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Pelagius carped at the curious neatness of The Dutch would go on to challenge the mimen's apparel.
Hooder. litary government and the revenues, and reckon
them among what shall be thought necessary for 2. Cleanliness.
Swift. NEB. 2. s. (nebbe, S.1x.]
2. Not free; fatal ; impelled by fate. 1. Nose; beak; mouth. Retained in the
Death, a necessary end, nortb.
Will come when it will come. Shakspears Ho* she holds up the neb! the bill to him, 3. Conclusive; decisive by inevitable conAnd arms her with the boldness of a wife.
They resolve us not, what they understand by Take a glass with a belly and a long neii Bai.
the commandment of the word; whether a lite2. (In Scotland.] The bill of a bird. See ral and tormal commandment, or a commandNIB.
ment inferred by any necessary inference. W'bite.
No man can show by any necessary argument, NE BULA. n. s. (Lat.] It is applied to
that it is naturally impossible that all the relaappearances, like a cloud in the human
tions concerning America should be false. body; as also to tilms upon the eyes.
Tillotsomai NE'BULOUS. adj. [ nebulosus. Lat.] Misty;
TO NECESSITATE. V. a. [from necessitas, cloudy.
Lat.) To make necessary; not to leave NECESSARIES. n. s. (from necessary.]
free; to exempt from choice.
Hast thou proudly ascribed the good thou hast Things not only convenient but need
done to thy on strength, or imputed thy sins ful; things not to be left out of daily and follies to the necessituting and inevitable devse. Quibus doleat natura negatis.
crees of God.
Duppa's Rules for Devotion. The supernatural necessaries are, the prevent- The marquis of Newcastle being pressed on ing, assisting, and renewing grace of God, which both sides, was necessituted to draw all his army we suppose God ready to annex to the revelation into York
Clarendon. of his will, in the hearts of all that with obedient
Man seduc'd, humble spirits receive and sincerely embrace it. And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Hammond. Against his Maker: no decree of mine We are to ask of God such recessaries of life Concurring to necessitate his fall. Miltona as are needful to us, while we live here.
Our voluntary service he requires,
IMilton, The right a son has, to be maintained and pre- Neither the Divine Providence, or his detervided with the necessaries and conveniencies of minations, persuasions, or inflexions of the unlife, out of his father's stock, gives him a right to derstanding, or will of rational creatures dotha succeed to his father's property for his own good. deceive the understanding, or pervert the will,
Locke or necessitate or incline either to any moral evil. NECESSARILY. adv. (from necessary.]
Hale. 1. Indispensably.
The politician never thought that he would
fall dangerously sick, and that sickness necessitate I would know by some special instance, what his reinoval from the court.
South. one article of christian faith, or what duty re- Th’ Eternal, when he did the world create quiral necessarily unto all men's salvation there
And other agents did necessitate ; is, which the very reading of the word of God is
So what he order'd they by nature do; not apt to notify:
Thus lighe things mount, and heavy downward Every thing is endowed with such a natural
So. principal, whereby it is necessarily inclined to pro
Man only boasts an arbitrary state. Dryden. mole its own preservation and well-being:
The perfections of any person may create our Wilkins.
veneration; his power, our fear; and his autho2. By inevitable consequence.
rity arising thence, a servile and necessitated obe They who recal the church unto that which dience; but love can be produced only by kind25 at the first, must necessarily set bounds and
Rogers. limits unto their speeches.
Hvoker. NECESSITA’TION. 11.5. [from necessitate.} 3. By tate; not freely.
The act of making necessary; fatal comThe church is not of such a nature as would
pulsion. necessarily, once begun, preserve itself for ever.
This necessity, grounded upon the necessitaThey subjected God to the fatal chain of
tion of a man's will without his will, is so far
from lessening those difficulties which flow from cruses, whereas they should have resolved the
the fatal destiny of the Stoicks, that it encreaseth necessity of all inferior events into the free deter
them. mination of God himself; who executes necesa
Bramhall against Hobbes.
Where the law makes a certain heir, there is sarily, that which he first proposed freely. South,
a necessitation to one; where the law doth nos Ne'ceSSARINESS. n. s. [from necessary.] name a certain heir, there is no necessitation to The state of being neces-ary.
one, and there they have power or liberty to NECESSARY. adj. (necessarius, Lat.]
