Графични страници
PDF файл

Embalm me,

Then lay me forth; although unqueen'd, yet like

A queen, and daughter to a king, inter me.

Shakspeare. 44. TO LAY bold of. To seize; to catch. Then shall his father and his mother lay bold him, and bring him out. Deuteronomy. Favourable seasons of aptitude and inclination, be heedfully laid bold of." Locke. 45. TO LAY in. To store; to treasure.

Let the main part of the ground employed to gardens or corn be to a common stock; and laid is, and stored up, and then delivered out in proportion.

A vessel and provisions laid in large For man and beast.



An equal stock of wit and valour He had laid in, by birth a taylor. Hudibras. They saw the happiness of a private life, but they thought they had not yet enough to make them happy, they would have more, and laid in to make their solitude luxurious. Dryden.

Readers, who are in the flower of their youth should labour at those accomplishments which may set off their persons when their bloom is gone, and to lay in timely provisions for manExod and old age. Addison's Guardian.

45. To LAY on. To apply with violence.

We make no excuses for the obstinate: blows are the proper remedies; but blows laid en in a way different from the ordinary. Locke. 47. TO LAY open. To show; to expose. Teach me, dear creature, how to think and speak,

Lay open to my earthy gross conceit,

Smother'd in errours, feeble, shallow, weak, The folded meaning of your words deceit.

Shakspeare. Proverbs.

A fool layeth open his folly. 48. To LAY over. To incrust; to cover; to decorate superficially.

Wo unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach: behold, it is laid ever with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in the midst of it. Habakkuk.

49. TO LAY out. To expend.

Fathers are wont to lay up for their sons, Thou for thy son art bent to lay out all. Milton. Tycho Brahe laid out, besides his time and industry, much greater sums of money on instruments than any man we ever heard of.


The blood and treasure that's laid out, Is thrown away, and goes for nought. Hudibras. If you can get a good tutor, you will never repeat the charge; but will always have the satisfaction to think it the money, of all other,

the best laid out.

I, in this venture, double gains pursue, And laid out all my stock to purchase you.



My father never at a time like this Would lay out his great soul in words, and waste Such precious moments.

Addison's Cato.

A melancholy thing to see the disorders of a houshold that is under the conduct of an angry stateswoman, who lays out all her thoughts upon the publick, and is only attentive to find out miscarriages in the ministry. Addison's Freeb.

When a man spends his whole life among the stars and planets, or lays cat a twelve-month on the spots in the sun, however noble his speculations may be, they are very apt to fall into burlesque.


Nature has laid out all her art in beautifying the face; she has touched it with vermilion,

planted in it a double row of ivory, and made it the seat of smiles and blushes. Addison.

50. To LAY out. To display; to discover, He was dangerous, and takes occasion to lay eut bigotry, and also false confidence in all its colours. Atterbury, 51. To LAY out. To dispose; to plan. The garden is laid out into a grove for fruits, a vineyard, and an allotment for olives and herbs. Notes on the Odyssey.

52. TO LAY cut. With the reciprocal

pronoun, to exert; to put forth.

No selfish man will be concerned to lay out himself for the good of his country. Smalridge. 53. To LAY to. To charge upɔn.

When we began, in courteous manner, to lay his unkindness unto him, he, seeing himself confronted by so many, like a resolute orator, went not to denial, but to justify his cruel falseSidney.


54. To LAY to. To apply with vigour, Let children be hired to lay to their bones, From fallow as needeth, to gather up stones.


[blocks in formation]


Doth eye, defend, and shift, being laid to sore; Backwards he bears. Daniel's Civil War.

56. TO LAY together. To collect; to bring into one view.

If we lay all these things together, and con sider the parts, rise, and degrees of his sin, we shall find that it was not for nothing. South.

Many people apprehend danger for want of taking the true measure of things, and laying matters rightly together. L'Estrange.

My readers will be very well pleased, to see so many useful hints upon this subject laid toge‐ ther in so clear and concise a manner.

[blocks in formation]

A Roman soul is bent on higher views, To civilize the rude unpolish'd world, And lay it under the restraint of laws. Addison 58. To LAY up. To confine to the bed or chamber.

