« ПредишнаНапред »
EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR JANUARY 18:10.
Description of FLEURS, the Seat of the scription of the rocks in that district, Duke of ROXBURGH.
(which consist of mica-slate, and clay
slate, with an overlying conglomerate, THIS noble mansion is situated on formed at a lower level froin the de .
a rising ground immediately above bris of primitive mountains) tended to Kelso. It overlooks that beautiful illustrate øne' branch of the Wernerian. tow, with all the range of pastoral, doctrinç, respecting the order of formascenery along the Tweed. Thus si- tions in the mineral kingdom. It altuated in one of the finest districts of so appeared, in confirmation of another, Scotland, this edifice forms one of its principle in the Geognosy, that the di. chief ornaments. In point of extent rection from S.W. to Ņ E. of the stra., and magnificence, it has few rivals in ta composing the Highland mountains, Scotland. The beauty of the present corresponds to what has been observed view of it, taken from Ednam, must in general relative to the bearings of the be obvious, from the representation primitivestrata in the crust of the earth. whicle accompanies this Number. Such an uniformity of direction, it
At a small distance is situated the would-seen, could have resulted only ancient castle of Roxburgh, a place from the action of powers.in nature. of considerable celebrity in Scottish that are slow and regular in their opehistory. It was in besieging this cas
ration ; and must be referred to some that James II. lost his life; and original law, which, later discoveries a bolly is still shewn near Fleurs, where render it probable, will be found to that prince is said to have received depend on the consựitution of the terbis mortal wound.
raqueous globe, with regard to magnetism and electricity.
At the same meeting the Secretary Proceedings of the Wernerian Natural tion from Mr William Scoresby, jun.
laid before the Society a communicaHistory Society.
of Whitby, comprising a meteorologi
cal journal of three voyages to GreenAT the meeting of this Society on land, with remarks on the effects of the
Saturday the 13th January last, weather on the barometer in those the Rev. Dr Macknight read a miner- seas, and on the different crystallizaaogical account of Ben Ledi, and the tions of snow to be observed, at vaçicavirons of Loch Katterin. The de- ous temperatures, in high latitudes.
1810, Jan. 3. A Number of cut
4 Monthly Memoranda in Natural Hise shewed some blossom about the mid. tory.
dle of November, and now the fruit is fairly set, or has begun to swell.
- 14. A period was suddenly put tle-fishes (Sepia to this untimely spring-weather, by a Loligo) have of late been cast on the sharp frost, which was followed next shores about Leith. They are grega- day by a heavy and rapid fall of snow. rious animals, and a large drove seems On the morning of the 16th, the to have come up the frith.
snow lay 18 inches deep around Edin8. The Jamaica shrub Splandra burgh. So much has not fallen in so grandiflora being remarkable for the short a space of time for fourteen years size and fragrance of its flowers, but past, since the remarkable winter of backward in producing them, it has 1795. The fall was but local, exlong been the object of gardeners to tending little beyond Dunbar on the discover means of hastening their pro- great south road, and having been but duction. A plant in the upper stove slight at Glasgow on the west side. of the Botanic Garden, Leith Walk, - 20. An uncommonly thick frosty has flowered for two years past, and mist rested over this city, producing a has now a couple of blossoms formed, sort of “ darkness visible.” Such and apparently ready to expand. The fogs are not unfrequent in London, only peculiar treatment it has met but are here classed among the less with has been, that (owing chiefly common atmospheric phænomena. perhaps to want of room) it has been The effect of the frosty mist on the regularly cut down, and prevented twigs of trees and shrubs was beautiful ;from running to wood. The Dracae- the whole spray being elegantly beset na ferrea, Aletris fragrans, and Arum with crystals. seguinum, are all in flower, at this - 24,-27. A thaw has prevailed, time, in the same small hot-house. In and the snow has nearly disappeared, short, the plants are in better 'trim Bohemian chatterers continue to frethan the poor and scanty accommo- quent this neighbourhood. dation for them would lead us to ex 27th Jan. 1810.
N. pect. This is to be ascribed to the care and vigilance of the attendants; for nothing has yet been done in the Proceedings of the HIGHLAND SOCIEway of repairs or improvements in this
TY of SCOTLAND. much neglected public garden.
