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blishment may be abridged, and their exercising the functions of self preset. number thereby circumscribed as much vation, and at the same tine extremeas possible.
ly liable to injure others, must .
I prepared a plan of the buildings, which der the immediate superintendance of
the state. It does not follow, howeappears to me well adapted to the ground Lately purchased for a Lunatic Asylum ver, that the state ought to take the at Edinburgh. This plan consists of management of them into its own various buildings, detached from each hands, or can dispense with the vigiother. 1.. it are four distinct houses, lance and activity which are prompted for the accommodation of forty patieats by private interest. At the same time, in each, with a keeper's house, and lod. there are very great evils attending the ging for the servants, and also separate cooking places, and other convenien- plan of leaving such persons entirely cies. These buildings, together with under private management. It is only four corner buildings, of smaller dimen- by extraordinary profits, that any one sions, form the four sides of a square, can be induced to undertake so unpleawithin which are four separate open sant an office. But these extraordinary courts, or airing-grounds. The four profits the poor are unable to pay ; corner buildings are proposed for the
they must therefore content themselves accommodation of patients of a higher Fank in life than either of the classes with the most miserable accommodalodged in any of the large buildings,
țion, and must remain destitute of that and who might be permitted to walk care and attention which their situaand amuse themselves in the garden tion so much demands, To the rich, ground.
indeed, this danger is less; but in reThere are also exhibited in the plan, gard to them the system of private esthree buildings entirely removed from tablishments is liable to objections, all the others, which are proposed for which do not exist in the case of the patients of a still higher rank in life, whose friends may wish them to have
poor. Their wealth may often be a more extended accommodation, for temptation to unprincipled relations, themselves and servants, than they to confine them under a false pretence could obtain in any of the other build- of madness, and thereby to possess ings.
themselves of their fortune. It is true The house already on the ground a certificate from a medical man is re. may answer for lodging the principal keeper, or governor; and he might be
quired, but, in so numerous a profespermitted to board a few particular pa
sion, is it certain that no one will be tients.
found, who can either be corrupted or The lodgings for the under keepers deceived? The Sheriff is entitled t are also calculated to admit of a few visit and examine private madhouses patients of a harmless disposition, living but it cannot be expected that h with them; the whole, however, being
should often do this; or when he doe: under the controul and general superin:
that he should be a competent judg tendance of the governor.
of the different cases. These observations of Mr. Reid are
In this part of the united kingdor followed by others on the General says Dr Duncan, I believe, any perso
however notorious or suspected treatment of Lunatics, considered as a
character may be, is permitted to ke branch of Medical police, written by what is called a private mad. house. Dr Duncan, Jun. and which first ap. is not obliged, by law, to observe any peared in the Edinburgh Medical and gulations with regard to the admission Surgical Journal. These appear to us
those sent to him ; he is not required ļo contain a very sound exposition of report the names or condition of the the principles by which this depart- gular and stated visitations of comm
confined ; and he is subjected to no ment of police ought to be regulated. sioners, capable of investigating his c Jiynatics, being at once incapable of duct.
