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PROGRESSIONAL. adj. [from progreso A prohibition will lie on this statute, notwith

sion.) Such as are in a state of increase standing the penalty annexed; because it has or advance.

words prohibitory, as well as a jtially annexed. They maintain their accomplished ends, and

Ayliffe. relapse not again unto their progressional impere To PROJE'CT. v. a. (projicio, projectus, fections.

Brown. Latin.] P&OGRESSIVE. adj. ( progressif, Fr. from 1. To throw out; to cast forward. progress.] Going forward ; advancing;

Th' ascending villas Princes, if they use ambitious men, should Project long shadows o'er the crystal tide. Pope. handle it so, as they may be still progressive, 2. To exhibit a form, as of the image and not retrograde.

Bacon. thrown on a mirror. in progressive motion, the arms and legs move Diffusive of themselves where e'er they pass, successively; but in natation, both together. They make that warmth in others they expect;


Their valour works like bodies on a glass, Their course

And does its image on their men project. Dryde Progressive, retrograde, or standing still. Milt. If we had a plan of the naked lines of longiThe progressive motion of this animal is made

gude and latitude, projected on the meridian, a not by wa king, but by leaping.

Ray. learner might more speedily advance himself in Ere the progressive course of restless age the knowledge of geography.

Watts. Performs three shousand times its annual stage, 3. | projetter, Fr.] To scheme; to form May not our pow'r and learning be supprest, And arts and empire learn to travel west ?

in the mind ; to contrive. Prior.

It ceases to be counsel, to compel men to asPROGRE'SSIVELY. adv. [from progreso

sent to whatever tumultuary patrons shall project.

King C arles, sive) By gradual steps or regular What sit we then projecting peace and war? course.

Milton. The reason why they fall in that order, from What desire, by which nature projects its own the greatest epacis progressively to the least, is, pleasure or preservation, can be gratified by anbecause the greatest epacts denote a greater other man's personal pursuit of his own vice? distance of the moon before the sun, and conse

South. quently a nearer approach to her conjunction. To PROJE'CT. v. n. To jut out; to shoot

Holder. PROGRE'SSIVENESS. 11. s. [from progreso

forward; to shoot beyond something

next it: as, the cornice projects. sive.] The state of advancing. TO PROHI’BIT. v. a. [ prohibeo, Latin ;

PRO'JECT. n. s. (projèt, French ; from

the verb.] Scheme; design; contrive probiber, French.) 1. To forbid ; to interdict by authority.

It is a discovering the longitude, and deserves She would not let them know of his close

a much higher name than that of a project. lying in that probibited place, because they

Addison. would be cffended.


In the various projects of happiness, devised by The weightiest, which it did command them,

human reason, there appeared inconsistencies are to us in the gospel probibited.

not to be reconciled.

Moral law is two-told; simply moral, or

PROJE'CTILE, adj. [ projectile, French.] moral only by some external constitution, or imposition of God. Divine law, simply moral,

Impelled forward. commandeth or probibiteth actions, good or evil,

Good blood and a due projectile motion or cire in respect of their inward nature and quality.

culation are necessary to convert the aliment White. into laudable juices.

Arbuthnot. 2. To debar; to hinder.

PROJE'CTILE. n. s. (from the adjective.] Gates of turning adamant

A body put in motion. Bar'd over us, probibit all egress.

Multon. Projectils would for ever move on in the same PROHI'BITER. n. s. (trom prohibit.] For

right line, did not the air, their own gravity, or bidder ; interdicter.

the ruggedness of the plane, stop their motion.

Cheync. PROHIBITION. n. s. [ prohibition, Fr. prohibitio, Latin ; from probibit.]

PROJECTION. n. s. [from project.] 1. Forbiddance; interdict; act of for

1. The act of shooting forward. bidding.

If the electrick be held unto the light, many Might there not be some other mystery in

particles will be discharged from it, which mia

tion is performed by the breath of the cluvium this probibition, than they think of? Hooker. 'Gainst self-slaughter

issuing with agility; for as the electrick cooieth, There is a provibition so divine,

the projection of the atoms ceaseth. Brown, That cravens my weak hand. Shakspeare. 2. projection, French. j Pian; delineation. He bestowed the überal choice of all things,

See roPOJECI. with one only probibition, to try his obedien.e.

