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namely the voice and testimony of the primitive 1. A flower that appears early in the year. church, is a ministerial and subordinate rule and

Pale primroses, geille, to preserve and direct us in the right That die unmarried'ere they can behold understanding of the scriptures.

w lite. Bright Phoebus in his strength. Sbakspeare. Their supersticion pretends, they cannot do There followeth, for the latter part of January, God greater service, than utterly to destroy the primroses, anemonies, the early tulip. Bacon. primitive apostolical government of the church 2. Primrose is used by Shaksp-are for gay by bishops.

Kinz Charles. David reflects sometimes upon the present

or flowery. form of the world, and sometimes upon the pri

I had thought to have let in some of all promitive form of it.

fessions, that go the primrose way to the ever

Burnet. The doctrine of purgatory, by which they mean

lasting bonfire.

Shakspeare, an estate of temporary punishments after this PRINCE. n. s. (prince, Fr. princeps, Lat.] life, was not known in the primitive church, nor

1. A sovereign; a chief ruler. can be proved from scripture.

Tillotson, Celestial! whether among the thrones, or 2. Formal; affectedy solemn; imitating


of them the highest; for such of shape may the supposed gravity of old times. 3. Original; primary; not derivative: as, Prince above princes.

Miltor. in grammar, a primitive verb.

Forces come to be used by good princes, only Our primitive great sire, to meet

upon necessity of providing for their defence. His godlike guesi, walks forth. Milton,

Templo. PRI’MITIVELY. adv. (from primitive.]

Esau founded a distinct people and govern1. Originally; at first.

ment, and was himself a distinct prince over Solemnities and ceremonies, primitively en


Locke. joined, were afterward omitted, the occasion

The succession of crowns, in several countries, ceasing

Brown. places it on different heads; and he comes, by 2. Primarily; not derivatively.

succession, to be a prince in one place, who would be a subject in another.

Locke. 3. According to the original rule; accord

Had we no histories of the Roman emperors, ing to ancient practice.

but on their money, we should take them for The purest and most primilively reformed most virtuous princes.

Addison. church in the world was laid in the Just. Soutb.

Our toitering state still distracted stands, Pri'MITIVENESS. n. s. [from primitive.] While that prince threatens, and while this comState of being original, antiquity; con


Pope. formity to antiquity.

2. A sovereign of rank next to kings. PRI'M NESS. 1. s. (from prim.] Affected 3. Ruler of whatever sex. This use seems .

harsh, because we have the word princesse

Queen Elizabeth, a prince admirable above it should therefore have been written

her sex, for her princely virtues. Camder.

God put it into the heart of one of our princes, primigenial.] First-born ; original ; pri- towards the close of her reigu, to give a check mary; constituent; elemental.

to that sacrilege.

Atterbury The primogenial light at first was diffi:sed over

4. The son of a king Popularly the eldthe face of the unfashioned chaos. Glanville

est son of him that reigns under any deIt is not easy to discern, among many differing substances obtained from the same matter, what

nomination is called a prince, as the son primogenial and simple bodies convened together

of the duke of Bavaria is called the eleccompose it.

Boyle. toral prince. The first or primogenial earth, which rosc out A prince of great courage and beauty, but of the chaos, was not like the present carth. fostcred up in blood by his naughty father. Buruct.

Sidney. PRIMOGE'NITURE. n. s. (primogeniture,

Heav'nı forbid, that such a scratch should drive Fr. from primo genitus, Lat.) Seniority; The prince of Wales from such a field as this. eldership; state of being first-born.

Sbakspeare. Because the scripture affordcth the priority of

s. The chief of any body of men. order unto Shem, we cannot from hence inter

To use the words of the prince of learning his primogenitura.


hereupon, only in shallow and small boats, they The first provoker has, by his senicrity and

glide over the face of the Virgilian sea. Penbom. primogeniture, a double portion of the guilt.

TO PRINCE. V. n. To play the prince; to Government of the Tongue.. take state. PrinO'RDIAL. adj. (primordial, Fr. pri

Nature prompts them, mordium, Lat.] Original; existing from

In simple and low things, to prince it, much the beginning

Beyond the trick of others. Sbakspears. Salts may be either transmuted or otherwise

PRISCEDOM. 11. s. [from prince.] The produced, and so may not be primordial and im- rank, estate, or power, of the prince; mutable beings.

