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RESO’LVEDNESS. n. s. [from resolved.]

the first heats are unsufferable, which proceed

out of the resolution of humidity congealed. Dig. Resolution; constancy; firmness.

li This resolvedness, this high fortitude in sin, can

4. (from resolute.] Fixed determination; with no reason be imagined a preparative to its

settled thought. remission.

Decay of Piety. l'th progress of this business, RESOʻLVENT. n. s. (resolvens, Lat.) That

Ere a determinate resolution, which has the power of causing solu

The bishop did require a respite. Sbaksp.

O Lord, resolutions of future reforming do not tion.

always satisfy thy justice, nor prevent thy venIn the beginning of inflammation, they require

geance for former miscarriages. King Cbarles. repellants; and in the increase, somewhat of

We spend our days in deliberating, and we resolvents ought to be mixed. Wiseman,

end them without coming to any resolution. Lactescent plants, as lettuce and endive, con

L'Estrange. tain wholesome juice, resolvent of the bile, ano- How much this is in every man's power, by dyne and cooling.


making resolutions to himselt, is easy to try. RESOʻLVER. n. s. (from resolve.]

Locke. 1., One that forms a firm resolution.

The mode of the will, which answers to dubiThy resolutions were not before sincere; con- tation, may be called suspension; that which sequently God that saw that, cannot be thought answers to invention, resolution : and that which, to have justified that unsincere resolver ; that in the phantastick will, is obstinacy, is constancy dead faich. Hammond. in the intellectual.

Grera 2. One that dissolves; ore that separates 5. Constancy; firmness; steadiness in parts.

good or bad. It may be doubted, whether or no the fire be The rest of the Helots, which were otherwise the genuine and universal resolver of mixed bo- scattered, bent thitherward, with a new life of dies.

Buple. resolution; as if their captain had been a roof, out · RESOLUTE. adj. [resolu, Fr.) Deter

of which their courage had sprung. Sidney. mined ; fixed; constant ; steady; firm.

I would unst ate myself to be in a due resolú

tion. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn

Sbakspeare. The pow'r of man; for none of woman born

They, who governed the parliameut, had the Shall harm Macbeth.


resolution to act those monstrous things. Clarend.

What reinforcement we may gain from hope, Edward is at hand Ready to fight; therefore be resolute. Sbaksp. 6. Determination of a cause in courts of

If not what resolution from despair. Milton. RE'SOLUTELY. adv. (from resolute.] De

justice. terminately ; firmly; constantly, stea

Nor have we all the acts of parliament or of dily.

judicial resolutions, which might occasion such We resolutely must, alterations.

Hale. To the few virtues that we have, be just. RESOLUTIVE. adj. [resolutus, Lat. re.

Roscommon. A man, who lives a virtuous life, despises the

solurif, Fr.) Having the power to displeasures of sin, and notwithstanding all the

solve or relax. allurements of sense persists resolutely in his RE'SONANCE. n. s. [from resono, Latin.}

Tillotson. Sound; resound. Some of those facts he examines, some he re- An ancient musician informed me, that there solutely denies; others he endeavours to exte- were some famous lutes that attained not their Guate, and the rest he distorts with unnatural full seasoning and best resonance, till they were turns. Swift. about fourscore years old.

Boyle. RE'SÓLUTENESS. n. s. [from resolute.] RE'SONANT. adj. [resonnant, Fr. resonans,

Determinateness ; state of being fixed Lat.] Resounding: in resolution.

His volant touch All that my resoluteness to make use of my

Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fuge. ears, not tongue, could do, was to make them

Milton, acquiesce.


To Reso'rt. v. n. (ressortir, French.) Resolu’tion. n. s. (resolutio, Lat. réso.

1. To have recourse. lution, French.)

The king thought time to resort to other 1. Act of clearing difficulties.

counsels, and to provide force to chastise them, In matters of antiquity, if their originals

who bad so much despised all his gentler reme

dies. escape due relation, they fall into great obscuri

Clarendon. ties, and such as future ages seldom reduce into a

2. To go publickly. resolution.


Thiiher shall all the valiant youth resort, Visits, whether of civility, or for resolution of

And from his memory infiame their breasts conscience, or information in points of difficulty,

To matchless valour.

Milton were numerous.


