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Memoirs of the PROGRESS of MANU-

: norous. It is indeed so very dryi FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE,

that when a blade of iron is passed oand the FINE ARTS.

ver it, only lightly touching it, it

gives an extremely lively phosphoric ONE of the most remarkable facts light, occasioned, according to all ap

in the history of geography, is com- pearance, by an electric motion; for municated by letters conveyed in the when this tallow is recently melted, last ships from the Cape of Good Hope. and the surrounding air is extremely The island of Bossen, or Penguin, dry, the mere passing of the hand on sometimes called Seal Island, at the it is sufficient to produce sparks. The western extremity of Table Bay, has dryness of this tallow is still farther deentirely disappeared beneath the wa- monstrated by its perfect transparency ters. An earthquake was felt at Cape when melted : at the temperature of Town, in December, only two leagues boiling water, neither bubbles nor distant, of which'a particular descrip- clouds are discernible. This allow, tion will be given in a subsequent part it is affirmed, may be kept without of this number; and it is supposed that any discoloration or rancidity for two the convulsion extended to Bossen. years. The candles made of it are The island was about two miles in extremely white, their light is very length and one in breadth, and was, pure, they emit little or no smoke, although flat, somewhat more elevated they do not gutter or run, and require above the surface of the sea than the snuffing less frequently than others.contiguous island of Elizabeth. The They are about five per cent. higher Dutch, when in possession of the Cape, in price than those of common manukept a guard of twenty-four men on facture.” Bossen ; and it was employed as a In the description of the new inplace of banishment for criminals, to vented Stove, for conveying warmth the number of from seventy to a hun. by heated air, in our last Number, it dred, who dug lime-stone to supply ought to have been mentioned that it materials for the buildings on the ad. is Patent. The Stove may be seen at, jacent continent. No women were the Shop of Mr Adam Anderson, No. then permitted to reside here, not 51, South Bridge-Street, one of the even the wife of the postmaster. It Patentees. We may add, that it has was not allowed that strangers should been used, with much advantage, in a visit it, since a Danish ship, which number of the churches in this city, had lost great part of her crew, and as well as in private houses, on a was refused assistance at the Cape, smaller scale. sent a boat on shore, dispersed the In the government of Simbitsk, in guard, and received on board as many the circle of Korssun, four versts from malefactors as were necessaryto na. the crown village Kassaur, there is a vigate her to Europe. At the south. district where the earth has been bur. ern extremity of the island, a flag was ning for three years. No fire is seen; hoisted on the approach of any veseel. but much smoke, which issues at va

M. Vauquelin, in the name of the rious places. The ground sinks inCommittee of the Chemical Aris, has sensibly; and on pressing it at the lataly reported on a manufacture of edges, fames burst out. The inhabitallow for candles, professed to be pu- tants of Kassaur say, that not far rified from all animal substances of from that place, the earth had burned an injurious nature, to be free in the same manner twelve years ago, from all moisture, and not at all and had become extinguished of itself. discoloured. “ The tallow,” says he, Where the ground was dug into, a " which I carefully examined, is de- spring of water was found. mi-transparent, per tly dry and so




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Vemoirs of the late Cenerai VIEL. from the point where probably he

