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from prophet.] To give predictions. PROPITIOUSLY: adv. [from propitious.] Not in use.

Favourably; kindly.
Nature else hath conference

So when a muse propitiously invites,
With profound sleep, and so doth warning send Improve her favours, and indulge her flights.
By propbetizing dreams.

Roscommon. PROPHYLA'CTICK. adj. [Tigopuncensondig PROPITIOUSNESS. n.s. (from propitious.] from scopuhasow.] Preventive ; preserve

Favourableness; kindness. ative.

All these joined with the propitiousness of cliMedicine is distributed into prophylactick, or mate to that sort of tree and the length of age it the art of preserving health; and therapeutick, shall stand and grow, may produce an oak. or the art of restoring health. Watts.

Temple. PROPI'NQUITY. n. s. [propinquitas, Lat.] PROPLA'sm. n. so [apò and masua.] I. Nearness; proximity; neighbourhood. Mould; matrix. They draw the retina nearer to the crystal

Those shells serving as proplasms or moulds to line humour, and by their relaxation suffer it to

the matter which so filled them, limited and dee return to its natural distance according to the termined its dimensions and figure. Woodward. exigency of the object, in respect of distance or

PROPLA'STICE. n. s. [cotiha5iXX. ] The propinquity.


art of making moulds for casting. 2. Nearness of time.

Thereby was declared the propinquity of their PROPOʻNENT. n. s. (from proponens, Lat.) desolations, and that their tranquillity was of no

One that makes a proposal, or lays dowa longer duration, than those soon decaying fruits a position. of summer.


For mysterious things of faith rely 3. Kindred ; nearness of blood.

On the proponent, heaven's authority. Dryden. Here I disclaim all my paternal care,

PROPOʻRTION. n. (proportion, Fr. Propinquity, and property of blood, And as a stranger to my heart and me

proportio, Latin.] Hold thee.

Shakspeare. 1. Comparative relation of one thing to PROPI'TIABLE. adj. [from propitiate.]

another; ratio. Such as may be induced to favour; such

Let any man's wisdom determine by lessening

the territory, and increasing the number of inas may be made propitious.

habitants, what proportion is requisite to the peoTO PROPI'TIATE. v. a. (propitio, Lat.] pling of a region in such a manner, that the land

To induce to favour; to gain; to con- shall be neither too narrow for those whom it ciliate; to make propitious.

feedech, nor capable of a greater multitude. You, her priest, declare

Raleigb. What off rings may propitiate the fair,

By proportion to these rules, we may judge of Rich orient pearl, bright stones that ne'er decay,

the obligation that lies upon al sorts of injuriOr polish'd lines which longer last than they. ous persons

Taylor, Izller. Things nigh equivalent and neighb'ring valuo They believe the affairs of human life to be By lot are parted; but high heav'n thy sharc, managed by certain spirits under him, whom In equal balance weigh'd gainst earth and hell, they endeavour to propitiate by certain rites. Flings


the adverse scale, and shuns proportione Stilling fleet.

Prior. Vengeance shall pursue the inhuman coast, 2. Settled relation of

comparative quantia Till they propitiate thy offended ghost. Dryden.

ty; equal degree. Let fierce Achilles, dreadful in his rage, Greater visible good does not always raise The god propitiate, and the pest assuage.' Pope. men's desires, in proportion to the greatness it PROPITIA’TION. n. s. (propiciation, Fr.

is acknowledged to have, though every little from propitiate. )

trouble sets us on work to get rid of it. Locke,

He must be little skilled in the world, who 1. The act of making propitious.

thinks that men's talking much or little shall 2. The atonement; the offering by which hold proportion only to their knowledge. Locke. propitiousness is obtained.

Several nations are recovered out of their igHe is the propitiation for the sins of the whole norance, in proportion as they converse more or world.

1 Fobn.

less with those of the reformed churches. Addis. PROPITIA’TOR. n. s. [from propitiate.]

In proportion as this resolution grew, the terOne that propitiates.

rors before us seemed to vanish.

Tatler. PROPI'TIATORY, adj. (propiciatoire, Fr. 3. Harmonick degree.

His volant touch from propitiate.] Having the power to Instinct through all proportions, low and high, make propitious.