Hit:er the heroes and the nymphs resort. The unravelling and resolution of the difficule

Popes ties, that are met with in the execution of the 3. To repair to. design, are the end of an action. Dryden.

In the very time of Moses' law, when God's 2. Analysis; act of separating any thing

special commandments were most of all requir

ed, some festival days were ordained, and duly into constituent parts.

observed among the Jews, by authority of the To the present impulses of sense, memory, church and state, and the same was not superand instinct, all the sagacities of brutes may be stitious; for our Saviour himself resorted unto reduced; though witry men, by analytical 1:50- them.

W bite. kestion, have chymically extracted an artificial lo

The sons of light gick out of all their actions.

Hale. Hasted, resorted to the summons high. Milton. 3. Dissolution.

To Argos' realms the victor god resorts, have the hot springs of extreme cold countries, And enters cold Crotopus' humble courts. Popes

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4. To fall back. In law.

1. To regard; to have regard to. The inheritance of the son rover reserted to

Claudio, I quake, the mother or to any of her ancestors, but both Lest thou should'st seven winters more respect were totally excluded from the succession. 'Than a perpetual honour.

Hale. The blest gods due not love RESOʻRT. n. s. (trom the verb. )

Ungodly actions; bot respect the right, 1. Frequency; assembly; meeting. And in the works of pious men delight. Chapt. Unknown, unquestion'd in that thick resort.

In orchards and gardens we do not so much Dryd.n.

respect beauty, as variety of ground for fruits, 2. Concourse ; confluence.

trees, and herbs.

Bacdn. The like places of resori are frequented by

In judgmient-seats, not men's qualities, but men out of place.


causes only ought to be respected. "Kailewarts, 3. Act of visiting:

2. [respecter, Fr.) To consider with a Join with me to forbid him her resort. Sbaks. lower degree of reverence. 4. (ressort, Fr.] Movement; active pow.

There is nothing more terrible to a guiky

heart, than the eye of a respected friend. Site er ; spring A gallicism.

Whoever tastes, let him with grateful heart Some know the resorts and falls of business,

Respect that ancient loyal house. that cannot sink into the main ct it. Bucon.


I always loved and respected sir William. In fortune's empire blindly thus we go, We wander after pathless destiny,

SwifHs Gay

3. To have relation to: as, the allusion Whose dark resorts since prudence cannot know,

respects an ancient custom. In vain it would provide for what shall be. 4. To look toward.

Dryden. The needle doth vary, as it approachethe RESOʻRTER. n. s. [from resort.] One pole; whereas, were there such direction from that frequents, or visits.

the rocks, upon a nearer approachment, it would more directiv

respect them. To RESOU'ND. v. a. (resono, Lat. resonner,


Palladius adviseth, the front of his house French.)

should so respect the south, that in the first ano 1. To echo; to sound back; to return as it receive the rising rays of the winter sun, ed sound.

decline a little from the winter seiting there. With other echo late I taught your shades,

Brste To answer and resound far other song: Milton. RespeʼCT. n. s. (respect, French; respece

.. And Albion's clitts resound the rural lay. Pope. tus, Latin.) 2. To celebrate by sound.

1. Regard ; attention. The sweet singer of Israel with his psaltery You have too much respect upon the world; loudly resounded the innumerable benefits of the They lose it, that do buy it with much care. Almighty Creator. Peaibam,

Sbakspart The sound of hymns, wherewith thy throne

I love Incompass'd shall resound thee ever blest. My country's good with a respect more tender Milion. Thian mine own life.

Sear 3. To sound; to tell so as to be lieard tar. 2. Reverence; honour.

The man, for wisdom's various arts renown'd, You know me dutiful, therefore Long exercis’d in woes, oh muse! resound. Popće Let me not shame rupect; but give me lezre TO RESOU'ND. V.n.

To take that course by your consent and voice.

Skał.pare 1. To be echoed back.

Æneas must be drawn a suppliart to Dide, What is common fame, which sounds from all

with respect in his gestures, and humility in hos quarters of the world, and resound's back to them


Drądt again, but generally a loud, ratiling, impudent I found the king abandon'd to neglect; lye.


Seen without awe, and serv'd without respect. 7. "To be much and loudly mentioned.

