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the articles of the marriage treaty, SENATUS-CONSULTUM of the 17th of Feb. which are in the usual form. The Senate appointed Counts Gar-

Con Title 1.- Of the Union of the Roman States bier, Lace pede, Laplace, Jancourt, Cor

with the French Empire. pet, Barthelemy, De Merode, De Fon. Art. . The Roman States are united tanes, and the Duke of Valmy, as a with the French Empire, and form an Committee to draw up an address to integral part of it. 2. It shall form two his Majesty on this occasion.

departments, the department of Rome, It is reported that the articles of the and the department of Trasimene. 3. treaty relative to the Emperor's mar. The department of Rome 'shall send seTiage, are with regard to portion, dow. ven deputies to the Legislative Body; ry, and jewels, in all respects the sanie the department of Trasimene shall send as those in the marriage treaties in pre. four. 4. The department of Rome shall ceding reigns between the Kings and be classed in the first series; the departDauphins of France and the Princesses of ment of Trasimene in the second. 5 Austria.

A Senatorship shall be established in the Berthier Prince of Neufchatel set off departments of Rome and Trasimene, from Paris on the 22d of February, for 6. The city of Rome is the second city Vienna, accompanied by a numerous of the Empire. The Mayor of Rome soite, to conduct the fair Bride to Paris. shall be present at the taking of the Berthier carries with him a picture of oath of the Emperors at their accession. the bridegroom, richly set with dia. He and the Deputations from the city monds, and some magnificent presents, of Rome shall on all occasions rank imparticularly of Gobelin tapestry, for the mediately after the Mayors and DepuEmperor Francis. The Parisian jewels tations of the city of Paris. 7. The lars, we are told, are busy in execut. Imperial Prince shall have the title, ing some extensive orders for the new and receive the honours of King of imperial household.

Rome. 8. A Prince of the blood, or a The French prints inform us, that Grand Dignitary of the Empire, shall this intended matrimonial alliance had hold in Rome the Court of the Empe. filled all classes of people at Vienná ror. 9. The property of which the do. with the most extravagant joy; and main of the Imperial crown shall conthat in three hours after the news was sist, conformably to the Senatus. Con. koown, the bank bills rose from io to sultum of the zoth January last, shall 100,- Whatever may be the feelings of be regulated by a special Senatus-Conthe people of Vienna, we must consider sultum. 10. After being crowned in the such an alliance more mortifying to the church of Notre-Dame in Paris, the family pride of the house of Austria, Emperors shall be crowned in the church than all the defeats she has sustained in of St Peter at Rome before the ioth the field of battle. It is reported, that year of their reign. 11. The city of the proposal was made and strongly Rome shall enjoy particular privileges urged to the Emperor Francis, during and immunities, which shall be deterthe late negociations for peace, by that mined by the Emperor Napoleon. arch-intriguer, Champagne; and the Title 2.-Of the Independence of the Impemind of the unfortunate monarch was rial Throne of all authority upon earth. so depressed by the vast loss of territory the Empire had suffered, that he reluc. Art. 1 2. Any foreign sovereignty is intantly gave his consent, in the hope of compatible with the exercise of any spiefterwards recovering from the good ritual authority within the Empire. 13. will of the tyrant some of his provinces. The Popes, upon their exaltation, shall The Lady is of the first marriage, and make oath never to do any thing a. was born in the year 1791.

gainst the four propositions of the Gal

Jican Church, as settled in the AssemITALY. bly of the Clergy in :632€. 14. The

four ROMAN STATES. The Roman States have been finally incorporated with the French Ez pire, * The following is the substance of in terms of be following edist.

the four propositions of the Gallican

Church,

four propositions of the Gallican Church cient commercial habits, after the French are declared common to all the Catho. decrees were ordered to be strictly enJic Churches of the Empire.

forced. French troops, to the amount Title 3.- Of the Temporary Subsistence of to fake possession of all the towns and

of 30,000, are marching into Holland, the Popes.

sea.ports. The following letters and 15. Palaces shall be prepared for the note have been published in the Dutch Pope in the different places of the Em papers, pire, in which he may wish to reside.

Armsterdam, Feb, 28. There shall necessarily be one in Paris, and one in Rome. 16. Two millions addressed by his Majesty to the Legis.

