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Questions 1. What was the native land of the Pilgrims? Why did
they leave it? 2. Why was Holland selected for their home? Why did
they not remain in Holland? 3. How did they obtain funds for their undertaking? What
were some of the disadvantages of their bargain?
How were they finally freed from the burden? 4. Are the persons named in the poem fictitious or historic?
Where can you read some facts about them? 5. What resources in or near the colony could they have
developed had they had the means? 6. Are all Puritans pilgrims? Distinguish between the
Puritans and the Pilgrims. 7. Why were the Pilgrims crowded on to one vessel? 8. Who was their pastor? Why did he not cross the ocean
with them? 9. How long did it take them to come from Plymouth in
England to Plymouth in America? How long does
it take at the present time? 10. Sketch the character of the Pilgrims.
To be Memorized
On a stern and rock-bound coast,
Their giant branches tossed;
And the heavy night hung dark,
The hills and waters o'er,
On the wild New England shore.
Historical The Puritans lived an austere life. They followed their religious principles strictly, and allowed no form of gayety.
"Sober and earnest was life to them,
They only stopped to pray.” The women wore no frills. A perfectly plain dress, a large, snowy kerchief arranged shawlwise over the shoulders, and a white cap made up their costume.
to and fro
To be Defined hose
cutlass ever and anon corselet
inscribed mystical fowling-piece matchlock
To be Explained buried in thought
mystical Arabic sentence trusty sword of Damascus
To be Scanned Scan any one of the lines from the passage to be committed to memory.
Figure of Speech Find a simile in one of Longfellow's poems other than The Courtship.
Questions 1. What was the Old Colony? 2. Why did the Pilgrims settle so far from their original
destination? Sketch rapidly the coast from Maine to New Jersey and with a cross (x) indicate the
actual and the intended destination of the Pilgrims. 3. Describe the costume of a man in the early part of the
seventeenth century. 4. How did Miles Standish come to be the Puritan Captain? 5. Why did Miles Standish pause to gaze on his weapons? 6. Give a description of the sword of Miles Standish. 7. Name the weapons of Miles Standish, and tell the use
of each. 8. What difficulties might be encountered in the use of a
matchlock? 9. What was the Compact signed in the cabin of the
Mayflower? How many signers were there? 10. Write a paragraph of not more than three hundred
words describing the village of Plymouth and its surroundings; or make a topical outline for a paragraph on this subject.
Memorize Lines 1-10
The Indians called Miles Standish the “Little Captain."
John Alden "was hired for a cooper at Southampton, where the ship Mayflower] victualled, and being a hopeful young man, was much desired, but left to his own liking to go or stay when he came here [to Plymouth, that is], but he stayed and married here." — Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation.
John Alden was twenty-one years of age when he came over in the Mayflower. He served as magistrate for more than fifty years.
The Mayflower was a ship of 180 tons burden.
The Pilgrims grouped themselves into nineteen households, thus reducing the necessary number of dwelling-houses. John Alden, not belonging with any family, lived with Miles Standish as his secretary.
Some fair-haired, blue-eyed captives in a Roman slavemarket attracted the attention of St. Gregory the Great. In answer to his inquiry as to their country, he was told that they were Angles from England. "Not Angles, but Angels," said be, "with such angel-like faces!”
To be Defined
To be Explained muscles and sinews of iron
the dew of his youth flaked with patches of snow
To be Scanned
Figure of Speech
Questions 1. Change the description of Miles Standish from poetry
into prose. Do the same with the description of John Alden.
2. How old was John Alden at the time of this story? At
what age did he die? 3. How did it happen that John Alden was living with
Miles Standish? 4. How old was Miles Standish at this time? 5. Can you think of any reason why Miles Standish's
face was “brown as a nut”? 6. Give some suppositions as to why he cast his lot with
the Pilgrims. 7. Were John Alden and Miles Standish congenial com
panions? Why? 8. Of how many famous friendships have you heard in
history or literature? (Jonathan and David; Damon
and Pythias, etc.) 9. Tell the story of St. Gregory and the captive Angles. 10. Who was king in England at the time the Pilgrims
came to America? What was the established religion in England?
Memorize Lines 11-20
Short of stature he was ................
Eighteen shillings equals about four and one-half dollars; but at present the purchasing power of a shilling is barely one-fourth as great as it was in those days.
At first, the colony was not annoyed by the Indians,