Priena What resoundi in table or romance of Uther's The same men treat the Lord's-day with a

Milton. little respect, and make the advantage of res ad RESOU'RCE. n. s. (ressource, French. leisure from their worldly affairs only an instir

Skinner derives it fromı resoudre, French, ment to promote their pleasure and diversions. to spring up.) Some new or unexpect


3. Awful kindness. ed nieans that cler; resort; expedient.

He, that will have his son have a respect for Pallas view'd

him, must have a great reverence for his son. His foes pursuing, and his friends pursu'd;

Lata Us'd threatnings, mix'd with pray’rs, his last re

4. Good-will. suurce ; With these to move their minds, with those to

Pembroke has got fire their force.


A thousand pounds a year, for pure respect;

No other obligation ? To Reso'w. v.a. (re and saw.] To sow

That promises more thousands. Shaky. anew.

The Lord brad respect uno Abel and his ofere Over wet at sowing uime breedech much


Gengis. dearth, insomuch as they are forced to resow

5. Partial regard, Bacon.

It is not good to have rupect of persons is TO RESPEA'K. V. n. [re and speak.] To



6. Reverend character, The great cannon to the clouds shall tell,

Many of the best respect in Rome, And the king's rowse the heav'n shall bruit

Groaning under this age's yoke, again, Respeaking earthly thunder. Slukspeare.

Have wish'd, that noble Brutus had his eyes.

Skakspres TO RESPECT, V.Q. [respectos, Latin.) 7. Manner of treating others.


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You must use them with fit respects, accordo 4. Careful ; cautious ; attentive to conse. ing to the bonds of nature; but you are of kin

quences. Obsolete. to their persons, not errors.


Respective and wary men had rather seek The duke's carriage was to the gentlemen of

quietly their own, and wish that the world may fair respect, and bountiful to the soldier, accord- go weil, so it be not long of them, than with pain ing to any special value which he spied in any.

and hazard make themselves advisers for the Wotton. common good.

Hooker. 8. Consideration ; motive.

He was exceeding respective and precise. Whatsoever secret respects were likely to move

Raleigh. them, for contenting ot' their minds, Calvin re- Respe'ctively. adv. [from respective.) turned.


Particularly; as each belongs to each. The love of him, and this respect beside; For that my grandsire was an Englishman,

The interrupsion of trade between the Eng

lish and Flemish began to pinch the merchants of Awakes my conscience to contess all this.

both nations, which moved then by all means to

Since that respects of fortune are his love,

dispose their sovereigns respectively to open the
intercourse again.

Bacon, I shall not be his wife.


The impressions from the objects of the senses 9. Relation ; regard.

do mingle respectively every one with his kind. In respect of the suitors which attend you, do

Bacon, them what right in justice, and with as much Good and evil are in morality, as the east and speed as you may.


west are in the frame of the world, founded in There have been always monsters amongst and divided by that fixed and unalterable situathem, in respect of their bodies.


rion, which they have respectively in the whole I have represented to you the excellency of body of the universe.

South. the christian religion, in respect of its clear disco- The principles of those governments are reseries of the nature of God, and in respect of the

spectively disclaimed and abhorred by all men of perfection of its laws.


sense and virtue in both parties. Addison. Every thing which is imperfect, as the world must be acknowledged in many respects, had

2. Relatively; not absolutely. some cause which produced it. Tillotson.

If there had been no other choice, but that

Adam had been left to the universal, Moses They believed but one supreme deity, which,

would not then have said, eastward in Eden, with respect to the various benefits men received from him, had several titles.


seeing the world hath not east nor west, but ree

spectively: RESPECTABLE. adj. [respectable, Fr.]

Raleigh. Venerable ; meriting respect.

3. Partially; with respect to private views.

Obsolete. RESPECTER. n. s. (trom respect.] One Among the ministers themselves, one being so that has partial regard.

far in estimation above the rest, the voices of Neither is any condition more honourable in the rest were likely to be given for the most part the sight of God than another; otherwise he respectively with a kind of secret dependency. would be a respecter of persons; for he hath pro

Hooker. posed the same salvation to all. Swift. 4. With great reverence. Not in use. RESPECTFUL. adj. [respect and full.] Honesi Flaminius, you are very respectively Ceremonious; full of outward civility. welcome.