crossed the Rhone in the neighbour

hood of Roquemaure, up the left bank (Concluded from p. 103.) ' of that river, nearly to Vienna, across HAVING finally closed his rela Dauphiné, to the entrance of the 1 tions with the West Indies, as a mountains at Les Echelles, along governor and commander in chief of the vale to Chamberry up the banks the forces, with entire satisfaction to of the Isere, by Contians and Mousall concerned at home and abroad, as tier, over the gorge of the Alps, calwell as to his own mind, (for in the led the Little St. Bernard, and down, seven years during which he dischar. their eastern slopes by Aosti, and Iv. ged all the duries of Chancellor in his rea, to the plains of Piedmont, in the governmeat, not one appeal from his neighbou hood of Turin. decisions was brought home to the In tracing this route, which seems King in council,) General M. seized to have been strangely disregarded by the earliest opportunity of turning his commentators, historians, and antiattention to what had alırays been his quarians, of the greatest note, altho' favouri e study-military history, and certainly the most obvious for that antiquities. He had already visited illustrious Carthaginian to have fol. Paris, Spa, &c. but the years 1774, lowed, General M. found the nature 1775, and 1770, he devoted to a tour of the country, the distances, the situthrough France, Switzerland, Italy, ations of the rivers, rocks, and mounGermany, the Low Countries, &c. tains, most accurately to tally with the during which, besides the objects of circumstances related by Polybius : the fine arts, in which he possessed a nay, even the Loucopetron, that celevery delicate taste, with great sensibi. brated crux crisicorum, he discovered lity of their beautics and defects, he still to subsist in its due position, and examined the scenes of the most me, still to be known under the identical morable battles, sieges, and other mi- denomination of La Roche Blanche. litary, exploits, recorded in antient Not satisfied however with the evidence or modero history, from the Portus arising from so many coincidences, Itius of Cesar, on the margin of the General M. crossed and re-crossed the English Channel, to the Cannæ of Alps in various other directions, pointPolybius, on the remote shores of the ed out for the track of Annibal's Adriatic; and from the fields of la march : but of those not one could, millies, to those of Dettingen and Blen. without doing great violence indeed heim. With Polybius and Cæsar in to the text of Polybius, be brought i:1 Liis hand, and referring to the most any reasonable way to correspond to authentic narrations of modern warfare, the narrative. he traced upon the ground the posi- Newton is reported to have said, tions and operations of the most dis. that if he possessed any peculiar ad. tinguished cominanders of various pe- vantage over his fellow.labourers in Diods, noting where their judgment, the field of science, it consisted mereskill, and presence of mind, were the ly in his allowing himseif to consi. post conspicuous, and treasuring up der matters morc patiently and delifor future use the evidences of the mis- berately than the generality of man. takes and errors, from which the most kind. It was General M.'s practice, eminent were not exempted. Relying in his researches into truth, first to col01 the authority of Polybius, and lect all the information to be procured guided by la raison de guerre, or com. 0:1 the subject, next to weigh the aumon sense, applied to war, he traced thorities and evidences the one against de route to Italy pursued by Annibal, the other, in order to certain those March 1810.


place. Corresponding to these six A Tour from ARBROATH to MONkings are found six hat stones, nine TROSE, principally with a View to test in length, and disposed in two its remote Antiquities. parallel rows, in what is now called (Continued from p. 90.) the Psalter church-yard, but which

HAving proceeded to Lunan waformerly constituted part of the floor

Ister, on the line of the turnpike of the Abbey. Doubts having arisen

road, it is necessary to return to Dickas to whether these sovereigns had

montlaw, and follow the old line of been really interred under the above

road uill we reach said River. mentioned stones, an examination was

On leaving Dickmontlaw we enter lately made by some persons who were

the estate of Ethie, the name of which curious on these subjects. Mr Graham

is unquestionably Gaelic, but from Dalyell, well known for the extent of

the multifarious words in that lanhis antiquarian information, has pub

guage to which it may be traced, a lished, in a curious little volume*, the

dozen different etymologies might be particulars of this examination, from

given, all of them equally probable, which we made a short extract for the

for which reason I shall hazard no information of our readers, (Mag. conjecture on the subject. May 1809.) The result was unsatis.

About a mile distant from Dicke factory; yet Mr G. thinks it possible,

montia w you reach Kinaldie, the name that a more diligent search might be of

of a farm on said estate. Kinaldie, attended with success. Several pas. ise. Kin- Aldan, or Alian, i. e, the head Sages in the Chartulary leave no

of the little eminence. The Gaelic doubt as to the Abbey having once Ald or Alt is the radix of the Latin been a burial place for Scottish kings. Altus. The Gael form their diminu. That royal splendour, which for

tives by adding the particles ac or an,

tives merly encircled Dunfermline, has now

thus Ald a height-Aldan a little long departed ; but its place has been

height- Ross a promontory-kossan supplied by a more substantial source of

a little promontory, &c. In adoptprosperity, which has not only preven

ing these and such like words into the ted the town from declining, but has even produced an increase of inhabi