The following is a copy of a letter of income in landed property, free from lative Budy of Holland. taxes, and situated in the different parts of the Empire, shall be assigned to the

The King to the Legislative Body. Pope. 17. The expenses of the sacred “GENTLEMEN I have been disapcollege and of the propaganda are de- pointed in my expectation of being edclared Imperial. 18. The present or. abled to return before the ist of Janu. ' ganic Senatus-Consultum shall be sent ary. From the annexed documents by a message to his Majesty the Empe. contained in the Moniteur of yesterday ror and Ring.

sthe 31st of January, you will perceive The President and Secretaries,

that the result of our affairs is connect. (igned) CAMBACERES, Prince Arch.' ed with the conduct of the English Go. Chancellor of the Empire,

vernment. President.

The regret which I have felt has FRANCOIS, JANCOURT, CORNET,

been considerably increased by reading Secretaries.

the unjust accusation made against us; Signed and Sealed,

of having betrayed the cause of the conThe Chancellor of the Senate,

tinent, that is, of having been unfaithful (Signed) COUNT LAPLACE. to our engagements; and I write this

letter to

you, to diminish the impression

which so unjust and astonishing an acHOLLAND.

cusation must make upon your hearts,

as well as upon the beart of every true The annexation of Holland to France Hollander. appears to be finally determined on by " Whilst during the four years that the inexorable tyrant, in spite of all the have elapsed since the commencement remonstrances of Louis, who is dethron- of my reign, the nation, and you in pared' for presuming to allow any allevia. ticular, called to watch over her intetion of a state of warfare to his subjects, rests, have borne with so much difficul. by permitting them to follow their an ty and distress, but at the same time

with so much resignation, the doubling

of the imposts, so considerable an augChurch, decreed in the Assembly of the mentation of the public debt, and arClergy held in 1682, and which are men. maments so great, and so disproportiontioned in the above Senatus-Consultum. ate to the population and means of the

1. God gave to Peter and to his suc: kingdom-we little thought that we cessors, no power either direct or indi. should have been accused of having viorect over temporal things.

lated our engagements, and of not ha2. The Gallican Church approves the ving done enough ; at a moment when Council of Constance, which declares the state of maritime affairs operates u. the general Councils superior to the pon us with a greater pressure than 4Pope in spiritual matters.

pon all other countries collectively, and 3. The rules, the usages, and the when, to complete our misfortunes, we practices received in the Kingdom and are, besides, compelled to sustain a in the Gallican Church, must remain blockade upon the continent. unshaken,

“ It is the heartfelt consciousness for 4. The decisions of the Pope, in mat. these considerations, Gentlemen, which ters of faith, are valid only after the should lead us to the exercise of paChurch has accepted them.

tience, until the moment when the jus.

tise of his Majesty the Emperor, my tried by numerous sacrifices and various brother, shall make reparation for a events. Should I be able to succeed in charge whicb we have so little deserved. this purpose, as I have every reason to

* I cannot ascertain how long I may expect, every thing else will follow, in yet be prevented from gratilying the as much as it must be both the interest first and most anxious of my wishes, and inclination of France to favour and samely, that of returning to iny capital, aggrandise her friends, and not to deand seeing myself in the midst of you press them. at ibis difficult and critical juncture. “I therefore entreat you to unite all

" But, however distant that period your efforts to prevent emigration to may be, be assured that nothing can ał. foreign countries, and every proceeding ter my affection for the nation, and my that might indicate despondency, and atachment to her interests, nor lessen to exhort the nation tu await the deteryou in my esteem and confidence. • mination of the Emperor upon our fate,

Loois." with that firmness which is so peculiarly Paris, F&. 1. 1810.

their character, and which so intimateJy belongs to the justice of their cause.

“ I am not ignorant of what every The following letter, addressed by individual suffers. I have done every bus Majesty to the Council of State, was

thing to plead our cause in the most also this day read by the Minister, the

effectual manner. Neither the loss of Vice-President, at a meeting of the

time, nor the failure of my efforts, nor Council, which was attended by all the

any other consideration, has been able ministers and otber members :

to deter me from my purposc ; and, acTHE KING TO THE COUNCIL OF STATE.

cordingly, I have every reason to be

lieve, that if we can come to any ar. Though I with regret see the end rangement, which does not exclude the of the third month since my departure possibility of our existence, Holland fast approaching, nothing has yet been may still escape the present impending decided with regard to our affairs. ' tempest; particularly if, after all this,