Fled, and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue. Is not this more than giving God thanks for

Milton. their virtues, when a propitiatory sacrifice is of- 4. Symmetry; adaptation of one to anfered for their honour?

Stilling fleet.

other. PROPI'Trous. adj. (propitius, Lat. propice, Measure is that which perfecteth all things, French.) Favourable; kind.

because every thing is for some end; neither can T'assuage the force of this new flame,

that thing be available to any end, which is not And make thee more propitious in my need, proportionable thereunto: and to proportion as I mean to sing the praises of thy name. Spens.

well excesses as defects, are opposite. Hooker, Let not my words offend thee,

It must be mutual in proportion due My Maker, be propitious while I speak! Milton. Giv'n and receiv'd.

Milton, Indulgent god! propitious pow'r to Troy,

No min of the present age is equal in the Swift to relieve, unwilling to destroy. Dryden. strength, proportion, and knitting of his limbs, tu Would but thy sister Marcia be propitious the Hercules of Farnese.

Dryden, To thy friend's vows.

Addison. The proportions are so well observed, that noEre Phæbus rose, he had implor'd

thing appears to an advantage, or distinguishes itPropitious heav'n. Popes self above the rest.


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Harmony, with ev'ry graces diameter, their interfering one with anothet, Plays in the fair profortions of her face.

and by consequence the mixture of the neteroMrs. Carter.

gencous rays, would be propertionally diminished. s. Forin ; size.

Newter, All things receivid, do such proportion take,

PROPO'RTIONATE. adj. [from properAs those things liave, wherein they are receiv'd; tion.] Adjusted to something else, ac.

So little glasses little taces make,
And narrow webs on narrow frames are weav'd.

cording to a certain rate or comparative


Davies, TO PROPO'RTION. v. a. (proportionner, Fr.

The connection between the end and any from the noun.]

means is adequate, but between the end and means proportionate.

Grin. 1. To adjust by comparative relation.

The use of spectacles, by an adequate con. Till body up to spirit work, in bounds

nection of truths, gave men occasion to think of Proportion'd to each kind.

Millon. microscopes and telescopes: but the invention In the loss of an object, we do not proportion of burning glasses depended on a proportimate our grief to the real value it bears, but to the for that figure, which contracts the species of value our fancies set upon it.


any body, that is, the rays by which it is seen, 2. To form symmetrically.

will, in the same proportion, contract the heat Nature had proportioned her without any fault,

wherewith the rays are accompanied.

Grea. quickly to be discovered by the senses; yet al

In the state of nature, one man comes by ne together seemed not to make up that harmony

absolute power to use a criminal according to that Cupid delights in.


the passion or heats of nis own will; but only PROPOʻRTIONABLE. adj. [from propor

to retribute to him, so far as conscience dictates

, tion.) Adjusted by comparative relation; T. PROPORTIONATE. v.a. from propora

what is proportionate to his transgression. Lectio such as is sit. His commandments are not grievous, because

tion.] To adjust according to seltied be offers us an assistance proportionable to the

rates to something else. difficulty.

Tillotson The parallelism and due proportionated inIt was enlivened with an hundred and twenty

clination of the axis of the earth. trumpets, assisted with a proportionable number

Since every single particle hath an innate of other instruments.

Addison. gravitation toward all others, proportionated by PaopO'RTIONABLY. adv. [from propor

matter and distance, it evidently' appears, that

the outward atoms of the chaos would necesinly tion.] According to proportion ; ac

tend inwards, and descend from all quarters to cording to comparative relation.

wards the middle of the whole space. Beztése The mind ought to examine all the grounds of probability, and, upon a due balancing the whole, PROPOʻRTION ATENESS.n. s. [from pro reject or receive it proportionably to the prepon- portionate.] The state of being by comderancy of the greater grounds of probability, parison adjusted. on one side or the other.


By this congruity of those faculties to their The parts of a great thing are great, and there :

proper objects, and by the fitness and propero are proportionably large estates in a large coun- tionateness of these objective impressions upona try.


their respective faculties, accommodated co their 'Though religion be more eminently necessary reception, the sensible nature hath so much to those in stations of authority, yet these qualities are proportionablyconducive to publick hap

perception, as is necessary for its sensible being. piness in every inferior relation. Rogers. PROPO'S AL. n. s. [from propose.) PROPOʻRTIONAL. adj. [proportionel, Fr.