English language, we commonly use the

English mode of forming the diminutants. This is the manufacture of tive, and instead of Aldan and Rossani, linen. When that employment was first introduced, we are not precisely

we say Aldie and Rossie. The bank,

or ridge, on which Kinaldie is situated, informed ; but, since the middle of the

lies considerably below the level of last century, it has made most rapid Mart

Moordrum, immediately to the eastadvances. In 1792 there were 1200

ward, and these two places seem to looms employed, and the value of

have received their names in contramanufactured produce was estimated

distinction to one another ; for Moor. at from 50 to 60,000). The linen

drum, i. e. Mor-Drum, signifies the wrought is that called Diaper, used for

great ridge, whereas Kinaldie may, table-cloths. These can not only be

without any violation of its literal immade of any degree of fineness, but

port, be rendered, the head of the little coats of arms, mottos, &c. can, when

ridge. desired, be wrought into them. ..;

Immediately to the east of Moor.

drum lies the estate of Auchmithie, * A Tract, chiefly relative to Monas. 1.C. Al

i.e. Ach-Mithan, i.e. the ridge of prostic antiquities, with some account of a

pect recent search for the remains of the Scottish kings interred in the Abbey of yell, Esq. Edinburgh. Constable and Dunfermline. By John Graham Dal, Co. 1809.

pect or view. Mithan is the diminu- impracticable. All that they meant tive of Midh, or Mith, and has been was, that they landed near it, and traformed, according to the English idi. dition points out the southern extre. omn, in the same manner as Aldie and mity of Lunan Bay as the actual land. Rossie, aforesaid.

ing place. This tradition is strongly The next object worth attention to corroborated by an artificial tumulus, the eastward is the Cearcac Head, er- which still retains the name of the roneously written Caercock Head. Corbie Know. The Raven and Cor. Cearcac is the diminutive of Cearc, bie are synonymus, and as the Raven and signifies a little diver, or cormòwas the Danish standard, it is more rant. This same head has two other than probable this was the eminence names, viz. lmo, Cuithal, i. e. the en- on which they erected it, after their trenched rock.-2do, Prile Castle, landing. probably so denominated from its then Having made this digression from Aroprietor. Thus, in the different the old line of road, it is necessary to names of this head, we can in some return te Kinaldie, a little to the north measure trace its history. It was of which is situated Cairnton, so denocalled Cearcac Head (head is evident- minated from a Cairn, which can still ly a translation of the Gaelic word be traced, but whether of the Sefulcorresponding to it,) when it had no chral or Druidical kind cannot be deother circumstance to distinguish it termined. than its being frequented by a num. The next object worth attenber of cormorants. It afterwards re- tion is Chance Inn, built in the 17th ceived the name of Cuith- Al, when it century by the family of North Esk, was secured on the land side by a fosse only remarkable for the following apo and rampart. And lastly, it was cal. propriate inscription, viz. Non nobis led Prile Castle, when the entrench- solum nati sumus. ment received the addition of a castle. You now reach the Keilor, which And it is not a little singular, that all separates two farms, named Muckle these characteristics still remain. It and Little Inchock, so named from is frequented by a number of cormo their being in a manner peninsulated rants, provincially called scarts. The by streamlets which nearly surround fosse and rampart are very distinct, them. The original word is Inisac, and the foundations of the castle can the diminutive of Inis, i. e. A Peninstill be traced,

sula or Inch. Inis is pronounced Inish, Next is the Red Head, the Promon- and Inisac, Inishac, so that the origitorium Rubrum of Boethius, and the dal pronunciation is nearly retained, other Scottish historians, principally though the orthography is considerremarkable as the landing place of the ably altered by writing it Inchoch. Danes.' On its summit is an entrench- 21st Feb. 1810.

MILO. ment, but far inferior in point of

(To be continaed.) strength to that on Cearcac Head. The only other head I notice is the Snab Head, a little to the east ward of Monthly Memoranda in Natural HisEthie Haven, and is probably so deno. minated from the shattered appearance of the rock which composes it.

NOTHING remark'When our historians inform us that

March 1,

T able in the naihe Danes landed at Red Head, the tural history department occurs this expression must not be literally under: month. The weather has not, upon siood, for a landing at Red Head was the whole, been unfavourable for the




At London, the Right Hon. Lady Os. 25. A! Od Cuninack, aged 84, Mr Ro. sulston, a son and heir.

bert Wilson surgeon; he practized there 60 AC Winchelsea, the Lady of Lieut.-Col. years. Christie, of the Ilth royal veteran balla 26. At Fraserburgh, Mrs Catharine Gorlion, a son.

don, relict of Dr Findlay, physician there.