Sbakspeare. Will you be only, and for ever mine? RESPE'RSION. n. s. [respersio, Lat.] The From this dear bosom shall I ne'er be torn ? act of sprinkling. Or you grow cold, respectful, or forsworn ?

RESPIRA'Tion. n. s. (respiration, French;

Prior. With humble joy, and with respectful fear,

respiratio, from respiro, Latin.] The list'ning people shall his story hear. Prior.

1. The act of breathing: ReșPE'CTFULLY. adv. (from respectful.]

Apollonius of Tyana affirmed, that the ebbing With some degree of reverence.

and fowing of the sea has the respiration of the To your glad genius sacrifice this day,

world, drawing in water as breath, and putting ic

forth again. Let common meats respectfully give way. Dryd.

Bacon. Respe'CTFULNESS. n. s. (from respect

Syrups or other expectoratives do not advan.

tage in coughs, by slipping down between the ful.) The quality of being respectful. epiglottis; for, as I instanced before, that must RESPECTIVE. adj. (from respect.]

necessarily occasion a greater cough and diffi1. Particular; relating to particular per.

culty of vispiration.

Harvey. sons or things.

The author of nature foreknew the necessity Moses mentions the immediate causes, and

of rains and dews to the, prrsent structure of St. Peter the more remote and fundamental

plants, and the uses of respiration to animals;

and therefore created those correspondent procauses, that constitution of the heavens, and that constitution of the earth, in reference to their

perties in the atmosphere.

Bentley respective waters, which made that world ob- 2. Relief from toil. noxious to a deluge.


Till the day When so many present themselves before Appear of respiration to the just, their respective magistrates to take the oaths, it And vengeance to the wicked. Milton. may not be improper to awaken a due sense of TO RESPIRE. V. n. (respiro, Lat. respirer, their engagements.

Addison. French.) 2. (respectif, Fr.] Relative; not absolute.

1. To breathe. The medium intended is not an absolute, but The ladies gaspd, and scarcely could respire; a respective medium; the proportion recommend- The breath they drew, no longer air, but fire, ed to all is the same; but the things to be desired The fainty knights were scorch'd. Dryden. in this proportion will vary.

Rogers. 2. To catch breath. 3. Worthy of reverence. Not in use. Till breathless both themselves aside retire,

What should it be, that he respects in her, Where foaming wrath, thex cruel tusks they But I can make rospective in myself? Sbaksp.


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And tramople th' earth the while they mas pro Eesplezier brzas, ad szcze szpitenes spire. Spenser.

Papas I, a pris'ner chain'd, scarce freely draw RESPLI’NDESTLY. etv. (from respierThe air imprison'd also, chat and damp, deut.) With lustre; brightly; sples

l'n boiescie draught; but here I feel amends, The breah et bear'n fresh blowing, pure and T. RESPOND. 9. 2. (reigandes, Latin;

didly. sweet, With day spring born; here leave me to ruire. respondre, Fr.)

Miitor. 1. To answer. Little used. 3. To rest; to take rest from toil.

2. To correspond; to suit. Hark! be strikes the griden lyre;

To ev'ry theme roroonds by various lar; And see! the tortur'd ghosts rupire,

Here to is a corrent, there meanders play See shady forms advance! Pepe

Bne RESPITE. n. s. (restit, fr )

RESPOʻXDENT. n. s. (respendens, Lat.) 1. Reprieve; suspension of a capital sen. 1. An answerer in a suit. tence.

In giving an aswer, the respoedert shoulde I had hope to spend

in court, and personals admonished by the but Quiet, though sad, the resplie of that day, to answer tbe judge's interrogation. That must be mortal to us both. Milton. 2. One whose province, in a set disputa- .

Wisdom and eloquence in vain would plead tion, is to refute objections.
One moment's ripile for the learned hvad;

How becomingly does Philopolis esercises Judges of writings and om men have dy'd. Prior.

ofhce, and seasonably commit the opponents 3. Pause ; interval.

the respondent, like a long practised moderze? The fox then counsel'd th' ape, for to require Respite till morrow t' answer his desire. Spenser. The respondent may easily shew, that the

This customary war, which troubleib all the wine may du all this, yet it may be finally be. world, giveth little respite or breathing time of ful to the soul and body of him. peace, doth usually borrow pretence from the RESPO'NSE. n. s. (responsurn, Lat.) necessary, to make itseli appear more honest.