In the East Indies, the general remedy of all subject to the gout, is rubbing with hands till the motion raise a violent heat about the joints: where it was chiefly used, no one was ever troubled much, or laid up by that disease.

Temple 59. To LAY up. To store; to treasure; to reposite for future use.

St. Paul did will them of the church of Corinth, every man to lay up somewhat by him upon the Sunday, till himself did come thither, to send it to the church of Jerusalem for relief of the poor there. Hooker.

Those things which at the first are obscure and hard, when memory hath laid them up for a time, judgment afterwards growing, explaineth them.


[blocks in formation]


LEAD. «. s. [læd, Saxon.] 1. Lead is the heaviest metal except gold and quicksilver. Lead is the softest of all the metals, and very ductile, though less so than gold: it is very little subject to rust, and the least sonorous of all the metals except gold. The specifick gravity of lead is to that of water as 11,322 to 1000. Lead, when kept in fusion over a common fire, throws up all other bodies, except gold, that are mixed, all others being lighter, except Mercury, which will not bear that degree of heat: it afterwards vitrifies with the baser metals, and carries them off, in form of scoriæ, to the sides of the vessel. The weakest acids are the best solvents for lead: it dissolves very readily in aqua fortis diluted with water, as also in vinegar. The smoke of lead works is a prodigious annoyance, and subjects both the workmen, and the cattle that graze about them, to a mortal disease.

Thou art a soul in bliss, but I am bound Upon a wheel of fire; that mine own tears Do scald like molten lead.


Shakspeare. Of lead, some I can shew you so like steel, and so unlike common lead ore, that the workmen call it steel ore. Boyle.

Lead is employed for the refining of gold and silver by the cupel; hereof is made common coruss with vinegar; of ceruss, red lead; of plumbum ustum, the best yellow ochre; of lead, and half as much tin, solder for lead. 2. [In the plural.] Flat roof to walk on; because houses are covered with lead. Stalls, bulks, windows,


Are smother'd up, leads fill'd, and ridges hors'd
With variable complexions; all agreeing
In earnestness to see him.


I would have the tower two stories, and goodly

[blocks in formation]

There is a traverse placed in a loft, at the right hand of the chair, with a privy door, and a carved window of glass leaded with gold and blue, where the mother sitteth. Bacon.

To LEAD. v. a. preter. I led; part. led. [lædan, Saxon; leiden, Dutch.]

1. To guide by the hand.



There is a cliff, whose high and bending head Looks fearfully on the confined deep: Bring me but to the very brim of it, And I'll repair the misery thou dost bear, With something rich about me: from that place I shall no leading need. Shaksp. King Lear. Doth not each on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering? Luke.

They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill. Luke.

To conduct to any place.

Save to every man his wife and children, that they may lead them away, and depart. 1 Sam. Then brought he me out of the way, and le me about the way without unto the utter gate. Ezekiel.

He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; he leadeth me beside the still waters. Psalms.

To conduct as head or commander.

Would you lead forth your army against the enemy, and seek him where he is to fight?


He turns head against the lion's armed jaws;
And being no more in debt to years than thou,
Leads antient lords, and rev'rend bishops, on
To bloody battles.
Shaksp. Henry IV.

If thou wilt have
The leading of thy own revenges, take
One half of my commission, and set down
As best thou art experienc'd. Shakspeare.

He led me on to mightiest deeds, Above the nerve of mortal arm, Against the uncircumcis'd, our enemies : But now hath cast me off. Milton's Agonistes. Christ took not upon him flesh and blood, that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies, or possess places. South. He might muster his family up, and lead them out against the Indians, to seek reparation upon 4. To introduce by going first. any injury. Locke.


Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in.


His guide, as faithful from that day,
As Hesperus that leads the sun his way. Fairf
To guide; to show the method of

Human testimony is not so proper to lead us into the knowledge of the essence of things, as to acquaint us with the existence of things. Watts. 6. To draw; to entice; to allure,

Appoint him a meeting, give him a shew of comfort, and lead him on with a fine baited delay. Shakspeare.

The lord Cottington, being a master of temper, knew how to lead him into a mistake, and then drive him into choler, and then expose him. Clarendon.

