« ПредишнаНапред »
Then avarice 'gan through his veins to inspire 12. Living person. His grecdy fiames, and kindle life devouring tire. Why should I play the Roman fool, and die
Spenser. On my own sword? whilst I see lives the gashes Their complot is to have my life:
Do better upon them. Shakspeare's Macbetb. And, if my death might make this island happy, 13. Narrative of a life past. And pro é the period of their tyranny,
Plutarch, that writes his life, I would expend it with all willingness. Shalsp. Tells us, that Cato dearly lov'd his wife. Pope. Nor love thy life, nor hate; but what thou
14. Spirit; briskness; vivacity ; resolu. liv'st
tion. Live well, how long or short permit to Heav'n.
The Helots bent thitherward with a new life He entreated me not to take his life, but exact
of resolution, as if their captain had been a root a sum of money. Broome on the Odyssey.
out of which their courage had sprung. Sidney. 4. Blood, the supposed vehicle of lite.
They have no notion of life and fire in fancy
and in words; and any thing that is just in gramHis gushing entrails smoak'd upon the ground,
mar and in measure, is as good oratory and poeAnd the warm life came issuing through the
try to them as the best. wound.
Not with half the fire and life, 5. Conduct; manner of living with re
With which he kiss'd Amphytrion's wife. Prior. spect to virtue or vice.
15. Anima!; animated existence; ani. His faith perhaps in some nice tenets might mal being. Be wrong; his life I'm sure was in the right.
Thomson. Full nature swarms with life.
Cowley. Henry and Edward, brightest sons of fame,
16. System of animal nature. And virtuous Alfred, a more sacred name;
Lives through all life.
Popes After a life of glorious toils endur'd,
17. Life is also used of vegetables, and Cles'd their long glories with a sigh. Pope. whatever grows and decays. I'll teach my family to lead good lives. Li'FEBLOOD. n. s. [life and blood.] The
blood necessary to life; the vital blood. 6. Condition ; manner of living with re- This sickness doth infect spect to happiness and misery.
The very lifeblood of our enterprize. Sbalsp. Such was the life the frugal Sabines led;
How couldst thou drain the lifeblood of the So Remus and his brother god were bred.
Sbakspeare, Dryden. His forehead struck the ground, 7. Continuance of our present state : as, Lifeblood and life rush'd mingled through the half his life was spent in study.
Dryden. Some have not any clear ideas all their lives.
They loved with that calm and noble value Locke.
which dwells in the heart, with a warınch like Untam'd and fierce thc tyger still remains,
that of lifeblood.
Spectater. And tires his life with biting on his chains.
Money, the lifeblood of the nation,
Corrupts and stagnates in the veins,
Unless a proper circulation
Its motion and its heat maintains. partly in the hands of the chief citizens. Adlison.
Swift. 8.' The living form : opposed to copies.
LIFE EVERLA'STING. An herb. Ainsw. That is the best part of beauty which a pic
Li'FEGIVING. adj. [life and giving. ] ture cannot express, no, nor the first sight of Having the power to give life. the life.
His own heat, Let him visit eminent persons of great name Kindled at first from heav'ns lifegiving fire. abroad, that he may tell how the life agreeth
Spenser. with the fame.
He sat devising death He that would be a master, must draw by the To them who liv'd; nor on the virtue thought life as well as copy from originals, and join theory Of that lifegiving plant. Milton's Paradise Lost, and experience together.
Collier. LIFEGUARD. n. s. (life and guard.] The 9. Exact resemblance: with to before it. guard of a king's person,
I believe no character of any person was ever LiFELESS. adj. (from life.] better drawn to the life than this. Derbam.
1. Dead; deprived of lite. Rich carvings, portraiture, and imag’ry,
I who make the triumph of to-day, Where ev'ry figure to the life express'd
May of co-morrow's pomp one part appear, The godhead's pow'r. Dryden's Knight's Tale. He saw in order painted on the wall
Ghastly with wounds, and lifeless on the bier.
Prior, The wars that fame around the world had blown, All to the life, and every leader known. Dryden.