30. Ar Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Dalzell, DEATHS.

relict of Mr William Nicolson, builder April 27. On board his Majesty's ship there. Ocean, off Cadiz, Mr William Milones, as. Dec. i. At Edinburgh, Mrs Margarec sistant surgeon, son of Mr John MInnes, Hainilton, relict of Cape, Janies Hamilton. Miln of Drunumond, Perthsiunea young. 1. Ac Edinburgh, John White Forrest, man of an amiable disposition.

aged 17, eldest son of Mir Daniel Forrest, May 3. Ac Bombay, Capt. William Wals lotrery office keeper.

1. Ac Mayen, C.ptain Charles Grahame, Ang. 24. At Berbice, Capt. John Ogil. royal engineers. vy, of the 1st battalion royals, eldest soul of 2. Ac Edinburgh, Miss Helen Home,' che Hon. Walter Orilvy of Clova.

daughter of the late Alexander Home, of Sept. 29. At Barbadves, Mr John Reid Linchill, Esq. Periy, of his Majesty's ship Rosarrond, a 3. Ac Edinburgh, John Hay Esq. late of most promising young officer, in the 21st Pitfour. year of his age.

4. In Portugal, Dr George Ogilvy, phyOct. 2. Si Fort Amsterdam, Surinam, sician to his Majesty's forces, aged 33 Lieut. and Adjutant Roberį M.Cheyne, of years, eldest son of Mr Ogilvy of South. the 64ch regiment.

ampton Buildings. 31. At London, the Rev. Dr George 4. at Edinburgh, Mrs Mary M.Farlane, Glasse, rector of Hanwell. A coroner's relict of John Campbell Esq. coliector of inquest was held on the body next day, Excise. when it appeared from evidence, that the 27. At the manse of Airly, the Rev. James deceased had taken a bed at an inn on Stormonth, minister of that parish. Monday night, and ordered himself to be 27. At Forres, Mr Robert Warden, mercalled ai five next morning, assigning for chant, aged 75. the cause, that he was to go to the country 29. At Edinburgh, Mrs Helen Donaldby one of the early coaches. On entering son, wife of Mr Thomas Kennedy, glover. his apartment to call him, he was found 30. Ac Wedderburu house in Berwicksuspended from the bed.post by a towel shire, General David Home, of Wedderand a handkerchief, knotted together. As. buru, Colonel of che 2d royal veteran Bacsistance was immediately procured, but he talion. was quite dead. The surgeon expressed 30. At Exmouth, Miss Jane Douglas, onhis opinion, that from the appearance of ly daughter of George Douglas, Esq. of the body, the deceased was insane. His Cavers. solicitor also expressed the same opinion, 30. At hie seat of Highfield, Hants, aged and also a belief that his state of mind had 82, Sir William Pitt, K. B. Col. of the 1st been produced by the enibarrassment of his Dragoon Guards, and Governor of Portsaffairs. The jury immediately brought in mouth. a verdict, that the deceased had strangled 30. At Aberdeen, Mr John Adams, seedshimself in a state of insanity. Dr Glasse man and nurseryman there. was in possession (including the rectory of S1. At Twynholm Manse, James M MilHanwell) of upwards of L. 4000 per'an- lan, E:q, of Barw binnick. pum. He was a gentleman of considerable 31. Ai London, Captain Donald Stewart, natural and acquired talents. When in- of the Lord Nelson, Harwich packet. troduced at the French court, during the Ac Paris, M. Cretei, lately Minister of late short peace, Bonaparte pronounced the Interior, hin the most accomplished Englishınan he Lately, at Wratsing Park, aged 85, Ge. had seen at Paris. The name of Dr Glasse neral Thomas Hall, Colonel of the Sd foot, become somewhat conspicuous in the in. or Old Buffs. He was one of the oldest ofquiry into the conduct of the Duke officers in his Majesty's service, having been York; he having been seated as one of the Aid-de-camp to Marquis Granby at the batapplicarcs to Mrs Clarke for ecclesiastical tle of Minden. promotion,

Lately, ac Haslar Hospital, of a fever conNov. 6. A. Lebau, in Spain, Capr. James tracted ac Walchereo, Ensign William Fip. Maupberbun, 420 Toyiment.

layson, of the 22d regiment of foot, into 21. At Cleland house, Marcon Dal which he had lutely volunteered from the Tymple, Esq. of Fordell, niuch and deser. Ayrshire milicia. vedly regreted.,

Lately, after a very short illness, at Bath,


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