1. Scheme or design propounded to Cotifrom propariiov.] Having a settled com. sideration or acceptance. parative relation ; having a certain de

If our proposals once again were heard, gree of any quality compared with We should compel them to a quick result. something else. The serpent lives,

The work you mention will suficiently reLives, as thou said'st, and gains to live as man

conimend itself, when your name appears with Higher degree of life, inducement strong

the proposals. To us, as likely tasting to attain

2. Offer to the mind. Proportional ascent, which cannot be

Upon the proposal of an agreeable object, a But to be gods or angels.

Milton. man's choice will rather incline him to acte Four numbers are said to be proportional, than refuse it.

Said when the first containeth or is contained by the This truth is not likely to be entertained redsecond, as ofien as the third containeth or is dily upon the first proposal.

Atterbary. contained by the fourth.

Cocker. To PROPO'SE. v. a. [ proposer, Fr. pra If lighc be switter in bodies than in vacuo, in the proportion of the sines which measure the

pono, Lat]. To offer to the considera.

tion. refraction of the bodies, the forces of the bodies to retiect and refract light are very nearly pro

Raphael to Adam's doubt propos'd,

Benevolent and facil chus reply'd. portional to the densities of the same bodies.


My desigu is to treat only of those, who base PROPORTIONA’LITY. 7. s. [from propor.

chiefly proposed to themselves the principal reward of their labours.

Tode tional) The quality of being propor- In learning any thing, there should be as little tional.

as possible tirst proposed to the mind at once, All sense, as grateful, dependeth upon the and that being understood, proceed then to the equality or the proportionality of the motion or next adjoining part.

Waits impression made. PropoʻRTIONALLY. adr. (from propor

Grew. To Propo'SE. V. 2. To lay schemes. Not

in use. tinnal.] In a stated degree.

Run thee into the parlons, If these circles, whilst their centres keep their There shalt thou find my cousin Beatrice, dīstances and positions, could be made less in Proposing with the prince and Claudio. Shaks.






PROPO'SER.n. s. [from propose.] One that

Though sheep, which are proprietary, are sel. offers any thing to consideration.

dom marked, yet they are not apt to straggle.

Grow, Faith is the assent to any proposition, not made out by the deductions of reason, but upon

Proprietor. 1. s. [from proprius, Lat.] the credit of the proposer, as coming from God. A possessor in his own right.

Locke. Man, by being master of himself, and proHe provided a statute, that whoever proposed prietor of his own person, and the actions or lae any alteration to be made, should do it with a bour of it, had still in himself the great foundarope about his neck: if the matter proposed

tion of property.

Locke. were generally approved, then it should pass Though they are scattered on the wings of the into a law; if it went in the negative, the pro- morning, and remain in the uttermost parts of poser to be immediately hanged. Swift. the sea, even there shall his right hand fetch

them out, and lead them home to their ancient PROPOSI'TION, n.s. (proposition, Fr. pro


Rogers. positio, Lat.)

PROPRI'ETRESS. n. s. [from proprietor. ) 1. One of the three parts of a regular A female possessor in her own right; a argument.

mistress. The first proposition of the precedent argument A big-bellied bitch borrowed another bitch's is not necessary:


kennel to lay her burden in; the proprietress 2. A sentence in which any thing is af

denuanded possession, but the other begged her firmed or decreed.

Chrysippus, labouring how to reconcile these PROPRI’ETY. n. s. (proprieté, Fr. pro(wo propositions, that all things are done by tate,

prietas, Lat.] and yet that something is in our own power, cannot extricate bimset.


1. Peculiarity of possession ; exclusive Contingent propositions are of a dubious qua

right. lity, and they cause opinion only, and not dirine

You that have promis'd to yourselves propriety faith.

W bite,

in love, The compounding the representation of things,

Know women's hearts like straws do move. with an affirmation or negation, makes a propo

Suckling. sition.

Hale. Benefit of peace, and vacation for piety, rea3. Proposal; offer of terms.

der it necessary by laws to secure propriety.

Harmond. The enemy sont propositions, such as upon

Hail, wedded love! mysterious law, true delivery of a strong fortitied town, after a hand

some defence, are usually granted. Clarendon, PROPOSITIONAL. adj. from proposition.]

