRE. v.n. (retirer, Fr.]

Language most shews a man ; speak that I

may see thee: It springs out of the most retired į. To retreat ; to withdraw; to go to a and inınost parts of us.

Ben juste place of privacy.

Some, accustomed to retired speculatious, na The mind contracts herself, and shrinketh in, natural philosophy into metaphysical notions and And to herself she gladly doch retire. Davies, the abstract generalities of logick.

Lot The less I may be blest with her company, the

He was admitted into the most secret and ris more I will retire to God and my own leart. tired thoughts and counsels of his royal maser

King Cburlos. king William.
Thou open'st wisdom's way,

2. Withosaun. And giv'st access, thougla secret she retire.

You find the mind in sleep retired from the Milton.

senses, and out of these motions made on the The parliament dissolved, and gentlemen

organs of sense. charged to retire to their country habitations. RETIREDNISs. n. s. (from retired.) Su


Titude; privacy secrecy: Perform'd what friendship, justice, truth, re. quire,

Like one, who in her third widowhood doch What could he more, but decently retire?


Herseli a nun, ty'd to retiredness,

Swift. 2. To retreat from danger.

So alferis my muse now a chaste falloxness.

Dean. Set UP the standard cowards Zion, retire, stay How could he have the leisure and retiredes:


of the cloister, to periorm all those acts of deve From each hand with speed retir'd,

tion in, when the burthen of the reformation Where erst was thickest plac'd th' angelick

lay upon his shoulders?

Atterésry. throng.

Milton. RETIREMENT. n. s. (from retire.] 3. To go from a public station. While you, my lord, the rural shades admire,

1. Private abode ; secret habitation. And from Britannia's public posts retire,

Caprea had been the retirement of Augustus Me into foreig:i realms may take conveys. Addis.

for some time, and the residence of Tiberius for To go off from company.

many years. The old fellow shutuled out of the room, and

Hie nas sold a small estate that he had, and tas retired.

erected a charitable retirement, for ancient pour Arbuthnot.

people to live in prayer and piety. s. To withdraw for safety.

2. Private way of life,

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, My retirement there tempted me to divert Liptot, dull rogue! will think your price too those melancholy thoughts.


much: An elegant sufficiency, content,

“ Not, sir, if you revise it and retoucb." Pope, Retirement, rural quiet, friendship, books, TO RETRA'CÉ. V. a. [retracer, Fr.] To Progressive virtue, and approving heaven. trace back; to trace again.

Thomson, Then if the line of Turnus you retrace, 3. Act of withdrawing.

He springs from Inachus of Argive race. Dryd, Short retirement urges sweet return, Milton. To RETRACT. via. [retractus, Latin ; 4. State of being withdrawn.

retracter, French.) In this retirement of the mind from the

senses, it retains a yet more incoherent manner of

1. To recall; to recant. thinking, which we call dreaming. Locke.

Were I alone to pass the difficulties,

Paris shauld ne'er retract what he hath done, RetoʻLD. part. pass. of retell. Related or

Nor faint in the pursuit.

Sbakspeare, told again.

If his subtilities could have satisfied me, I Whatever Harry Percy then had said

would as frecly have retracted this charge of idoo At such a time, with all the rest retoli!,

latry, as I ever made it.

Stilling fieet. May reasonably die.

Sbakspeare, 2. To take back; to resume.
Upon his dead corpse there was such misuse

A great part of that time, which the inhabis
By those Welchwonien done, as may not be tants of the former earth had to spare, and
Without much shame retel or spokon of. Sbaks.
TO RETOʻRT. v.a. [ritortus, Lat.]

whereof they made so ill use, was employed in

making provisions for bread; and the excess of į. To throw back; to rebound.

fertility, which contributed so much to their His virtues, shining upon others,

miscarriages, was retracted and cut off. W odw. Heat them, and they retort that heat again TO RETRACT, V. n. To unsay ; 'to To the first giver.

Slakspears. withdraw concession. 2. To return any argument, censuit, or She will, and she will not, she grants, denies, incivility.

Consells, Idructs, advances, and then dies. His proof will easily be retorted, and the con

Cranville, trary proved, by interrogating; shall the adul- RETRACTA'TION. n. s. (retractation, Fr. terer inherit the kingdom of God? it he shull, retractatio, Lat.] Kecantation; change what need I, that am now exhorred to reform my life, refunin it? if he shall not, then certainly

"Y, of opinion declared.