7. To induce; to prevail on by pleasing motives.

[blocks in formation]

1. One that leads, or conducts.
2. Captain; commander.
In my tent

I'll draw the form and model of our battle,
Limit each leader to his several charge,
And part in just proportion our small strength.

I have given him for a leader and commander to the people. Isaiah. Those escaped by flight, not without a sharp jest against their leaders, affirming, that, as they had followed them into the field, so it was good reason they should follow them out. Hayward. When our Lycians see

Our brave examples, they admiring say, Behold our gallant leaders. Denham The brave leader of the Lycian crew. Dryden. 3. One who goes first.

Dryden. Luther's life was led up to the doctrines he preach'd, and his death was the death of the righteous. Francis Atterbury. 4. Celibacy, as then practised in the church of Rome, was commonly forced, taken up under a bold vow, and led in all uncleanness.

[blocks in formation]

1. To go first, and show the way.

I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me, and the children, be able to endure. Genesis.

2. To conduct as a commander.

Cyrus was beaten and slain under the leading of a woman, whose wit and conduct made a great figure. Temple.

3. To show the way, by going first. He left his mother a countess by patent, which was a new leading example, grown before sethWotton.

what rare.

The way of maturing of tobacco must be from the heat of the earth or sun; we see some leading of this in musk melons sown upon a hot-bed dinged below. Bacon.

The vessels heavy-laden put to sea With prosp'rous gales, a woman leads the way. Dryden. LEAD. n. s. [from the verb.] Guidance; first place: a low despicable word. Yorkshire takes the lead of the other counties. Herring. LEADEN. adj. [leaden, Saxon.] 1. Made of lead.

when it shall find

Tristiger-footed rage,
The nam of unskann'd switness, will too late,
Tye leaten pounds to 's heels. Shai Coriolanus.
O murth'rous slumber!

Lav'st thou the leaden mace upon my boy,
That phys thee musick? Shaksp. Julius Cæsar.

A lecten bullet shot from one of these guns against a stone wall, the space of twenty-four paces fran it, will be beaten into a thin plate.

2. Heavy; unwilling; motionless.


If thou do'st find him tractable to us, Encourag him, and tell him all our reasons: If he be laden, icy, cold, unwilling, Be thou s too.

3. Heavy dull.

Shakspeare's Richard 111.

I'll strie with troubled thoughts to take a na;

Nay, keep your way, little gallant; you were wont to be a follower, now you are a leader. Shakspeare. One at the head of any party or faction: as, the detestable Wharton was the leader of the whigs.

The understandings of a senate are enslaved by three or four leaders, set to get or to keep employments.

LEADING. participial adj. chief; capital.

Swift. Principal;

In organized bodies, which are propagated by seed, the shape is the leading quality, and most characteristical part, that determines the species.


[blocks in formation]

LE ADWORT. n. s. [plumbago.] A plant. LEAF. n. s. leaves, plural." [leaf, Šaxon; leef, Dutch.]

1. The green deciduous parts of plants and flowers.

This is the state of man; to-day he puts forth The tender leaves of hopes, to-inorrow blossoms. Shakspeare.

A man shall seldom fail of having cherries borne by his graft the same year in which his incision is made, if his graft have blossom buds; whereas if it were only leaf buds, it will not bear fruit till the second season. Boyle.

Those things which are removed to a distant view, ought to make but one mass; as the leaves trees, and the billows in the sea. Dryden's Dufresney. A part of a book, containing two pages. Happy ye leaves, when as those lily hands Shall handle you. Spenser.

on the



Lest lead slumbers poize me down to-morrow, When I tould mount with wings of victory.

LEADER 7.5 [from Lad.]



Peruse my leaves through ev'ry part, And think thou seest my owner's heart Scrawl'd o'er with trifles.

3. One side of a double door.


The two leaves of the one door were folding.

1 Kings. 4. Any thing foliated, or thinly beaten. Eleven ounces two pence sterling ought to be of so pure silver, as is called leaf silver, and then the melter must add of other weight seventeen pence halfpenny farthing. Camden. Leaf gold, that flies in the air as light as down, is as truly gold as that in an ingot.

Digby on Bodies. To LEAF. v. n. [from the noun.] To bring leaves; to bear leaves.