Bramball against Hobbes. 1. Needful; indispensably requisite,
NECESSITIED. adj. [from necessity.) In a
state of want. Nor !sed. Being it is impossibie we should have the same sanctity which is in God, it wirl be necessary to
This ring was mine, and when I gave it Helen, declare what is this holiness which maketh inen
I bad her, it her fortunes ever stood be accounted holy ones, and called saints. Pears.
Necessitied to help, that by this token All greatness is in virtue understood;
I would relieve her.
Sbakspeare: 'Tis only necessary to be good.
Necessitous. adj. [from necessity.) A certain kind of temper is necessary to the
Pressed with poverty. pleasure and quiet of our minds, consequently to They who are envied, found no satisfaction in w booppiness; and that is holiness and goodness. what they were envied for, being poor and neTilftquna cessitous.
In legal seisures, and righting himself on those The length of the face twice exceedeth thae whe, though not perfectly insolvent, are yet very of the neck.
Broue. necessitous, a good man will not be hasty in going She clapp'd her leathern wing against your to extremities.
tow'rs, There are multitudes of necessitous heirs and And thrust out her long neck even to your doors. penurious parents, parsons in pinching circum
Digdea. stances, with numerous families of children.
I look on the tucker to be the ornament and Arbuthnot. defence of the female neck.
Addim. NECESSITOUSNESS. n. s. [from necessi. 2. A long narrow part. tous.) Poverty; want; need.
The access of the town was only by a neck of Universal peace is demonstration of universal land, between the sea on the one part, and the plenty, for where there is want and necessitous- harbour on the other.
Baces, ness there will be quarrelling.
Burnet. Thou walk'st as on a narrow mountain's sak,
A dreadful height, with scanty room to tread. NECESSITUDE. n. s. [from necessitudo,
3. On the Neck; immediately after ; trom 1. Want; need.
one following another closely. The mutual vecessitudes of human nature ne
He depos'd the king, cessarily maintain mutual offices between them.
And, on tbe neck of that, task'd the whole state. Halia
Sbakspiare. 2. Friendship.
The second way to aggregate sin, is by addio NECESSITY. n. s. (necessitas, Lat.)
tion of sin to sin, and that is done sundry ways; 1. Cogency; compulsion ; fatality.
first by committing one sin on the neck of another; Necessity and chance
as David did when he added murther to adultery. Approach not me; and what I will is fate. Milt.
Perkini. Though there be no natural necessity, that such
Instantly on the neck of this came news, that things must be co, and that they cannot possibly
Ferdinando and Isabella had concluded a peace. be oiherwise, without implying a contradiction;
Barce yet may they be so certain as nor to admit of 4. To break the neck of an affair; to hin
any reasonable doubt concerning them. Wilkins. der any thing being done; or, to do 2. State of being necessary; indispensa- more than half. bleness.
NE'CKBEEF. 1. s. (neck and beef.] The Urge the necessity, and state of times. Sbaksp. coarse flesh of the neck of cattle, sold Racine used the chorus in his Esther, but not
to the poor at a very cheap rate. that be found any necessity of it: it was only to give the ladies an occasion of entertaining the
They'll sell (as cheap as neckbeef) for counters. king with vocal musick. Dryden.
Swifi. We see the necessity of an augmentation, to
NECKCLOTH. n. s. (neck and cloth.[ That bring the enemy to reason.
Addison. which men wear on their neck.
Will she with huswife's hand provide rhy meat, 3. Want; need; poverty.
And ev'ry sunday inorn thy neckcloth plait? Gay. 'The art of our necessities is strange, That can make vile things precious. Sbakspeare. NE'CKATEE. 1 x. s. A gorget; hand.
The cause of all the distractions in his court or NE'CKERCHIEF. kerchief for a woarmy, proceeded from the extreme poverty, and man's neck. necessity his majesty was in.
NE'CKLACE. n. s. (neck and lace.] An orWe are first to consult our own necessities, but
namental string of beads or precious then the necessities of our neighbours have a christian right to a part of what we have to spare. stones, worn by women on their neck.
Ladies, as well then as now, wore estates in their ears.