Of human offspring, sole propriety

In Paradise ! of all things common else. Mile, Considered as a proposition.

They secure propriety and peace. If it has a singular subject in its propositional To that we owe not only the safety of our sense, it is always ranked with universals.

persons and the propriety of our possessions, Watis,

but our improvement in the several arts. TO PROPOUND. v. a. (propono, Lat. )

Atterburg, 1. To offer to consideration ; to propose. 2. Accuracy; juistness.

The parliament, which now is held, decreed Common use, that is the rule of propriety, afWhatever pleas'd the king but to propound. fords some aid to settle the signification of lan


Locke. To leave as little as I may unto fancy, which PROPT, for propped. [from prop.] Sustained is wild and inegular, I will propound a rule. by some prop.


See in her cell sad Eloisa spread, Dar'st thou to the Son of God propound

Propt on somie tomb, a nсighbour of the dead. To worship thee?

Milton. The existence of the church hath been pro

TO PROPUÄGN. v. a. (propugno, Latin.) pounded as an object of our faith in every age of christianity,


To defend ; to vindicate. The greatest stranger must propound the ar

Thankfulness is our meet tribute to those sagument.

More. cred champions for propugning of our faith. The arguments, which christianity propounds

Hammond, to us, are reasonable encouragements to bear PROPUGNATION.n.s. (propugnatio, from sufferings patiently.


propugno, Lat.] Defence. 2. To offer; to exhibit.

What propugnation is in one man's valour,
A spirit rais'd from depth of under-ground, To stand the push and enmity of those
That shall make answer to such questions, This quarrel would excite?

Shakspeare As by your grace shall be propounded him. PROPU'GNER. n. s. [from propugn.] A

Shakspeare. defender. PROPOU'NDER 2. n. s. [from propound.] He So zealous propugners are they of their nae

that propounds; he that offers; pro. tive creed, that they are importunately diligent poser.

to instruct men in it, and in all the little soPROPRIETARY. n. s. (proprietaire, Fr.

phistries for defending it. Gov. of the Tongue. from propriety.] Possessor in his own

PROPU'LSION. n. s. (propulsus, Latin.] right.

The act of driving forward. 'Tis a mistake to think ourselves stewards in

Joy worketh by propulsion of the moisture of some of God's gifts, and proprietaries in others:

the brain, when the spirits dilate and occupy

Bacon, they are all equaliy to be employed, according to the designation of the donor.

The evanescent solid and fluid will scarce difGovernment of tb: Tongue.

fer, and the extremities of those small canals will PROPRI'ETARY, adj. Belonging to a cer

by propulsion be carried off with the fluid conrinually.

Arbutbrot. tain owner.

PRORE. M. s. I prora, Latin.] The prow;



more room.


any far

rozer, Fr.]

the forepart of a ship. A poetical word PROSCRIBER. n. s. [from proscribe.] One used for a rhyme.

that dooms to destruction. There no vessel, with vermilion prore,

The triumvir and proscriber had descended to Or bark of traffick, glides from shore to shore. us in a more hideous form, if the emperor had

Pope. not taken care to make friends of Virgil and PROROG A’TION. n. s. (prorogatio, from Horace.

Dryder. prorogo, Lat. prorogation, Fr.]

PROSCRIPTION. n. s. (proseriptio, Lat.) 1. Continuance; state of lengthening out Doom to death or confiscation, to a distant time; prolongation.

You took his voice who should be
The fulness and effluence of man's enjoy-

die, ments in the state of innocence, might seem to our black sentence and proscription. Sbaksp. leave no place for hope, in respect of

Sylla's old troops ther addition, but only of the prorogation and Are needy and poor; and have but left t'exfuture continuance of what already he possessed. ;


South, From Catiline new bills and new proscriptws. 2. Interruption of the session of parlia

Ben Fensa. ment by the regal authority.

For the title of prescription or forfeiture, the It would seem extraordinary, if an inferior

emperor hath been judge and party, and justiced himself.

Bare court should take a matter out of the hands of the high court of parliament, during a proroga- PROSE. n. s. (prose, French ; prosa, Lat.) tion.

Swift. Language not restrained to harmonick To PRORO'GUE. v. a. [prorogo, Lat. pro- sounds or set number of syllables ; dis

course not metrical. 1. To protract; to prolong.

