« ПредишнаНапред »
But, Mr. M. had another object in view ; a My Muse, aggriev'd, replies, It cannot be,
We have now got through Mr. B.'s exhibition doctrinal one! He wished from a figurative
Tor Music's self is Heaven's pure Minstrelseand exposition ; and, although our feelings expression to deduce and establish an allegori
Let DAVID, Asaph, and ISAIAH tell,
would incline us to a less painful decision, yet, cal” structure ; a “ mediu in through which
From sacred themes what'sounds seraphic swell! the duties which devolve upon us, and which
What makes the bliss of yon celestial sphere? might be shadowed out the fall of the soul from
Where first-born sops of morning-time appear
we study most impartially to discharge, oblige its original purity—the loss of light and happi
In highest ecstasy, if not to find
us unequivocally to state, that his address“ ness which it suffers, in the pursuit of this
Truth, only TRUTH, with HARMONY combineil?”
THE READER" is so fallacious, as not to be, in world's perishable pleasures—and the punish
either part of his design, realized in any, even ments, both from conscience and divine justice, thor has not at all entered into the first part of
We are now obliged to declare that the Au- the least, degree. with which impurity, pride, and presumptuous
As to the composition, it certainly is rhyme; inquiry into the awful secrets of God, are sure
design,” which should have exhibited but, in no other sense is it poetry. The tenth
“ the legitimate and valuable objects of Poetry.” | line is smooth and pretty, but to us inexplicato be visited.”
It is scarcely necessary to remark that the However, we pass on to the second part, viz; ble :readers of “The Loves of the Angels” will be
to expose with justly-merited severity those “ When Silence shuts the eyelids of the plain." troubled with but few iinpressions or feelings of recent productions, which demoralize the British
There is an evident affectation in lines 17 and the description to which Mr. M. alludes. "The population.” And, as this exposition is more
19: poem possesses much beautiful imagery, and concise than the preceding exhibition, we give
“ When from the spheroid verge of this terrene seems, to us, to be, altogether, in the Author's it without abridgement ;
“ ETHEREAL Essence! wbich, of all thy train, The sapphire barge of bear'n's resplendent queen," best style. Our next shall contain some inter
That heard, of late, the too enchanting strain esting extracts.
The following lines are a plagiarism ;of thy fell votary, would again inspire The LORDLY BARD that sweeps the Attic lyre?
“ The crape-enshrouded widow, mate and slow, An ODE ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF POETRY;
Sure, the sweet NINE, age linkt in heavenly tbrall,
Wends to the grave where yet no powrets grow, Must wail the gifts they cannot now recal;
Heedless of gossip-tales, or owlet's scream, suggested by the present times and recent Unless he sings froin in duence, like their own
While twinkling Lyra sheds a feeble beam publications. By the Rev. C. Burton, L L. B. In harmony, but prostrate from it's tbrone ;
On the cold surface of the church-yard stone, London, 1822. Such as might prompt the dark Plutonian lay
That hides and praises all she deem'd her own ?" THE mere announcement of an Ode on the
When Tartarus galphs bis new-descended prey. Use and Abuse of Poetry, excited our curiosity;
Patent is a monopolizing, but not a very poem • Sad prostituted Genius! fit, alone,
tical phrase ;and, on procuring a copy, we read, with sweet
In some foal planet to erect his throne, anticipation-" The design of this Ode is to
“ To rural Beauty claim thy patent sway.”. Such as He best describes; some orb of fire, exhibit the legitimate and valuable objects of Where all, but beams of wretchedness, expire ;
We cannot comprehend lines 99 and 100 in Poetry; and to expose with justly-merited
The burning wreck of some demolish'd sphere,
either a scriptural or philosophical sense ;severity, those recent productions, which, at A wand'ring hell that wheels it's bigh career.
“ The bow of promise, areb'd in mercy's hour, the present eventful crisis, tend, in an awful His Alpine genius, towering, - varied,-bold,
To paint the globules of the genial shower.” degree, and by the most seductive and delusive Sublime in fancy, as in virtue cold, method, to demoralize the British population.” Like a fell Avalanche, comes wasting down
The 106th line is defective in measure, and The poem was short; our expectation great ;
On Piety's warm plain. Still worse, the frown
vulgar in it's termination ;
of kindred SHELLEY on fair Mercy's reign. and we entered upon the perusal with infinitely
“ Or light'ning scorch'd ; where, yelling loud." more of an enthusiastic, than of a critical, “ Patron of verse! thy sacred cause maintain, There is a remarkable sterility in our author's spirit But, -No; we restrain our feelings.
Sammon thy chaste, thy well-affected train, This anomalous production shall decide it's own
And bid them sing of Piety again!
rhymes,-lines 95 and 96 terminate “ I ween,"
scene," and 118 and 119 terminate “ scene,” fate!
In vain shall then the too-volaptuous Muse,
“I ween.” The 135th is also “scene," and Part of Mr. B.'s design “is to exhibit the
With syren melodies, her victims choose;
the 136th shifts miserably to avoid “ ween;" legitimate and valuable objects of Poetry.” The
Sing meretricious love and chivalry;
bowever, by a little affectation of ancient lore, first eighty lines are made up of interrogatories
Or baser SHELLEY, on the gates of hell,
it succeeds ;to the Spirit of verse," as to it's exclusive
With reckless vaunt impinge bis sceptic shell.”
" Raise his faint voice, when eke, with plumage attachment to “Solitude ?” to “ Melancholy?”
sheen." to “ Grief?” to “ Beauty ?” to “ Heroism?”