As a medium between private ma vale madhouses, which seem to be very Gegement and that of the state, to proper and useful both of which insurmountable objec Following this, is a Report from a toas are thus shewn to exist, public select committee of the House of Cominstitutions, supported by subscription, mons, appointed to enquire into the seem to be the most eligible resource. State of Lunatics, which was ordered They can supply to the poor those ac- to be printed on the 15th July 1807. cominodations which they are unable The account of the treatment of pau. to pay for; and the respectability of per lunatics is truly melancholy.-the persons, under whose superintend. They are huddled together in jails ance such an institution can be placed, and poorhouses, with little means of must check those abuses which are to comfortable existence, and with no be apprehended in case of the rich. attention whatever to the means of It is true, the stimulus of private in- recovery. Important facts are statterest will be weakened ; but this ed as to the advantages of lunatic in. cannot operate with its usual advan- stitutions. So superior is the cheape tage in a case like the present, where ness attendant on a large establishthe person who lodges in the house is ment, that at St Luke's, where there incompetent to judge of, or to report, are 300, the expence does not ex: the treatment which he receives. ceed 7s.6d, each per week. The re
There is only one particular, in port lays down a plan for dividing which we have some hesitation in a. Scotland into four districts, to each of greeing with Dr Duncan. He con. which one asylum might be appropriceives that, even after a public instie ated. The first is the Southern dis. tution is established, private mad-hou. trict, containing Wigton, Kirkcudses ought suill to be tolerated. Now bright, Dumfries and Ayr; number of we must observe, that, in that case, all inhabitants 191,032. Second, the the dangers of wrongous confinement, Eastern district, Roxburgh, Selkirk, by the relations of the opulent, would Berwick, Peebles, Haddington, Eremain in full force. Persons, acting dinburgh, Linlithgow, Stirling, Fife, with that fraudulent intention, would Kinross, Clackmannan. Population, of course prefer private mad-houses, 409,140. Third, the Western district, and the existence of a public institu Lanark, Renfrew, Dumbarton, Bute, tion could be no check whatever on Argyle, Perth. Population, 460,419, their proceedings. We are at the Fourth, the Northern district, includsame time aware, that it would be a ing all the other counties of Scotland, very delicate step indeed, to confer a the population of which amounts to ponopoly on any such institution.- 540,770. There could be no absolute certainty, There are one or two things which, that the best precautions would guard on surveying Mr Reid's plans, we are against the abuses to which bodies tempted to suggest. As the building, with exclusive privileges are naturally we believe, is not yet begun, room viable and the corruption of such an seems to be left for such suggestions : establishment, when no remedy was we make them, however, with great difpermitted, might become a great pub. fidence of our olsa judgement in such lic calamity. We would only point matters, and the highest respect for out the difficulty which exists, and that of Mr Leid. that unless we vest such a body with 1. It strikes uş as objectionable, that al exclusive privilege, we must give the cells for contining noisy patients ap the advantage alluded to above.. should be in so centrical a situation, De Duncan, however, proposes some being contiguous, on one side, to the plans for the regular visitation of prin public day-rooms where the quieter
patients meet, and on another, to town and villa gardens. By Walter the covered gallery where they walk. NicolSecond edition. We should think the noise must pene Introduction to the Art of Thinktrate, and must be attended with the ing. By the late Henry Home, Esq. worst consequences.
one of the Senators of the College of 2. The apartments, both public and Justice. To which is prefixed an oprivate, of the male and female pa- riginal Life of the Author. Fifik. tients, are completely separated from edition. 8vo. each other. This is done by placing. A Discourse preached in the Episthem on different sides of the house. copal Chapel,, Cowgate, Edinburgh, Would it not be more convenient to February 9. 1809; being the day aplodge them on separate floors. We pointed by his Majesty for a General should thus save the going up and Fast. By Arch. Alison L.L.B.down stairs, which must often be Second edition. 8vo. ls. troublesome, and which, in the present relative situation of the public and private rooms, cannot be avoided. Scattish Literary Intelligence.
We now conclude, with our best wishes for the success of this benevo- MR Scott has in the press a new lent and useful institution.
poem, entitled “ The Lady of the Lake." It will be published in quarto.
A new play, entitled, The Family New Works Published in Edinburgh. Legend, is now acting for the first
time, in the Theatre-Royal of this ciPRACTICAL Directions for learning ty. It is understood to be the pro
Flower-drawing. Illustrated by co. duction of Miss Bailey, the celebrated loured plates. By Patrick Syme, authoress of “ Plays on the Passions." Flower painter, Edinburgh. 4to. 21. Mo Scott, we believe, bas written a 25.
prologue, and Mr Mackenzie an epi. Letter to the Right Honourable logue to it. The Earl of Haddington, Lord Lieutenant of the county of Haddington, containing Observations on Heads of Literary Intelligence, ENGLISH and a Bill for regulating the Police, and
FOREIGN. paving, lighting, and cleansing, the
'THE public will shortly be gratified streets of Haddington; for building by the publication of a series of inmarket places, and regulating the teresting Letters from Madame la Mar. same ; and for other purposes therein quise du Dcfiand to the Hon. Hurace. mentioned. 8vo. Is. 6d.
