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Clock and Watch-maker in Pitten- Among the most valuable, are many weem. Of these pieces of mechanism, original pictures of the Flemish school, one is a Table Clock, which is moved and a great number of rare printed by springs and fusee-chains, in the books from Vienna. From that city same way as a watch; the other is a have also arriyed a number of animals, Standing Clack, that is moved by among which are two lions, kangaroos, weights; both are musical, and both a cassowary, parroquets, &c. Some require to be wound up every eight of these animals arc destined for the days. The first has been valued by menagerie of Malmaison ;, others for the artists of London at £.900, the o- the Museum of Natural History, ther at £,500.
They were accompanied by many It is a fact which ought to be known boxes, containing rare and curious exto all housewives, that if they begin otic plants. to grate a nutmeg at the stalk end, M. Chaptal has recently made ex. it will prove hollow throughout; periments to ascertain the nature of whereas, the same nutmeg, grated seven specimens of colour, found in a from the other end, would have prova colour-shop at Pompeü. No. 1, the ed sound and solid to the last. The only one which has not received any centre of a nutmeg, consists of a num- preparation from the hand of man, is a ber of fibres issuing from the stalk, greenish and saponaceous argil, in the and its continuation through the cen- state in which Nature presents it in tre of the fruit, the other ends of various parts of the globe,, and resemwhich fibres, though closely surround. bling that known by the name of ed and pressed by the fruit, do not Terra di Verona.--No. 2, is an ocre adhere to it. When the stalk is gra. of a beautiful yellow, all the impurie ted away, those fibres having lost ties of which have been removed by their hold, gradually drop out, and washing. As this substance turns red the nutmeg appears hollow ; and as by calcination with a gentle fire, the Dore of the stalk is grated away, 0- yellow colour, which it has preserved thers drop out in succession, and the without alteration, affords a new proof, bollow continues through the whole that the ashes which covered Pompeii nut. By beginning at the contrary retained but a slight degree of heat. end, the fibres above-mentioned are -No.3, is a brown red, like that emgrated off at their core end, with the ployed at present for coarse work, and Surrounding fruit, and do not dsop out is produced by the calcination of the and cause a hole. Another circum- preceding.–No. 4, is a pumice-stone, stance worth knowing, is, that in con- extremely light and white;, the texsequence of the great value of the oil ture is very fine and close ; the three of nutmegs, it is often extracted from others are compound colours, which the nuts that are exposed to sale, by M. Chaptal was obliged to analyse, which they are rendered of very little in order to ascertain their constituent value. To ascertain the quality of principles. From his experiments on nutmegs, force a pin into thein, and No. 5, which is of a deep blue, and in if good, however dry they may ap- small pieces of the same form, it appear, the oil will be seen oozing out pears to be composed of oxyde of copall round the pin, from the comprese per, lime, and alumine. It resembles sion occasioned in the surrounding ash bļues in the nature of its princi. parts.
ples, but differs from them in its cheUpwards of sixty chests, containing mical properties. It seems to be the productions of art, collected during result, not of precipitation, but of the the late was, have arrived at Paris. - commencement of vitrification ; and
the process by which it was obtained That described above is of the actual by the ancients, is lost.— No. 6, is a weight of a Roman pound; for the sand of a light blue, mixed with some difference of seven dwts. can be ascrismall whitish grains. On analysing bed only to the injuries of time. The it, M. Chaptal discovered in it the characters of the word Roma are of same principles as in the preceding : the same form as those of Etruria and indeed, it may be considered as a com Samnium. The metal is very pure, position of the same nature, in which and has considerable analogy with the there is a greater proportion of lime and Egyptian copper of the coins of the alumine.- No. 7, is of a beautiful rose- Ptolemies. ate hue : it is soft to the touch ; is re The Eugenian Museum, at Milan, duced between the fingers to an impal- has lately been enriched with eight pable powder ; and leaves upon the skin new pieces, discovered in the excavaa pleasing carnation colour. From M. tions made at Aquilegi. They conChaptal's experiments, he looks upon sist of a group of two busts in marble, it as a real lake, in which the colour remarkable for the elegance of their ing principle is united with alumine, drapery ; a statue without a head, In its properties, its hue, and the na likewise of marble ; an arm adorned ture of its colouring principle, it has with bracelets, the hand of which nearly a complete analogy with mad. holds an instrument that was employder lake. The preservation of this ed in sacrifices; the upper extremity lake for nineteen centuries, without of a cippus, several sepulchral caskets perceptible alteration, is a phenome- of lead, a stone inkstand, and several non which cannot fail to excite the sarcophagi. astonishment of chemists.
The Society for the encouragement A Roman peasant recently discover- of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, ed in a field at Monterosi, a coin which have lately presented Mr John Moriis thought to be the most ancient son with their silver medal and forty of any extant. It is conjectured to guineas, for his ingenuity in providing have been struck under Servius Tullus himself with artificial arms, after he the Sixth, King of the Romans, who had experienced the misfortune to lose died in the year of Rome, 218, and his natural ones by the discharge of a must consequently be 2,300 years old.