In the above lines we find trco Victims de
The same affectation is manifested in" Eke or, to “ Comedy?” Then comes the promised clared; but, by what figure of speech, by
as, whilome, he"
“ the right exhibition of the tegitimate and valuable ob- what description of idea, can we even fancy there I see,”
aye linkt;" and still further in jects of Poetry;"--Comparatively, with the that those demoralizia, recent productions enthralled," " former subjects (the “ Spirit-of verse”- being are exposed? Are their pernicious doctrines two lines of ghostly aspect,--the repose of the still invoked,)
at all controverted ? Nay, is there one, even grave is somewhat injudiciously disturbed ;
one of them so much as named? This is begSublimer far, in Nature's loveliest scene
" Her wings, yburnish'd with celestial fire." Of strange sublimity, or, fairy green, ging a point indeed !
6. With fire, yravish'd from a spotless sky.” Walk with thy Bard";' and sing the live-long day, We, at present, speak not of the poetical
We get very awkwardly throughPrompt the high strain, and swell the pastoral lay! merits or demerits of
“Of Christ's tremendous agony; as, whilome, he.” Move with thy Thomson as the Seasons roll,
" What such-like bards there be, may not be said, And pierce with Gessner's Idylls to the sonl! For he that names them makes them to be read,"?
A school-boy would receive a justly-merited These 'six lines are stripped of ambiguity in in connection with what we have above quuted; beginning “What such-like bards, &c.
castigation for the couplet, already quoted, the next thirty, for in them we learn that the it's philosophy is our object; the author tells The · Vision of Judgment” mania has “Harper's” delight should be in “ Nature's us of one“ the LORDLY Bard"
reached Mr. B.šun-clad day,” “the moon,” “the milky-way,"
“ Whose Alpine genius “ the bow of 'promise,” “ the briny main,'
“ And while I terminate my homble ODE, Like a fell Avalanche comes wasting down
I cast my ravish'd eye to thine abode, “the zephyrs,” « the whirlwinds," " the heights On Piety's warm plain.”
there I see precipitous, “ the velvet lawns," birds,” is bowers," “ flowers,"
Thy Herbert, Cowper, Watts, MONTGOMERY;" “cascades," “ lakes,”
And of another whom he describes as being lark,” and “ nightingale.” Such a (“ Rich more dreadful ;
Our author will oblige us by stating whether
“ Still worse the frown Panorama !” or) panoramic view of prepos
the latter gentleman got there by death or trans
of kindred Saelley on fair Mercy's reign," terous madrigal, we never before met with in a
lation, either will be new to us? like compass !
Agreeably to his own theory, by naming The inquisitorial spirit of this Ode is not equi. The following ten lines are all that can justly Byron, and SHELLEY, he of course, "makes vocal ;be said “ to exhibit the legitimate and valuable them to be read ;” and, taking his own des
" What fate more suited to such miscreant bard, objects of Poetry ;” and according to these, as cription, they are surely the chief of
Tban on some kindred rock, as cold as hard, well as to what we have above quoted, (being like bards.”—Then why should the less signifi
To goaw, unheard, an adamantine chain, the entire of the exhibition) * truth,” and cant, “. not be said ?”. Thus does Mr. B. pro- Wbile Hell's keen vultures multiply the pain, "only truth,” should be the subject of the claim his guardian-care at the very moment in
All-gracious Movarob of earth’s brightest crown! which he brings us into certain contact with With high discerning majesty, look down " Ís VIRTUE tben, that breathes but love in me, the greatest of literary.“ seductive and delusive" And scatter far beyond thy balcyon smile, ALONE denied the charms of melody? evils !
Tbe recreant bards that desecrate our isle !"
Of the following six lines, the first couplet is for you yourself have thought it necessary to natured humour of description, a witty infalse and presumptuous ; the next, offensive and add explanatory, or, as my brother the clergy- offensive satire, which every candid reader inust impertinent; and the last, contemptibly ludi- man expressed it to me, glossarial notes. admire, but which few can hope ever to equal. crous;
Well, Sir,' said I, and what are those notes ? | In reading his description of the Canterbury “Ye gifted Scribes! who guide the general views, -Merely to explain to you, and such as you | pilgrims, they rise ideally to our view, and pass Undaunted, crash each base apostate Mase! who set up for critics before you have studied before us, with almost the same distinctness, as Ye hireling Critics ! dever dare to praise,
the English language, that Holt signifies a if we saw them actually represented on the What, in your hearts, ye know deserves to blaze!
wood, Soothly truly, Eyen eyes, Steep deep, stage. Modern poetry is altogether different. No, tho' the reckless, venal Bibliopole,
and Forpined wither'd. I was even simple It despises minute descriptions either of nature, Holds to your view the too seductive dole!” enough to think it might be deemed a charitable or art.
And why? Because they require Now we deny that there is a tribe of “gifted office to make the fine gentlemen' of the pre- study; they require experience ; they require Scribes, who guide the general views ;” and we sent day, a little acquainted with antique litera. time ;—they require age ; they require sense. affirm that those to whom Mr. B. alludes, are, ture at so easy a rate.'— That's all very true,' Modern poetry consists for the most part of at best, hirelings" of the public; and that replied he, but then at the best, Chaucer is so morceaus of rhapsodical bombast, technically, they work (probably to a man) purely for emol- heavy, so dull, so stupid, so uninteresting, or rather in the slang of the day, styled ument !
