Графични страници
PDF файл



Err Serve Earth Firm Mercy Merciful erst


terminate herb stern pearl girl servant perfectly

7. E, as in E-nd. The common error in the following class of words, is that of allowing the vowel to approach the sound of a in ale; thus, taillfor těll. Other errors are Ich as stiddy,for stěady; maysure, for measure. Elk Hence Let Bell Den Bed Ready steady

pleasure general genuine

8. I, as in I-n. The common error of careless articulation, in this element, makes it approach the a of ale; thus," sainn,for săn. An opposite error, in foreign style, or in bad taste, gives " seenn,for sõn;" ceetee," for cătý, &c. Din Dim Bid Ill Lip

Bit 9. A, as in Ai-r. Sometimes carelessly enunciated as a in an, prolonged; thus, ŭer,'

,” for air ; — sometimes too fastidiously flattened, and reduced to a in ale; thus, “aer" for air. The true sound lies between. Bare Fare Hair Stare Barely Aware

10. U, as in U-p. The error in enunciating this element, is that of forming the sound in a coarse, guttural style, which makes it approach the sound of o in on. This fault is prevalent in the usage of the Middle States. Up Bud Gum Dun But Done

11. 0, as in O-r. Three errors are extensively prevalent in the mode of enunciating this element :- 1st, a local error of New England, which gives a double sound for a single one, commencing with o in old, and ending with u in up, or a. in an, thus “ nõŭr,or “ nõăr,” for nor ; 2d, a local error of the Middle States, which makes the sound too broad, and resembling the a in arm; thus, nûr,” for nor; 3d, a long and drawling sound, which has a coarse and slovenly character; thus cawrd, for cord. Orb? Born

Form 12. O, as in O-n. A prevalent local error in Massachusetts, in the following class of 1 The same element with e in err, though differently spelled.


2 The r of these words is soft, but never silent, as in the style of faulty usage.

sounds, exists in the words, loss, lost, soft, &c., which are pronounced nearly with o, as in old; thus loass," " loast,' soaft," &c., and sometimes with a double, instead of a single sound ; thus 6 lõást,&c., for lost. The local error of usage, in the state of Connecticut, verges to the opposite extreme, in such words, and gives, for o, a sound too nearly like that of a in an; thus “ lăss," &c., for loss. On Mob Bog

Rod Lop Loss odd rob dog god? sop

toss 13. A, as in A-le. The common error in the enunciation of this element, is that of making its “ vanish” too conspicuous ; thus acelfor ale. An opposite error is not uncommon, that of omitting the delicate “ vanishing” sound entirely, which makes the style of enunciation coarse and negligent. Ace Day Hail Lade Make Came

14. 1, as in I-ce. The two errors to be avoided in enunciating this element, are, Ist, that of commencing with too broad a sound ; thus, “ ûece,”' for ice (åece ;)2d, that of commencing it with too flat a sound; thus, "ārce," for ice. - See remarks on 6 tonic" elements. Dice Bide Life Lime Fight Dive rice ride rife time light hive vice side wife prime might rive

15. O, as in O-ld. A prevalent error in the local usage of New England, makes this o too short; thus, hom,for home. A common error of the Middle States makes the sound too broad; thus “fûrcefor force. Oh Go Bold Home Lone Hope lo cold loam bone

mope foe hold foam stone grope both ford fort


boat loath sword port force


coat sloth forge sport source pour

dote 16. Ou, as in Ou-r. The prevailing errors on this element, are “âur," "ăur," and “ eur,” for our, (o sounding as in done.) The first two of these

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


1Commonly mispronounced "gawd," " goad," " goud,or “gad.