For the bulk of the learners of astronomy,

Raleigh. that projection of the stars is best, which includes Let us not think hard

in it all the stars in our horizon, reaching to the One casy prohibition, who enjoy

38 degree of the southern latitude. Watts. Free leave so large to all things else. Milton. 3. Scheme ; plan of action: as, a projecThe law of God in the ten commandments

tion of a new trade. consists mostly of probititions; thou shall not do such a thing,


4. [ projection, French.} In chymistry, an 2. A writ issued by one court to stop the

operation; crisis of an operation ; mo

ment of transmutation proceeding of another. PROHIBITORY.adj. [from probilit.] Im.

A little quantity of the medicine in the prom

jection will turn a sea of the baser metal into plying probibition; forbidding.

gold by muluplying.





PROJE'CTOR. n. s. [from project.]

are not so distinguishable as the offspring of sel1. One who forms schemes or designs.

sible creatures, and prolifications descending The following comes from a projector, a cor

from double origins.

Brous. respondent as diverting as a traveller; his sub- PROLIFICAL. aij. (prolifique, French; ject having the same grace of novelty to recom- PROLI'FICK. S proles and facio.] Fruitmend it.

Among all the projectors in this attempt, none

ful; generative; pregrant; productive.

Main ocean flow'd; not idle, but with warm have met with so general a success, as they who

Prolifick humour soft'ning all ber globe, apply themselves to soften the rigour of the

Fermented the great mother to conceive, precept.

Satiate with genial mcisture.

Milton, 2. One who forms wild impracticable Every dispute in religion grew prelifical, and schemes.

in ventilating one question, many new ones were Chymists, and other projectors, propose to started.

Decay of Picts. themselves things utterly impracticable.

His vital pow'r air, earth, and seas supplies,

L'Estrange. And breeds whate'er is bred beneath the skies; Astrologers that future fates foreshew,

For every kind, by thy prolifick might, Projectors, quacks, and lawyers not a few. Pope. Springs.

Dryden. PROJE'CTURE. n. s. (projecture, French; All dogs are of one species, they mingling projectura, Latin.) A jutting out.

together in generation, and the breed of such To Proin. v. a. (a corruption of prune.]

mixtures being prolifick.

From the middle of the world, To lop; to cut; to trim ; to prune. The sun's prolifick rays are huri'd; I sit and proin my wings

'T is from that seat he darts those beams, After fight, and put new stings

Which quicken earth with genial flames. Prisr. To my shafts.

Ben Jonson. The country husbandman will not give the PROLIFICALLY. adv. [from prolifick.] proining knife to a young plant, as not able to Fruitfully; pregnantly. admit the scar.

Ben Jonson. PROLI'X. adj. [ prolixe, French; prolixus, To PROLA'TE. v. a. [ prolatum, Latin.] Latin.] To pronounce ; to utter.

1. Long; tedious; not concise. The pressures of war have somewhat cowed

According to the caution we have been so their spirits, as may be gathered from the accent prolix in giving, if we aim at right understand. of their words, which they prolete in a whining ing the true nature of it, we must examire shat querulous tone, as if still complaining and crest- apprehension mankind make of it. fallen.


Should I at large repeat PROLA'TF. adj. [prolatus, Latin.] Ex- The bead-roll of her vicious tricks, tended beyond an exact round.

My poem would be too prolix.

Prisr. As to the prolate sphcroidical figure, though 2. Of long duration. This is a very rare it be the necessary result of the earth's rotation about its own axe, yet it is also very convenient If the appellant appoints a term too prelix,

Cheyne. the judge may then assign a competent term. PROLA'TION. n. s. [ prolatus, Latin.] 1. Pronunciation ; utterance.

PROLI'XIOUS, adj. [from prolix.] DilaParrots, having been used to be fed at the

tory; tedious. A word of Shak-peare's prolation of certain words, may afterwards pronounce the same.


coining 2. Delay; act of deferring. Ainsw.

Lay by all nicely and prolixious blushes.

Sbaespeare. PROLEGO'MENA. n. s. [ 7.pod tyøje svet ; pro. PROLIXITY. n. s. [prolixité, French;

legomenes, French.) Previous discourse; introductory observations.

from prolix.] Tediousness; tiresome PROLE'PSIS. n. s. [piantes; prolepse,

length; want of brevity.