This worthy man, who lives Its weight is eleven ounces, 17 dwts. in the neighbourhood of Holborn Bars, and its diameter two inches, ten lines. undertakes to supply other persons laOn one side is the head of Minerva, bouring under similar misfortunes with seen in profile, with a helmet (Pals that which he deplores, with artificial las galeata,) and on the other an ox, arms, legs, and other instruments, awith a small 1. denoting the first of dapted to almost every purpose of the Roman figures. On the exergue life. is inscribed, in large characters, Ro Common spirits of turpentine have mo. This type is the same as that de- been recently administered by several scribed by Pliny, Plutarch, and Var- medical gentlemen of the metropolis, ro, and ascribed by those authors, to with good effect, in the cure of tape the time of Servius Tullus, In Car.
The doses given were in some dinal Zeladas's collection of coins, cases so large as two ounces, bnt those there is a specimen of a similar type of half an ounce at a time, repeated to that lately found ; but the antiqua. twice a day, were generally found to ries, who have examined it, have found, answer the purpose. The vehicle in that it was not of the weight which which the turpentine was administered, those coins must necessarily have been, was generally honey.
Table of the POPULATION, REVENUE, &c. of the Stales belonging to the Con FEDERATION of the RHINÈ.
Coptio( Magasin Encyclopedique.)
Square Number of Revenue in
Leagues. luhabitants. Florius. Troops. Bavaria,
1,636.50 3,237,570 17,500,000 30,000 Saxony and Warsaw, 2,599.20 4,362,476 17,500,000 20,000 Westphalia,
688.70 1,958,566 14,430,502 25,000 Wartemberg,
329.55 1,181,372 8,000,000 12,000 COLLEGE OF PRINCES. The Prince Primate,
38.90 174,736 1,800,000 968 Beden,
275.75 922,649 2,953,936 8,000 Berg and Cleves,
314.82 930,494 4,000,000 5,000 Hesse,
200. -538,256 3,500,000. 4,000 Wartzburg and the Teutonic Order,
97. 309,781 3,226,000 2,000 Saxe Weimar,
35.20 110,421 1,000,000 800 Sase Gotha,
55. 180,144 1,300,000 1,200 Saxe Meinungen,
18.301 44,012 350,000 300 Sase Cobourg,
19.40 61,000 425,413 400 Saxe Hildbourghausen,
33,000 150,000 200 Mecklenbourg Schwerin, 319.40 288,853 1,800,000 1,900 Strelitz,
36.10 66,000 525,000 400 Oldenbourg,
108.25 160,000 800,000 800 Anhalt Dessau,
17. 53,013 600,000 350 Bernbourg,
16. 35,193 390,000 240 Koethen,
103 50 272,000 3,757,000 1,680 Hohenzollern Hechingen, - 5 50 14,000 60,000 90 --- Siegmaringen 19. 39,000 210,000 197
20.50 34,720. 150,000 323 Salm Kirbourg, 10.50 18,911 80,000
323 Isenbourg Birstein,
11.50 43,000 260,000 291 Aremberg,
50.50 59,000 300,000 379 Liechtenstein,
2.50 5,012 400,000 40 Leyen, .
2.50 4,500 34,000 29 Schwartzbourg Sondershausen,
23. 56,000 250,000 Budolstadt, 22. 54,577 200,000 650 Waldeck,
21.70 47,293 375,000 405 Reuss Graiz,
7. 21,860 130,000 117
7.50 22,836 140,000 146 Schleiz,
16,360 100,000 125 Lobenstein,
4.50 7,498 90,000 39 Ebersdorf,
7,614 80,000 23 Lippe Detmold,
24. 70,540 225,000 500 Schawenbourg
20,132 80,000 150 TOTAL of the CONFEDERA
TION of the RHINE. 7,185.72 15,485,031 85,041,851 118,950 Besides these there are subject to France The HAXSE TOWNs.
38 298,000 3,000,000 Disposable States, viz. Han
over and its dependencies, Swedish Pomerania, Bay. seuth, Fulde, &c.
662.21 1,222,067 5,660,000 Jas. 1810.
A Tour from ARBROATH to Mon- pening, gave name both to the river
TROSE, principally with a view to and the town, cannot be doubted. its remole Antiquities.
Leaving the town you enter
the estste of Tarry, now divided into THE, venerable abbey, still majes
, two separate estates, called North and tho
South Tarry. As to the antient dieye, and has been so often, and so ab- mensions of this estate, it might bo ly described, that any remarks from difficult ne to form a probable conme would be totally superfluous. jecture. The division and subdivision
Aberbrothock, the name of the town, of property has not only curtailed the is pure Gaelic. Aber signifies the dimensions of our antient estates, but Marsh and Brothac the Bosom:- greatly perplexed their antiquities.-The gently sloping vale thro' which The antiquity which gave name to the the river Brothock runs, is neither so whole estate, is now often found on large as to deserve the name of a one property under a different name, glen, nor so precipitous as to be deno. and the name on another property, at minated a Den. It is most aptly called a considerable distance from the antiBrothac, i. e. the Bosom, and the river quity. Brothock seems to have taken its When you have advanced about name from this circumstance. two miles from Arbroath, your atten
Aber and Inver appear to have tion is attracted by Dick Mont Law, been frequently confounded, at least commonly called the Law Hill, on I do not recollect to have seen a pro- the highest eminence in the vicinity
line of distinction drawn betwixt of the town. This is none other them. An analysis of these two than the place where the Feudal words may therefore, in this place, be Chieftain gave law to his numerous proper.