Both men and women wore torques, 4. Things necessary for human life, These should be hours for necessities,
chains, or necklaces of silver and gold set with Not for delights; times to repair our nature
Arbuthnet. With comforting repose, and not for us
Or lose her heart, or necklate, at a ball. Pope To waste these times.
Sbakspears. NE'CKWEED. n. s. (neck and weed.] Hemp: Great part of the world are free from the ne- in ridicule. cessities of labour and employment, and have their time and fortunes in their own disposal.
NE'CROMANCER. n. s. (vexpos and varia) L.aw.
One who by charms can converse with 5. Cogency of argument; inevitable con
the ghosts of the dead; a conjurer; an sequence.
enchanter. There never was a man of solid understand
I am employed like the general who was forced
to kill his eneinies twice over, whom a necromaning, whose apprehensions are sober, and by a pensive inspection a:lvised, but that he hath found cer had raised to life.
Swift. by an irresistible necessity, one true God and ever- NECROMANCY. n. s. (usupos and partis; lasting being.
Raleigb. Good-nature or beneficence and candour, is
necromance, French.] the product of right reason; which of necessity
1. The art of revealing future events, by will give allowance to the failings of others. Dry.
communication with the dead. 6. Violence; compulsion.
The resurrection of Samuel is nothing but deNever shall
lusion in the practice of necromancy and popular Our heads get out; if once within we be,
conception of ghosts.
Braun But stay compelld by strong neiessitie. Cbapman.
2. Enchantment; conjuration. NECK. n.s. (hneca, Sax, neck, Dutch.)
He did it partly by necromancy, wherein he was much skilled.
Abbor. 3. The part between the head and bodiy. This palace standeth in the air,
He'll beat Aufidius' head below his knee, By necromancy placed there, And tread upon his cock,
Shuksport. That it no tempests needs to fear.
NECTAR. n. s. (Latin.] Pleasant liquor, 1. To be wanted ; to be necessary. said to be drank by the heathen deities. More ample spirit than hitherto was wont,
Here needs me whiles the famous ancestors NECTARED. adj. [from nectar. ] Tinged
Of my most dreadful sovereign I recount. with nectar; mingled with nectar; a
Spenser, bounding with nectar.
When we have done it, we have done all thar He gave her to his daughters to imbathe
is in our power, and all that needs. Locke. In nectar'd leavers strew'd with asphedil. Milt.
2. To have necessity of any thing ; to be. How charming is divine philosophy!
in want of any thing. Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose, But musical as is Apollo's lute,
We have instances of perception whilst we are And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets,
asleep: but how incoherent and how little conWhere no crude surfeit reigns. Milton.
formable to the perfection of a rational being, He with the Nais wont to dwell,
those who are acquainted with dreams need not
Locke. be told.
Fenton. Leaving the nextar's feasts of love.
He that would discourse of things, as they NECTA REOUS. adj. (nectareus, Lat.] Re
agree in the complex idea of extension and solísembling nectar ; sweet as nectar.
dity, needed but use the word body. Locke. Annual for me, the grape, the rose renew, NEE'DER. n.s. [from need.] One that wants The juice scitareous and the balmy dew. Pope. N'CTARINE. adj. (troin nectar.] Sweet
If the time thrust forth as nectar.
A cause for thy repeal, we shall not send To their supper-fruits they fell;
O'er the vast world, to seek a single man; Nicariae fruits.
And lose advantage, which doth ever cool NECTARINE.1. s. (nectarine, French.) A In th' absence of the needer. Sbakspeara fruit of the plum kind.
NEE'DE UL. adj. [need and full.] Neces. This fruit differs from a peach in having a
sary; indispensably requisite. smooth rind and the flesh firmer. Miller.
Give us all things that be needful both for our The only nectarines are the murry and the
souls and bodies.
Common Prayer, French; and of the last there are two soris, one,
Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it, which is the best, very round, and the other
As needfu! in our loves, fitting our duty! Sbaksp. something long; of the murry there are several sorts.
All things needful for defence abound,
Mnestheus, and brave Seresthus walk the round. NEED. n. s. (neod, Sax. nood, Dutch.j
Dryden. 1. Exigency ; pressing difficulty ; neces- To my present purpose it is not needful to use sity.
arguments, to evince the world to be finite. Loche. The very stream of his life, and the business A lonely desart and an empty land, he hath helmed, must, upon a warranted need, Shall scarce afford, for needful hours of rest, give him a better proclamation.