It is true, without any slips of prolixily, a French.)

crossing the plain highway of talk, that the good 1. A form of rhetorick, in which objec- Anthonio hath lost a ship. Sbakspeare. tions are anticipated.

In some other passages, I may have, to shun This was contained in my prolepsis or preven- prolixity, unawares slipt into the contrary ere tion of his answer. Bramhall against Hobbes.

Boyk. 2. An errour in chronology by which

Elaborate and studied prolixity in proving events are dated too early.

“such points as no body calls in question.

Waterland. This is a prolepsis or anachronism. Tbeobald.

PROLI'XLY. adv. [from prolix.] At great PROLE'PTICAL. adj. [from prolepsis.]

length; tediously Previous; antecedent.

On these prolixly thankful she enlarg'd. The proleptical notions of religion cannot be

Dryde so well defended by the professed servants of the PROLI'XNESS. 2. s. (from prolix.] Tedi. altar.

Glanville. PROLE'PTICALLY. adv. [from prolep

tical.] By way of anticipation. Clarissa. PROLOCU'TOR. n. s. [Latin.] The forePROLETA'RIAN, adj. Mean; wretched;

man ; the speaker of a convocation.

The convocation the queen prorogued, though vile ; vulgar.

at the expence of Dr. Atterbury's displeasure, Like speculators should foresee,

who was desigu'd their prolocuter. From pharos of authority,

Swift. Portended mischiefs farther than

PROLOCU'TORSHIP. 1. s. [from proloctiLow proletarian tything-men.

Hudibras. tor.] The office or dignity of proPROLIFIC A’TION. n. s. [ proles and facio,

locutor. Latin.] Generation of children.

PROʻLOGUE. n. s. [azádoya ; prologui, Fr. Their fruits, proceeding from simpler roots,

prologus, Latin.)


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1. Preface; introduction to any discourse

In rush'd at once a rude promiscuous crowd; or performance.

The guards, and then each other overbear, Come, sit, and a song.

And in a moment throng the theatre. Dryden, -Shall we clap into't roundly, without hawk

No man, that considers the promiscuous dis

pensations of God's providence in this world, ing, or spitting, or saying we are hoarse, which

can think it unreasonable to conclude, that after are the only prologues to a bad voice? Sbaksp. 'In her face excuse

this life good men shall be rewarded, and sinners Came prologue, and apology too prompt. Milton.



The earth was formed out of that promiscuou. 2. Something spoken before the entrance

mass of sand, earth, shells, subsiding from the of the actors of a play.

Woodward. If my death might make this island happy, Clubs, diamonds, hearts, in wild disorder seen, And prove the period of their tyranny,

With throngs promiscuous strow the level green. I would expend it with all willingness;

Pope.. But mine is made the prologue to their play. A wild, where weeds and flow'rs promiscuo:45


Pope. The peaking cornuto comes in the instant, Promi'SCUOUSLY. adv. [from promise after we had spoke the prologue of our comedy.


cuous.] With confused mixture; indisTO PRO'LOGUE, v. a. [from the noun.] criminately. To introduce with a formal preface.

We beheld where once stood Ilium, called He his special nothing ever prologues. Sbuksp.

Troy promiscuously of Tros.

Sandysa TO PROLO'NG. v. a. ( prolonger, Fr.

That generation, as the sacred writer modestly

expresses it, married and gave in marriage withpro and longus, Latin.]

our discretion or decency, but promiscuously, and 1. To lengthen out; to continue; to draw with no better a guide than the impulses of a out.

brutal appetite.

Woodward. Henceforth I Ay not death, nor would prolong

Here might you see Life much.

Milton. Barons and peasants on th' embattled field, Th' unhappy queen with talk prolong’d'the In one huge heap, promiscuously amast. Pbilips. night."


Unaw'd by precepts human or divine, 2. To put off to a distant time.

Like birds and beasts promiscuously they join. To-morrow in my judgment is too sudden;

Pope. For I myself am not so well provided,

PROMISE. n. s. [promissum, Latin; proAs else I would be were the day prolong'd.


mise, promesse, French.]

1. Declaration of some benefit to be conPROLONG A'TION. n. s. (prolongation, Fr.

ferred. from prolong.)

