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self warranted to mention his name.- by two members, with whom he was in the MS. Memoirs of Dr Carlyle to consult, in a laughing hour. Anan amusing account is given of the drew Crosbie, advocate, was appointPoker Club, of which he was a zeal. ed assassin to the Club, in case any eus member, and a constant attender service of that sort should be needof its meetings. He has likewise pre- ed: but David Hume was named for served a list of its members, which the his assistant ; so that between plus reader may find in the Appendix to this and minus there was no hazard of volame, No. 8. art. 2. published in this much bloodshed. After some years, a Supplement.) In the beginning of quarrel with our landlord, who was 1762, says Dr Carlyle, was instituted a foolish fellow, sent us to Fortune's the famous Club called the Poker, tavern, at the Cross Keys, where the which lasted in great vigour down to only change was, that our dinners were the year 1784. About the third or more showy, and much dearer, but not fourth meeting of the club, we thought better. This slackened the attendof giving it a name that should be of ance of some of our best members : uncertain meaning, and not so direct. and the celebrity of the Club brought ly offensive as that of Militia Club to others among us, who had no title to the enemies of that scheme. Adam be there, and whose minds were not Ferguson fell luckily on the name of congenial. In short, the Poker dwin. Poker, which we perfectly understood, dled away, by the death or desertion and which was at the same time an e- of some of the old members, and the nigma to the public. This Club com- non-attendance of the new. An ato prehended almost all the literati of E- tempt was made to renew it about the dinburgh, and its neighbourhood, most year 1786 or 1787, by the admission of whom had been members of the of some young men of talents, who, toSelect Society, (those only excepted gether with the most zealous of the who adhered to the enemies of the old, might revive the spirit of the inmlitia scheme,) together with a great stitution. At vera virtus cum semel many country gentlemen, zealous excidit, &c. : from the change of trends to the militia, and warm in times and habits, the attempt did not their resentment at its being refu. succeed. When Captain James Edsed to us, and an invidious line thus gar, one of the original Pokers, was at drawn between England and Scot. Paris, about 1773, during the flourishland. The establishment of our Club ing times of the Club, he was asked ** frugal and moderate, as all clubs by D'Alembert to go with him to their for a public purpose ought to be. We Club of Literati, to which he anstvermet at our old landlord's of the Diver. ed, with more bluntness than French sorium, (Tom Nicholson's, near the politesse, that the company of literati Cross.) The dinner was on the table was no novelty to him, for he had a at two o'clock at one shilling a head: club at Edinburgh with whom he We drank the best claret and sherry, dined every week, composed, he beand the reckoning was punctually cal. lieved, of the ablest men in Europe. led at six o'clock. After the first fif. This, (adds Dr Carlyle with the parteen who were chosen by nomination, donable nationality of an old Scotsttie members were elected by ballot: man,) “ was no singular opinion; for and two blackballs excluded a candi- the most enlightened foreigners had date.

formed the same estimate of the LiteWilliam Johnston (Sir William rary Society of Edinburgh at that Pulteney Johnston) was chosen secre- time. The Princess Dashkoff, disputary to the Club, with the charge of ting with me one day at Buxton about superintending all publications, aided the superiority of Edinburgh, as a re



sidence to most of the cities of Eu- for at that period, the custom, after rope ; when I had alleged various par- wards introduced by Lady Mary Monticulars in which I thought we excel. tague, from the East, was to the full led, No, said she, but I know one ar as much unknown as the Jennerian ticle you have not mentioned, in system. In addition to this, the nawhich I must give you clearly the ture and treatment of the malady precedency, which is, that of all the were alike undiscovered ; for, instead societies of men of talents I have met of adopting the cool regimen of the with in my travels through Europe, present day, the hot and dangerous yours is the first in point of abilities.” system, but lately exploded even here, -MS. Memoirs of Dr Carlyle. then reigned in full force, so that a

warm atmosphere, and a profuse per

spiration, were to be kept up by fires, Memoirs of the late Duke of Porr. blankets, &c. In compliance with

this custom, it was proposed by the

Dutch physioians, that some onc WILLIAM - HENRY CAVENDISH should be put to bed to his Highness,