These words are David's retractation, or laying that am such, am none of the elect; for all, that are elect, siiall certainly inherit the kingdom of

down of a bloody and rerengeful resolution. God. liummund.

South. He pass'd through hostile scorn;

RetrA'CTION. n. s. [from retract.] And with retortoi scorn his back he turn'd. 1. Act of withdrawing something ad.

Milton. vanced, or changing something done. The respondent may shew, how the opponent's They make bold with the deity, when they argument may be retoried against himself. make him do and undo, go forward and back

Watts. wards by such countermarches and retraclions, 3. To curve back.

as we do not repute to the Almighty. Woodward. It would be tried how the voice will be car- 2. Recantation ; declaration of change of ried in an horn, which is a line arched; or in a

opinion. trumpet, which is a line retorted; or in some "There came into her head certain verses, pipe that were sinuous.


which it she had had present commodity, she RETORT. n. s. [rétorte, Fr. retortum, would have adjoined as a retraction to the other. Latin.]

Sidney. . A censure or incivility returned. 3. Act of withdrawing a claim.

I said his beard was not cut well, he was in the Orher men's'insatiable desire of revenge hath mind it was; this is called the retort courteous. wholly beguiled both church and state, of the


benent of all my either retractions or conces2. A chymical glass vessel with a bent


King Charles. neck to which the receiver is fitted.

RETRAICT. n.s. (retraitte, Fr.] Retreat. In a laboratory, where the quick-silver is se

Obsolete. parated by fire, I saw an heap of sixteen thou. The earl of Lincoln, deceived of the counsaud retorts of iron, every one of which costs a try's concourse unto him, and seeing the business crown at the best hand from the iron furnaces past retraict, resolved to make on where the in Corinthia. Brorun, king was, and give him battle.

Bacon, Recent urine distilled yields a limpid water; and what yemains at the bottom of the retort, is

RETRAIT. n. s. (retrait, Fr. ritratto, not acid nor alkaline.

Arbutbnot. Italian.) A cast of the countenance. RETO'RTER. n. s. (from retort.] One that

Obsolete. retorts,

Upon her eyelids many graces sat,

Under the shadow of her even brows, Retoʻrtion. n. s. [from retort.] The

Working bellgards and amorous retraite, act of retorting.

And every one her with a grace endows. To Reto'ss. v. a. [re and toss.] To toss

Spenser. back.

Retreaʻt. n. s. (retraitte, Fr.] Tost and retost the ball incessant flies. Pope. 1. Act of retiring To RETOU'CH. v.a. [reloucher, Fr.] To But beauty's triumph is well-tim'd retreat, improve by new touches.

As hard a science to the fair as great. Pope. He furnished me with all the passages in Ari

2. State of privacy ; retirement. stotle and Horace, used to explain the art of

Here in the calm still mirror of retreat, poetry by painting; which, if cver I retouch this I studied Shrewsbury the wise and great. Pope. inserted.

Dryden. 3. Place of privacy; retirement.



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He built his son a house of pleasure, and spar- gratify our imagination, on which it may enlarge ed no cost to niake a delicious retreat. L'Estr. at pleasure.

Dryden, Holy retreat, sithence no iemale thither

The want of vowels in our language has been Must dare approach, from the inferiour reptile the general complaint of our peiitest authors, To woman, iorm divine.

Prior. who nevertheless have made these retrencbeneats, 4. Place of security.

and consequently encreased our former scarcity. This place our dungeon, not our safe retreat

Addisos. Beyond his petent arm.

Milton. I would rather be an advocate for the te l'hat pleasing shade they sought, a soft retreat trenchment, than the encrease of this charity. From sudden April showers, a shelter from the

Atterbury heat.

Dryden. To REʼTRIBUTE. v. a. (retribuo, Lat. There is no such way to give defence to ab- retribuer, Fr.) To pay back; to make surd doctrines, as to guard them round with lc.

repayment of. gions of obscure and undetined words; which yet

Both the will and power to serve him are his make these retreats more like the dens of robbers, than the fortresses of fair warriors. Locke.

upon so many scores, that we are unable to re

tribute, unless we do restore; and all the duties 5. Act of retiring before a superiour force.

we can pay our Maker are less propers te Retreat is less than flight.

quitals than restitutions.

icpl. Honourable retreats are no ways inferiour to In the state of nature, a man comes by so brave charges; as having less of fortune, more of arbitrary power to use a criminal, but only ta discipline, and as much of valour. Bacon. retri'uté to him, so far as cal!. reason and 000Ummortal

science dictate, what is proportionate to his With dread of death to flight or soul retreat, transgression.