2. Unanimated; void of life. 30. General state of man.
Was I to have never parted from thy side?
Milton. Of arts that polish life; inventors rare !
Milton. All that cheers or sottens life,
Outrage from lifeless things. The tender sister, daughter, friend, and wife.
The power which produces their motions, Pope.
springs from something without themselves : if
this power were suspended, they would become 31. Common occurrences; human af- a lifeless unactive heap of matter. Cheyne, fairs; the course of things.
And empty words she gave, and sounding This I know, not only by reading of books in
strain, my study, but also by experience of life abroad But senseless, lifeless! idol void and vain. Pope. in the world.
Ascbam. 3. Wanting power, force, or spirit. Not to know at large of things remote
Hopeless and helpless doth Ægeon wend, From use, obscure and subtile; but to know But to procrastinate his lifeless end. Sbakspeare. That which before us lies in daily life,
Unknowing to command, proud to obey Is the prime wisdom Milton's Paradise Lost. A lifeless king, a royal shade' I lay. Prior.
4. Wanting or deprived of physical ener
have been too much lifted up by them, so that
we have reason to humble ourselves. Atterbury. The other victor-fame a moment stood,
9. Up is sometimes emphatically added to Then fell, and lifeless left th' extinguish'd wood. lift.
Dryden. He lift up his spear against eight hundred, LIFELESSLY. adv. (from lifeless.] With- whom he slew at one time.
2 Samuel out vigour; frigidly ; jejunely.
Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand.
Genesis. L''FELIKE. adj. [life and like.] Like a
TO LIFT. V. n. living person.
To strive to raise by Minerva, lifelike, on embodied air
strength. Impress'd the form of Ipthema the fair. Pope. Pinch cattle of pasture while summer doth L'FESTRING. 1. s. [life and string.)
And lift at their tailes ere a winter be past. Nerve; string imagined to convey lite.
Tusser. These lines are the veins, the arteries,
The mind, by being engaged in a task beyond The undecaying lifestrings of those hearts
its strength, like the body strained by lifting at That still shall rant, and still shall exercise
a weight too heavy, has often its force broken. The motion spirit and nature both impart.
LIFT. n. s. [from the verb.] LIFETIME. ". s. (life and time.] Con
1. The manner of lifting. tinuance or duration of life.
In the lift of the feet, when a man goeth up Jordain talked prose all his lifetime, without the hill, the weight of the body beareth most knowing what it was.
Bacon. LIFEWEARY. adj. [life and weary.] In races, it is not the large stride, or high lift, Wretched; tired of living.
that makes the speed.
Bacon. Let me have
2. The act of lifting. A dram of poison, such soon speeding geer,
The goat gives the fox a lift, and out he As will disperse itself through all the
L'Estrange, That the life-weary taker may fall dead. Sbak. 3. Effort; struggle. Dead lift is an effort To LIFT. V. a. (lyffta, Swedish ; loffter,
to raise what with the whole force can. Danish. I lifted, or lift; I have lifted, or
not be moved ; and figuratively any lift.)
state of impotence and inability. 1. To raise from the ground; to heave;
Myself and Trulla made a shift to elevate; to hold on high.
To help him out at a dead lift.
Hudibras. Filial ingratitude;
Mr. Doctor had puzzled his brains Is it not as this mouth should tear this hand
In making a ballad, but was at a stand.
And you freely must own, you were at a dead For lifting food to't?
4. Lift, in Scotland, denotes a load or Of celebration of that nuptial. Shakspeare.
surcharge of any thing; as also, if one Propp'd by the spring, it lifts aloft the head, be disguised much with liquor, they say, But of a sickly beauty soon to shed,
He bas got a great lift. In summer living, and in winter dead. Dryden. 5. [In Scottish.] The sky: for in a starry 2. To bear; to support. Not in use. So down he fell, that th’eartha him underneath 6. Lifts of a sail, are ropes to raise or lower
night they say, How clear the lift is ! Did groan, as feeble so great load to lift.
them at pleasure. 3. To rob; to plunder. Whence the term LifTER. n. s. [from lift.] One that lifts. stoplifter.