Boyle. sovereignty. PRIMO'RDIAL. N.s. (from the adjective.] Next Archigald, who, for his proud disdain, Origin; first principle.

Deposed was from princedyin sovereign. Spenser.

Under thee, as hvad supreme, The primordials of the world are not mechanical, but spermatical and vital.

More. Tlırones, princedoms, pow'rs, dominions, I reduce.

Milton. PRIMO'RDIAN.11. s. A kind of plum. PRIMO'RDIATE. adj. (from pri nordium,

PRINCILIKE.adj. [prince and like.] BeLat.] Original; existing from the first. coming a prince. Not every thing chymists will call salt, sula The wrongs he did nie were nothing prince

like. phur, or spirit, that needs always be a primor

Sbuespeare diate and ingenerable budy.

bol. PRINCELINESS. n.s. [from princely.j The PaTMRUSE. n. s. (primula veris, Lajin.) staie, manner, or dignity, or a prince.

PRIMOGENIAL. adj. [primigenius, Lat.



Pel’NCELY. adj. [from prince.)

We were not principals, but auxiliaries in the 1. Having the appearance of one high born.

Stuift. In war, was never lion rag'd more fierce,

!n judgment, some persons are present as Srire In peace, was never gentle lamb more mild,

cipals, and others only as accessaries. Aylife. Than was that young and princely gentleman.

3. A capital sum placed out at interest. Sbakspeare.

Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture, Many townes of princely youths he level'd with But, touch'd with human gentleness and love, the ground.


Forgive a moiety of the principal. Sbakspeare. 3. Having the rank of princes.

Taxes must be continued, because we have no Meaning only to do honour to their princely

other means for paying off the principal. Swift. birth, they flew among them all. Sidney.

4. President or governour.
Be opposite all planets of good luck

PRINCIPA'LITY. n. s. (principaulté, Fr.]
To my proceeding; if with pure heart's love, 1. Sovereignty ; supreme power,
I tender not thy beautcous princely daughter. Divine lady, who have wrought such miracles

Shalspeare. in me, as to make a prince none of the basest, lo The princely hierarch left his pow'rs to seize think all principalities base, in respect of the Possession of the garden.


I expressed her commands

Nothing was given to Henry, but the name of To mighty lords and princely dames. Waller king; all other absolute power of principality he So fled the dame, and o'er the ocean bore had.

Spenser, Her princely burthen to the Gallick shore.

2. A prince ; one invested with sove. Waller.

reignty. 3. Becoming a prince; royal ; grand ;

Then speak the truth by her; if not divine, august.

Yet let her be a principality, 1, that but now refus'd most princely gifts, Sov'reign to all the creatures on the earth. Am bound to beg of my lord general. Sbaksp.

Sbaksgan. Princely counsel in his face yet shone. Milton. Nisroch of principalities the prime.

Born to command, your princely virtues slept 3. The country which gives title to a Like humble David's, while the flock he kept.


prince : as, the principality of Wales. PRINCELY. adv. (from prince.] In a

To the boy Cæsar send this grizled head,

And he will fill thy wishes to the brim princelike manner.

With principalities.

Sbakspeare. PRINCES-FEATHER. n. s. The herb ama- The little principality of Epire was invincible ranth.

Ainsworth. by the whole power of the Turks. Texpk. PRI'NCESS. n.s. (princesse, French.)

4. Superiority; predominance. 1. A sovereign lady; a woman having so

In the chief work of elements, water hath the vereign command.

principality and excess oves earth. Digbo. Ask why God's anointed he revil'd;

If any mystery be effective of spiritual blesse A king and princess dead.


ings, then this is much more, as having the price Princess ador'd and lov'd, if verse can give

rogative and principality above every thing else. A deathless name, thinc shall for ever live.

PRI'NCIPALLY. adv. [from principal.)

Under so excellent a princess as the present

Chiefly; above all; above the rest. queen, we suppose a family strictly regulated.

