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" Horace avec BOILEAU ; у
cherchiez le vrai, vous y goutiez le beau ; Quelques traits échappés d'une utile morale; “ Dans leurs piquans écrits brillent par intervale. " Mais Pope approfondit ce qu'ils ont efleuré; “ D'un esprit plus hardi, d'un pas plus affuré, “ Il porta le flambeau dans l'abîme de l'Etre, • Et l'homme avec lui seul apprit à se connoitre. “ L'art quelquefois frivole et quelquefois divin, * L'art des vers et dans Pope UTILE
HUMAIN.” Voltaire, au Roi de Prulje.
L O N D O N, Princed for C. BATHURST, W, STRAHAN, J. and. F. RIVENGTON, R. BALDWIN, W. JOHNSTON, T. CASION, T. LONGMAN, B. LAW, JOHNSON and DAVENPORT, T. DaviES, T. Cadell, and W. and J. RICHARDSON.
To the OCTAVO EDITION.
MR. Pope, in his last illness, amused himsel,
amidit the care of his higher concerns, in preparing a corrected and complete Edition of his writings a; and, with his usual delicacy, was even solicitous to prevent any share of the offence they might occafion, from falling on the Friend whom he had engaged to give them to the Public b.
In discharge of this trust, the Public has here a complete Edition of his Works; executed in such a manner, as, I am persuaded, would have been to his satisfaction.
The Editor hath not, for the sake of profit, suffered the Author's Name to be made cheap by a Sub. fcription; nor his works to be defrauded of their due honours by a vulgar or inelegant Impression; nor his memory to be disgraced by any pieces unworthy of his talents or virtue. On the contrary, he hath, at a very great expence, ornamented this Edition with all the advantages which the best Artists in Paper, Printing, and Sculpture could bestow upon it.
a-" I own the late encroachments upon my conftitution make
me willing to see the end of all further care about me or my " works. I would rest for the one in a full resignation of my “ being to be disposed of by the Father of all Mercy; and for the “ other (though indeed a trifle, yet a trifle may be fome example) " I would commit them to the candour of a sensible and reflecting " judge, rather than to the malice of every short-lighted and ma“ levolent critic, or inadvertent and censorious Reader. And no “ hand can set them in so good a light,” etc. Lett, cxx. to Mr. W.
b" I also give and bequeath to the said Mr. Warburton, the s property of all fuch of my Works already printed as he hath writ" ten or shall write Commentaries or Notes upon, and which I have “ not otherwise disposed of or alienated ; and as he shall publish “ WITHOUT FUTURE ALTERATIONS,"-His Laf Will and Teftament,
If the Public hath waited longer than the deference due to it should have suffered, it was owing to a reason which the Editor need not make a secret. It was his regard to the family-interests of his deceased Friend. Mr. Pope, at his death, left large impressions of several parts of his Works, unsold ; the property of which was adjudged to belong to his Executors; and the Editor was willing they should have time to dispose of them to the best advantage, before the publication of this Edition (which hath been long prepared) fhould put a ftop to the fale.
But it may be proper to be a little more particular concerning the superiority of this edition above all the preceding ; so far as Mr. Pope himself was concerned. What the Editor hath done, the Reader must collect for himself.
The First Volume, and the original poems in the SECOND,are here printed from a copy corrected throughout by the Author him felf, even to the very preface : which, with several additional notes in his own hand, he delivered to the Editor a little before his death. The Juvenile Translations, in the other part of the second Volume, it was never his intention to bring into this Edition of his Works, on account of the levity of some, the freedom of others, and the little importance of any. But these being the property of other men, the Editor had it not in bis power to follow the Author's intention.
The Third Volume, all but the Esay on Man (which, together with the Efay on Criticisin, the Author, a little before his death, had corrected and published in Quarto, as a specimen of his projected Edition) was printed by him in his last illness (but never published) in the manner it is now given. The disposition of the Epistle on the Characters of Men is quite altered: that on the Characters of Women, much enlarged; and the Epiftles on Riches