Thou, O Lord, art my glory, and the lifter up So weary bees in little cells repose,
of mine hcad.
Psalms. But if night robbers lift the well-stor'd hive, To LIG. v.n. [leggen, Dutch.) To lie. An humming through their waxen city
Thou kenst the great care
I have of thy health and thy welfare, 4. To exalt; to elevate mentally.
Which many wild beasts liggen in wait, My heart was lift up in the ways of the Lord. For to entrap in thy tender state. Spenser.
2 Cbronicles. Of Orpheus now no more let poets tell,
LI'GAMENT. n. s. (ligamentum, from To bright Cæcilia greater pow'r is given,
ligo, Latin ; ligament, French.) His numbers raiš'd a shade from hell, 1. Ligament is a white and solid body, Hers lift the soul to heav'n.
Pope. softer than a cartilage, but harder than $. To raise in fortune.
a membrane ; they have no conspicu. The eye of the Lord lifted up his head from ous cavities, neither have they any sense,
Ecclesiasticus. 6. To raise in estimation.
lest they should suffer upon the motion Neither can it be thought, because some les
of the joint: their chief use is to fasten Sons are chosen out of the Apocrypha, that we
the bones, which are articulated together do offer disgrace to the word of God, or lift up
for motion, lest they should be dislocat. the writiags of men above it. Hooker. ed with exercise.
Quincy. 7. To exalt in dignity.
Be all their ligaments at once unbound, See to what a godlike height
And their disjointed bones to powder ground. The Roman virtues lift up mortal man!
Sandys. Addison. The incus is one way joined to the malleus, 8. To elevate ; to swell, as with pride.
the other end being a process is fixed with a liga. Lifted up with pride.
Hilder. Our successes have been great, and our hearta 2. [la popular or poetical language.] Any
thing which connects the parts of the 3. Power of perceiving external objects body.
by the eye: opposed to blindness. Though our licaments betimes grow weak, My strength faileth me; as for the light of We must not force them till themselves they mine eyes, i also is gore from me. Psalms. break.
Denbam. If it be true that light is in the soul, 3. Bond; chain; entanglement.
She all in every part, what was the sight
To such a slender hall as th'eye contin'd, do speak and reason above themselves; for then
So obvious and so easy to be quench'd, the soul, beginning to be freed from the liga- And nor as feeling through all parts diffus'd, ments of the body, reasons like herself, and dis- That she might look at will through ev'ry pore? courses in a strain above mortality. Addison.
Milton LIGAME'NTAL. ?n. s. [from ligament.] 4. Dav. LIGAME'NTOUS. Š Composing a liga
The murderer rising with the light killeth the poor.
Ere the third dawning light
Return, the stars of morn shall see him rise from the bottom of the bladder, whereby it dis- Out of his grave, fresh as the dawnir.g light. chargeth the watery and urinary part of its ali
Infants that never saw light. the sternon, and bound in by a strong ligamentous
Swift roll the years, and rise the expected
morn, LIGAʼtion. n. s. [ligatio, Latin.)
O spring to light, auspicious babe be born! Poçe. 1. The act of binding:
6. Artificial illumination. 2. The state of being bound.
Seven lamps shall give light. Numbers. The slumber of the body seems to be but the
7. Illumination of mind; instruction ; waking of the soul: it is the ligation of sense, but the liberty of reason.
knowledge. LIGATURE. n. s. (ligature, French ; liga
Of those things wbich are for direction of all
the parts of our life needful, and not impossible tura, Latin.)
to be discerned by the light of nature itself, are 1. Any thing tied round another ; ban- there not many which few men's natural capadage.
city hath been able to find out ? Hooter. He deludeth us also by philters, ligatures, Light may be taken from the experiment of charms, and many superstitious ways in the cure the horse-tooth ring, how that those things which of diseases.
Brotun. assuage the strife of the spirits, do help diseases If you slit the artery, and thrust into it a pipe, contrary to the intention desired. Baion. and cast a strait ligature upon that part of the I will place within them as a guide artery; notwithstanding the blood hath free pas
My umpire conscience, whom if they will hear, sage through the pipe, yet will not the artery beat Light after light well us'd they shall attain, below the ligature; but do but take off the liga. And to the end persisting safe arrive. Miltər. ture, it will beat immediately.