A single house to their benighted guest. Addis. That spirit that first rush'd on thee,
Nee'dFULLY. adv. (from needful.] NeIn the camp of Dan, Be efficacious in thee now at naid. Milion.
cessarily. In thy native innocence proceed,
Dare for these poems, yet both ask and reaca
wew, 2. Want; distressful poverty:
Be of the best.
Ben Jonson. Famine is in the cheeks;
NEE'DFULNESS. n. s. [from needful.NeNeed and oppression stare within thine eyes, Contempt and beggary hang upon thy back.
Shadspeare. Nee'dily. adv. (from needy.) In poverty: Defer not to give to him that is in need. poorly.
Ecclesiasticus. NEE'DINESS. 1. s. [from needy.] Want ; The distant heard, by fame, her pious deeds; And laid her up for their extreamest needs ;
Whereas men have many reasons to persuade; A future cordial for a fainting mind. Dryden.
to use them all at once, weakeneth them. For God sometimes calls upon thee to relieve the
it argueth a neediness in every of the reasons, as needs of thy brother, sometimes the necessities of thy country, and sometimes the urgent wants
if one did not trust to any of them, but fled from one to another.
Bacon. Soutb. of thy prince.
NEE'DLE. n. s. (nad), Sax.) 3. Want; lack of any thing for use. God grant we never may have need of you.
3. A small instrument pointed at one end Shakspeare
to pierce cloth, and perforated at the God who sees all things intuitively, neither other to receive the thread, used in sew. stands in need of logic, nor uses it. Baker. ing. TO NEED. v.a. (from the noun.) To For him you waste in tears your widow'd hours,
want; to lack ; to be in want of; to For him your curious needle paints the flowers. require.
Dryder Basest beggars
The most curious works of art, the sharpest Are in the poorest things superfluous ;
finest needle, doth appear as a blunt rough bar of Allow not nature more than nature needs,
iron, coming from the furnace of the forge. Dian's life is cheap as beasts. Sbakspeare.
Wilkins. The whole need not a physician, but the sick.
2. The small steel bar which in the ma.
Matthew. riners compass stands regularly north Thou thy regal sceptre shalt lay by,
and south. For regal sceptre then no more shalt need. Milt. Go bid the needle its dear north forsake, To ask whether the will has freedom? is to
To which with trombling rev'rence it doth bend. ask, whether one power has another ? A ques. tion too absurd to need an unswer,
Cowley. Lorke The use of the loadstone and the mariners TO NEID. V. n.
Needle was not then known.
NEE'D LE-FISH. n. s. [belone ; needle and
say the principles of nature must needs love fish.] A kind of sea-fish.
such as philosophy makes them, is to set bounds One rhomboidal bony scale of the needle-fish.
A trial at law must needs be innocent in itself, NEE'D LEFUL. n. s. (needle and full.] As
when nothing else corrupts it; because it is a thing which we cannot but want,
and there is no much thread as is generally put at one living in this world without it. Kalbarell time in the needle.
I lave affairs below, NEE'DLER. il. s. [from needke. ] He Which I must needs dispatch before I go. Dryd. NEE'DLEMAKER. who makes needles. NEE'DY. aiij. (tion need.] Poor; nectsNEEDLEWORK.n. s. (needle and work.] sitous; distressed by poverty. J. The business of a semipstress.
Their gates to all were open evermore, 2. Embroidery by the needle.
And one sat waiting ever them before,
To call in comers by, that needy were and poor.
Spanser. pleasing to have a lively work upon a light some
-- In his needy shop a tortoise hung, ground, than a dark and melancholy work upon a lightsone ground.
An alligator stuftod, and other skins
Of ili-shap'd fishes.
The falls away by such just degrees, and another rises
poor and needy praise thy name. Plalm. so insensibly, that we see the variety without
We bring into the world a poor needy units
rain life, short at the longest, and unquiet at the being able to distinguish the total vanishing of
Temple. the one from the first appearance of the other.
Being put to right himself upon the needy, tie NEE'DLESS. adj. [from need.]
will look upon it as a call from God to charity.
kitlewell. 3. Unnecessary; not requisite.
