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ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

ARMY AND Navy.
See DISTRICT COURTS, JUDI Commander-in-chief of 101
CIAL POWER, &c.

Power of raising and equipping 154

Necessity and extent of power 156
ADMISSION OF STATES. Restrictions on the states re-
Power of admitting new states 262 lating to them

ib.
Construction given to it 269

upon Congress 157
ALIENS.

ARSENALS AND Forts.
Who so termed

233 See LOCAL JURISDICTION.
Inducements for them to be

ARTS (USEFUL).
come citizens

234
Mode prescribed

ib.

See SCIENCE.
Rights acquired thereby

ib.

ATTAINDER.
See NATURALIZATION.

See BILLS OF ATTAINDER.
ALLEGIANCE.

AUTHORS AND INVERTORS.
Nature of that due by citizens See SCIENCE.
of the United States

232

AUXILIARY POWERS.
AMBASSADORS.

Power to make laws “neces-
By whom appointed

104

sary and proper” to execute
In what courts they may sue

other powers

305
and be sued

123-130 Foundation and meaning of it 'ib.
Power of sending and receiving 159 Judicial construction of it 312
Infringements on their rights, Implied powers, how delegated 314
how punishable

195 See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT.
AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION.

BANK.
Necessity of such power 267 See CORPORATIONS.
Mode of exercising it

268
Restrictions upon it .

BANKRUPTCY.

ib.
Amendments adopted

269 Power to establish uniform sys-
Their nature and design 270 tem

235
Effect and construction of one ib. Why vested in National Gov-

ernment

ib.
APPEALS.
Object of bankrupt laws

ib.
See JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME How distinguished from insol-
COURT, &c.

vent laws

236
Bankruptcy defined
APPOINTMENTS.

ib.

To what persons confined ib.
Power of, where vested 104 Nature of power relative to it ib.
Vacancies, how supplied . 105 Power retained by states 237
What vacancies intended ib. State laws cannot discharge

from contracts, except in cer-
ARBITER.
tain cases

238
Seo JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME Why no uniform system now in
COURT, &c.

force

239

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Paco
BILLS OF ATTAINDER.

COMMERCE.
Prohibited to states

273 Power of regulating it with for-
Definitions of
ib. eign nations

196
To what cases confined
ib. Where and how vested

ib.
Its nature and necessity

ib.
BILLS OF CREDIT.
To what it extends

. 197
Their issue prohibited to states 273 With what exception

ib.
Reasons therefor

ib. Judicial construction of it ib.
Judicial construction of the How far it comprehends navi-
power of Congress in relation gation within a state

198
to them.

275 To what vessels it extends 203
BORROWING MONEY.

How far it authorizes sale of
imported articles

206
Power of, where vested

179

States, how far restricted from
How conferred

ib.
preventing such sale

ib.
Extent and construction

ib.

Extends incidentally to other
CAPTURES.
and what objects

207
Rules concerning

153

Applied to protection of domes-
tic industry

ib.
Power of Congress to make

To prohibition of slave-trade 208
them

ib.
Nature and extent of the power ib.

Power of regulating commerce

211

among the states
Judicial construction of it 154

Its general objects and extent ib.
CIRCUIT COURTS.
How far restricted

213

What commerce reserved to
Organization and sessions 140

states

ib.
Legislative regulations of their When power of Congress may
proceeding

be exercised within a state 214
Original and exclusive jurisdic-

Judicial construction of this
tion

ib.
power

ib
In regard to crimes and offences ib. Applied to incidental objects

ib.
Original and concurrent juris-

Restrictions on states

ib.
diction

Power of regulating Indian
In civil suits

ib.
trade

215
Jurisdiction as to copy-rights How vested and interpreted 220
and patents
142 Extent of its operation

ib.
In cases where United States

Trade and intercourse with In-
are parties

ib

dians by individuals, how re-
Appellate jurisdiction

ib.
strained.

ib.
In what sense Inferior Courts" ib.

See INDIAN TRIBES.
Proceedings, how to be inter-
preted

143

COMMON ARBITER.
CITIZENS.