vassals, and it is in as high a state of Aber, i. e. Aw or Ow Bar signifies preservation as any Justice hill in the bar of the water. Aber has been Scotland. Dick Mont Law, i. e. generally, and indeed properly render- Dicke Mon Lagh, literally means the ed a Marsh, for whatever resists the Justice Hill. The original name is course of a river, causes stagnation, Dicke Mon; and Lagh, synonimous and forms a marsh.
with Dicke, is an iteration (as I have Inver, i. e. An Mhor, signifies, in frequently nentioned) peculiar to the the sea, and is pronounced An vor, Gaelic Logh is the
Etymon of our Engand hence corruptly Inver. Where- lish Law, Mon of the Latin Mons, ever Aber precedes the name of a ri- and Dicke of the Dikè. This Justice ver, that river, either now, or at least Hill stands on North Tarry. Having antiently, at its entrance into the sea found the Justice Hill one of the apor some other river, formed a marsh, pendages of feudal sovereignty, we or expatiated beyond its usual dimen- may take it for granted the rest were sions. But Inver prefixed to the name not a wanting. The next appendage of a river, simply denotes its influx into we naturally look for is the Gallowsthe sea, or some other river, without hill, or place of execution. This hill any material alteration either in its (tho’ I had no opportunity of ascerform, or usual dimensions. This dis- taining the fact) is said to stand tinction is not only founded on the South Tarry. If it does, this circumradical import of the words, but stance amounts to a demonstration, holds good in about forty instances, that tho' now divided, these estates which I have had good access to in- were originally one, for every feudal vestigate.
lord had the whole Insignia Feudalia That this beautiful Brothac, or O. on his own property.
But wherever this gallows hill stands imagine that I have been influenced is of inferior importance, whilst the by whim or caprice. In my future name of the estate remains; for Tarry communications, I shall keep close to i. e. Tor Riedh (pronounced Torry, the point, and wherever there is not and corruptly Tarry) literally signifies an absolute certainty, or at least the the Gallows-hill. It may here be strongest probability, I shall hazard proper to point out, that tho' Tor. no conjecture, but candidly own my Ridh and Mon-Riedh, signify the ignorance. same thing, there is a peculiar differ
I am, Sir, yours, &c.' ence betwixt them. Mon-Riedh, signifies a natural eminence set apart
3d Dec. 1809..
Milo. for a gallows-hill, but Tor-Riedh sig
(To be continued.) nifies an artificial eminence raised for chat purpose. Tor and Tur, are synonimous, and the radix of the Latin turris, and the English tower.
Account of the Battle of SHERIFF-MUIR; The peaceful Britons of the pre
in a letter from a Gentlemnn at STIR, sent day whose minds are humanized,
LING to his friend at EDINBURGH. view the feudal system with a degree,
(From Collection of Pamphlets in the posa not only of apathy, but detestation,
session of Mr Blackwood.) and are unwilling to assent to etymo. logical facts, however well founded, SIR, Stirling, Nov. 15, 1715. which sound harsh to their more refi I Give you the following account of ned ears. But our doughty, (I might 1 what has passed since Friday the have said bloody) ancestors thought
Ilth instant. and felt differently. Like the Roman The Duke of Argyle, being informConsols, the Fasces were always car. ed of Mar's motions and designs, calried before them, and they appear to led a council of war, in which it was have viewed their Law-hills and Gal. resolved to march to Dunblain, and bw:-hills with as much complaisance try to engage the rebels at Sheriff-muir, as their present descendants do with thereby to prevent their passing the abhorrence. Were this not the case, Forth. it would be difficult, if not impossi- His Grace accordingly passed over ble, to account for one half of the bridge with his little army of 3300 the names in Scotland. Mon-Richd, men, on Saturday morning by nine corruptly pronounced Monrieth, i. e. o'clock; and the same evening reachthe gallows-hill, is the title of a very ed the fields beyond Dunblain, lying respectable Knight. Pan Darg, i. e. under arms all night within sight of the bloody house, is the residence of a the enemy. gentleman, whose family have as well. By break of day, next morning, founded a claim to antiquity as any both armies being in order of battle, in Angus. One of our Kings was the rebels, with a large body of troops, surnamed Caumore, i. e. large-head, which we, at first, took to be their which would rather be a retrograde whole army, advanced towards us. But compliment at the present day. The the parties we had sent out, soon in, chief Druid of Ireland assumed, and formed us that they were marching agloried in, the nameof Lamh derg, i. e. nother considerable body on our left, bloody hand, &c.
two miles to the eastward of us, under These observations have led me cover of the rising grounds. When from the main point, but it was per. his Grace observed, that the first bohaps proper to make these few re. dy, instead of advancing directly to us, marks, lest any one should foolishly turned up from the lower part of the