Nuptials of form, of int'rest, or of state, Their exception against easiness, as if that did Those seeds of pride are frutti:l in debate : nourish ignorance, proceedeth altogether of a Let happy men for generous love declare, needless jealousy.
Hooker. And chuse the necuy virgin, chuste and fair. í This sudden stab of rancour I misdoubt;
Glaroill: Pray God, I say, I prove a needless coward.
To relieve the needy and comfort the afficted,
Sbakspeare, are duties that fall in our way every day. Also Would not these be great and needless abate- NE'ER. (tor never.] ments of their happiness, if it were contined
It appears I am no horse, within the compass of this life only. Allerbury. That I can argue and discourse;
Money we either lock up in chests, or wasie Have but two legs, and ne'er a tail. Hudil.ras. it in recúless and ridiculous expences uron our- To NCESE. V. n. (nyse, Dan. niesen, Dut.] selves, whilst the poor and the distressed want it for necessary uses.
To sneeze; to discharge Aatulencies by 2. Not wanting. Out of use.
the nose, Retained in Scotland. For his weeping in the needless stream,
He went up and stretched himself upon him; Poor deer, quoth he, thou mak'st a testament,
and the child neesed seven times, and opened his As worldlings do, giving thy sum of more
2. Kings o that which had too much.
Ey his neesings a light doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
jes. NEWESSLY. adv. [from needless.] Un
NEF. n. s. [old Fr. from nave.) The body necessarily; without need.
of a church; the nave. We render languages more difficult to be
The church of St. Justina, by Palladio, is the learnt, and needlessly advance orthography into a
most handsome, luminous, disencumbered buildtroublesome art.
ing in Italy. The long ref consists of a row of tive NEE ́DLESSNESS.n.s. [from needless.] Un- cupolas, the cross one has on each side a single necessariness.
cupola deeper than the others. Aldison, To explain St. Paul's epistles, after so great a NEFA'Rious. adj. (nefarius, Lat.] Wick. train of expositors, might seem censurable for its
ed ; aboininabie. needlessness, did not daily examples of pious and
The most nefarious bastards, are they whom learned men justity it.
Locke. the law stiles incestuous bastards, which are be. NEE'DMENT. 1. s. [from nee:t.] Something gotten between ascendants and descendants, and necessary.
between collaterals, as far as the divine prohibiBehind tion extends.
Aylife. His scrip did hang, in which his needmerits he did NEGATION. 1. s. (negatio, Lat. nega. bind.
Spenser. tion, Fr.] Needs. adv. (neder, Saxon; unwilling:] 1. Denial : the contrary to affirmation.
Necessarily; by compulsion; indispen- Our assertions and negations should be yea and sably.
nay, for whatsoever is more than these is sin. The general and perpetual voice of men is as
Rogers. the sentence of God himselı; for that which all 2. Description hy denial, or exclusion, or men have at all times learned, nature herself exception. must needs have taught.
Hooker. Negation is the absence of that which does not God must needs have done the thing which naturally belong to the ching we are speaking of, they imagine was to be done.
Hooker. or which has no right, obligation, or necessity to I must needs after him, madam, with my letter. be present with it; as when we say a stone is
Sbakspeare. inanimate, or blind, or deaf. Watts' Logick. Another being elected and his ambassadors re- Chance signifies, that all events called casual, turned, he would needs know the cause of his among inanimate bodies, are mechanically and repulse.
Davies. naturally produced according to the determinate I perceive
figures, textures, and motions of those bodies, Thy mortal sight to fail: objects divine
with this only negation, that those inanimate boMust reeds impair, and weary human sense. dies are not conscious of their own operations. Milton.
1. Argument drawn from denial,
Age breeds neglect in all, and actions It may be proved in the way of negation, that
Remote in time, like objects remote in place,
Are uor beheld at half their greatness. Derbam. they came not from Europe, as having no remainder of the arts, learning, and civilities of it. 4. State of being unregarded.
Rescue my poor remains from vile neglect,
With virgin honours let my herse be deck't,
NEGLE'CTER, 12. s. [from neglect.] One 3. Denying; contrary to affirmative.
who neglects. 2. Implying only the absence of some
NEGLE'CTFUL, a.lj. (neglect and full.} thing ; not positive; privative. There is another way of denying Christ with
1. Heedless; careless; inattentive : with our mouths which is negative, when we do not of acknowledge and contess him.
South. Moral ideas not offering themselves to the Consider the necessary connection that is be- senses, but being to be framed to the understandtween the negative and positive part of our duty. ing, people are neglectful of a faculty they are Tillotson. apt to think wants nothing.