If the minister of divine offices shall take

Swift. upon him that holy calling for covetous or am 2. A sovereign lady of rank, next to that

bitious ends, or shall not design the glory of God of a queen.

principally, he polluteth his heart. Tayler,

They wholly mistake the nature of criticism, 3. The daughter of a king.

who think its business is principally to find fault. Here the bracelet of the truest princess

Drydes. That ever swore her faith. Sbakspeare. The resistance of water arises principally from 4. The wife of a prince : as, the princess the vis inertiæ of its matter, and, by couseof Wales.

quence, if the heavens were as dense as water PRINCIPAL. adj. [principal, Fr. princi.

they would not have much less resistance thaa

Newiss. palis, Latin.] s. Princely. A sense found only in Spenser.

What I principally insist on, is due execution

Scoift. A latinism.

PRINCIPALNESS. n. s. [from principal.] Suspicion of friend, nor fear of foe, That hazarded his health, had he at all;

The state of being principal or chief. But walk'd at will, and wandred to and fro,

PRINCIPIA'Tion, n. s. (from principium, In the pride of his freedom principal. Spenser. Latin.] Analysis into constituent or ele2. Chief; of the first rate; capital ; essen- mental parts. A word not received. tial ; important; considerable.

The separating of any metal into its original or This latter is ordered, partly and as touching element, we will call principiction. Bacor, principal matters by none but precepts divine PRI'NCIPLE. n. s. (principium, Lat. prixonly; partly and as concerning things of inferior regard by ordinances, as well human as divine.

cipe, French.) Hooker.

1. Element; constituent part ; primordial Can you remember any of the principal evils

substance. that he laid to the charge of women? Sbaks. Modern philosophers suppose matter to be PRINCIPAL. n. s. (from the adjective.]

one simple principle, or solid extension diversified

by its various shapes. 1. A head; a chief; not a second.

Watts. Seconds in factions do many times, when the

2. Original cause. faction subdivideth, prove principals.

Some few, whose lamp shone brighter, have Bacon.

been led 2. One primarily or originally engaged ; From cause to cause to nature's secret bead, Rot an accessary or auxiliary.

And found that one first principle must be. Drage



I'll cry

For the performance of this, a vital or di- Pri'NCOCK.) M. s. (from prink or prim rective principle seemeth to be assistant to the Princox. } cock; perhaps præcor or corpereal.


præcoquum ingerium, Lat.] A coxcomb; 3. Being productive of other being; opera.

a conccited person ; a pert young rogue. tive cause.

A ludicrous word. Obsolete. The soul of man is an active principle, and will be employed one way or other. Tillotson.

You are a saucy boy ;

This trick may chance to scathe you I know 4. Fundainental truth; original postulate;

what; first position from which others are de- You must contrary me! you are a princox, go. duced.

Sbakspeare. Touching the law of reason, there are in it. To PRINK. v. n. (pronken, Dutch.) To some things which stand as principles universally agreed upon; and out of those principles, which

prank ; to deck for show. It is the are in themselves evident, the greatest moral

diminutive of prank. duties we owe towards God or inan, may, with

Hold a good wager she was every day longer out any great difficulty, be concluded. Hooker. prinking in the glass than you was. Such kind of notions as are general to man

Art of Tormenting. kind, and not confined to any particular sect, or TO PRINT. v. a. [imprimer, empreint, nation, or time, are usually styled common no

French.] tions, seminal principles ; and lex nata, by the

1. To mark by pressing any thing upon Roman orator.

Wilkins. All of them may be called principles, when

another. compared with a thousand other judgments,

On his fiery steed betimes he rode, which we form under the regulation of these pri

That scarcelý prints the turf on which he trod. mary propositions. Watts.

Dryden. s. Ground of action; motive.

2. To impress any thing, so as to leave its Farewel, young lords; these warlike principles

form. Do not throw from you.

sbakspeare. Perhaps some footsteps, printed in the clay, As no principle of vanity led me first to write Will to my love direct your wand'ring way. it, so much less does any such motive induce me

Koscommon. now to publish it.

Wake 3. To form by impression. There would be but small improvements in Your mother was most true to wedlock, prince, the worid, were there not some common princi- For she did print your royal father off, ple of action, working equally with all men. Conceiving you.

Sbakspeare. Spectator. Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh 6. Tenet on which morality is founded. for the dead, nor print any marks upon you.