The second two lines are grossly in compared to Lord Byron, and the general run • bursts ;'—'a tale told by an idiot, full of sulting, as they upbraid men of talent with a
of modern poets.' *Oh! your most obedient !' sound and fury, but-signifying nothing !-necessity which our author would make appear said I, 'you have got your palate spoiled by They, that is the authors of such poetry, will disreputable; but, a christian minister who can
the cayenne-pepper of my Lord Byron, and tell you that they stood on a mountain, thus deliberately stigmatize men with the epi- have no relish for the beautiful, and, to an un- that they watched the sun,—that they wished thet “ hireling," must surely have himself des- sophisticated taste, enchanting simplicity of the themselves this, and that, and the other,—any cended from an illustrious, and independent an- old writers. I am sorry for you.'
thing but what they were and ought to be. cestry! However, when we consider that the
With regard to myself, all I undertook was, Then their souls swell within them; leave the gifted Scribes” only differ from the “ hireling to endeavour to preserve the spirit of the ori- brain which they were intended to inhabit, and Critics” by having a little proprietorship, orginal, to put away every word and phrase that take a flight above the clouds ;-he following paper credit ; and that they are as much de- was likely to frighten an ordinary reader, but is not a bad specimen :pendent upon the intensity of prejudice, as the to retain
as many of them as seemed to possess latter are upon individual discernment, we feel a more than usual force ;-and, for the purpose
• I stood upon a mountain, and I gazed inclined to reverse the judgment, and to award of removing every objection against those an
Upon the wide-spread earth beneath ;- the sun
Was settiug in the sea, and dimly blazed ; the superior distinction to the Critic. tique words and phrases so retained, the glossa
For he from east to west that day had run ;The “ Ode on the use and abuse of Poetry", rial notes were added :—and I strongly suspect, I stood and looked around me, till the dun consists of 242 lines, and our review should Sir, you will excuse me for speaking plainly, And sober twilight gave me a broad bint have been comprised in ten or a dozen; but that had you not seen those notes, you would That night was coming on, and day was done : that we desire to convince Mr. B. that our esti
never have suspected there was any thing par- So slowly down the hill I went.' mate of his Poem is the result of a just, and not ticularly difficult in the text. The human mind, illiberal, examination.
Sir, is a strange, mysterious machine, and is Pish!- I wish you had remained on the hill The author concludes his address“ to the strangely and mysteriously acted upon by till now, without either pens, ink, or paper, Reader” with the following sentence ;-“What- things which it not often suspects to have any Therefore, Sir
, for all these reasons, though I ever may be his claim as a Poet, he hopes, by power over it. They who have not the advan- feel myself infinitely obliged by the candido exendeavouring, to subordinate his efforts to the tage of possessing a knowledge of Latin, Greek, pression of your opinion, you must allow me to excitement of suitable feelings in a matter of French, or any other but their native language, say, with all the politeness I am master of, ineffable concern, he will, at least, be acknow; take every opportunity of crying out against
that I am exceedingly, sorry, and even very ledged as a . zealous friend of Religion and the utility of such knowledge, and are vastly much distressed, that it is not such as I can have Virtue." Whilst truth obliges us to say that witty upon those who had the misfortune of the very great pleasure, and very high honour Mr. B. has no claims whatever as a poet, we being sent to school in their younger days.—So, of coinciding with.” are happy at having it in our power to close our they who are too lazy to delve in the rich mines
The little gentleman very civilly bade me review with the declaration, that we respect and of ancient English literature, profess that they
good morning ;:- I turned from him to my desincerely acknowledge him “as a zealous friend cannot bear any thing antique. Be it known to lightful old Geoffrey, and modernized to the of Religion and Virtue !”
you, Sir,—that we have never had any poet of best of my poor ability, the following very pic
real eminence, who did not delight in the study turesque description of a Friar of the fourteenth BEAUTIES OF ENGLISH POETRY. of those who went before him. Spenser studied century :No. III.
Chaucer, and stole much from him; Milton A Friar there was, a wanton and a merry,
studied them both ; Dryden studied all three, A limitour, and a full solemn? man :
So much of dalliance and fair language.
He had ymade full many a marriage whom you so much, and I allow justly,
admire, • That we should read bis crabb’d, old, ugls verses ?? had deeply studied Chaucer, Spenser, Crashaw.
Of younge women, at his proper cost;
Unto his order he was a noble post. There are, I scarce can think it, but am told Milton, Dryden, Pope, and Chatterton, which
Familiar and full well beloved was be there are, who exclaim against poor old Geof- last, in point of fact, may be clsssed with
With franklins" over all in his countrée, frey somewhat in the style of my motto. Here Chaucer, as far as the antiquity of his phraseo- And eke with worthy women of the town, have I been harassing myself half to death logy is concerned, I could prove from many For he had powër of confession, with the view of modernizing, the, what I call, passages in his writings. Oh! Sir, but poets As he himself said, more than a curate, beautiful verses of the venerable father of En- are queer animals, take my word for it. Byron, For of bis order he was licentiate. glish Poetry; and all the thanks I receive with all his exaltation of mind, studied Words- Fall sweetly did he hear consessión amount to this.
worth, stole from him, and to hide his thefts, And pleasant was his absolatión. One pretty little gentleman called upon me abused him, in order to persua le people not He was an easy man to give penance at my-lodgings in Lower Byrom-street, the day to read him. I do not allude to any such
There wbere he thought to have a good pittánce : before yesterday. Pray, Mr. St. Clere,' said prodigious' plagiarism as was ingeniously dis
For unto a poor order what is given he, 'why don't you give us Chaucer in plain covered in the character of Dominie Sampson,
Is a sign that a man is well yshriven.” English Plain English, my dear Sir,' re- by a very erudite gentleman of this town, a few
llis tippet was aye stuflod quite full of knives, plied I,' why, Sir, that is my object. I have weeks ago,—but 1 allude to real, downright,
And pins, which he might give unto sair wives. modernized the passages I have selected as most and complete thefts of thought and expression. interesting, for the case and comfort of those You yourself, Sir, for aught I know, may be a
1 Limitour, a friar licensed to beg within a certain district. who have never read any poetry of a more anti- poet; or at least you may tag rhymes to the 2 Solemn, reverential. que date than what appears in Enfield's Speaker, ends of measured lines, and therefore style and
4 Post, a prop or support.
But allow me to say, Sir, or Murray's Reader, unless they have percase think yourself so.