BENTINCK, third Duke of Port so as to encourage the production of land, was born April 13, 1738. He the pock, and a favourable issue to was of Dutch extraction ; and his im- the malady,, by the heat of some youthmediate ancestors, like those of the ful body. Earls of Albemarle and Rochford, Mynheer Van Bentinck volunteer came over to this country at the Re- ed his services in this dangerous advenvolution of 1688. His family had ture ; and thus created a fortune for been long settled in the province of himself

, and rank and honours of all Overyssel ; but the first of them kinds for his posterity!. known to us, was Henry-Bentinck On his death-bed, William enquiHeer Van Diepenham, who had issuered for the Earl of Portland, and that three sons, the third of whom, Wil nobleman being in attendance, immeliam Van Bentinck, was brought up- diately made his appearance; but it on the Stadholderian household. was too late : for although he had While a boy, he acted as page to Wil. placed his car as near as possible to his liam Prince of Orange, and was after- Majesty's mouth, his lordship was unwards advanced to the rank of a gen- able to hear any distinct articulate tleman of the bed-chamber. In 1870, sound: and this great monarch expihe accompanied his Highness to Eng- red a few minutes afterwards. He land; and on the 20th of December himself survived only about eight obtained the degree of. L.L.D. from years; having died at Bulstrode, in the University of Oxford, out of com the county of Bucks, November 23 pliment to his Highness, in whose 1709, in the 61st year of his age; and suite he then was.

was buried soon after, under the east His favour appears to have encrea window of Henry VII.'s chapel, inz sed with time, but it was at least e Westminster Abbey. qualled by his gratitude. Five years His son Henry, second Earl and after his return to his native country, first Duke of Portland, having injured he, at the risk of his own life, confer- his fortune greatly by that disastrous red such an obligation on his patron, speculation, usually termed the “Southas seems to have secured the attach sea Bubble," determined to repair it ment of the latter, during a long se- abroad. He accordingly went as go

In 1675, the Prince vernor to Jamaica, in 1722, and died was seized with the small pox, then there, four years after, in the 45th considered as a most dreadful disease ; year of his age.


His eldest


ries of years.

bam, third Earl, and second Duke of condly, was nominated a knight of the Portland, by Lady Elizabeth Noel, shire for the county of Nottingham ; eldest daughter and co-heir of Wro- of which county his brother became thesley Baptist, Earl of Gainsborough, Lord Lieutenant. with whom the lordship of Titchfield, Lord Titchfield sat but a few in the county of Southampton, came months as a commoner, for his father, into the family, succeeded to the ho the Duke of Portland, died soon after Dours and estates. On his return he took his seat ; and we accordingly from his travels, he was appointed a find a new writ issued, June 6, 1762, lord of the bed-chamber to the king ; so that we believe he never had an and in 1731, married Lady Margaret opportunity of speaking, as the house Cavendish Harley, only daughter and did not meet for the dispatch of busiheir of Edward, Earl of Oxford. By ness until the succeeding autumn.ber he had, 1. Lady Elizabeth Caven. From the first moment that he was addish Bentinck, afterwards the wife of mitted to his seat among the Peers, the Earl of Stamford. 2. William- the new Duke of Portland, who by Henry, who succeeded him. 3. La- that time had attained the 24th year dy Margaret Cavendish Bentinck; and of his age, took an active part in the 4. Lady Frances Cavendish Bentinck, proceedings of the House, and then, who both died, anmarried; and 5. as well as for many years after, seemLord Edward Charles Cavendish Ben- ed desirous both of earning, and of de unck, born in 1744.