REʻTRIBUTER. 1. s. No thought of flight,

[from retribute.) None of retr.al.


One that makes retribution, TO RETREA'T. V. n. (from the noun.]

RETRIBU’TION. 1 s. (retribution, Fr. 1. To go to a private abode.

from retribute.] Repayment; returi Others more mild

accommodated to the action. Retreated in a silent valley, sing

The king thought le had not remunerzied Their own heroick deeds.

Milton. his people sufficiently with good laws, which 1. To take shelter ; to go to a place of evermore was his retribution for treasure. Back security.

In goc: offices and due redributiens, we can 3. To retire from a superiour enemy.

not be pinching, and niggardly: it argues an

noble mind, where we have wronged to take 4. To go back out of the fornier place. and dodge in the amends. The rapid currents drive

All who have their reward on earth, the fruits Towards the retreating sea their furious tide. Of painful superstition, and blind zeal,


Nought seeking but the praise of men, here find My subject does not oblige me to look after

Fit retribution, empty as their deeds. the water, or point forth the place whereunto it

There is no nation, though plunged ino ne is now retreated.


ver such gross idolatry, but has seme antil Having taken her by the hand, he retreated

sense of a deity, and a persuasion of a state of with his eye fixed upon her. Arbuthnot.

retribution to men after this life. RETREATED. part. adj. [from retreat.) It is a strong argument for a state of retrista Retired; gone to privacy.

hereafter, that in this world virtuous persc35 Others more mild

are very often unfortunate, and vicious person Retreated in a silent vallcy, sing. Milton. prosperous.

Sextate. TO RETRE'NCH. v.a. (retrancher, Fr.] RETRIBUTIVE. adj. (from retribute.) 1. To cut off ; to pare away.

Retri'BUTORY.} Repaying; making The pruner's hand must quench

repayment. Thy heat, and thy exub'rant parts retrench.

Something strangely retributive is working.

Nothing can be added to the wit of Ovid's Retrievable. adj. [from retriew.]
Metamorphoses; but many things ought to have
been retrenched.


That may be retrieved. We ought to retrench those superfluous ex.

TO RETRIEVE. v.a. (retrouver, Fr.] pences to qualify ourselves for the exercise of 1. To recover; to restore. charity.

Atterbury. By this conduct we may retriese the pulik 2. To confine. Improper.

credit of religion, reform the example of a In some reiprs, they are for a power and obe- age, and lessen the danger we complain of. Ry dience that is valiruited; and in others, are for 2. To repair. retrenching within the narrowest hounds, the au- O reason! once again to thee I call; thority of eie princes, and the allegiance of the Accept my sorrow, and rariese my tail Prier. subject.

Addison. TO RETRE'NCH. U. n. To live with less 3. To regain. magnificence or expence.

With late repentance now they would retrimit Can I retrench? yes, mighty well,

The bodies they forsook, and wish to live.
Shrink back to my paternal cell,
A little house, with trees a-row,

Philomela's liberty retriev'd,

PIXIE And, like its master, very low.


Cheers her sad scul. RETRE'NCHMENT. n. s. [retranchment, 4. To recall; to bring back. Fr. from retrench.] The act of lopping

If one, like the old Latin poets, came are away.

them, iż would be a means to retrievehem ficou I had studied Virgil's design, his judicious ma

their cold trivial conceits, to an imitation of the predecessors.

Berking nagement of the figiires, the sober retrenchments of his sense, which always leaves somewhat to RETROA'ction. The s. Action backward.

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RETROCE'SSION. n. s. (retrocessum, Lat.] As you arraign his majesty by retrospect, so The act of going back.

you condemn his government by second sight. RETROCOPULATION. n. s. (retro and


RETROSPEC'TION. n.s. [from retrospect.] copulation.] Postcoition. From the nature of this position, there ensu

Act or faculty of looking backward. eth a necessity of retrecopulation. Brown.