Things unattempted yet in prese or rhyme. He prorogued his government, still threatning to dismiss himself from publick cares. Dryden.

The reformation of prose was owing to Bxr2. To put off; to delay.

cace, who is the standard of purity in the Italia My life were better ended by their hate, tongue, though many of his phrases are become


Druda Than death prorogued, wanting of thy love.


A poet lets you into the knowledge of a de 3. To interrupt the session of parliament

vice better than a prose writer, as his descripcions

are often more diffuse. to a distant time.

Prose men alone for private ends, By the king's authority alone they are as

I thought, forsook their ancient friends. Prier. sembled, and by him alone are they prorogued I will be still your friend in prese: and dissoived; but each house may adjourn itself. Esteem and friendship to express,

Bacon. Will not require poetick dress. PRORU'PTION.n. s. (proruptus, from pro- My head and beart thus flowing through my rumpo, Lat.] The act of bursting out.

quill, Others ground this disruption upon their con- Verse man and prose man, term me which you tinued or protracted time of delivery, whereat,


Pope excluding but one a day, the latter brood, impa- TOPROʻSECUTE. v. a.[prosequor, prase. tient by a forcible proruption, anticipates their cutus, Lat.) period of exclusion.

Brorun. PROSA'ICK. adj. I prosaique, Fr. prosaicus,

1. To pursue ; to continue endearous

after any thing: from prosa, Lat.) Belonging to prose; I am belov'd of beauteous Hermia, resembling prose.

Why should not I then prosecute my right? TO PROSCRIBE. v. a. (proscribo, Lat.]

Sbaksisare 1. To censure capitally ; to doom to de

I must not omit a father's timely care, struction.

To prosecute the means of thy deliverance Robert Vere, earl of Oxford, through the ma

By ransom. lice of the peers, was banished the realm, and

That which is morally good is to be desired proscribed.


and prosecuted; that which is evil is to be avoide

ed. I hid for thee Thy murder of thy brother, being so brib'd,

He prosecuted this purpose with strength of And writ him in the list of my proscrib'd

argument and close reasoning, without incoheAfter thy fact.

Ben Jonson.

rent sallies. Follow'd and pointed at by fools and boys,

2. To continue; to carry on. But dreaded and proscrib’d by men of sense.

The same reasons, which'induced you to en Roscommon.

tertain this

war, will induce you also to present In the year 325, as is well known, the Arian

the same. doctrines were proscribed and anathematized in

All resolute to prosecute their ire, the famous council of Nice, consisting of 318

Seeking their own and country's cause to free. bishops, very unanimous in their resolutions, excepting a few reclaimants. Waterland,

He infested Oxford, which gave them the 2. To interdict. Not in use.

more reason to prosecute the fortifications.

He shall be found,
And taken or proscrib'd this happy ground.

With louder cries

She prosecutes her griefs, and thus replies. Some utterly proscribe the name of chance,

Dr. as a word of impious and profane signification;

3. To proceed in consideration or disquiand indeed, if taken by us in that sense in

sition of any thing. which it was used by the heathen, so as to

An infinite labour to prosecute those things, so make any thing casual, in respect of God him- far as they might be exemplified in religious and self, their exception ought justly to be admitted.

civil actions.

Header. South. 4. To pursue by law; to sue criminally.






3. To prosecute differs from to persecute :

It is better to marry than to burn, says St.

Paul; a little burning telt pushes us more powto persecute always implies some cruelty, 'malignity, or injustice; to prosecute, is

erfully, than greater pleasures in prospect allure.

Locke. to proceed by legal measures, either with 2. Place which affords an extended view. or without just cause.

Him God beholding from his prospect high, Prosecution. n. s. [from prosecute.] Wherein past, present, future, he beholds, 1. Pursuit ; endeavour to carry on.

Thus spake.

Milton. Many offer at the effects of friendship, but 3:

Series of objects open to the eye. they do not last; they are promising in the be- There is a very noble prospect from this place: ginning, but they fail, jade, and tire in the proses

on the one side lies a vast extent of seas, that. cution.

South. runs abroad further than the eye can reach: just Their jealousy of the British power, as well as opposite stands the green promontory of Surentheir prosecutions of commerce and pursuits of tum, and on the other side the whole circuit of universal monarchy, will fix them in their the bay of Naples.