5 Franklin, a freeholder of considerable property. look'd into Dodd's Beauties of Shakespeare.' | that there is about Chaucer, a closeness of ob- 6 Licentiate. One licensed by the pope to hear confession Oh! but,' retorted my little friend, it is plain servation, a distinctness of delineation, a glow- in all places, independently of the local ordinaries. that you have not given us it in plain English ; | ing richness of character, a delightful, good- 8 Age, always.
3 Can, knows. This word is related to Con and Ken.
All ye shining orbs of light,
With my bonny blue-ey'd Maid !
of her speedy restoration to health.
And certainly he bad a merry note.
of warning elements above, below Well could he sing and play upon a rote.'
No covering, and their bed the frozen snow: At story-tellings far the best was he;
Still these meet not our pity, can it be His neck was white as is the fleur-de-lis ;0
That man should overlook this misery And he was strong as is a champión,
In man ? and shut his door upon the cliild And well the taverns knew in every town,
Of pendry, whilst o'er the distant wild And every merry bost and gay tapster,
No hat, no bamlet, no kind bume is near
To shelter it? and must the falling tear,
To fellow mortals ? are there hearts of steel
So obdurate as this? Ye flaunting gay,
Whom nought bat joy surrounds, turn not away He was the best beggár in all his bouse,
From such distress : your winter will arrive And gave a certain sum to have such grant,
When all the foolish lessons pleasures give None of his brethren might come in his haunt :
Will nought avail you, then, unfriended, then For though a widow had but one poor shoe,
Remember years and days long past; and when, (So pleasant was his In principio)
The desolate in you found no relief, Yet would he bare a faribing ere be weat;
The poor no comfort, all the rising grief So his receipt was far more than his rent:
They pour'd into your ears; they told in vain And rage he could as it bad been a whelp ;
That day may come to you, a lengthen'd train And in love-days! he was of mickle2 help ;
Of penury, disease, aud care, your tears For there was he, not like a cloisterer,
Will flow on furrow'd cheeks 'till hapless years With threadbare cloak, as is a poor scholár ;
Sball close the scene, thy end and certain lot,But he was like a master or a pope ;
By man detested till by man forgot. Of double worsted was bis semicope,
EMILY T. That round was as a bell out of the press.
Nor does my vanity and here; as I perambulated the Old
Church yard this day, the merry peal of the bells drew from Somewhat be lisp'd out of bis wantonness
me the accompanying Sonnet. To make bis English sweet apon bis tongue ; And in his harping, when that be bath sang,
How sweet ysó sounds, that once pleas'd many a seer His eyes they twinkled in bis head aright,
Of old, come floating 'long the river's side, As do the stars opon a frusty night.
Pealing harmonious on the list'ning ear-
How lightly on the curling winds they ride;
These notes shall flow across the Mersey's tide
And we, in the cold sepulchre, lay side by sideI Love-days, days for making up differences.
For soon shall other people rise and tread
The steps in which we've trod, another race
The very one that fill'd his vacant place,
Till time revolves, and in their turn they lay
Tbeir bodies with their fathers in the moisten'd clay. MR. EDITOR,- Now, Sir, you may hold up your head, and show your silvery locks to the gazing throng which surrounds Welcome readers, and ye fair ones who smile benignantly you, shouting bigh gratulations on the completion of your first upon the strains of one, who once knew no greater pleasure volume. Yes, Sir, now will I join with the multitude in than that arising from the company of the brightest ornament wishing you (in the old fashioned inanner) “a merry Christ. of creation, Woman; a merry Christmas aud a happy new mas and a happy New Year.". I am not one of your stiff year to you all ; may ten thousand joys be showered upon your starched and prim fashionists, who only lisp out the compli. head, and may the current of life glide as smoothly with you ments of the season,” as if each word froze to the tongne, and all, as it bas with
ÍGNOTÓ. died in a breath rustling through the crevices of a shrivelled January 1st. 1823. lip. I like the good old style, wben on Christmas eve the wassail bowl smoked upon the board, and the kissing bush graced the centre of the hall. Then the cup went merrily
SONG ronod, and was as quickly replenished with the kiud and generous liquid, so preferable to its substitutes, which now stand
.-" In my Cottage near a wood.” as if frozen into the narrow compass of a few black bottles.
See, stern Winter comes apace! The joys of this season are nearly forgotten, its customs alınost exploded ; few are the carols which I well remember, used
Natare wears a sullen face ; once tv gratify my youthful ear as I sat with my pockels full
Now yoo row of leasless trees, of halfpeuce to reward the singers, and those how dege
Bend beneath the western breexe; perated! Poor Tom ! how many times have we met in the old hall,
From the rade tempestaous wind, round thy favourite oak table to enjoy the festivities of this
Oft they've screen': the cot behind, week ? but thon art g ne ; no more will the voice of mir
Where in beauty-bright array'd, and langhter glad thine car; the favourite song, which once made thy face smile, is banished fiom thy house; and thy
Dwells my bonny blue-ey'd Maid. pretty grand-danghter, writes sonnets on the months and sca.