I eat the air, promise cramm'd; you cannot 1. The act of lengthening.

feed capons so.

Sbakspeare. Nourishment in living creatures is for the pro- His promises were, as he then was, mighty; longation of life.

Bacon. But his performance, as he now is, nothing. 2. Delay to a longer time.

Sbakspeare. This ambassage concerned only the prolarga- O Lord, let thy promise unto David be estation of days for payment of monies. Bacon. blished.

1 Chronicles. PROLU'Sion. n. s. I profusio, Latin.] En- Duty still preceded promise, and strict endeatertainments; performance of diversion.

vour only founded comf rt.

Fell. It is memorable, which Famianus Strada, in

Behold, she said, perform'd in ev'ry part the first book of his academical prolusions, re

My promise made ; and Vulcan’s labour'd art. lates of Suarez. Hakewill.


Let any man consider, how many sorrows he PROBIINENCE. | n. s. [ prominentia, Lat. would have escaped had God called him to his PRO'MINENCY. I from prominent.] Pro- rest, and then say whether the promise to detuberance ; extant part.

Jiver the just from the evils to come ought not

to be made our daily prayer. It sho's the nose and eyebrows, with the


More than wise men, when the war began, prominencies and fallings in of the features.

Addison. could promise to themselves in their most sanPROʻMINENT. adj. ( prominen!, Latin.)

guine hopes.


2. Performance of promise ; grant of the Standing out beyond the other parts;

thing promised. protuberant; extant. Whales are described with two prominent

Now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee.

Acts. spouts on their heads, whereas they have but one in the forehead terminating over the wind

3. Hopes; expectation. pipe.

Brorun. Your young prince Mamillius is a gentleman She has her eyes so prominent, and placed so

of the greatest promise.

Sbakspeare. that she can see better behind her than before To PROMISE. v. a. [ promettre, French; her.

More. promitto, Latin.] To make declaration Two goodly bowls of massy silver,

of some benefit to be conferred. Wich figures prominent and richly wrought. While they promise them liberty, they them

Dryden. selves are the servants of corruption. 2 Peter, Some have their eyes stand so prominent as I could not expect such an effect as I found, the hare, that they can see as well behind as be- which seldom reaches to the degree that is proe fore them.

Ray. mised by the prescribers of any remedies. Temple. PROMISCUOUS. adj. [promiscuus, Lat.) To Promise, v. n.

Mingled; confused; undistinguished. 1. To assure one by a promise.
Glory he requires, and glory he receives,

Promising is the very air o'th'time: it opens Promiscuous from all nations.

Milton. the eyes of expectation: performance is ever Promiscuous love by marriage was restrain'd. the dúller for his act.

Sbakspeare. Koscoinmon. I dare promise for this play, that in the rough

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pasare the members, which was so designed, sou Nert to reazioz, let your sur le to fronto w ke Steam? more nastery inan any of


Bons. my former trzecies

Dryden. Noking loseäer se be found, As he praised in the 127, he will sazri'y Thanx is in der Lased to freedte have mac), 2. gather us together.

2 Meccabees. He that talks deceit fx truth, rust hurt All the pleasure we can take, when we met it mare by his elsajic, than he proaches by these promising sparks, is in the disappointinent. hs agents.

Antr'ary Fros. Frictins of the extreme parts græs the fi She brib'd my stay, with more than human of the juices is the ju


Arbottest charts;

2. promoursir, Fr.) To elevate; to exalt; Nay promu'd, vainly promis'd, to bestow

to prefer.
Immortal jfe,
2. It in x of assurance, eren of il.

I will proaste thee unto very great honcur.

Nieber. Wil not the bedies be afraid of the lion?

Sha!! I leave my fzness wherewith they boI fear it, I promise you. Sbakspeare. nour God and man, and go to be aromated over PRAM.-B. EACH. n. s. (breach and pro

the trees?


Did I soicit thee
mise.] Violation of promise. Not use. I'rom darkness to promote me?

Criminal in double violation
Of sacred chastity, and (of promi'ebreweb. Sbaks.

PROMO'rt. R. n.'s. (promoteur, French;

from promote.] PRO'MISEBREAKER. n. s. promise and

1. Allvancer; forwarder; encourager. break.] l'olator of promises.

Knowledge hath received little imprwvement He's an hourly promisebreaker, the owner of from the endeavours of many petending page no one good quality worthy :: sur entertainment.