Addison, a versions towards us.

Addison. 4. Object of view. 2. Snit against a man in a criminal cause.

Man to himself Persons at law may know, when they are un- Is a large prospect, rais'd above the level fit to communicate till they have put a stop to Of his low creeping thoughts. Denbam. their guilt, and when they are fit for the same Present, sad prospect! can he ought descry,

during their prosecution of it. Kettlewell. But what affects his melancholy eye? PRO'SECUTOR. n. s. [from prosecute.] One

The beauties of the ancient fabrick lost that carries on any thing; a pursuer of

In chains of craggy hills, or lengths of dreary

Prior. any purpose ; one who pursues another

5. View delineated ; a picturesque repreby law in a criminal cause. PRO'SELYTE. 1. s. [agochaut; proselite,

sentation of a landscape.

Claude Lorrain, on the contrary, was conFr.] A convert; one brought over to a

vinced, that taking nature as he found it seldom new opinion.

produced beauty; his pictures are a composition He that saw hell in's melancholy dream, of the various draughts which he has previously Scar'd from his sins, repented in a fright,

made from various beautiful scenes and prospects. Had he view'd Scotland, had curn'd proselyte.

Reynolds. Cleaveland. 6. View into futurity: opposed to retroMen become professors and combatants for those opinions they were never convinced of,


To be king, nor proselytes to.


Stands not within the prospect of belief,
Where'er you tread,

No more than to be Cawdor. Sbakspeare.
Millions of proselytes behind are led,
Through crowds of new-made converts still you

To him, who hath a propect of the different Granville.

state of perfect happiness or misery, that attends

all men after this life, the measures of good and What numbers of proselytes may we not ex.

evil are mightily changed.

Locke. Addison. TO PRO'SELYTE. v. a. To convert. A

If there be no prospect beyond the grave, the

inference is right; let us eat and drink, for tobad word.

morrow we shall die.

Locke, Men of this temper cut themselves off from Against himself his gratitude maintain'd, the opportunities of proselyting others, by avert- By favours past, not future prospects gain'd. ing them from their company.

Smith. Government of the Tongue. 7. Regard to something future. PROSEMINA'TION. n. s. (prosemino, prose- Is he a prudent man, as to his temporal estate, minatus, Lat.) Propagation by seed. that lays designs only for a day, without any

Touching the impossibility of the eternal suc- prospeot to, or provision for, the remaining part cessiou of men, animals, or vegetables, by na- of his life?

Tillotson. tural propagation or prosemination, the reasons To PROSPE'CT. v. a. [prospectus, Lat.) To thereof shall be delivered. Haie. look forward.

Dict. PROSOʻDIAN. n. so (from prosody.), One PROSPECTIVE. adj. (from prospect.] skilled in metre or prosody.

1. Viewing at a distance. Some have been so bad prosodians, as from thence to derive malum, because that fruit was

2. Acting with foresight. the first occasion of evil.

The French king and king of Sweden are cir

Broruni. PROʻSODY. n. s. [prosodie, Fr. Açuciwcia.]

cumspect, industrious and prospective too in this affair.

Child. The part of grammar which teaches the TO PRO'SPER. v. a. (prospero, Lat.] TO sound and quantiiy of syllables, and the make happy ; to favour. measures of verve.

Kind gods, forgive PROSOPOPOE'I A. n. S. [FOTUTO Tot i pro- Me that, and prosper him. Sbakspeare.

sopopée, Fr.] Personification ; figure by All things concur to prosper our design; which things are made persons.

All things to prosper any love but mine. Dryd. These reasons are urged, and raised by the To PRO'SPER. V. n. (prosperer, Fr.] prosopopulu of nature speaking to her children.


1. To be prosperous; to be successful.

My word shall not return void, but accomPROʻSPECT. n. s. (prospectus, Lat.] plish that which I please, and it shall prosper in 1. View of something distant.

the thing whereto I sent it.

. Eden and all the coast in prospect lay. Milt. This man encreased by little and little, and

The Jews, being under the æconomy of im- things prospered with him more and more. mediate revelacion, might be supposed to have

2 Macabecs. had a freer prospect into that heaven, whence Surer to prosper, than prosperity their law descended.

Decay of Piety.
Could have assur'd us.





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