When the bright refulgent sun sons in its stead,; sbe is now in ber beauty, but has not forgot
His diurnal course bas run ; ten thee and thy last Christin as-box, sbe has this year placed the bush on the old hook !
While the linnet pours his lay Dir. Editor, forgive there clotings of an old man who must
Sweetly from the hawthorn spray ; soon leave all this inirih avd gaiety to others, and follow his friend to the grave. My jiule chirper whom I mentioned
List'ning to bis warb'ling strain, above, has jnst given me ihe following lines, which I hope you
Oft I trip across the plain, will insert for ny sake, I am vain enough 10 thiuk you will
And beneath yon poplar's shade, acnire them!
Court my bonny blue-ey'd Maid !
Midst Lancastria's beauteous race · MUSINGS ON JANUARY FIRST.
Deck'd with each bewitching grace ;
Had I now a choice to make, Another year is dead, and Natare seems
I my blue ey'd Maid would take ! To weep its loss, no more the limpid streams
So enchanting is ber air, 'Their music babble to the beachen shade,
She's the fairest of the fair!
Nature's beauties are pourtray'd,
In my boopy blue-ey'd Maid!
O ye guardian powers of love ! And howling tenpest reign, Autunn is past,
Smile propitious from above ; And all its joys; but there to us remains
Listen to your votary's pray'r, Of social comforts, when the beating rains,
Deign to bless a loving pair ;And falling hail-stones drive the wand'rer home;
Grant that it may be my lot, Yet there are some, whose lot it is to roam,
In a little rural cot, Unknown, unshelter'd from the tempest's rage,
Happily my life to lead, Save by the blighted bawthorn, dreadful wage
With my body bluc-ey'd Maid !
Clad in silvery array,
Smiles-and ev'ry sorrow fies!
N. S. C.
have taken place nearly a hundred and fifty years ago. then to blue, and afterwards to perple.—The quantity The embassy to which the two monks who give this of the electrical Quid was, in every case, found to be
the same. Origin of Gas Illumination.-- In the year 1627, John narration were attached, is the same as that which M. Hacket and Octavo Strada obtained a patent for ren- Voltaire has described in his works, and which took At all temperatures below 200°, the mercurial va. dering coals and wood useful without smoke. There is place in the year 1684.
caum was a much worse conductor, than highly rareno evidence to establish in positive terms that illumina
fied air. tion by gas was bere meant, thoagh the language used
Bed-ridden Mechanic. - James Sandy, of Alyth in Sir Hamphrey concludes that, “ it is evident from seems scarcely open to any other interference ; but in Scotland, was entirely deprived, at an early age, of the general results of my investigation, that the light, a work published at Frankfort in the year 1683, en- the use of bis limbs; and during a long life, may
be and probably the heat, generated in electrical distitled, ** Foolish Wisdom, or Wise Folly," we have the said to bave been constantly bed-ridden. He contrived, charges, depends principally on some properties or conversion of coal and wood into gas and coke, most notwithstanding, by dint of great ingenuity, not only substances belonging to the ponderable matter through distinctly claimed as the discovery of a preceding to pass bis time agreeably, but to render himself a wbich it passes; but they prove likewise, that space, period.
useful member of society. He soon displayed a taste where there is no appreciable quantity of this matter, “Jo Holland there is turf, and in England there are for mechanical pursuits, and coutrived, as a work-shop is capable of exhibiting electrical phenomena ; and, coals, neither of which are good for burning in apart for his operations, a sort of circular bed, the sides of under this point of view, they are favourable to the ments or in melting houses ; I bave, however, disco. which being raised about eighteen inches above the idea of the phenomena of electricity being produced vered a method of burning both these into good coals, clothes, were employed as a platform for turning by a highly subtile fluid or fluids, of which the partiso that they riot only produce no smoke or bad smell; but lathes, table vices, and cases for tools of all kinds. cles are repulsive, with respect to each other, and yield as strong a heat for melting materials as that of His genias for practical mechanics was universal. He attractive of the particles of other matter." wood, and throw out such fames, that a foot of coal was skilled in all sorts of turning; and constructed In the same communication, Sir Humphrey offers sball make a flame ten feet long. This I have demon- several rery curious lathes, as well as clocks and some additional proofs in favour of a law discovered strated at the Hagne with turf, and proved in England musical instruments of every description, no less ad- by Newton. Experimenting with water, chloride of with coal, in the presexce of Mr. Boyle, by experi- mired for the sweetness of their tone than the elegance phosphorus, and sulpharet' of carbon, be “ had no ments at Windsor, on a large scale. It deserves also of tbeir execution. He excelled, too, in the construc- doubt,” that the decrements of temperature in vapours to be remarked, that the Swedes procure their tar from tion of optical instruments; and made some reflecting being in arithmetical progression, the dimination of fire wood. I have procured tar from coal, which is in telescopes, the specula of which were not inferior to density is in geometrical progression.-- This law is of every respect equal to Swedish, and even superior for those finished by the most eminent London artists. mach importance. It has been often disputed, or resome parposes. I have tried it both on timber and He saggested some important improvements in the ceived with suspicion. ropes, and found it very excellent. The King himself machinery for spinning tax; and we believe he was ordered a proof of it to be made in his presence.