I opened Ariosto in Italian, and the very first
Dryden. the circulation of the blood.
Spectator. If internal light, or any proposition which we I found my arms and legs very strongly fase take for inspired, be conformable to the princitened on each side to the ground;'I likewise felt ples of reason, or to the word of God, which is several slender ligatures across my body, from attested revelation, reason warrants it. Locke.
my arm-pits to my thighs. Gulliver's Travels. The ordinary words of language, and our com2. The act of binding.
mon use of them, would have given us light into The fatal noose performed its office, and with
the nature of our ideas, if considered with atten. tion.
Loeke. most strict ligature squeezed the blood into his face.
The books of Varro concerning navigation are Any stoppage of the circulation will produce a
lost, which no doubt would have given us great dropsy, as by strong ligature or compression.
light in those matters.
Arvutonot. Arbuthnot. 8. The part of a picture wbich is drawn 3. The state of being bound. Not very with bright colours, or in which the proper.
light is supposed to fall. Sand and gravel grounds easily admit of heat Never admit two equal lights in the same picand moisture, for which they are not much the ture; but the greater light must strike forcibly better, because they let it pass too soon, and con- on those places of the picture where the princitract no ligature.
Mortimer's Husbandry. pal figures are; diminishing as it comes nearer LIGHT. n. s. [leoht, Saxon.]
Dryder. 1. That material medium of sight; that 9. Reach of knowledge; mental view. body by which we see; luminous mat.
Light, and understanding, and wisdom, like the
wisdom of the gods, was found in him. Danie'. ter.
We saw as it were thick clouds, which did put Light is propagated from luminous bodies in
us in some hope of land, knowing how that part time, and spends about seven or eight minutes
of the South Sea was utterly unknown, and of an hour in passing from the sun to the earth.
might have islands or continents that hitherto Newton.
were not come to ligbt. 2. State of the elements, in which things They have brought to light not a few protitbecome visible : opposed to darkness.
able experiments. God called the light day, and the darkness he
10. Point of view; situation; direction in called night.
Genesis. which the light falls.
Frequent consideration of a thing wears off Ligbt and darkness, night and day. Carou. the strangeness of it; and shews it in its several
, and various ways of appearance, to the 3. Not aMictive ; easy to be endured. view of the mind.
Every light and common thing incident into It is impossible for a man of the greatest parts
any part of inan's life.
Hooker. to consider any thing in its whole extent, and in Light suff'rings give us leisure to complain, ail its variety cligbis.
Spectator. We groan, but cannot speak, in greater pain. Anzuttur who has not learned the art of
Dryden. ranging this thoughts, and setting them in proper
4. Easy to be performed; not difficult. ligbés, all lose himself in his confusion.
Well pleas'd were all his friends, the task was
Spectator. 11. Publick view; publick notice.
The facher, mother, daughter, they invite. Why am I ask'd what next shall see the light?
Dryden. Heav'ns! **as I born for nothing but to write. s. Easy to be actel on by any power.
Apples of a ripe flavour, fresh and fair, 12. The publick.
Mellow'd by winter from their cruder juice, Grafe episties bringing vice to light,
Light of digestion now, and fit for use. Dryden. Such as a king might read, a bishop write. Pope. 6, Not heavily armed. 13. Explanation.
Paulus Bachitius with a company of light Thire endeavoured, throughout this discourse, horsemen, lay close in ambush, in a convenient that every corner part might give strength unto place for that purpose.
Knolles. all tha: c!!ox, and every latter bring some light 7. Active ; nimble. anto all berors.
He so light was at lezerdemain, We should compare places of scripture treat- That what he touch'd caine not to light again. ing of the same point : 'thus one part of the sa
Spenser, cred tex: could no: fail to give light unto an- Asahel was as ligist of foot as a wild roe. other. Locke.