Leviticus. If yet I can subdue those stubborn principles

His royal bounty brought its own reward; of faith, of honour.


And in their minds so deep did print the sense, A feather shooting from another's head,

That if their ruins sadly they regard, Extracts his brain, and principle is filed. Pope.

'T is but with fear.

Dryden. All kinds of dishonesty destroy our pretences 4. To impress words or make books, not to an honest principle of mind, so all kinds of by the pen, but the press. pride destroy our pretences to an humble spirit. This nonsense got in by a mistake of the stage


editors, who printed from the piecemeal written TO PRINCIPLE. v. a. [from the noun.] parts.

Pope. 1. To establish or fix in any tenet ; to

Is it probable, that a promiscuous jumble of impress with any tenet good or ill.

printing letter should often fall into a method, W'isest and best men full oft beguil'd,

which should stamp on paper a coherent discourse?

Locke. With goodness principl'd not to reject

As soon as he begins to spell, pictures of aniThe penitent, but ever to forgive,

mals should be got him, with the printed names Are drawn to wear out miserable days. Milton.

to them.

Luke. It is the concern of his majesty, and the peace of his government, that the youth be principled To PRINT. V. n. with a thorough persuasion of the justness of the 1. To use the art of typography. old king's cause.

Soutb. Thou hast caused printing to be used; and, There are so many young persons, upon the contrary to the king his crown and dignity, well and ill principling of whom, next under God, built a paper-mill.

Shakspeare. depends the happiness or misery of this church

2. To publish a book. and state.


From the moment he prints, he must expect Governors should be well principled and goode to hear no more truth. natured.

L'Estrange. Men have been principled with an opinion, PRINT. n. s. [empreinte, Fr.] that they must not consult reason in things of 1. Mark or form made by impression. religion.


Some more time Lee an enthusiast be principled, that he or his Must wear the print of his remembrance out. teacher is inspired, and you in vain bring the

Sbakspeare. evidence of clear reasons against his doctrine.

Abhorred slave,

Locke. Which any print of goodness wilt not take, He seems a settled and principled philosopher, Being capable of all ill!

Sbakspeare. thanking fortune for the tranquillicy he has by

Attend the foot, her aversion.

Pupe. That leaves the print of blood where'er it walks. 2. To establish firm's in the mind.

Sbakspeare. The promiscuous reading of the Bible is far

Up they tost the sand, from being of any advantage to children, either No wheel seen, nør wheels print was in the mould for the perfecting their reading, or principling

imprest their religion. Locke Behind them.

Chapman. VOL. III.



wears out.

great ideas.

Our life so fast away doth slide,

printer, in that which I ought to have done to As dorh an hungry eagle through the wind; comply with my design, I am fallen very short. Or és a ship transported with the tide,

Digly. Which in their passage leave no print behind. To buy books only because they were pube

Davies. lished by an eminent printer, is much as if a My life is but a wind,

man should buy cioaths that did not fit him, on y Which passeth by, and leaves no print behind. because made by some famous tay.or. Lope.

Sandys. See, the printer's boy below; O'er the smooth enamellid green,

Ye hawkers all, your voices lift. Secift. Where no print of step hath been. Milton. 2. One that stains linen with figures.

While the heav'n, by the sun's team untrod, Hath rook no print of the approaching light,

PRI'NTLESS. adj. [from print.] That And all the spangled host keep watch. Milton.

leaves no impression. Before the lion's den appeared the footsteps

Ye elves, of many that had gone in, but no prints of any And ye, that on the sands with printless foot that ever came out.


Do chase the ebbing Neptune. Sbakspeare, Winds, bear me to some barren island,

Whilst from off the waters fleet,
Where print of human feet was never seen.

Thus I set my printless feet,

O'er the cowslip's velvet head,
From hence Astrea took her flight, and here

That bends not as I tread.

Miltek The prints of her departing steps appear. Dryd. PRI’OR. adj. [prior, Lat.] Former; be. If they be not sometin.es renewed by repeated

ing before something else; antecedent; exercise of the senses, or reflection, the print



Whenever tempted to do or approve any thing 2. That which being impressed leaves its form ; as, a butter print.

contrary to the duties we are enjoined, let us

reflect that we have a prior and superior obliga. 3. Pictures cut in wood or copper to be tion to the commands of Christ. Rogerse

impressed on paper. It is usual to say Pri’OR. n. s. (prieur, French.) wooden prints and copper plates.