Gutiile Sbakspeare. Our Saviour makes this return, fit to be coPRO'MISER, 1. s. [from promise.] 'One graven in the hearts of all promoters of charit; who promises.

verily, I say unto you, inasmuch as you hare Who let this gromiser in? did you, good Dili

done it unto one of the least of these my bree Rence?

thren, je have done it unto me. Atterbury Give him his bribe again.

Ben Jonson. 2. Inforn:or ; makebate. An obsolete use. Fear 's a large promiser ; who subject live His eies be promoters, soine trespas to spie. To that base passion, know not what they give.

Yuster. Dryden. Informers and promoters oppress ard ruin the PROʻMISSOR Y. adj. (promissoris, Latin:] estates of many of his best subjects. Drvenopde

Containing profession of some benefit to PROMOʻTION. n. s. (promotion, Fr. from be conferred.


Advancement; encourageAs the preceptive part enjoins the most exact

ment; exaltation to some new honour virtue, so is it most advantageously enforced by the promissory, which is most exquisitely adapt.

or rank; preferment. ed to the same end.

Decay of Picty.

Many fair promotions
The promissory lyes of great men are known

Are daily given to enoble those,
by shouldering, hugging, squeezing, smiling, and

That scarce some two days since were worth a bowing.

neble. Arbutbnot.

Sbakspeari, Pro'MISSORILY. adv. (from

The high promotion of his grace of Canterbury, promissory.] Who holds his state at door’mongst parsuivabls

. By way of promise.

Sbakupcare: Nor was he obliged by cath to a strict observa

My rising is thy fall, tion of that which promissorily was unlawful. And my promotion will be thy destruction. Broren.

Milton PRO'MONT. n. s. (promontoire, Fr. Thou youngest virgin-daughter of the skies, PRO'MONTORY. } promontorium, Latin. Made in the last íromotion of the blest; Promont I have observed only in Suck

Whose paims new pluck'd from paradise, ling.) A headland; a cape; high land

In spreading branches more sublimcly rise.

Drydes. jutting into the sea.

T, PROMO'VE. v. a. (promoven, Latin; The land did shoot out with a great promontory.


promouvoir, French.) To forward; to Like one that stands upon a promontorv,

advance; to promote. Little used., And spies a far-off shore where he would tread. Never yet was honest man,


That ever drove the trade of love:
· A farked mountain, or blue promontory,

It is impossible, nor can
With trees lipon it, nod unto the world,

Integrity our ends promove.

Suckling And mock our eyes with air. Sbakspeare

Making useless ofiers, but promoving nothing The waving sea can with each flood

Fal. Bath some high promont.

Suckling. PROMPT.adj. [prompt, French; promptuis,
They, on their heads,

Main promontories flung, which in the air

1. Quick ; ready; acute; easy:
Came shadossing, and oppressed whole legions Very discerning and prompt in giving orders,

as occasions required.

Every gust of rugged winds,
That blows from off each beaked promontory.

Prompt eloquence
Flow'd from their lips, in prose or numerous

If drink tea upon a promontory that over-
hangs the sea, it is preierable to an assembly.

To the stern sanction of th' offended sky,
My prompt obedience bows.

Pop TO PROMO'TE. v. a. [promoveo, pro

2. Quick; petulant.

Twas too hasty to condemn unheard; motus, Latin.] 1. To forward; to advance.

And you, perhaps, tov prompt in your replies.










3. Ready without hesitation ; wanting no from promptus, Lat.] Readiness; quick. new motive. Tell him, I 'm prompt

PROMPTLY.adv. [from prompt.] Readi. To lay my crown at's feet, and there to kneel. ly; quickly; expeditiously.

Sbakspeare, He that does his merchandise chearfully, The brazen age, A warlike offspring, prompt to bloody rage.

promptly, and readily, and the works of religion

slowly, it is a sign that his heart is not right Dryden. with God.

Taylor. Still arose some rebel slave,

PROMPINESS. 1.s. (from prompt.] Readi. Prompter to sink the state, than he to save.


ness; quickness; alacrity. 4. Ready; told down: as, prompt pay.