the first who made the wooden-jointed snuff-boxes, Crayon Pencils.--" The finest grained charcoal that “ This is a thing of very great importance to the generally called Laurencekirk boxes, some of which can be procured is sawed into slips of the size and form English, and the coals, after the tar is extracted, are fabricated by this self-taught artist, were purchased, required, and put into a pipkio of melted bees' wax, better for use than before."
and sent as presents to the royal family. To his other where they are permitted to remain near a slow fire for
endowments, be added an accurate knowledge of draw- half an hour or more, in proportion to the thickness of Flying in the air.—Though the science of ærostation ing and engraving, and in both these arts, produced the charcoal : they are then taken out, and when peris of very modern date, yet there is strong reason to specimens of the higliest excellence. For upwards of fectly cool, are fit for use. By adding a small quanbelieve it was not altogether unknown to the ancients; fifty years, be quitted his bed only three times; and tity of rosin to the wax, they may be made considerand of their poets, speaking on the subject, says, on these occasions his bouse was either inundated with ably harder; and on the contrary, they are made softer “ Thus did of old the advent'rous Cretan dare,
water, or threatened with danger from fire. His curi- by a little butter or tallow. Drawings with them are With wings not giveu to man, attempt the air.”
osity, which was unbounded, prompted bim to hatch as permanent as with ink, and not liable to injury by Milton, in his History of Britain, speaks of one
different kinds of bird's eggs, by the natural warmth being rubbed or remaining in the damp.” Elmer, a monk of Malmesbury, who foretold the inva- with all the tenderness of a parent; so tbat on visiting
of his body, and he asterwards reared the motley broods sion of William of Normandy, but " who could not
REPOSITORY OF GENIUS. foresee wben time was the breaking of his own legs, birds, to which he may be said to have given birth, him, it was no unusual thing to see various singing
ORIGINAL CHARADE. for soaring too high. He, in bis youth, strangely aspiring, had made and fitted wings to his hands anů percbed on his head, and warbling the artificial notes he bad taught them. Naturally possessed of a good
My First, when present, you may call your owv, feet; with these, on the top of a tower, spread out
constitution, and an active cheerful turn of mind, bis Improve the passing vagrant as it flies; to gather air, he flew more than a furlong; but the house was the general coffee-room of the village,
Thus will a wise regard be truly shewd wind being too high, he came flattering down, to the where the affairs both of church and state, were dis
To that immortal part which never dies. maiming of bis limbs; yet so conceited was he of his
cussed with the utmost freedom. In consequence of art, that he attributed the cause of his fall to the want
From a rade mass, my Second claims its birth,
Yet rises beautiful and fair to see ; of a tail, as birds have, which he forgot to make and long confinement, his countenance had rather a sickly
cast, but it was remarkably expressive, particularly fix bebind him."
0! let your consciences, ye sons of earth, when he was surrounded by his country friends, This In an old book, entitled, " An Account of a Voyage singular inan bad acquired, by his ingenuity and indus
Io my best property resemble Me. performed by two Monks in the suite of a French Aintry, an honourable independence, and died possessed
My Whole's a peaceful, unobtrusive friend, bassador, to the Kingdom of Siam," we read as follows: of considerable property. In short, bis bistory holds
Whose silent admonitions, well regarded, “One day the people at Siam entertained the French out this very instructive lesson, that no diflicalties are
May help you to pursue your being's end, ambassador with the display of an excellent fire-woik; too great to be overcome by industry and perseverance;
And gain that place where virtue is rewarded. and towards the conclusion thereof, they informed him and thai genius, though it should sometimes miss the
A REBUS. they would perforın the best piece, which was to blow
distinction it deserves, will seldom fail, unless by its up the engineer of the fire-work, on a cask, high into the air. As the ambassador thought that the engineer own fault, to secure competence and respectability.
A wretch that robs by night, and cheats by day,
And loves to make the honest nan his prey ; would be killed, be requested they would not perform this best misterpiece, and that he was already well
A passion that deforms the fairest face,
And robs the brightest beauty of its grace ; entertained with what he bad seen; but they told him Sir Humphrey Duvy's Electrical Discoveries.-- The
Another, that o'erwbelms the beart with grief, he need not be under any apprehension for the engi- electrical researches of Sir Humphrey Davy, begin to And often flies to death to seek relief; neer's life, as he would saffer no injury; on this, their assume a very interestig aspect. They have already
A quality that on its owner's face assurance, the ambassador gave bis consent. produced important results ; and have given rise to the
Writes its own name in characters of brass ; “ Accordingly, a cask was brought, on the head of expectation that we are upon the eve of some very An animal boih treacherous and sly, which the engineer seated himself, having in his band brilliant discovery, wbich is to change the face of Sci
That in its benefactor's face will fly; a machine, which proved afterwards to be a .arge um
A state of things where order is revers'd, brella; some gunpowder was placed under the cask, He has ascertained, by means of a very ingenious And knaves and fools with liberty are curs'd; and, on a signal given, it was set on fire, and the cask, apparatus, which bc has contrived for the purpose, that
A most notorious enemy to truth, with the engineer thereon, rose bigb in the air; aud eveu a perfect vacuum is permeable to electricity, and
Instilling poison in the ear of youth. when at the highest elevation, the engineer opened bis is rendered luminous by either the common spark, or The seven initials join'd will bring to sight umbrella, and descended without any injury."