* I cannot, however, suffer a single there remain not only no grounds, but instant to pass, after my recovery, with even no pretext for misunderstanding out repeating to you the assurance, chat and dissatisfaction, to which all my efall possible exertions shall continue to forts are directed. Your loving King, be made to preserve the existence of

Louis." the kingdom

Paris, Feb. 21. 1810. “We cannot conceal from ourselves, that this costs us great and difficult sa- Along note follows, from the Duke eribices; but I shall not hesitate, if of Cadore, the French Minister for Fo. there be but a possibility of Holland, reign Affairs, to Baron De Ruell, Miafter all that can be demanded of it, be- nister of Foreigo affairs in Holland, ing suffered to exist, to submit myself After touching, at considerable length, to the generosity of the Emperor, my on the Berlin and Milan decrees, the brother, in the just expectation, that u. Minister proceeds to observepoa the removal of all the causes of dis " The success of these great measures satisfaction, we shall receive those in chiefly depended on their execution in deanifications to which we are so strong. Holland. Holland, on the contrary, op ly entitied, and which will be more than pased obstacles to it; she continued to ever necessary to us.

trade with England. All the reinon. "My intention in submitting myself strances of France on this head were to the pleasure of the Emperor, my useless. His Imperial Majesty was obbrother, in every thing he can demand liged to recur to strong measures, of us, is to convince him that we have which proved his dissatisfaction. Twice taany enemies; that we have been the were the French custom-houses shut a. victims of calumny, of petty passions gainst the trade of Holland. They are and interests; but that we have never so at this moment; so that Holland has ceased, and still will continue to admire no longer any lawful communication ihe Emperor, and to conduct ourselves with the people of the Continent, and a true friends and old allies of France, the Emperor is determined not to open

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these barriers so long as circumstances Council ; in that case, the undersigned shall continue as they are. It would, is authorised to declare to the Dutch in fact, be to open them to the English Ministry and nation, that the actual trade. The Dutch people, far from state of Holland is incompatible with following the patriotic example of the the circumstances in which the extraAmericans, appear to have looked to ordinary principles adopted by England onc object only in this state of affairs, have placed the empire and the Conti. namely, their wretched mercantile interests. ment; in consequence, his Imperial

" On the other hand, the Emperor Majesty proposes; sees Holland without the means of ma * 1. To recal the Prince of his blood king war, or even defending herself. - whom he piaced on the throne of HolShe has ko navy; the sixteen sail of the land. The first duty of a French Prince, line she was to have contributed, have in the line of succession to the Imperial been disarmed: She has no energy: throne, is to that throne. All uthers During the late expedition from Eng are to give way when they are in oppo. Jand, the important fort of Ter Veere, sition to that, the first duty of every which was neither supplied with artil Frenchman, in whatever state his destiny lery nor provisions, made no resistance; has placed him, is to his country. and the more important post of Batliz,

“ 2. To occupy all the outlets of upon which the success of such great Holland, and al! the ports, by French events might have depended, was eva.

troops, as they were since it was con. cuated six lours before the arrival of quered by France in 1794, until the the enemy's picquets. Without an ar. time when his Majesty expected to my, without revenues, and, it may be conciliate all sides, by erecting the almost said, without friends or aines, , throne of Holland. the Dutch consist only of a collection

“ 3. To employ every means, without of merchants, with no other passion regard to consideration, to compel Hoi. than that of their mercantile interest; land to engage in the Continental sys." constituting a rich, useful and respect tem, and to wrest, once for all, her able company, but not a nation.

ports and coast from the Government “ His Imperial Majesty wishes for that has made the ports of Holland the peace with England. He made advan- principal depots, and the greater part of ces towards it at Tilsit; they did not the Dutch merchants the promoters and succeed. Those which he adopted, in agents of British commerce. concert with his ally, the Emperor of (Signed) “ The Duke of CADORE." Russia, at Erfurt, were equally unsuc

Nothwithstanding the above unmer. cessful. The war will therefore be

ciful denunciation, the last letters from long, since all the attempis that were

Holland state, that the aspect of affairs made to obtain peace have failed. The

is more promising; and it has been even proposal even to send Commissioners to

intimated to the Snate, that Louis may Morlaix, to treat for the exchange of still reign, provided the Dutch will pay prisoners, although suggested by Eng; down to the Emperor a handsome dou. land, miscarried, when it was perceived

ceur for this act of mercy. that it might lead to an accommodation. England, arrogaring to herself, by her orders of November 1807, univer