1. An answer; commonly an oraculous

answer. Some pause and respite only I require, Till with my tears I shall have quench'd my fire.

Mere natural piety has taught mea to recent

Denbam. the responses of the gods with all possible vers TO RESPI’te. v. a. (from the noun.]


Government of ibe Tanga,

The oracles, which had before flourished, 1. To relieve by a pause.

gan to droop, and from giving responses in seras In what bow'r or shade

descended to prose, and within a while were ut. Thou find'st him, from the heat of noon retir'd,

terly silenced.

Hae: To respite his day-labour with repast, Or with repose,


2. [respons, Fr.) Answer made by tbe 2. [respiter, old Fr.) To suspend ; to

congregation, speaking alternately with

the priest in publick worship. delay.

To make his parishioners kneel and joias An act passed for the satisfaction of the officers

the responses he gave every one of them a baja of the king's army, by which they were proteised

sock and common prayer book. payment, in November following; till which time they were to respite it, and be contented 3. Reply to an objection in a formal disthat the common soldiers and inferior officers putation. should be satisfied upon their disbanding.

Let the respondent not turn opponent; er.

Clarendon. cept in retorting the argument upon his adve. RESPLE'NDENCE. n. s. [from resplen- sary after a direct response; and even this sa RESPLE'NDENCY. deut.] Lustie; lowed only as a confirmation of his own rafor. brightness; splendour.

RESPO'NSIBLE. adj. [from responsus, Lat.) Son! thou in whom my glory I behsld In full resplendenc:, heir of all my might. Milt. 1. Answerable ; accountable.

To neglect that supreme resplendency, that Heathens, who have certainly the talento shines in God, for those dim representations of

natural knowledge, are responsible for it. Hass. it in the creature, is as absurd as it were for a He as much satisfies the itch of telling ness; Persian to offer his sacrifice to a parhelion in- he as much persuades his hearers; and all this stead of adoring the sun.


while he has his retreat secure, and stands mu RESPLE'NDENT.adj. [resplendens, Lat. responsible for the truth of his relations.

Government of the Tegur! Bright ; shining; having a beautiful

2. Capable of discharging an obligation. lustre.

The necessity of a proportion of money ta Rich in commodities, beautiful in situation, resplendent in all glory:


trade depends on money as a pledge, which war.

ing cannot supply the place of; since the bill, ! There all within full rich array'd he found,

receive from one man, will not be accepted With royal arras and resplendent gold., Spenser.

security by another, he not knowing that the The ancient electrum had in it a fifth of silver

bill is legal, or that the man bound is honest o to the gold, and made a compound metal, as fit

responsible for most uses as gold, and more resplendent.

Late. Bacon. RESPOʻNSIBLENESS. n. 5. [from respeusiEmpress of this fair world, resplendent Eve! ble.) State of being obliged or quali


fied to answer. Every body looks most splendid and luminous RESPOʻNSION. n.s. (responsio, Lat.) The in the light of its own colour: cinpaber in the homogeneal light is most resplendent, in the

act of answering. green light it is manifestly less resplendent, in Respoʻnsive. adj. [responsif, Fr. (from the blue light still less,

Nowion. responsus, Lat.)


1. Answering; making answer.

irhen all is done, good counsel setteth business A certificate is a responsive letter, of letter by straight.

Bacon. way of answer.


Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest, 2. Correspondent; suited to something

Or at the helmet pointed, or the crest; else.

They speed the race.


Take the handle in your right hand, and Sing of love and gay desire,

Fenton. Responsive to the warbling lyre.

clasping the blade of it in your leit, lean it stea

dy upon the rest, holding the edge a little aslane Be there Demodocus the bard of fame,

over the work, so as a corner of the thin side of Taught by the gods to please, when liigha nie sings

the chissèl may bear upon the rest, and the Hat The vocal lay responsive to the strings. Pope.

side of the chissel may make a small angle with RESPO'NSORY. adj. [responsorius, Lat.) the rest.

Moxon. Containing answer.