Can'st thou take delight in viewing RETROGRADA’TION.n.s. (retrogradation,

This poor isle's approaching ruin,

When thy retrospection vast Fr. from retrograde.] The act of going Sees the glorious ages past?. backward.

Happy nation were we blind, As for the revolutions, stations, and retrogra- Or had only eyes behind.

Swift, dations of the planets, observed constantly in

Retrospective. adj. [from retrospect.] most certain periods of time, sufficiently demonstrates, that their motions are governed by coul

Looking backward. sel.


In vain the grave, with retrospective eye, REʼTROGRADE, adj. [retrograde, Fr.

Would from th' apparent what conclude the retro and gradior, Lat.]



TO RETU'ND. v. a. [retundo, Lat.] To 1. Going backward. Princes, if they use ambitious men, should

blunt; to turn. handle it so, as they be still progressive, and not

Covered with skin and hair keeps it warm, retrograde.


being naturally a very cold part, and also to 2. Contrary; opposite.

quench and dissipate the force of any stroke that

shall be dealt it, and retund the edge of any Your intent weapon.

Ray. In going back to school to Wittenberg,

It is most retrograde to our desire. Sbaksp. To RETU'RN. v.n. [retourner, Fr.) 3. In astronomy, planets are retrograde, 1. To come again to the same place. when, by their proper motion in the

Whoso rolleth a stone, it will return upon him.

Proverbs. zodiack, they move backward, and con

On their embatel'd ranks the waves return. trary to the succession of the signs; as

Milton. from the second degree of Aries to the 2. To come back to the same state. first : but this retrogradation is only If they returned out of bondage, it must be apparent and occasioned by the obser- into a state of freedom.

Locke, ver's eye being placed on the earth ; for 3. To go back. to an eye at the sun, the planet will ap

I am in blood pear always direct, and never either sta.

Stept in so far, that should I wade no more, tionary or retrograde.


Returning were as tedious as go o'er.. Shaksp.

To return to the business in hand, the use of a Their wand'ring course, now high, now low,

little insight in those parts of knowledge, is to then hid,

accustom our minds to all sorts of ideas. Locke. Progressive, retrograde, or standing still, In six thou seest.

'Milton. 4. To make answer. Two geomantick figures were display'd;

The thing of courage, One when direct, and one when retrograde.

As rouz'd with rage, with rage doth sympathise; Dryden.

And with an accent tun'd in self-same key, TO RETROGRADE. V. n. [ret, ograder, Fr.

Returns to chiding fortune. Shakspeare.

He said; and thus the queen of heaven reretro and gradior, Lat.) To go back

turn'd; ward.

Must I, oh Jove, in bloody wars contend? Pope. The race and period of all things here is to 5. To come back; to come again; to return things more pneumatical and rare, and not visit. to retrograde from pneumatical to that which is

Thou to mankind dense.

Bacon. RETROGRE'SSION. n. s. (retro and gres

Be good, and friendly still, and oft return.

Milton. sus, Lat.] The act of going backward. 6. After a periodical revolution, to begin

The account, established upon the rise and the same again. descent of the stars, can be no reasonable rule

With the year unto distant nations, and by reason of their re

Seasons return, but not to me returns trogression, but temporary unto any one. b'rown.

Day, or the sweet approach of ev’n or morn. RETROMI'NGENCY. n. s. (retro and mingo,

Milton. Lat.] The quality of staling back. 7. To retort; to recriminate. ward.

If you are a malicious reader, you return upon The last foundation was retromingency, or pis- me, that I affect to be thought more impartial sing backwards; for men observing both sexes than I am.

Dryden. to urine backwards, or aversly between their TO RETU'RN. V a. legs, they might conceive there were feminine

1. To repay ; to give in requital.

Brown. Return him a trespass offering: 1 Samuel. RETROMINGENT. adj. [retro and min- Thy Lord shall return thy wickedness upon gens, Lat.] Staling backward.

thine own head.

i Kings. By reason of the backward position of the fe

What peace can we return, minine parts of quadrupeds, they can bardly

But to our power, hostility, and hate? Milton. admit the substitution of masculine generations,

When answer none return'd, I set me down. except it be in retromingents. Brown.

Milton. RETROSPECT. n. s. (retro and specio,

2. To give back.

What counsel give ye to return answer to this Lat.] Look thrown upon things bebind people?

2 Chronicles. or things past.

3. To send back.

parts in both.

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