HE anniversary general meeting - 13. Down to this date the wea. was held here on Tuesday the ther has continued uncommonly mild. 9th, at which there was a very respecWall-flower has been out for a fort. table attendance of its members, to the night ; with Christmas roses, and po- number of 120. lyanthușes. Indian roses and carna William Smith, Esq. for Norwich, tions have continued in flower all win- was elected an honorary member, on ter, in the open border, against south account of his active and zealous exer. walls. In a garden at Canonmills, tions in promoting the improvements with no favourable aspect, the shoots and interest of this part of the United of white bryony are already two inch: Kingdom, particularly in his capacities es above ground: they did not use to of one of the parliamentary commisappear till April. The snow.drop is sioners for the Highland roads and just now coming into flower, and the bridges, and deputy governor of the winter-aconite is ready to expand. British society for fisheries; Mr Smith, Sparrows are pairing. "In a garden for the purpose of more effectually for Acar Newhaven, a jargonelle pear-tree warding these important objects, ha
ring twice travelled through the north Mercer, clothier at Wilderhaugh, for and west Highlands of Scotland. raising the pile of wool on cloth and
The secretary then submitted to the blankets, and also on an improvement consideration of the society the pro- in the common cranks used in Machiceedings of their directors since the nery. The society remitted to the digeneral meeting in June last, and the rectors to investigate the merits of Mr premiumis voled by them for raising Mercer's inventionsin machinery, with green crops, improving waste lands, power to bestow such mark of the someliorating the breed of black cattle, ciety's approbation as they should sec improving the art of ploughing, by proper, eompetitions of ploughmen in various A drawing and description of a new districts, and for other objects ; also to plan of fences for pleasure grounds, authors of essays on different subjects; made of wire, by Mr Pilton of Chelsea, such as the best means of introducing was laid before the meeting by Mr into Scotland a knowledge of the sta Braidwood, jun. pling of wool as a trade, the manage The secretary stated, that several ment of wcods and plantations, &c. communications had been recently reThe meeting approved of the continued ceived from the board of agriculture, csertions of the directors, in promoting through its president Sir John Sinclair, the objects of the institution, and were from the farming society of Ireland gratified to find, that every attention from the Bath and west of England had been given by the conveners and agricultural society, who had complithe members of the society resident in mented this society with a complete the country, to the ploughing and set of their published transactions.black cattle competitions in the dif- The meeting recommended that a comferent districts. A list of these pre- munication with these respectable inmiums was directed to be published; stitutions should be carefully kept up, and as it appeared that a number of and authorised their secretary to comessays and communications, containing municate the thanks of this meeting to useful information, had been received the Bath society. The meeting also since the publication of the 3d volume disected, that a complete set of the corof the society's transactions in 1807, rected county reports of England and the meeting recommended the publi- Scotland, drawn up for the board of acation of a 4th volume.
griculture, and now publishing by Sir Mr Macdonald, the treasurer, con R. Phillips, should be added to the ligratulated the society upon its fou- brary of the society. rishing state, and the increase of its The society resolved to subscribe to funds, as appeared from a state prepa a new work, now nearly ready for the Ted by Mr Wilson, accountant, the press, to be published by the Reverend society's auditor, and, on the treasurer's Mr Irvine of Little Dunkeld, entitled motion, the thanks of the meeting “ 'The Lives of the Caledonian Bards.” were unanimously voted to Mr Wil. A letter from Mr Currie, secretary son, for the trouble he takes in the so to the committee for managing a chaciety's affairs, without fee or reward. pel lately opened in London, where
The sum of 30 guineas was then vo- divine service is to be performed in ted to Mr Andrew Meikle, the inven- the Gælic and English languages, for tor of the threshing machine. she benefit of the poorer classes of
The secretary laid before the meet- Highlanders, accompanied with the ing, a letter from the Reverend Dr plan and regulations for said chapel, Douglas, of Galaskiels, a member of was laid before the meeting. The sothe society, with an accompanying ciety, although precluded by the terms draning of a machine, invented by Ms of its charter from contributing from
the funds to this object, unanimously wish expressed to concur in a sentiexpressed their approbation of the es- ment, which I understand has been tablishment.
long entertained in the county of East Among a variety of other matters Lothian, that of manifesting, by some xeferred to the directors for considera- public mark of attention, the sense so tion, were a drawing and description generally entertained of the services of an improved method of yoking performed by Mr Andrew Meikle to horses in threshing machines, by Wal. the agriculture of these kingdoms.ter Samuel, West
Lothian, and a com Several ingenious men had previously munication from the Rev. Dr Singers, directed their attention to the conon the most likely means of facilitating struction of threshing mills, but none and extending the progress of improve- have hitherto stood the test of experiments in rural affairs.
ence but those erected on the principles which Mr Meikle originally
suggested. It is unnecessary for me Memoirs of the PROGRESS of MANU- to dwell on the importance of this in
FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, vention to the agricultural, and to the and the FINE ARTS.
general interests of these kingdoms.
It would far exceed, indeed, the bounTHE 'HE case of Mr Meikle, the in- daries of a letter, to detail the advan
ventor of the threshing machine tages, which, in various respects, have now in general use, has been warmly resulted therefrom. The increasing taken up by the landed interest of number of these valuable machines, is East Lothian, in consequence of a let- the best proof of the high idea enterter from Sir John Sinclair, Bart. pre- tained of their importance. If, theresident of the board of agriculture, to fore, the county of East Lothian, in the Earl of Haddington, lord lieute- consequence of your lordship’s recomnant of that county, a copy of which mendation, at any meeting where you we subjoin. No implement bas hi. may happen to preside, would take therto been discovered of one half-so this subject into its consideration, and much benefit to agriculture, as the would suggest the best means of conthreshing mill; and though machines ferring some appropriate marks of grafor separating corn from the straw titude and respect on Mr Meikle, for were often attempted, previous to Mr his services to the cause of agriculture, Meikle's invention, yet the mill con- (for this ingenious machine has constructed conformably to the principles tributed to the improvement of other devised by Mr Meikle, and specified implements of husbandry besides the in a patent which he obtained in 1788, threshing mill,) I have every reason to are the only ones at present generally believe, that it would meet with the used.
cordial support of the most enlightenCopy of the letter from Sir John Sin
ed proprietors and farmers in the um
ted kingdom. clair, Bart. President of the Board
Charlotte Sg. Edin. Dec. 7. 1809. of Agriculture, to the Earl of Had
A subscription has accordingly been dington, Lord Lieutenant of the
set on foot, and is proceeding with an county of East Lothian.
lacrity. It is intended, as may seem MY LORD- In the course of some most eligible, either to give the moexcursions which I have been induced ney to Mr Meikle, or to employ it in to make for the purpose of examining bestowing upon him some honorary the system of husbandry adopted in mark of respect. some of the more improved districts of Two curious Clocks have been inScotland, I have found a very general vented and executed by Mr Smith,