7. Place of repose. REST. n. s. (rest, Sax. ruste, Dutch.] Sustain'd by him with comforis, cill we end Í: Sleep; repose.

In dust, our final rest and native home. Milton. All things retir'd to rest,

8. Final hope. Mind us of like repose.

Milton. Sea fights have been final to the war, but this My tost limbs are wearied into rest. Pope. is, whien princes set up their rest upon the bat2. The final sleep; the quietness of death.


Bacon. Oft with holy hymns he charm'd their ears;

This answer would render their counsels of For David left him, when he went to rest,

less reverence to the people, if upon those reaHis lyre.

Dryden. sons, they should recede from what they had, 3. Stillness ; cessation or absence of ino

with that confidence and disdain of the house of tion.

peers, demanded of the king; they therefore

resolved to set up their rest upon that stake, and Putrefaction asketh rest; for the subtle mo


go through with it, or perish in the attempt. tion, which puitreiaction requireth, is disturbed

Claren by any agitation.

Bacon. What cause mov’d the Creator, in his holy 9. (reste, Fr. quod restai, Lat.] Remainrest:

der; what reinzins. So late to build?

Mtitor. Religion gives part of its retard in hand, the All things past are equally and perfectly at prescat comfort of having done our duty; and rest: and to this way of consideration of them

for the rest, it offers us ihe best security that are all one, whether they were before the

: heaven can give

Tiilutsun. world, or but yesterday:


The pow'r in glorr shone,

By her bent bus and her koen arrows known, 4. Quict; peace; cessation from disturb

The rest a huntress.

Dryden. ance.

Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in Rest. adj. [restes, Fr. guod restat, Lat.) heart ; and ye shall find rest umio your souls.

Others; those not included in any proMaith?'

position. He giveth you rest from all your enensies. By description of their qualities, many things

Diuteronomy. ma; be learned concerning the rest of the inha'Scap'd from such storms of pow'r, holding it bitants.

Allot. best

They had no other consideration of the pub. To be below herself to be at rest. Daniel lick, than that no disturbance mighe interrupt The root cut off, from whence these tumults their quiet in their own days; and that the rest

who had jarger hearts and more publick spiuis, He should have rest, the commonwealth repose. would extend their labour, activity, and advice

Daniel. only to secure the empire at home by all peaceThus fenc'd, but not at rest or ease of mind. able arts.

Clarendon. Miliu. Plato, and the rest of philosophers, acWhere can a frail man hide him? in what

knowledged the unity, fower, wisdom, goodness, arms

and providence of the supreme God. Stilling fl. Shall a short life enjoy a little rest? Fansbaw. Arin'd like the rist, the Trojan prince appears,

With what a load of vengeance am I prest, And hy his pious labour urges theirs. Dryden. Yet never, never, can I hope for rest;

Upon so cqual terms did they all stand, that For when my heavy burden I remove,

no one had a fairer pretence of right than the The weight falls down, and crushes her I love.

Woodward. Dryden. To Rest. V. n. [from the noun.] Like the sun, it had light and agility; it knew no resi but in motion, no quiet but in activity,

1. To sleep; to be asleep; to slumber. South.

Fancy then retires Thither, where sinners may have rest, I go.

Into her private cell, when nature rests. Milt.

Pope. 2. To sieep the final sleep; to die.
The grave, where ev'n the grca: find rest.

Ιερον υπνου

Κοιμαται θνησκειν μη λεγε τις αγαθες.
Cessation from bodily labour.

Glad I'd lay me dow!', There the weary be at rest.

705. As in my mother's lap; there I should rest, The christian chuseth for his day of rest the

And sleep secure.

Milton. first day of the week, that he might thereby pro

3. To be at quiet; to be at peace; to be fess hiinself a servant of God, who on the morn- without disturbance. ing of that day vanquish'd Satan. Naison.

Thither let us tend Support ; that on which any thing From off the tossing of these hery waves, leans or rests.

There rest, if any rest can liarbour ibere. Milt, Forth prick'd Clorinda from the throng, 4. To be without motion; to be still. And 'gainsi Tancredie set her spear in rest. Over the tent a cloud shall rest by day. N1:!l.

Fairfax. 5. To be fixed in any state or opinion. A man may think, that a musket may be shot He will not rest content, though thou givest off as well upon the arm, as upon a rest; but

many gifts.

Proverbs, VOL.III.



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