Watpole, afrerwards Earl of Orford, be. Poems illustrative of the genius tween the years, 1966 and 1780. Ta and influence of Christianity; to which
these will be added, some Lerters from are subjoined some fugitive pieces - from the originals at Ssrawberry Hill.
the same Lady to Voltaire, published By the Rev. William Robb, Episcopal A Lite of Madame du Deffand will be Clergyman in St. Andrews, and Chap- pretised by the Editor; and the letters lain to the Right Hon. Lord Elibank. will be accompanied with copious exEmbellished with a highly-finished en plasatory notes. praving of the Cathedral of St. An
The first volume of the Rev. Richdrews, and the Chapel of St. Rule.
ard Cecii's Works, containing the Me.
moirs of the Hon, and Rev. W. B. Ca. 8vo.
dogan, of John Bacon, Esq. R. A. and. The Villa Garden Directory; or of the Rev. John Newton, with three Monthly Index of work to be done in portraits, will appear this month.
The new Herbal, for which Mr Be. On the ad of January, appeared in wick has engraved the cuts, and Dr London, for the first time, a German Thornton has written the text, will ap- Newspaper, in one sheet, 4to, to be pear in a few days.
continued every Tuesday and Friday. The Rev. Dr Rees has in the press, Mr Jepson Oddy, author of European a Scrinon which he delivered at the o. Commerce, is engaged in a work on the peain of the new Chapel in Jewinstreet, political,.commercial, and local interests Cnpplegate,
of this country ; particularly as they A Gentleman is preparing for public will be promoted by the intended Stamcation, an Historical Narrative of the ford navigation. ate War in the Levant, from 1793. to Dr Buffa will speedily publish Tra. 1601; to be accompanied with pictu- vels through the States of the Empire resque views, marine scenery, and a of Morocco, in the year 1806. His map of the Ottoman empire. The au. correspondence with that Court relative thor is already in possession of an abun- to the interests of Great Britain, includ. dant stock of materials, but is still desi- ing a letter from the Emperor of Mo. Foas of consulting the log-book, or 0. rocco to the King of Great Britain, is ther nautical journal, kept during that prefixed to it. period on board any of the following The Third Canto of the Pursuits of ships—Theseus, Tigre, Lion, Swiftsure, Agriculture will be ready in the course Cameleon, Transfer, or Alliance. , He of the present month. wishes for further testimony concern Dr Duigenan is about to publish a ing the charges upon record against pamphlet of very great importance, reBuonaparte, for the treatment of the lative to the state of Ireland and the Ro. Othman garrison of Jaffa ; of his sick mish Question. and wounded on the depot on Mount History of the Inquisition in Italy, Carmel; and of the hospital scene at Spain, Portugal, &c. illustrated with Jaff, on the retreat. He will be thank- numerous plates, is in the press, and tol a so for the loan of any sketches, will form a large quarto volume. plans, or surveys; to be addressed to There will shortly be published, Po. rbe care of Mr Gold, 103, Shoe-lane, ems, &c, selected from the posthumous London.
papers of John Dawes Worgan, late of Messrs. Daniells intend to publish, Bristol ; and a Sketch of his Life and under the title of Picturesque Voyages Character, by an early Associate and and Travels, a connected series of Views, Friend: with an Introductory Preface, exhibiting the most remarkable objects, by William Hayley, Esq. batural and artificial, which presented Mr John Jos. Stockdale has in forthemselves in the different regions of wardness a Journal, consisting of a comthe East that they have visited ; and pleie history of the whole of the late each plate to be accompanied with a disturbances at Covent Garden Theatre. portion of narrative and descriptive let- A new Edition of Mr Headly's Seter press.