See

JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME

COURT, &c.
Who are citizens of U.S. 231
Who native citizens

232

COMMON LAW.
Persons born within the U. s., How far established in the col-
who are not citizens
233 onies

50
Persons born abroad, who are

ib. Benefit of, claimed by Congress ib.
See ALIENS, ALLEGIANCE, NAT-

Protects absolute rights

51
VRALIZATION, &c.

Regulated relative rights of col-
onists

ib.
COASTING LICENSE. Punished offences against pub-
See COMMERCE.

lic justice

ib.
How far adopted by states

52
COIN AND COINING.
Basis of their laws

ib.
See MONEY, POWERS OF Gov State Constitutions made in ref-
ERNMENT, &c.

erence to its validity

ib.

ib.

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Its existence presupposed by How to be examined

55
Constitution of U. S.

52 CONSTITUTIONAL Law defined 42
Referred to for explanation of

CONSTITUTIONS (STATE).
its powers and provisions 54
How far Common Law in force

Foundations, how laid

47
under the Constitution of U.

Source of their authority

48
s.

ib. On what principle founded
CONGRESS.

Powers of Government, how

vested and distributed by
How constituted

62
them

49
Disabilities of members

66

Former civil and municipal in-
Their privileges and powers ib.
Elections, returns, and qualifi-

stitutions, how far retained 50

Natural and moral rights se-
cations

ib.

cured
In what manner these powers

51

See State Governments,
are exercised

67
Quorum of each House

ib.

STATES, &c.
Adjournments and journals i). CONSULS AND VICE-CONSULS.
Freedom of debate
ib. By whom appointed

104
Time and manner of assem In what Courts they may sue
bling

80

and be sued or prosecuted 128-9
Time and manner of adjourning 81

See JUDICIAL POWER.
Period of dissolution

ib.
See LEGISLATIVE POWER,

CONTRACTS.
HOUSE REPRESENTA-

See LAWS IMPAIRING CONTRACTS.
TIVES, SENATE, &c.

COPY-RIGHT.
CONSTITUTION.

See SCIENCE,
Definition one

42

CORPORATIONS.
Origin of them.

ib.
Where they may exist
ib. Grants, of irrevocable

262
When derived from act of the

Are Contracts within the mean-
Government.

43

ing and protection of the Con-
When from written compact

ib.
stitution

ib.
Different modes of framing one

Creation of, incideni to sover-

ib.
Which most practicable
ib. eignty

315
Which preferable

Nature and extent of power
ib.

ib.
How obtained

ib.

See AUXILIARY POWERS, LAWS
Theory of a Republican Consti IMPAIRING CONTRACTS, &c.
tution

44

COUNTERFEITING.
Advantages of a written one ib.
Evils of a traditionary one

Power of punishing .

227
45
Reasons for preferring one writ-

To what objects it extends ib.

Nature and necessity of power ib.
ten

See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT.
CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES.

COURTS.
On what foundation erected 47

See IMPEACHMENTS,
On what principles formed ib.
From what materials

JUDICIAL POWER,

48
In what manner adopted ib.

CIRCUIT Courts,
For what objects designed

DISTRICT COURTS,

54
Effect of its adoption on the

STATE COURts, and
states

ib.

MAGISTRATES, and
Effect of its adoption on the

SUPREME COURT.
former Confederation

ib.

DEBTS.
Principle of representation, how See TENDER LAWS.

applied in it
Powers of Government, how DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
delegated by it

55 See INDEPENDENCE.

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DISTRICT COURTS.

Objects of this department 81
How organized

. 143 Extent of discretionary power 82
Stated and special terms

ib. Obligation to obey and enforce
Exclusive jurisdiction

ib.
laws

ib.
Original jurisdiction
ib. Requisite qualities

ib.
Admiraliy jurisdiction

ib.
Power apportioned to it

84
Concurrent jurisdiction with

Advantage of its unity

ib.
Circuit Courts

ib.
Evils of its division or plurality

85
Jurisdiction exclusive in certain

How vested by Constitution of
cases of State Courts

ib.
U.S.

ib.
With respect to patents

144

See PRESIDENT OF U. s.
Power of judge at chambers ib.

EXPATRIATION.
See JUDICIAL POWER.

Right of, denied by English
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Jaw

232

How regarded by writers on
Seat of Government

258
Courts organized therein ib.

ib.
public law

How far admitted by State Con-
Privileges of its inhabitants

259

stitutions
Their disabilities
ib.

ib.

How far settled in Courts of
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

U.S.

