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further, what seems quite decisive is the fact that when our Lord was solemnly adjured by the high priest, i.e. put on His oath, He did not refuse to answer. See S. Matt. xxvi. 62–64, “And the high priest stood up, and said unto Him, Answerest Thou nothing ? What is it which these witness against Thee? But Jesus held His peace. And the high priest said unto Him, I adjure Thee by the living God (εξορκίζω σε κατά του Θεού του G@vtos) that Thou tell us whether Thou be the Christ, the Son of God ? Jesus said unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Henceforth ye shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.” In this case, as in others, our Lord's actions form the best commentary upon the meaning of His words, and prove decisively that the reference in the Sermon on the Mount is, as the Article takes it, to "vain and rash swearing.” S. James' words are apparently directly founded on our Lord's, and there is nothing in them to lead us to think that he is contemplating anything more than ordinary conversation and the use of oaths in it. We conclude, therefore, that there is nothing in Holy Scripture which need raise any scruple in the minds of Christians as to the lawful. ness of acquiescing when solemnly put upon their oath. Whether the use of oaths by the Legislature is advisable is another matter, on which we are not called upon to offer an opinion. A man may regret the custom, and feel that it brings with it grave dangers of the profanation of sacred things, and encourages the false idea of a double standard of truthfulness, and yet hold that Christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to
1 This is made very plain if the marginal rendering of the Revised Version be adopted.
the prophet's teaching, in justice, judgment, and truth. The “prophet,” whose“ teaching” is here referred to, is the prophet Jeremiah, who says (iv. 2), “Thou shalt swear, As the Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness”;l and if judicial oaths are permissible at all, it can only be on these conditions.
1 "Et jurabis : Vivit Dominus in veritate, et in judicio, et in justitia” (Vulgate). The passage is quoted in the Homily “Against Swearing and Perjury" (p. 73, S.P.C.K.), where the whole question of the lawfulness of oaths is also argued.
AACHEN, Council of, 222. Aristides, 140, 299.
Arnold, T., 490.
Assembly of Divines, 370, 376.
Athanasius, 329; a Latin Creed,
329; origin of name, 330 ; con-
troversy on date, 331; internal
evidence of date, 332; external
hell, 160; on the Old Testament, contained in early collections of
canons, 338 ; commentaries on,
probable date of, 343; use made
344 ; contents of, 345 ; objections
386, 398, 441, 455, 574, 588, 616, text of, 353.
Athanasius, of Hypostasis,
107; on the Monarchia, 116;
ianism, 206; on the sufficiency
of Scripture, 242 ; on the Canon
against the Holy Ghost, 446 ; on
the powers of the Church, 521;
Athenagoras, 105, 205.
Atonement, doctrine of, 150;
origin of name, 313; text of, Father's love, 154 ; a mystery.
157 ; complete and sufficient,
111, 112 ; on eternal generation,
123 ; on the divinity of Christ, 144, 172, 242, 244, 330, 465, 607,
man, 196; the Burke, Edmund, 63.
on ceremonies, 517; England and Rome on, 252;
on invocation of saints, the New Testament rests, 261.
Carthage, Council of, 257, 699.
Celibacy of the clergy, history of,
Ceremonial Law of Moses not bind.
Church, use of the word in Scrip-
invisible, meaning of phrase, 499 ;
Scripture proof of visibility of,
000; notes of, 502; legislative
power of, 514 ; judicial power of,
520; a witness and keeper of
Scripture, 526; particular or
Church authority, in relation to
private judgment, 525.
Clement of Alexandria, 171, 248,
275, 366, 471, 544, 698, 741.
Clement of Rome, 104, 205, 248
270, 467, 578, 739.
Clermont, Council of, 430, 678.
Clovesho, Council of, 567.
Concupiscence, 375, 377.
lectures of, 207, 800; on the
Canon, 255, 265; on the term
Apocryphal, 276 ; creed of, 321 ;
the administration of the
198, 232, 358, 388, 445, 493, 573,
Decentius of Eugubium, 606.
198, 232, 378, 388, 410, 513, Denebert, Bishop, 341.
Denny and Lacey, 749.
Descent into hell, change in the
215, 533; second Council of, Diatessaron of Tatian, 269.
Dionysius of Alexandria, 107.
Articles submitted to it? 15. Divinity of the Son, proved from
Dixon, Canon R. W., 3, 5, 12, 13,
Forty-Two Articles, 12; his ac- Double procession, the doctrine of,
Elvira, Council of, 558, 698.
of, in New Testament, 297 ; early Ephesus, seventh canon of the
tween Eastern and Western, 302. Epiphanius, Bishop of Salamis, on
Montanism, 205 ; creeds given by,
condemned by early writers, 677; Episcopacy, history of, 731 ; how far
Eucharist, changes in the Article
tion of, 667; elevation of, 666 ;