lect Beauties of Ancient Poetry, with De Mavor has made great progress a Biographical Sketch, by the Rev. on his new Edition of “ Tusser's Five Mr Kett, of Oxford, will shortly apHundred Points of Good Husbandry," pear. a work which may be considered as a A work, called English Comedy, in calendar of rural and domestic econo- six volumes, being a collection of ciasDy for every month in the year; and sical dramas, will be published in Jasa picture of the state of agriculture, nuary. customs, and manners, in the 16th cen. The Favourite Village, with an adtury. Though it ran through upwards ditional Poem, never before published, of twenty editions, it is now so scarce, by the late Professor of Poetry, of Oxthat it was wirb great difficulty copies ford, Dr Hurdis, will be published in a of ihe earl, impressions, by far the best, few weeks. were obtained for the use of the pre- A Selection from the Juvenilia of xent Editor, who intends to enrich his George Wither is also in a state of for. edoop with notes Georgical, illustra. wardness. The Editor has been favourtase, and explanatory, a glossary, and ed by Mr Heber with the loan of the other improvements.
scarcest of Mr Wither's productions,
his Second Remerabrancer, from which ceipts and Philosophical Experiments, several extracts will be made. Some selected from various authors. account of the Life of Wither, together A Treatise on the Passions, by a Lawith his Portrait, will also accompany dy, will speedily appear, in iwo vothe volumes.
lumes. The Second Volume of Britton's Ar Capt. Williamson, author of the Wild chitectural Antiquities of Great Britain Sports of the East, has nearly ready for is just completed. It contains seventy publication, the East India Vade Meprints; also an history and description cum, in two uctavo volumes. of each ; with an Essay on the Rise, The Rev. Jolm Hunt, of Titchfield, Progress, and Characteristics, of Do- has circulated proposals for publishing mestic Architecture in England. The by subscription, the whole of the works Third Volunie is announced to embrace of the Rev. John Howe, including at Accounts, with various Architectural Feast one volume of Discourses, never Illustrations, uf Castle Acre Priory before printed, with a translation of Church, Norfolk; Waltham Abbey such passages from the learned languages Church, Essex ; the Collegiate Church as are not rendered in the body of the at Manchester; Hedingham Castle, Es, work. sex ; Roslyn Chapel, Scotland; St It appears, that in the principal George's Chapel, Windsor; the Crypt, works of butany, are described 2046 ge. St Peter's Church, Oxford, &c.
nera, and 19,803 species of plants, of Mr Beloe's fourth volume of Anec. which 683 genera have but one species, dotes of Rare Books will speedily ap- 263 but two, 174 but three, 124 but pear.
four. This enumeration is, however, The Rev. F. Stone, late rector of only an approximation to the truth, as Cold-Norton, Essex, has in the press, the works referred to arc defective, and Memoirs of his Life.
we may call the number of described Dr Churchill, author of the Medical plants 22.000. The first edition of LinRemembrancer, will shortly publish a bæus's Species Plantarum contained only Guide to Health.
7,300. A work, on the Origin and Constitu A work will make its appearance on tion of the Parliamentary Boroughs of the ist of March, consisting of PictuEngland, has just been put to press. resque Views of twenty of the Parochiat The intention of the writer is to show Churcles of London, freely ciched from that all the privileges and immunities original drawings, by W. Pearson. enjoyed at present, by the cities and bo In the first week of the present year roughs of this part of the United King. will be published, a new edition, being dom, are derived from the bounty of the seventh, of the Laboratory, or our ancient monarchs. The contents School of Arts,” containing a much larof the work are founded on documents ger and more extensive collection of of the highest authority : Doomsday- valuable secrets, experiments, and mai book, the charters of our early Kings, nual operations, in the arts and manu· public records, and the rolls of parlia. factures, than is to be met with in any ment.
other work in the English language. A Catalogue of Books, published in The whole is adapted to the present imLondon, between the ist of June, 1808, proved state of the arts and sciences, and the 1st of January, 1810, will be and illustrated with about forty copper published in the course of the latter plates, some of which are entirely month. It will contain a reference to the different papers comprised in the The ninth Number of Leybourn' transactions of learned societies, pub. Mathematical Repositary, containing pished in the above period. It is pro besides various articles, solutions to ti posed to continue this catalogue quar- mathematical questions proposed in it terly.
seventh number, and a series of ne Mr Pybus, of Hull, intends to pub. quesiions, to which he solicits answe lish a Collection of Miscellaneous Re from his correspondents.