233
Dock YARDS.

See NATURALIZATION, &c.
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

Ex POST FACTO LAWS.
DOMESTIC INDUSTRY.
Prohibited to states

277
Definition and meaning

ib.
Encouraged by protecting du-
ties

173

FELONIES (ON THE SEA).
Upon what construction 174
By whom question of Constitu-

Power to define and punish 191
tionality must be decided 176 To what they amount in effect 193
Commercial restrictions applied

To what extent declared piracy,
to the purpose
197 and punished as such

ib.
To what extent, and upon what

Power, how far exclusive 194
ground of construction ib. See Piracy.
How point must be decided ib.

FLEETS.
See COMMERCE, POWERS or

GOVERNMENT, and TAXA See ARMY AND NAVY.
TION and TAXES.

FORTS.
DUTIES.

See LOCAL JURISDICTION.
See IMPOSTS AND DUTIES, Tax-

GOVERNMENT.
ATION AND TAXES, &c.

Different forms of
ELECTORS (of PRESIDENT AND Powers of, how divided

44
VICE-PRESIDENT).
How far distinct

45
How chosen
90 Separate departments

ib.
Number in each state
ib. Provincial governments

47
Requisite qualifications

ib.
How organized

ib.
At what time to be chosen 91 See CONSTITUTION OF U.S.,
Time for their assembling ib. CONSTITUTIONS (STATE),
Mode of their proceeding to

Powers of GOVERNMENT,
election.

92 STATE GOVERNMENTS.
Duties subsequent to election ib.

GUARANTEES.
See PRESIDENT OF U. S.

Nature, terins, and effect of the
EXECUTIVE POWER.

guarantees to the states 265
General functions

44 | Their necessity and extent ib.

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232

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Republican form of Govern Judicial construction

301
ment

265 See PowERS OF GOVERNMENT,
Protection from invasion 266 TAXATION, AND TAXES.

from domestic vio-
lence

ib.

INDEPENDENCE.
When
to be enforced
267 Effect of its declaration

48
As to persons born previously 231
HABEAS CORPUS.
As to citizenship

ib.
Benefit of writ secured

51 As to British subjects
By whom to be allowed 140

INDIAN TRIBES.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Intercourse with, regulated 215
How constituted

66 What relations acknowledged 216
On what principle of represent Those residing within limits of
ation

ib. U.S., how considered 217
Members, how chosen

ib. How distinguished from for-
For what term
ib. eign nations"

ib.
Qualifications of electors ib. Relations with European dis-

of members 67 coverers, how determined 219
How apportioned among the How far same principle adopted
states
68 by U. s.

ib.
Number of representatives ib. Practical results

220
Ratio of representation

69 How considered in treaties and
Exclusive powers of House of laws

ib.
Representatives

71 Their territory, how regarded ib.
Money bills

72 See COMMERCE, JUDICIAL POWER,
When to choose President of &c.
U.S.

93
Mode of conducting election

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

ib.
See CONGRESS, LEGISLATIVE Right of appropriating money
POWER, &c.

for, claimed under what pow-

2022
IMPEACHMENTS.
How far admitted : :

224
Nature of power, and where See COMMERCE, PostOFFICES,
vested

71 AND POSTROADS, &c.
Court of Impeachments 76
Impeachments, whence derived ib.

INTERPRETATION OF CONSTITU-

TION.
Senate, why selected as court. ib.
Objects of the jurisdiction 77 Right of interpreting Constitu-
Causes of impeachment
ib. tion, where vested

121
Persons liable thereto
ib. Final interpreter provided

. 333
Construction of Constitution in See JUDICIAL POWER,
relation to them

ib. SUPREME COURT,
Quorum of the court

ib. SUPREME LAW.
President of the court

ib.
When chief-justice presides ib.

JUDICIAL POWER.
Power of presiding officer ib. General functions and objects. 44
See JUDICIAL POWER, SENATE,

Nature of the power

110
&c.

Effect of its omission

How far auxiliary to executive ib.
IMPLIED POWERS.

How far it partakes of legisla-
See AUXILIARY POWERS, Pow-

ib.
ERS OF GOVERNMENT, &c. Objects of this department ib.

Coextensive with legislative
IMPOSTS AND DUTIES.

power

ib.
Ilow far prohibited to states, How recognised in Constitution ib.
reason and necessity of it 300 | How vested

112

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tive power

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