Had not this stop been given him by that ac

cidental sickness, his great courage and prompte ment.

ness of mind would have carried him directly for5. Easy ; unobstructed.

ward to the enemy, till he had met him in the *The reception of light into the body of the

open plains of Persia.. building was very prompt, both from without Firm and rigid muscles, strong pulse, activity, and from within.

Wotton. and promp!ness in animal actions, are signs of TO PROMPT. v. a. (prontare, Italian.)

strong iibres.

Arbuthnot. 1. To assist by private instruction; to help Pro'mPTUARY. n. s. (promptuaire, Fr. at a loss.

promptuarium, Lat.) A storehouse ; a Sitting in some place where no man shall repository; a magazine. prompt him, let the child translate his lesson. This stratum is still expanded at top, serving


as the seminary or promituary, that furnisheth You've put me now to such a part, which never forth matter for the forination of anim. I and veI shall discharge to th' life.

getable bodies.

Woodward. Come, come, we 'll prompt you. Sbakspeare. På oʻMPTURE. n. s. (from prompt.] Sugo My voice shall sound as you do prompi mine

gestion ; motion given by another; inAnd I will stoop and humble my intents

stigation. Not used. To your well-practis'd wise directions. Sbaksp.

Tho' he hath fallen by prompture of the blood; None could hold the book so well to prompt

Yet hath he in him such a mind of honour, and instruct this stage play, as she could. 'Bacon.

That had he twenty heads to tender down He needed not one to prompt him, because he

On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up. could say the prayers by heart. Stilling fleet.

Sbakspeare, 2. To dictate.

TO PROMU'LGATE. v. a. (promulgo, Every one some time or other dreams he is Lat.) To publish; to make known by reading books, in which case the invention

open declaration. prompis so readily, that the mind is imposed on. Those albeit I know he nothing so much hat

Aduisen, eth as to promulgate, yet I hope that this will Grace shines around her with serenest beams, occasion him to put forth divers other goodly And whisp’ring angels prompi her guiden dreams. works.

Spenser, Pope. Those, to whom he entrusted the promulgate 3. To incite; to instigate.

ing of the gospel, had far ditferent instructions. The Vorscians stand

Decay of Piety. Ready, when tine shall prompt them, to make

It is certain laws, by virtue of any sanction road

they receive from the promulgated will of the leUpon 's again.

Shakspeare. gislature, reach not a stranger, if by the law of Speak not by th' matter,

nature every man hath not a power to punish Which your heart prompts you to, but with such

offences against it.

Locke. words

PROMOLGATION.n.5. [ promulgatio, Lat. But rooted in your tongue.

from promulgate.] Publication; open It they prompt us to anger, their design makes

exhibition. use of it to a further end, that the mind, being

The stream and current of this rule hath gone thus disquieted, may not be easily composed to as far, it hath continued as long as the very proprayer.

mugation of the gospel.

Rage prompted them at length, and found them

External promulgation, or speaking thereof,

Kind occasion prompts their warm desires.

did not alter the same, in respect of the inward
form or quality.

W bite, Pope, 4. To remind.

The very promulgation of the punishment will

be part of the junishment, and anticipate the The inconcealable imperfections of ourselves execution.

South, will hourly prompt us our corruption, and loud- PROMULGA'TOR. n.s. [from promulgate.] ly tell us we are sons of earth.


Publisher; open teacher. PRO'NPTER. n. S. n. s. [from prompt.]

How groundles a calmny this is, appears 1. One who helps a publick speaker, by from the sanctity o: the christian religion, which

suggesting the word to him when he excludes traud and cliend; so also from the faiters.

designments and aims of its tirst promulgatoria Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it T. PROMU'LGE. v. a. [from promulgi,

Daay of Paty. Without a popiser,

Ibakspeare. in korid inpolence he speaks,

Lat.) To promulgate ; to publish ; to And as the promptertreatnes,tre pupper squeaks. teach openly:

The chief design of them is, to establish the 2. An acmorisher; a reminder.

truth of a new revplation in those countries, We ur et rstand or dry without a terher, where it is first promulged and propagated. and ace u Guine, a* * opcht !o do without

Atterbury. a promptir.

1. Fitraize. Proml'IGER.n

n.s. (from promu's.) PubPRUMPTITI NF. 1. s. Prominio coipa I'r.

her; promulgator.




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