Lockr 3. Having the power to withhold, though Though the Romans had no great genius for not to compel.
trade, yet they were not entirely neglectfub of it.
Artutl not. Denying me any power of a negative voice as king, they are not ashamed to seek to deprive
2. Treating with indifference. me of the liberty of using my reason with a good
If the father caress them when they do well, King Charles.
shew a cold and neglectful countenance to them NEGATIVE, n, s.
upon doing ill, it will make them sensible of the difference.
Laske. 1. A proposition by which sonething is NEGLECTFULLY. adv. (from neglectful.] denied.
With heedless inattention ; with care. Of negatives we have far the least certainty; they are usually hardest, and many times impos NEOLEction. n. s. (from neglect.] The
less indifference. Not used. sible to be proved.
. 2. A particle af denial : as, not.
state of being negligent. A purer substance is defin'd,
Sleeping neglection doth betray to loss But by an heap of negatives combin'd;
The conquests of our scarce cold
conqueror. Ask what a spirit is, you'll hear them cry,
Shakespeare. It hath no matter, no mortality. Cleaveland. NEGLE'ctive, adj. (from neglect.] ' In. NEGATIVELY. adv. (from negative. )
attentive to ; regardless of. 1. With denial ; in the form of denial;
I wanted not probabilities sufficient to raise
jealousies in any king's heart, not wholly stupid, not affirmatively.
and merlative of the publick peace. K. Charles. When I asked him whether he had not drunk NE'GLIGENCE. n. 5. (negligence, Fr. negat all? he answered negative'y:
ligentia, Lat.] 2. In forin of speechi implying the absence of something:
1. Habit of omitting by heedlessness, or of The fathers drax arguments from the scrip
acting carelessly tures negatively, in reproof of that which is cril;
2. Instance of neglect. xriptures teach is not, avoid it cherefore. Hook.
She let it drop by negligence, To this I shall suggest something by way of
And, to thi' advantage, 1 being here, took't up. ansuer, both negatively and positively. Wilkins.
Siakspeare. I shall shew what this image of God in manis, NE'GLIGENT. adj. (negligent, Fr. negligens, aezatiodly, by shewing wherein it does not con
Latin.) sist; and positively, by shewing wherein it does.
1. Careless; heedless; habitually inattenSouth,
tive. TO NEGLECT. v. a. (neglectus, Lat.]
My sons, he not now negligent; for the Lord 1. To omit by carelessness.
hara chosen you to stand belore him. 2 Chros. Heaven,
2. Careless of any particular : with of beWhere honour due and rev'rence none negd-cts.
fore a noun. Milton.
Her daughters see her great zeal for religion; 2. To treat with scornful heedlessness.
but then they see an equal earnestness for all If he neglect to hear them, tell it unto the
sorts of tinery. They see she is not negligent of church.
her devotion; but then they see her more careThis my long suff'ring and my day of grace,
ful to preserve her complexion.
Laus Those who neglect and seyrn shall never faste. We have been negligent in not hearing his
Barucb. 3. To postpone.
3. Scornfully ; regardless. Thave been long a sleeper; but I trust
Let stubborn pride possess thee long, My absence doth neriet no great design,
And be tholi naligent of fame ; Which by my prestne might have been con- With ev'ry nuse to grace thy song, cluded.
Sbakspears. May'se thou despise a poet's name. Swift NEGLECT. n. s. (reçlectus, Lat.)
NE'GLIGENTLY. adv. [from negligent.) 1. Instance of inattention.
1. Carelessly ; hecdlessly; without exact2. Careless treatment; scornful inattention.
Insects have voluntary motion, and therefore I have perceived a most faint neglect of late, imagination; and whereas sumns of the ancients which I have rather blamed as my own jealous have said that their motion is indeterminate, and Curiosity, than as a very pretence or purpose of their imagination indefinite, it is negligentiy obunkindness.
served; for ants go right forw.urds to their bills, 3. Negligence ; frequency of neglect, and bees know the way to their hives. But A.