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Extemplo hùc obverti aciem, quæ fixa repertos
Altior huic verò sensu, majorque videtur
Nec minor min geminis viget auribus insita virtus,
n At medias fauces, et lingeæ humentia templa Gustus habet, quà se insinuet jucunda saporum Luxuries, dona Autumni, Bacchique voluptas.
o Naribus interea consedit odora hominum vis,
p Tot portas altæ capitis circumdedit arci
Qualis Hamadryadum quondam si fortè sororum
Ideas of beauty, proportion, and order. m Hearing also improvable by the judgment.
n Taste. o Smell.
p Reflection, the other source of our ideas.
9 Nec verò simplex ratio, aut jus omnibus unum
Respice, cui a cunis tristes extinxit ocellos,
Undique proporrò sociis, quacunque patescit
Nunc age quo valeat pacto, quà sensilis arte
Inde potestatum enasci densissima proles ;
9 Ideas approach the soul, some by single avenues, some by two,
others by every sense.
Figure, motion, extension, of the second.
Primary qualities of bodies.
At Tu, sancta anima, et nostri non indiga luctûs,
The three foregoing Sections have carried the reader through the juvenile part of Mr. Gray's life, and nearly, alas, to half of its duration. Those which remain, though less diversified by incidents, will, notwithstanding, I flatter myself, be equally instructive and amusing, as several of his most intimate friends have very kindly furnished me with their collections of his letters ; which, added to those I have myself preserved, will enable me to select from them many excellent specimens of his more mature judgment, correct taste, and extensive learning, blended at the same time with many amiable instances of his sensibility: they will also specify the few remaining anecdotes, which occurred in a life so retired and sedentary as his ; for the reader must be here informed that, from the winter of the year 1742 to the day of his death, his principal residence was at Cambridge. He, indeed, during the lives of his mother and aunts, spent his summer' vacations at Stoke ; and, after they died, in making little tours on visits to his friends in different parts of the country : but he was seldom absent from college any considerable time, except between the years 1759 and 1762 ; when, on the opening of the British Museum, he took lodgings in Southampton Row, in order to have recourse to the Harleian and other Manuscripts there deposited, from which he made several curious extracts.*
It may seem strange that a person who had conceived so early a dislike to Cambridge, and who (as we shall see presently) now returned to it with this prejudice
* These, amounting in all to a tolerably-sized folio, are at present in Mr. Walpole's hands. He has already printed the speech of Sir Thomas Wyat from them in the second number of his Miscellaneous Antiquities. The public must impute it to their own want of curiosity if more of them do not appear in print.
rather augmented, should, when he was free to choose, make that very place his principal abode for near thirty years : but this I think may be easily accounted for from his love of books (ever his ruling passion), and the straitness of his circumstances which prevented the gratification of it. For to a man, who could not conveniently purchase even a small library, what situation so eligible as that which affords free access to a number of large ones? This reason also accounts for another singular fact. We have seen that, during his residence at Stoke, in the spring and summer of this same year 1742, he writ a considerable part of his more finished poems. Hence one would be naturally led to conclude that, on his return to Cambridge, when the ceremony of taking his degree was over, the quiet of the place would have prompted him to continue the cultivation of his poetical talents, and that immediately, as the muse seems in this year to have peculiarly inspired him ; but this was not the case. Reading, he has often told me, was much more agreeable to him than writing : he therefore now laid aside composition almost entirely, and applied himself with intense assiduity to the study of the best Greek authors; insomuch that, in the space of about six years, there were hardly any writers of note in that language which he had not only read but digested; remarking, by the mode of common-place, their contents, their difficult and corrupt passages, and all this with the accuracy of a critic added to the diligence of a student.
Before I insert the next series of letters, I must take the liberty to mention, that it was not till about the year 1747 that I had the happiness of being introduced to the acquaintance of Mr. Gray. Some very juvenile imitations of Milton's juvenile poems, which I had written a year or two before, and of which the Monody