1. The head of a convent of monks, infe. 4. Picture made by impression. From my breast I cannot tear

riour in dignity to an abbot. The passion which from thence did grow;

Neither she, nor any other, besides the prior Nor yet out of my fancy rase

of the convent, knew any thing of his name. The print of that supposed face. Waller.

Spectater. The prints, which we see of antiquities, may

2. Prior is such a person as, in some contribute to form our genius, and to give us churches, presides over others in the Dryden. same churches.

Ayliffe. Words standing for things should be express PRI'OREss, n. s. (from prior.] A lady ed by little draughts and prints made of them.

superiour of a convent of nuns. Locke.

When you have vow'd, you must not speak s. The form, size, arrangement, or other

qualities of the types used in printing But in the presence of the prioress. Shakspeare, books.

The reeve, miller, and cook, are distinguished To refresh the former hint;

from each other, as much as the mincing lady She read her maker in a fairer print. Dryden. prioress and the broad speaking wife of Bath. 6. The state of being published by the

Dryden. printer.

PRIO'RITY. n. s. [from prior; adjective.? I love a ballad in print, or a life. Shakspeare. 1. The state of being first; precedence in It is so rare to see

time. Ought that belongs to young nobility In print, that we must praise. Suckling

From son to son of the lady, as they should be in priority of birth.

Hayward. His natural antipathy to a man who endea

Men still affirm, that it kileth at a distance, vours to signalize his parts in the world, has hin

that it poisoneth by the eye, and by prierity of dered many persons from making their appear


Broses. ance in print.


This observation may assist, in determining I published some tables, which were out of print.


the dispute concerning the priority of Homer and Hesiod.

Brooke. The rights of the christian church are scornfully trampled on in print.


Though he oft renew'd the fight,

And almost got priority of sight, 7. Single sheet printed for sale ; a paper He ne'er could overcome her quite. Swift something less than a pamphlet, 2. Precedence in place.

The prints, about three days after, were filled Follow, Cominius, we must follow you, with the same terins.


Right worthy your priority. Sbakspeare The publick had said before, that they were dull; and they were at great pains to purchase Pri'ORSHIP. n. s. [from prior. ] The state room in the prints, to testify under their hands or office of prior. the truth of it.

Pope. PRI’ORY. n. š. (from prior.]

will the emperor treat,

1. A convent, in dignity below an abbey. O: do the prints and papers lie? Pope Our abbies and our priories shall pay 8. Formal method. A low word.

This expedition's charge. Shakspeare. Lay his head sometimes higher, sometimes

2. Priories are the churches which are that he may not feel every little change, who is not designed to have his maid lay all

given to priors in titulum, or by way of things in print, and tuck him in warna. Locke.


Aylife. PRINTER. n. s. [from print. ]

PRI'S AGE. n.,s. [from prise.) A custom, 1. One that prints books.

now called butlerage, whereby the I find, at reading all over, to deliver to the prince challenges out of every bark

with men,



loaden with wine, two tuns of wine at at giocho di canni, which is no other than prie his price.

Cowell. sonbase upon horseback, hitting one another with PRISM.n.s. (prisme, Fr. apioua.] A prism

darts, as the others do with their hands. Sandys. of glass is a glass bounded with two equal Pri'soxer. n. s. [prisonnier, Fr.] and parallel triangular ends, and three 1. One who is contined in hold. plain and well polished sides, which

Cæsar's ill-erected tower, meet in three parallel lines, running

To whose flint bosom my condemned lord

Is doom'd a prisoner. from the three angles of one end, to the

The most pernicious infection, next the plague, three angles of the oiher end. Neauton. is the smell of the jail, when prisoners have been

Here, awful Newton, che dissolving clouds long and close, and nastily kept. Bacon. Form, fronting on the sun, thy showery prism. He that is tied with one slender string, such

Thomson. as one resolute struggle would break, he is prie PRISMA'TICK. adj. [prismatique, Fr. from soner only to his own sloth, and who will yity bis prism.] Formed a3 a prism.