errors are current in the pronunciation of the Southern and Middle States; the last, in that of New England. Out How Loud Cow Fowl Crown

cloud count howl drown owl


frown 17. Oi, as in Oi-l. The two errors usually exhibited in enunciating this element, are 1st, beginning the diphthong with the sound of o, in own, instead of that of o, in on; 2d, closing with a sound resembling a, in ale, instead of i, in in, Boil Toil Joy Coin Broil Rejoice coil soil hoy

join spoil appoint foil соу toy


groin avoid

18. U, as in U-se, [long, as in the verb, — short, as in the

noun.] The common errors in articulating this compound element, consist in, 1st, turning the whole sound into oo, as in ooze; 2d, making the diphthong commence with a, in ale, instead of e, in eve, shortened, or the sound of y, in yet. Use Tune Feud Cue Human Student Constitution dupe hew

due useful stupid institution lure fume few

humor stewing revolution



[blocks in formation]

2. M, as in M-ai-m. The common error in the enunciation of this element, is that of sounding it too slightly, and in a slack and lagging style. Mime May Move Am Him Hum

3. N, as in N-u-n. The common fault of enunciation in this, as in the preceding element, is a want of that force which belongs to energetic and animated utterance. Nine Nay Now An Den Din 4. R, as in R-ap. [R initial, before a vowel, or after a

consonant.] The error to be avoided in articulating this element, is that of prolonging it into a “roll,” or that of substituting for it the soft sound of r o final.” A correct articulation, in this instance, always presents to the ear a firm, clear, and distinct, but very brief sound. Raw Red Rid Ream Robe Rude Rub rye rim reel

rose rule ruff ray rip reap roam rue

rust Brag Brave Grave Crane Pray

Trade Stray brass brain grim crag prate track stride brad braid groan cry prone

tread strut




5. R, as in Fa-r ; [r final, or before a consonant.] The error most frequent in the articulation of this element, is that of omitting it, through inadvertency. This fault is one of the conspicuous peculiarities of the style of pronunciation prevalent among the uncultivated classes of the city of London. But it is not less so, even among educated people, in the United States. The soft r, being one of the few liquid consonants which our language possesses, should never be omitted in enunciation. At the same time, it should never be converted into the opposite r, as in rap, as it often is, in the style of foreigners; neither should it ever be dwelt upon, or prolonged in sound. It is properly but a “vanish," in its effect on the ear; as its vibrating and murmuring articulation prevents it from becoming forcible or distinct. The tongue should execute it with a delicate motion adapted to its slight and evanescent character. Hare Bar Ear Ire Ore Lure Bur dare fear hire

pure fare hear mire door

pur Orb Arm Earn Dark Pearl Art Burn horn harm fern hark marl dart turn form farm

learn lark whirl part churn Murmur former charmer warmer warbler burner forlorn






Exercise on words containing both sounds of R. [The difference in the sounds of the hard and the soft r, should be exactly observed.] Rare Rear Roar Reared Roared Rarely Drier

horror terror brier prior truer crier regular barrier terrier merrier farrier barrier courier


6. Ng, as in Si-ng; [or n, before g hard or k.] King Gong Hang Hung

Bank Ink ring wrong bang tongue rank sink wing prong rang sprung

drank wink Hanging Ringing Lancing Mangling Haranguing twanging winging glancing dangling prolonging swinging bringing dancing wrangling besprinkling

7. B, as in B-a-be. The forcible execution of this, and the two following elements, in a very clear and compact form, is often indispensable to the full effect of vivid emotion. Babe Ball Bead Blab Mob Curb

8. D, as in D-i-d. Did Dawn Den Laid Mad

Bed 9. G, as in G-a-g. Gag Gave Gall Gull Hag Log

[blocks in formation]


Ye yea'

12. Z, as in A-z-ure, [or s, as in measure.]
Measure Vision Composure Derision

13. Y, as in Y-e.
Yes? Young Yawn Yearly

youth yell yellow 14. W, as in W-oe. Ware Wed

Wine 15. TH, as in TH-ine. Than Then Thee Bathe Beneath




1 Yay, not “ye.” 2 Yes, not “yiss.” In these and a few other words, the style recommended by Walker, is now obsolete.

« ПредишнаНапред »