the stock from a Leyden jur. The inteosity of the A whole, where all these different parts unite ; As every one knows that no such explosiou os guo- ! phenomena depends upon the temperature. This fact With mischief fraught, and to complete the group, powder could actually liave taken place, without blow- is curious. When the tube was very hot, the electri
A boasting coward, and a silly dupe. ing the engineer to atoins, it has been very plansibly cal light appeared of a bright green colour, and of conjectured, that in the inside of the cask there must great density. It lost its vividness by. a diminution of “ A Juvenile Circle” requires to know bow six have been an air balloon, by which it was rais d so temperature. When the tube was cooled to 20° Shillings should be placed so as to be in contact each high; that the firing of the gunpowder was but an below zero, the clectical light was so faint, as to with all the others ? The said “ Circle" bas enclosed artificial trick to veil the real means of ascent; and require considerable darkluss to be perceptible. the price, and ordered that two different Copies of the that the owbrella was nothing else but our moderu Air seeins to effect very much the colour of the Iris be presented to any “ person who shall send the parachute! If so, what beconies of oar boasted inven- electric fiuid. When air was gradually introduced, Solution within one week, with name and place of tions in ærostatics? for this on at Siam must the electrical light changed from green, io sea green, / abode."
BY A LADY.
BY THE SAME.
brevity which condenses a thought or a metaphor, ¡ such pithy sentences would admirably serve in the
where one thing is said and another is to be applied ordinary business of life, and lead on to decision, even JANUARY
which often produces wit; and that quick pungency in its greater exigencies.
which excites surprise, but strikes with conviction ; Proverbs were at length consigned to the people, REMARKABLE DAYS.
which gives it an epigrammatic turn. George Herbert when books were addressed to scholars; but the people MONDAY 6-Epiphany, or Troelfth Day.
entitled the small collection which he formed “ Jacula did not find themselves so destitute of practical wis
Prudentam," Darts or Javelins! something hurled and dom, by preserving their national proverbs, as some The rites of this day, the name of which sig- striking deeply; a characteristic of a proverb wbich
of those closet stadents who had ceased to repeat them. nifies an appearance of light, or a manifesta- possibly Herbert may have borrowed from a remark- The various humours of mankind, in the matability of tion, are different in various places, but all in able passage in Plato's dialogue of “ Protagoras, or
baman affairs, had given birth to every species; and honour of the Eastern Magi. There is a very the Sophists.".
men were wise, or merry, or satirical, and morded antient and singular custom, in various parts of
It is evident, however, that the earliest writings of or rejoiced in proverbs. Nations beld an universal
intercourse of proverbs, from the eastern to the westthe continent, which takes place on the eve of every people are marked by their most homely, or
ern world ; for we discover among those which appear the Epiphany, and is performed in the follow-domestic proverbs ; for these were more directly ading manner -A cake, made of four, butter, dressed to their wants. Franklin, who may be consi- strictly national many which are common to them all.
dered as the founder of a people, who were suddenly of our own familiar ones several may be tracked among and eggs, and of a size proportionable to the
placed in that stage of civil society which as yet could the snows of the Latins and the Greeks, and bave number of the guests, is brought in and divided
afford no literature, discovered the philosophical cast of sometimes been drawn from “ The Mines of the East :"> into as many shares as “ convives” are going bis genius, when he filled his almanacks with proverbs, like decayed families which remain in obscurity, they to sit down to supper. These pieces, one of by the ingenious contrivance of framing them into a may boast of a high lineal descent wbenever they recowhich conceals a bean lodged in the outer part connected discourse, delivered by an old man atteoding ver their lost title-deeds. The vulgar proverb “ To of the cake, are tossed up in a napkin. The an action. “ These proverbs,” he tells us, “ wbich carry coals to Newcastle," local and idiomatic as it youngest person in the company comes forward, contained the wisdom of many ages and nations, when appears, however, has been borrowed and applied by and having said grace, takes hold of a slice their scattered counsels were brought together, made ourselves; it may be found among the Persians : in without looking at it, and then addresses the a great impression. They were reprinted in Britain, the " Bustan of Sadi” we have Infers piper in Hindosinaster of the house by these words :— Fabæ in a large sheet of paper, and stuck up in houses; and tan; “ To carry pepper to Hindostan" among the
were twice translated in France, and distributed among Hebrews, “ To carry oil to a city of olives ;" a similar Domine (lord of the bean), who is this for?' their poor parishioners.” The same occurrence had proverb occurs in Greek; and in Galland's " Maxims An answer is given, and when all the shares happened with us ere we became a reading people of the East” we may discover how many of the most are drawn, the guest who finds the bean in his
Much later even than the reign of Elizabeth our ances- common proverbs among us, as well as some of Joe or her possession is declared king or queen of lors had proverbs always before them, on every thing Miller's jests, are of oriental origin. the feast, and becomes possessed of all the which had room for a piece of advice on it; they had
The interest we may derive from the study of proright belonging to the president for the night. them painted in their tapestries, stainped on the most verbs is not confined to their universal traths, nor to When either drinks, if any one in the company ordinary utensils, on the blades of their knives, the
their poignant pleasantry; a philosophical mind will omits to say aloud “ the king” or
borders of their plates, and "conned them out of discover in proverbs a great variety of the most curious drinks," a fine is lawfully exacted, which con- goldsmith's rings." The usurer, in Robert Greene's knowledge. The manners of a people are painted sists in a pledge deposited in the hands of some
Groats worth of Wit,” compressed all his philosophy after life in their domestic proverbs ; and it would not
into the circle of his ring, baving learnt soflicient Latin one, to be redeemed after supper by a kiss, or
be advancing too much to assert, that the genius of to understand the proverbial motto of “ Ta tiba cura!" a song. This sort of amusement was well The hasband was reminded of his lordly authority The learned Selden tells us, that the proverbs of several
the age might be often detected in its prevalent ones. known at Rome, with this difference, that the when he only looked into his trencher, one of its learned king of the feast was not chosen by means of a aphorisms having descended to us,
pations were much studied by Bishop Andrews; the
reason assigned was, because “by them he knew thebean, but by the cast of small bones called tali.