2 Samuel. 14. Any thing that gives light; a pharos, There Stamford came, for his honour was a taper; any luminous body.
lame That lipbt we see is burning in my hall;
Of the gout three months together; Ho* far chat little candie throws his beams,' But ic prov'd, when they fought, but a running So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Sbakspeare. For heels were lighter than ever. Denban. Then he called for a ligbt, and sprang in and
Youths, a blooming band; fell down before Paul.
Acts. Light bounding from the earth at once they rise; I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, Their feet halt viewless quiver in the skies. for salvation unto the ends of the earth. Acts.
Popes Let them be for signs,
8. Unencumbered; unembarrassed ; clear For seasons, and for days, and circling years; of impediments. And let them be for lirbts, as I ordain
Unmarried men are best masters, but not best The office in the firmament of heav'a,
subjects; for they are light to run away. Bacon. To give light on the earth.
9. Slight; not great. I put as great difference hetween our new
A light error in the manner of making the lights and ancient truths, as between the san and
following trials was eno:rgh to render some of Glanville. them unsuccess. ul.
Boyle. Several lights will not be seen, If there be nothing else between,
10. Not dense; not gross. Men doubt, because they stand so thick i'th'sky,
In the wilderness there is ao bread, nor water, If those be stars that paint the galaxy: Cowley.
and our soul loatheth this light bread. Numbers. Ixili make some offers at their safety, by fix
Ligbt tumes are merry, grosser fumes are sad, ing some marks like lights upon a coast, by which
Both are the reasonable soul run mad. Dryden. the ships may avoid at least known rocks. Temple. 11. Easy to admit any influence; un. He must still mourn
steady ; unsettled ; loose. The sun, and moon, and ev'ry starry light,
False of heart, light of ear, bloody of hand. Edips'd to him, and lost in everlasting night.
Prior. These light vain persons still are drunk and LIGHT. adj. [leohr, Saxon.)
mad 1. Not tending to the centre with great
With surfeitings, and pleasures of their youth.
Diviesa force ; not heavy.
They are light of belief, great listeners after Hot and cold were in one body fixt,
Howel. And soft with hard, and light with heavy mixt. There is no greater argument of a light and
Dryden. inconsiderate person, than profancly to scoff at These weights did not exert their natural gra
Tillotson, vity till they were laid in the golden balance, inconnuen that I could not guess wnich was light
12. Gay; airy ; wanting dignity or solior bezvy whilst I held them in my hand.
dity ; trilling: Spectatori
Seneca cannot be too heavy; nor Plautus-too 2. Not burdensome; easy to be worn, or
Forgive carried, or lifted ; not onerous.
If ficriouslight I mix with truch divine, Horse, oxen, plough, tumbrel, cart, waggon, And fill these lines with uuier praise than thine, and wain,
Fuirjux. The ligbter and stronger the greater thy gaine.
Tusser. 13. Not chaste; not regular in conduct. It will be light, that you may bear it
Let me not be light, Under a close that is of any length. Shakspeare.
For a light wife doth make a heavy husband. A kiag that would not feel nis crown too
Sbakspeare. beavy, mi st wear it every day; but if he think 14. [from light, 17. s.) Bright; clear. it too light, he knoweth not of what metal it is As soon as the morning was ligly, the men made. Bacon. were seat away.
Genesis, VOL. III.
The horses ran up and down with their tails Truth, light upon this way, is of no more ava] and manes on a lighi fire.
Knolles. to us than error; for what is so taken up by 15. Not dark; tending to whiteness. us, may be false as well as true : and he has not
In painting, the light and a white colour are done his duty, who has thus stumbled upon truth but one and the same thing: no colour more re- in his way to preferment.
Lecke. sembles the air than white, and by consequence
Whosoever first lit on a parcel of that subno colour which is lighter.
Dryden. stance we call gold, could not rationally take the Two cylindrick bodies with annular sulci, bulk and figure to depend on its real essence. found with sharks teeth, and other shells, in a
Locke. ligbt coloured clay.