Most trees fall off the leaves at autumn; and if not kept back by cold, would leef about the solstice. Brown.

LEAFLESS. adj. [from leaf.] Naked of leaves.

Bare honesty, without some other adornment, being looked on as a leafless tree, nobody will take himself to its shelter. Gov. of the Tongue. Where doves in flocks the leafless trees o'ershade,

And lonely woodcocks haunt the wat'ry glade.


LEAFY. adj. [from leaf.] Full of leaves.
The frauds of men were ever so,
Since summer was first leafy.


What chance, good lady, hath bereft you

-Dim darkness, and this leafy labyrinth. Milt.
O'er barren mountains, o'er the flow'ry plain,
The leafy forest, and the liquid main,
Extends thy uncentroul'd and boundless reign.
Her leafy arms with such extent were spread,
That hosts of birds, that wing the liquid air,
Perch'd in the boughs. Dryden's Flower and Leaf.
So when some swelt'ring travellers retire
To leafy shades, near the cool sunless verge
Of Paraba, Brasilian stream; her tail
A grisly hydra suddenly shoots forth. Philips.
LEAGUE. . . [ligue, Fr. ligo, Lat.] A
confederacy; a combination 'either of
interest or friendship.

You peers, continue this united league:
I every day expect an embassage
From my Redeemer, to redeem me hence.
And now in peace my soul shall part to heav'n,
Since I have made my friends at peace on earth.

We come to be informed by yourselves,
What the conditions of that league must be.
Thou shalt be in league with the stones of the
field; and the beasts of the field shall be at peace
with thee.
Go break thy league with Baasha, that he may
depart from me.
2 Chronicles.
It is a great error, and a narrowness of mind,
to think, that nations have nothing to do one
with another, except there be either an union in
sovereignty, or a conjunction in pacts or leagues:
there are other bands of society and implicit con-
Bacon's Holy War.

I, a private person, whom my country
As a league breaker gave up bound, presum'd
Single rebellion, and did hostile acts." Milton.

Oh Tyrians, with immortal hate Pursue this hated race; and let there be "Twixt us and them no league nor amity.


To LEAGUE. v. n. To unite on certain terms; to confederate.

Where fraud and falshood invade society, the
band presently breaks, and men are put to a loss
where to league and to fasten their dependances.
LEAGUE. n. s. [lieuë, Fr.]

1. A league; leuca, Lat. from lech, Welsh;
a stone that was used to be erected at
the end of every league.
2. A measure of length, containing three

Ere the ships could meet by twice five leagues,
We were encount'red by a mighty rock. Shaksp.
Ev'n Italy, though many a league remote,
In distant echoes answer'd.
LEAGUED. adj. [from league.] Confe-


[blocks in formation]

That we must leave thee to thy sinking; for Thy dearest quit thee. Shaksp. Ant. and Cleop. If you have not enjoy'd what youth could give, But life sunk through you like a laky sieve, Accuse yourself, you liv'd not while you might, Dryden 2. Loquacious; not close.

Women are so leaky, that I have hardly met with one that could not hold her breath longer than she could keep a secret. L'Estrange. To LEAN. v. n. preter. leanid or leant. [blinan, Saxon; lenen, Duten.]

1. To incline against; to rest against.

[ocr errors]


Lean thine aged back against mine arm, And in that case I'll tell thee my disease. Shahs. Security is expressed among the medals of Gordianus, by a lady leaning against a pillar, a Scepter in her hand, before an altar.

Peacham on Drawing. The columns may be allowed somewhat above their ordinary length, because they lean unto so good supporters. Watton. Upon his iv'ry sceptre first he leant, Then shook his head, that shook the firmament. Dryden. Oppress'd with anguish, panting and o'erspent, His fainting limbs against an oak he leant.

Dryden. If God be angry, all our other dependencies will profit us nothing; every other support will fail under us when we come to lean upon it, and deceive us in the day when we want it most.

Rogers. Then leaning o'er the rails he musing stood. Gay. 'Mid the central depth of black'ning woods, High rais'd in solemn theatre around Leans the huge elephant.