serving, popularity. His estate was William - Henry Cavendish Ben- not large, as it was encumbered with tinck, third Duke, and fourth Earl of an immense jointure of about sixteen Portland, who forins the subject of the thousand pounds per annum, to his present Memoir, was a youth of some mother, the dowager. This circumpromise. After a prefatory educa. stance obliged him to have recourse, tion, partly at home, under a private early in life, to expedients for raising tulor, being then Marquis of Titch- money, which encumbered his forfeld, he was sent to Oxford, and en- tune. tered of Christ Church. In 1756, he In 1763, his Grace gave an early recited publicly some English verses, presage of his patriotism, by a strenuin such a manner, as to attract no- ous opposition to the cyder-bill, a dice. On the 1st of February, 1757, measure which was engendered during be obtained the degree of M. A. but the Earl of Bute's administration, and it was not until October 7, 1792, that brought forward by a Chancellor of kis lordship proceeded D.C.L. when the Exchequer, supposed to be bụt it was conferred by diploma.

little conversant in matters of finance. After finishing his education at this He afterwards entered his protest a. learned seminary, Lord Titchfield was gainst that measure, which was too unsent abroad, in company with his on. popular to be persevered in, as it in, ly brother, Lord Edward Bentinck, troduced the excise laws into the barn on their travels. In conformity to the and cellar of every farmer in the kinga Established etiquette of that day, they dom, who made use of the juice of his made the grand tour ; and soon after own apples. On the proceedings atheir return home, both became nem- gainst Mr Wilkes, too, the Duke bers of parliament. The Marquis ser. joined with the opposition, who, on ved for Weobly, in Herefordshire, a this occasion, were supported by the borough supposed to be then some great body of the people. He, and what under the influence of the fami- those with whom he acted, maintainly; while Lord Edward was elected, ed that the privilege of parliament exfirst, for the city of Carlisle, and see tended to matters of libel, and accord

ingly he was one of those who dissent- party, the subject of this memoir was ed from the resolution of the house. well aware of the advantages supposed

It has always been customary for to result from it. Having property in men of a certain rank and influence in the county of Cumberland, he thought this country, to attach themselves to a a fair opportunity presented itselt of party, as this is supposed to be the only assisting two of his friends, in their sure and infallible way of either at- pretensions to be returned its knights taining, or preserving, political and of the shire, and he accordingly supparliamentary consequence. His Grace ported the late Henry Curwen, Esq. accordingly connected himself with a gentlemen of fortune, and Henry the Marquis of Rockingham, a name Fletcher, Esq. an East India Direconce celebrated, and sull venerable, tor, and afterwards a Baronet, both of in the annals of this country! He whom had large possessions there. joined with that worthy nobleman, in This of course gave great umbrage talking down, and wriing down, two to the late Sir James Lorther, afterdifferent administrations. At the head wards Earl of Lonsdale, who, to of the first of these presided the Peer, great opulence, united a daring spirit; who had acted as governor to the King, and, in addition to both, was son-inwho enjoyed all his Majesty's confi- law of the Earl of Bute. A long, dence, and who was supposed to have violent and expensive contest accordconceived notions of government but ingly took place; and, although the little compatible with public liberty. Baronet found means to be returned, The second was George Grenville, fa- yet he was declared unduly elected by ther of the present Marquis of Buck. á Committee of the House of Comingham, Lord Grenville, &c. &c. mons, and the two other candidates who had been but a lawyer, and was were left for that Parliament, at least, conceived to be no statesman. in the quiet possession of their seats.

At length, in 1765, in consequence During the whole course of the of a change in the ministry, the Duke American war, his Grace remained accepted of employment. The place steady in the ranks of opposition.occupied by him, was that of Lord When the Marquis of Rockingham Chamberlain of the Household, an of came into office, he received the place fice of honour rather than of profit; of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and and he retained it but a few months, appointed General Fitzpatrick his sehaving gone out, or, in plain English, cretary. He was extremely popular been turned out, in conjunction with in that country. On the death of the his colleagues.