Woodword. As wily reynard walk'd the streets at night, Light. adv. (for lightly, by colloquial On a tragedian's mask he chanc'd to ligbt;
Turning it o'er, he mutter'd with disdain, corruption.) Lightly ; cheaply.
How vast a head is here without a brain! Addis. Shall we set ligbt by that custom of reading, from whence so precious a benefit hath grown?
A weaker man may sometimes ligbron notions Hooker.
which had escaped a wiser. Watts on the Mind, To Light. v.a. (from the noun.] 2. To fall in any particular direction : 3. To kindle ; to enflame; to set on fire;
with on. to make fame.
The wounded steed curvets; and rais'd upSwinging coals about in the wire, thoroughly
right, lighted them.
Lights on his feet before; his hoofs behind This truth shines so clear, that to go about to
Spring up in air aloft, and lash the wind. Dryd. prove it, were to light a candle to seek the sun.
3. To fall; to strike on: with on. Glanville.
He at his foe with furious rigour smites, The maids, who waited her commands,
That strongest oak might seem to overthrow; Ran in with lighted tapers in their hands. Dryd.
The stroke upon his shield so heavy lights, Be witness, gods, and strike Jocasta dead, That to the ground it doubleth him full low. If an immodest thought, or low desire,
Spenser. Inflam'd my breast since first our loves were
At an uncertain lot none can find themselves lighted.
grieved on whomsoever it ligbtetb. Hooker. Absence might cure it, or a second mistress They shall hunger no more; neither shall the Light up another flame, and put out this. sun light on them, nor any heat. Revelations.
On ine, me only, as the source and spring 2. To give light to; to guide by light.
Of all corruption, all the blame lights due.
Milter. Fresh from the pure glance of thine eye,
A curse lights upon him presently after : his Ligbting to eternity:
great arm is utterly ruined, he himself slain ir Ah hopeless, lasting fames! like those that
it, and his head and right hand cut off, and hung burn
up before Jerusalem.
Seutl. To light the dead, and warm the unfruitful urn. 4. (alightan, Sax.] To descend from a
horse or carriage. 3. To illuminate ; to fill with light.
When Naaman saw him running after him, The sun was set, and vesper, to supply
he lighted down from the chariot to meet him. His absent beams, had lighted up the sky. Dryd.
2 Kings. 4. Up is emphatically joined to light.
I saw 'em salute on horseback,
Beheld them when they lighted, how they clung
In their embracement.
ShakP. Henry VIII.
Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she saw s. [from the adjective.] To lighten ; to
Isaac, she lighted off the camel
. Genesis. case of a burden.
The god laid down his feeble rays,
Then lighted from his glittering coach. Swift.
That she will ligbt to listen to their lays. Sbak. . To happen to find ; to fall upon by
Then as a bee which among weeds doch fall, chance : it has on before the thing
Which seem sweet flow'rs, with lustre fresh and
She lights on that, and this, and tasteth all, No more settled in valour than disposed to But pleas'd with none, doth rise, and soar
away. justice, if either they had lighted on a better
Davies. friend, or could have learned to make friendship Plant trees and shrubs near home, for bees to a child, and not the father of virtue. Sidney pitch on at their swarming, that they may not be The prince, by chance, did on a lady light,
in danger of being lost for want of a lighting place. That was right fair, and fresh as morning rose.
1. To flash, with thunder.
This dreadful night, not stirring winds to make them more rough; so
That thunders, lightens, opens graves, and
As doth the lion. this people did light upon two ringleaders. Bacon.
şbakspeare's Julius Cæsar. of late years, the royal oak did light upon
Although I joy in thee, count Rhodophil.
I have no joy of this contract to-night;
It is too rash, too unadvis'd, too sudden, lours may be easily enough lighted on, by those
Too like the light'ning, which doth cease to be conversant in the solutions of mercury. Boyle.
Ere one can say it ligbtens. Sbakspeere. He sought by arguments to sooth her pain;
The lightning that lightenstb out of the one Nor those avail'd: at length he ligbts on one,
part under heaven, sheweth unto the other part. Before two moons their orb with light adorn,
Luks. If heav'n allow me life, I will return. Dryden. 2. To shine like lightning.