2. To propend; to tend toward.


They delight rather to lean to their old customs, though they be more unjust, and more inconvenient. Spenser. Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and Lean not unto thine own understanding. Proverbs. A desire leaning to either side, biasses the judgment strangely. Watts.

3. To be in a bending posture.

She leans me out at her mistress's chamber window, bids me a thousand times good night.

Shakspeare. Wearied with length of ways, and worn with toil,

She laid her down; and, leaning on her knees, Invok'd the cause of all her miseries. Dryden. The gods came downward to behold the wars, Sharp'ning their sights, and leaning from their Dryden.


LEAN. adj. [hlæne, Saxon.]

1. Not fat; meagre; wanting flesh; bareboned.

You tempt the fury of my three attendants, Lean famine, quartering steel, and climbing fire. Shakspeare.

Lian raw-bon'd rascals! who would e'er sup-
They had such courage and audacity! Shaksp.
Luan-look'd prophets whisper fearful change.

I would invent as bitter searching terins,
With full as many signs of deadly hate,
As lein-fac'd envy in her loathsome cave.


Seven other kine came up out of the river, illfavour'd and lean-fleshed. Genesis.

Let a physician beware how he purge after hard frosty weather, and in a lean body, without preparation. Buson.

Ani fetch their precepts from the cynic tub, Praising the lean, and sallow, abstinence. Milton. Swear that Adrastus, and the lean-look'd pro


Are jont conspirators.


quors, those that are fat and light, and those that are lean and more earthy, like common water.


Low; poor: in opposition to great or rich.

That which combin'd us was most great, and let not

A leaner action rend us. Shaksp. Ant. and Cleop. 4. Jejune; not comprehensive; not embellished: : as, a lean dissertation. LEAN. z. s. That part of flesh which consists of the muscle without the fat. With razors keen we cut our passage clean Through rills of fat, and deluges of lean.

LE ́ANLY. adv. [from lean.] Meagerly; Farquhar. without plumpness.

LE ANNESS. n. s. [from lean.] 1. Extenuation of body; want of flesh;


If thy leanness loves such food, There are those, that for thy sake, Do enough.

Ben Jonson.

The symptoms of too great fluidity are excess of universal' secretions, as of perspiration, sweat, urine, liquid dejectures, leanness, and weakness. Arbuthnot. 2. Want of matter; thinness; poverty. The poor king Reignier, whose large style Agrees not with the leanness of his purse.

Shakspeare. To LEAP. V. n. [hleapan, Saxon; loup, Scottish.]

1. To jump; to move upward or progres. sively without change of the feet.

If I could win a lady at leap-frog, or by vaulting into my saddle with my armour on, I should quickly leap into a wife. Shakspeare's Henry v.

A man leapeth better with weights in his hands than without; for that the weight, if it be proportionable, strengtheneth the sinews by contracting them. In leaping with weights, the arms are first cast backwards and then forwards with so much the greater force; for the hands go backward before they take their rise. Bacon. In a narrow pit

He saw a lion, and leap'd down to it. Cowley. Thrice from the ground she leap'd, was seen to wield

Her brandish'd lance.

Dryden's Eneid.

2. To rush with vehemence.

God changed the spirit of the king into mildness, who in a fear leap'd from his throne, and took her in his arms, till she came to herself again. Esther.

After he went into the tent and found her not, he leaped out to the people. Judith. He ruin upon ruin hears, And on me, like a furious giant, leaps. Sandys. Strait leaping from his horse he raised me up. Rowe.


To bound ; to spring.

Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy. Luke. I am warm'd, my heart

Leaps at the trumpet's voice, and burns for


[blocks in formation]

Lear people often suffer for want of fat, as fat peoplemay by obstruction of the vessels.


No aughing graces wanton in my eyes; But higger'd grief, lean-looking sallow care, Dwellon my brow. Rove's Jane Shore. 2. Netunctuous; thin; hungry.

Thee are two chief kinds of terrestrial li


He parted frowning from me, as if ruin Leap'd from his eyes: so looks the chased lion Upon the daring huntsman that has gall'd him; Then makes him nothing. Shaksp. Henry VIII. Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. To LEAP. V, n.

1, To pass over, or into, by leaping.


« ПредишнаНапред »