Marquis, he was recalled, but came From this disappointment, if it into olhce again with the coalition ally was one, the mind of the Duke ministry. He was then appointed to was happily averted to more pleasing the high situation of First Lord of the scenes ; and the bustle of politics Treasury. When this ministry was became, for a while, exchanged for supplanted by Mr Pitt, his Grace was the happiness arising out of domestic again thrown into the ranks of opposicomfort. On the 8th of November, tion. Sometime after the commence1766, his Grace was married to Lady ment, however, of the French revolu. Dorothy Cavendish, daughter of Wil. tion, he came over to Mr Pitt, nearly liam, the late Duke of Devonshire, by about the same time with Lord Loughwhom he has had four sons and two borough and Mr Windham. He then daughters.

continued for seven years to act as a As parliamentary influence must al. subordinate member of that adminis. ways be a great object with every one tration. who aspires to become a leader of a At length, in 1801, the subject of

this memoir finding his health decline, with Mr Pitt, his equanimity at times resigned the office of Secretary of forsook him, and his order to exclude State for the Home Department, and a distinguished Commoner from any acted as President of the Council un- of his Majesty's jails, on account of ul 1805, a situation in which less la. the denunciation of certain supposed bour and application were required.- abuses, in which he has been supportOn the formation of the Fox and ed by the concurring testimony of Grenville Administration, his Grace more than one Grand Jury, savoured thought 6t to withdraw, as he had not, but little of his usual urbanity. for some time, been on terms of inti. During the youthful portion of his macy with Mr Fox. After the death career, the Duke lived in babits of of that gentleman, and the sudden dis- great intimacy with the celebrated mission of his colleagues, in conse- Chace Price, M. P. for Radnor, a man quence of a supposed attempt to rese of infinite humour and jest, the very tore their civil and ecclesiastical pri- “ Yorick" of society. Money negovileges to the Irish nation, his Grace ciations, to a very great amount, pasonce more appeared on the scene, and sed between them, and on the sudden that too in an official character, which demise of the latter, as may be easily to some appeared unsuitable, in conse- supposed, the Duke was a considerable quence of his declining years and in- loser. On the death of his mother, Ermities. Accordingly, in 1807, un- the debts incurred by him were supder the name of First Lord of the posed, although very considerable, to Treasury, he became ostensible Mini- be liquidated, either wholly or at least Lez; but as he was for the most part to a very considerable amount, by the unable to attend, the parliamentary falling in of her jointure ; but he unpart of the business, was conducted by happily had acquired certain habits Mr Perceval in one House, and Lord of expense, which always kept his forLiverpool in another. At length, af- tune in a state of embarrassment. ter a severe struggle with disease, his It is believed, however, he never Grace determined to retire wholly was addicted to play ; and as to the from the political world; this was ac- turf, his Grace did not appear on it cordingly effected in the autumn of with any degree of eclat; for a stud was 1809, and but a few weeks anterior to never kept either for or by him, so that his demise, which took place in the the utmost, we believe, was merely 720 year of his age.

the naming of a horse. But he was It now remains, after such an ample accustomed, now and then, to pay the account of his public conduct, to con- debts of a near relative, who, we imasider the Duke of Portland as a pri- gine, formerly frequented Newmarrate nobleman. In this point of ket, and had been, during the greater vier, the early part of his life was pe- part of his life, in difficulties. As the callarly ainiable. During that period, visible head of the opposition for a be supported, for many years, the long series of years, frequent calls splendour of his dignified rank with were, doubtless, made on his purse : a very moderate fortune, Al the election for Cumberland; the conthough never considered as an ora- test with Sir James Lowther, or rather tor, yet what he said was listened to, with the Crown, and his household exas the suggestions of an honest man, penses, which were always conducted springing directly from the heart.- on a liberal, and, perhaps, extravagant He was but little adapted, perhaps, to scale, all contributedto make him poor, baciness, yet it is well known that no and to keep him so. On the other gentleman in the kingdom could write hand, the sums received as salary are a better letter. After his coalition to be deducted; but after all, these


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