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A.D. 1612. ÆTAT. 52.

1. Death of Salisbury. Result of his financial administration.

Critical character of the occasion. Bacon's thoughts and as-

pirations . . . . . . . . . . 276

THE BEGINNING OF A LETTER TO THE KING IMMEDIATELY

AFTER MY LORD TREASURER'S DECEASE, 29th of May, 1612. 279

LETTER TO THE KING IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE LORD

TREASURER'S DEATH, 31st of May . . . . . 279

Difficulty of filling up the place of principal Secretary of State.

Bacon's offer.

LETTER TO THE KING . . . . . . . . 281

Secretaryship left vacant. Treasurership put in commission.

Bacon a subcommissioner . . . . . . . 283

2. Mastership of the Wards. Contemplated reform in the adminis-

tration. Bacon expected to be appointed to the place . . 283

A FRAME OF DECLARATION FOR THE MASTER OF THE WARDS

AT HIS FIRST SITTING . . . . . . . 28+

DIRECTIONS FOR THE MASTER OF THE WARDS TO OBSERVE

FOR HIS MAJESTY'S BETTER SERVICE AND THE GENERAL

GOOD . . . . . . . . . . 280

The place given to Sir George Carey . . . . . 289

3. Trial and execution of Lord Sanquhar for procuring the murder

of an English fencing-master . . . . . . 289

Bacon's SPEECH AT THE TRIAL . . . . . . 291

4. Lady Arabella Stuart and William Seymour. Their attempt to

escape together to the Gontinent. The Countess of Shrews-

bury interrogated by the Council and committed on refusing to

answer. Brought before a select Council, and charged. . 294

CHARGE AGAINST THE COUNTESS OF SHREWSBURY . . 297

Opinion of the Judges upon the legality of the proceeding . 300

VOL. IV,

1. Marriage arranged between the Princess Elizabeth and the Elector

Palatine of the Rhine. “Aid” to be levied. The lawyer's

work entrusted to Bacon . . . . . . . 303

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COMMISSIONERS FOR COLLECTING THE

AID ON THE MARRIAGE OF THE PRINCESS ELIZABETH 305

2. LETTER TO THE KING TOUCHING HIS ESTATE IN GENERAL,

18th September, 1612 . . . . . . .310

3. ACCOUNT OF THE COMMITTEES FOR REPAIR OF THE KING's

ESTATE AND RAISING OF MONEYS . . . . . 314

4. REPORT UPON A PROPOSITION CONCERNING THE AUGMENTA-

TION OF THE KING'S YEARLY REVENUE BY CONVERTING OF

HIS LANDS INTO A YEARLY FEE-FARM RENT, MULTIPLIED

IN PROPORTION TO THAT WHICH HE NOW RECEIVETH 327

5. Enquiry into deceits practised by the Farmers of the Customs

and of French and Rhenish wines . . . . . 336

REPORT FROM LORD CHANCELLOR ELLESMERE AND LORD

NORTHAMPTON (drawn up apparently by Bacon), 11 Oct. 1612 337

6. New volume of Essays published. Intended dedication to the

Prince.

TO THE MOST HIGH AND EXCELLENT PRINCE HENRY, PRINCE

OF WALES, DUKE OF CORNWALL AND EARL OF CHESTER . 340

Death of the Prince. Remembrance of his character written in

Latin by Bacon . . . . . . . . .341

7. Death of Sir George Carey. Mastership of the Wards again

vacant.

LETTER TO VISCOUNT ROCHESTER . . . . . 34%

The place granted to Sir Walter Cope . . . . . 342

8. Marriage of the Princess Elizabeth. Triumphs and rejoicings.

Joint Masque of Gray's Inn and the Inner Temple . . 343

9. Doctrine and practice of the beginning of the 17th century with

regard to liberty of speech. Consequences of uttering opinions

derogatory to the privileges of the House of Commons. The

same with regard to the prerogatives of the Crown . . 345

Proceeding before the Lords of the Council, assisted by the

Judges, against Whitelocke and Mansel for slandering the

King's Commission and censuring his prerogative . . . 346

Act of COUNCIL GIVING THE SUBSTANCE OF THE CHARGE,

SENTENCE, AND ORDER OF THE COURT (12 June, 1613) · 348
Bacon's CHARGE AGAINST WHITELOCKE (imperfect)

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CHAPTER X.

A.D. 1613, JULY-DECEMBER. ÆTAT. 53.

1. Proceedings of the Commissioners for bettering the King's re-

venue . . . . . . . . . . 358

Question of calling a new Parliament . . . . . 363

Bacon's views and advice.

Reasons FOR CALLING A PARLIAMENT . . . . 365

INCIDENTS OF A PARLIAMENT . . . . . . 366

LETTER TO THE KING, with advice how to proceed with a Par-

liament . . .

. . . . . . 368

Advice given by Sir Henry Neville on the same occasion . . . 373

Contrast between the two . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375

2. Death of Sir Thomas Fleming, Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Bacon recommends Sir H. Hobart for his successor.

LETTER TO THE KING . . . . . . . 378

Afterwards' recommends a different arrangement : viz. Coke to

be promoted from the Common Pleas to the King's Bench :

Hobart to succeed Coke : and himself to succeed Hobart. Pro-

bable reasons for preferring this arrangement

ement . . . 379

REASONS FOR THE REMOVE OF COKE . . . . . 381

3. Attempt to introduce Parliamentary government into Ireland.

Creation of new boroughs. Election of Sir John Davies as

Speaker. Refusal of the Roman Catholic members to serve.

Reference to the King. Commissioners appointed to investi-

gate complaints . . . . . . . . . 382

LETTER FROM BACON TO THE KING concerning the Commis-

sion and Instructions (13 Aug. 1613) . . . . . 386

4. Proposal to require the members of the deputation from Ireland

to take the oath of allegiance . . . . . . 387

OPINION OF The Law OFFICERS UPON THE LEGALITY OF

EXACTING THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FROM IRISH SUB-

JECTS . . . . . . . . . . 388

Report of the Commissioners; and orders issued thereupon.

The seceding members consent to serve . .

. . 389

5. Coke made Chief Justice of the King's Bench : Hobart of the

Common Pleas : Bacon Attorney General : Yelverton Solicitor

General (27 October, 1613) . . . . . . 390

LETTER OF THANKS TO THE KING . . .

. . 391

Dissolution of the marriage between the Earl of Essex and Lady

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On the 5th of October, 1607,-according to the MS. lists of knights in the Herald's College,—the King, being then at Royston, knighted Sir John Constable. And though the statement involves, as we shall see, one small difficulty, it may serve in the absence of better evidence to determine the place of the next letter; to which (printed originally in the 'Remains, without any date) some incautious editor, transcriber, or possessor, has attached a date which must be wrong.

John Constable, of Gray's Inn, married Dorothy Barnham, a sister of Alice, and so became what would then be called Bacon's “ brother-in-law”; at whose request he was knighted. The precise date of his marriage I have not been able to ascertain ; but as I find him described as “ Sir John Constable” in a docket dated January 31, 1607-8,' and as he could not be Bacon's brother-in-law before the 10th of May, 1607,-the day of Bacon's own marriage,-the occasion to which the letter refers must lie' between those dates. The date given to it in the modern printed copies—1603—has no doubt been inserted by some one upon conjecture; 1603 being the year when knights were made so freely,—the true date of Bacon's marriage not being known,—and the extreme improbability that he could at that time have been so far advanced in the King's good graces as to ask for a personal favour of this kind not being consi. dered. In 1607 there is nothing strange either in the making or

Calendar of State Papers, Dom. James I. VOL. IV.

B .

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