SPAIN. sal sovereignty, and adopting the principle of eternal wer, has dissolved every The accounts from Spain are of a thing, and rendered every means of re most disastrous complexion. The enesisting her pretensions lawful. If the iny have passed the Sierra Morena, and change, therefore, ihat has lately taken so far froin having met with any resis place in the English Administration tance, it appears that they continued has produced none in the principles of their march, without encountering the England, which is easily to be ascer. slightest opposition, towards Seville, tained from the speech that will be made which they entered on the 29th of Ja. io Parliament at its next meeting ; and nuary. There is something unaccount. if she continues to proclain the princi. ably mysterious in this account. The ples of perpetual war and universal mo. retreat and non-resistance of the natives narchy, in upholding her orders in cannot be imputed to cowardice, treach.

ery,

ery, nor even to panic; if those were by the governor and people. The Spathe cause, immediate submission to the nish fleet, though not fully equipped, conqueror would bave been the consc. were ready for sea, and conveyed into quence. But that does not appear to the outer harbour, beyond the British be the case, and as far as we can collect, division of the fleet stationed there, 10 Overtures of that nature have been which consisted of three ships of the made. The leade's, probably terrified line, besides smailer vessels. Applicady the disasters which the troops sus- tion had been made to the governor of tained in general engagements with the Gibraltar for assistance, and it is said enemy, were unwilling to risk another, that 1200 troops were immediately to which, if unsuccessful, would destroy be sent from that garrison. Additional every hope. That they have therefore reinforcements to our feet will also, it come to the determination to avoid e is understood, soon leave England for very action, in which the French have Cadiz. The principal inconvenience, so decided an advantage ; and to throw in case of a siege, would arise from the themselves into garrison places, in the number of refugees, who have crowded defence of which, they have given such thither on the first alarm. The accesadmirable proofs of courage and perse. sion of 30, or 40,000 persons to the orverance. It appears, on this occasion, dinary number of the inhabitants and that the movements of the French ar. garrison, which amount to about 100,000 mies were bold and judicious, as usual, in nurber, might occasion some diffiThey turned, it would seem, the Sierra culty in supplying the place with pro. Morena, by which mancuyre the de- visions, fence of the passes was rendered useless, No sooner was it known that the and immediately abandoned by the Spa, junta had fled from Seville, than the tish army of the centre, as soon as people there took up arms, and having they learned that the enemy were in set at liberty the Conde de Montijo and their rear. They afterwards fell back Don Francisco Palafox, who had been upon the kingdom of Jaen, in Lower imprisoned on a charge of conspiracy aAndalusia. - The plan of the invaders gainst the government, they surrounded appears to have been to push forward the junta of Seville, demanding the imrapidly to Cadiz, without touching at mediate appointment of a regency, and Seville, in hopes of seizing the former exclaiming against the supreme junta aty, its shipping, and arsenals, by sur- as traitors to their country, who had prise. The Duke of Albuquerque, on abandoned the passes of the mountains being informed of the advance of the ene, to the French, and then fled to Cadiz ay, and their intentions, is said to have with the money which they had remade one ofthe most rapid marches, and to ceived from America. The junta bave got the start of the invaders. He of Seville refused to nominate a rereached the isle of Leon with the great. gency, but admitted Montijo and Paer part of his army, and has been since lafox as members of their own body, joined, it is stated, by the corps under and appointed the Marquis of Romana the command of the Duke del Parque ; commander of the army of Castile, in -a reinforcement more than sufficient place of the Duke of Parque, Romana, to protect Cadiz, which is in a respect. who had been named about a fortnight atle state of defence, well supplied before captain-general of Valencia, but with arms and artillery. The situation had not left Seville, accepted this com.. of the towo is naturally strong; and mand, and took part with the insurmay be easily defended. The inhabi. gents. The command of the army of lists received, a few days previous to the centre was given to Blake, while the last accounts, à supply of 20,000 the Count de Montijo was sent to assist stand of arms from this country, and are in collecting troops. Couriers were, azking the utmost exertions to defend at the same time, dispatched to stop the city to the last extremity. All clas- the members of the supreme junta, who ses laboor at the fortifications on the had fled to Cadiz, and arrest them as land side ; and it was suggested by Ad- traitors to their courtry. At Xeres miral Purvis, that the batteries com. de la Frontera, the Archbishop of LaBanding the harbour should be demo- odicea, president of the junta ; Valdes, Lisbed, which was cheerfully acceded to formerly minister of marine ; and Oval

le,

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