Decay of Piety. If the mass of the earth was cubick, prisma- A prisoner is troubled, that he cannot go whitick, or any other angular figure, it would follow,

ther he would; and he that is at large is troue that one, ioo vast a part, would be drowned, and

bled, that he does not know whither to go. another be dry. Derbam.

L'Estrange. Fa se eloquence, like the prismatick glass, 2. A captive ; one taken by the enemy. Its gaudy colours speads on ev'ry place;

So oft as homeward I from her depart, The face of nature we no more survey,

I go like one that, having lost the tield, All glares alike, without distinction gay. Pope. Is prisoner led away with heavy heart. Spens. PRISMA'TICALLY, adv. [from prisma

There succeeded an absolute victory for she

English, the taking of the Spanish general d'Otick.] In the form of a prism.

campo prisoner, with the loss of few of the FingTake notice of the plcasing variety of colours lish.

Bacon. exhibited by the triangular glass, and demand

He yielded on my word, what addition or decrement of either salt, sul- And as my pris'ner, I restore Iris sword. Üryden. phur, or mercury, befalls the glas, by being

3. One under an arrest. prismatically figured; and yet it is knonn, that

Tribune, a guard to seize the empress straight, without that shape it would not afford those colours as it does.

Secure her person pris'ner to the state. Dryden.

Boyle. PRISMO'ID. n. s. [aríspers and indos.] A

Pri'SONHOUSE. n. s. Gaol; hold in which body approaching to the form of a

one is confined.

I ain forbid to tell the secrets of my prisone prism.


Shukspeure. PRI'SON. n. s. [prison, Fr.] A strong hold in which persons are confined; a

PRISONMENT. N. s. [from prison.] Congaol.

finement; imprisonment; captivity: He hath commission

May be he will not touch young Arthur's life, To hang Cordelia in the privo. SE:Ispare

Eut höld himself safe in his prisonment. Shaks. For those rebellious here their pris'n ordain'c. Pri's TINE. adj. pristinus, Latin.) First;


ancient; original.
I thought our utmost good
Was in one word of freedom understood:

Now their pristine worth
The Britons reccllect.

Phili; so The fatal blessing came; from prison free,

This light being trajected only through te I starve abroad, and lose the sight of Emily.


parallel superficies of the two prisms, if it suffer

ed any change by the refraction of one superUnkind! can you, whom only I adore,

ticies, it lost that impression by the contrary reSet open to your slave the prison door ? Dryden.

fraction of the other superficies, and so, being The tyrant Holus,

restored to its pristine constitution, became of With pow'r in perial, curbs the struggling winds,

the same nature and condition as at first. And sounding tempests in dark prisons binds.

Newton. Dryden. PRITHEE. A familiar corruption of pray He, that has his chains knocked off, and the prisor doors set open to him, is presently at li

thee, or I pray thee, which some of the berty.

Locke. tragick writers have injudiciously used. At his first coming to his little village, it was Weil, what was that scream for, I prithee? as disagreeable to him as a prison, and every day

L'Estrange. seemed too tedious to be endured in so retired a Alas! why com'st thou at this dreadful moe place.


ment, To Pri'son. v. a. (from the noun.]

To shock the peace of my departing soul? 1. To imprison ; to shut up in hold; to

Away! I prisbee leave me!


Privaci.n. s. (from private. ] restrain from liberty.

1. State of being secret ; secrecy. 2. To captivate; to enchain.

Culling their potent herbs and baleful drugs, 2. Retirement; retreat; place intended to They, as they sung, would take the prison'd soul,

be secret. And lap it in Elysium.

Milton. Clamours our privecies uneasy make, 3. To confine.

Birds leave their nests disturb'd, and beasts their Universal plodding prisons up

haunts forsake.

Dryden. The nimble spirits in the arteries. Shakspeare.

Her sacred privacies all open lie
Then did the king enlarge

To each profane enquiring vulgar eye. Rowe The spleen he prison d.

Chapman. 3. (privauti, Fr.) Privity; joint knowPRI'SON BASE. n. s. A kind of rural play, ledge; great familiarity. Privacy in this commonly called prisonbars.

sense is improper. The spachies of the court play every Friday You see Frog is religiously true to his bar

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