“The calmest husbands make the stormyest wives.” minds of several nations, which," said be, “is a brave They are the ankle-bones of sheep, which schoolboys in France still use for a game called The English proverbs of the populace, most of which thing, as we count bim wise who knows the minds and osselets ;
are still in circulation, were collected by old John the insides of men, which is done by knowing what is having been previously smoothed Heywood. They are arranged by Tusser for "the
habitual to them.” Lord Bacon condensed a wide cirupon a stone, and reduced to four sides. The parlour-the guest's chamber--the hall-table-les- cuit of philosophical thought, wheu he observed that tessera, dice, have six.
Carm. sons," &c. Not a small portion of our ancient proverbs “the genius, wit, and spirit of a nation are discovered lib. I, od. 4:
were adapted to rural life, when our ancestors lived by their proverbs." But when you sink to Plato's hall,
more than ourselves amidst the works of God, and less The ancient, perbaps, the extinct spirit of EnglishNo little rattling bones shall fall
among those of men. At this time, one of our old men, was once expressed by our proverb, “ Better To choose you Monarch of the wine. statesmen, io commending the art of compressing a be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion;" i. e. the
tedious discourse into a few significant pbrases, sug- first of the yeomanry rather than the last of the gentry. WEDNESDAY, 8.-Saint Lucian.
gests the use of proverbs in diplomatic intercourse, A foreigo philosopher might have discovered our own Lucian, a native of Syria, was celebrated in convinced of the great benefit which would result to ancient skill in archery among our proverbs; for none his youth for his eloquence, and intimate ac- the negotiators themselves, as well as to others! I bot troie toxopholites could have had such a proverb
as, “I will either make a shaft or a bolt of it!" sigquaintance with polite literature. After the give a literary curiosity of this kind. A member of death of his parents, he gave all his fortune to
the bouse of commons, in the reign of Elizabeth, made nifying, says the author of Ivanhoe, a determination the poor, and confined himself to the study of verbs. The subject was a bill against double-payments bolt was the arrow peculiarly fitted io the cross-bow,
a speech entirely composed of the most bomely pro- to make one use or other of the thing spoken of the the scriptures. He was a proficient in the He- of book-debts. Knavish tradesmen were then in the as that of the long-bow was called a shaft. These brew, and revised the Septuagint version of the habit of swelling out their book-debts with those who instances sufficiently demonstrate that the characteristio Bible. He wrote an apology for the Christians, took credit, particularly to their younger customers. circumstances and feelings of a people are discovered and presented it to Maximinus II. After having one of the members who began to speak “ for very in their popular notions, are stamped on their familiar undergone various torments at the instigation of fear shook," "and stood silent. This nervons orator proverbs. this emperor, he was martyred in the year 312. was followed by a blunt and true representative of the It is also evident that the peculiar, and often idiom
famous governor of Barataria, delivering himself thus atic, bomour of a people is best preserved in their
-" It is now my chance to speak something, and that proverbs. There is a shrewdness, although deficient PROVERBS.
without humming or hawing. I think this law is a in delicacy, in the Scottish proverbs; they are idiom
good law. Even reckoning makes long friends. As atic, facetious, and strike home. Kelly, who has The following very interesting article is goes the penny as the penny's master. Vigilantibus collected three thousand, informs us, that, in 1725, abridged from Mr. D’Israeli's chapter of “The non dormientibus jura subveniunt. Pay the reckoning the Scotch were a great proverbial nation; for that PhilosoPHY OF PROVERBS."
over-night, and you shall not be troubled in the morn- few among the better sort will converse any considerProverbs must be distinguished from proverbial | ing. If ready money be mensura publica, let every able time, but will confirm every assertion and obserphrases, and from senteotious maxims ; but as proverbs one cut his coat according to his cloth. When bis old | vation with a Scottish proverb. The speculative Scotch have many faces, from their miscellaneous nature, the suit is in the wane, let him stay till that bis money of our own times have probably degenerated in praclass itself scarcely admits of any definition. When bring a new sait in the increase.”
dential lore, and deem themselves much wiser than Johnson defined a proverb to be “a short sentence Among the middle classes of society to this day, we their proverbs. They may reply by a Scotcb proverb frequently repeated by the people," this definition may observe that certain family proverbs are tradition- on proverbs, made by a great man in Scotland, who, would not include the most cúrious ones, which have ally preserved : the favourite saying of a father is having given a splendid entertainment, was harshly not always circulated among the populace, nor even repeated by the sons; and frequently the conduct of a told, that “ Fools make feasts, and wise men eat belong to them ; nor does it designate the vital qualities whole generation has been influenced by such domestic them;" bat he readily answered, “Wise men make of a proverb. The pithy quaintness of old Howel proverbs. This may be perceived in many of the proverbs, and fools repeat them!” has admirably described the ingredients of an exquisite mottos of our old nobility, which seem to have origin- National humour, frequently local and idiomatical, proverb to be sense, shortness, and salt. A proverb is ated in some habitual proverb of the founder of the depends on the artificial habits of mankind, so oppodistinguished from a maxim or ap apophthegm, by that family. Io ages when proverbs were most prevalent, / site to each other ; but there is a natural vein, which