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Cornice, or frieze, with bossy sculptures graven;
III. — “Moderate Movement.”
[DESTRUCTION OF CARTHAGE.] - Anonymous. (“Pure tone :" “ Moderate" force : “ Unimpassioned radical stress :” “Middle pitch :” Varied “slides :" Moderate pauses.)
“ The city and republic of Carthage were destroyed by the termination of the third Punic war, about one hundred and fifty years before Christ. The city was in flames during seventeen days; and the news of its destruction caused the greatest joy at Rome. The Roman senate immediately appointed commissioners, not only to raze the walls of Carthage, but even to demolish and burn the very materials of which they were made; and, in a few days, that city, which had once been the seat of commerce, the model of magnificence, the common storehouse of the wealth of nations, and one of the most powerful states in the world, left behind no trace of its splendor, of its power, or even of its existence.The history of Carthage is one of the many proofs that we have of the transient nature of worldly glory; for, of all her grandeur, not a wreck remains. Her own walls, like the
calm ocean, that conceals forever the riches hid in its unsearchable abyss, now obscure all her magnificence."
2.- Descriptive Style.
(AsPECT OF EGYPT.) -Addison. (“' Pure tone :” “Moderate" force : “ Unimpassioned radical” and
gentle “median stress :" “ Middle pitch :” Varied “slides :" Moderate pauses.)
“ There cannot be a finer sight than Egypt, at two seasons of the year. For, if we ascend one of the pyramids, in the months of July and August, we behold, in the swollen waters of the Nile, a vast sea, in which numberless towns and villages appear, with several causeways leading from place to place; the whole interspersed with groves and fruit-trees, whose tops only are visible ;-all which forms a delightful prospect. This view is bounded by mountains and woods, which terminate, -at the utmost distance the eye can discover, — the most beautiful horizon that can be imagined.In winter, on the contrary, that is to say, in the months of January and February, the whole country is like one continuous scene of beautiful meadows, whose verdure, enamelled with flowers, charms the eye. The spectator beholds, on every side, flocks and herds dispersed over all the plains, with infinite numbers of husbandmen and gardeners. The air is then perfumed by the great quantity of blossoms on the orange, lemon, and other trees, and is so pure that a wholesomer or more agreeable is not to be found in the world; so that nature being then dead, as it were, in all other climates, seems to be alive only for so delightful an abode.”
3. — Didactic Style.
[REASON AND INSTINCT.) -Addison. (“Pure tone :" " Moderate"
“Unimpassioned radical stress :” “ Middle pitch :” “Varied slides :" Moderate pauses.)
“One would wonder to hear skeptical men disputing for the reason of animals, and telling us it is only our pride and prejudices that will not allow them the use of that faculty.
“ Reason shows itself in all occurrences of life; whereas the brute makes no discovery of such a talent but in what immediately regards his own preservation, or the continuance of his species. Animals, in their generation, are wiser than the sons of men; but their wisdom is confined to a few particulars, and lies in a very narrow compass.
Take a brute out of his instinct, and you find him wholly deprived of understanding. — There is not, in my opinion, anything more mysterious in nature, than this instinct in animals, which thus rises above reason, and falls infinitely short of it. It cannot be accounted for by any properties in matter, and, at the same time, works after so odd a manner, that one cannot think it the faculty of an intellectual being. For my own part, I look upon it as upon the principle of gravitation in bodies, which is not to be explained by any known qualities inherent in the bodies themselves, nor from any laws of mechanism, but according to the best notions of the greatest philosophers, is an immediate impression from the First Mover, and the Divine energy acting in the creatures.”
IV.--"Animated, or Lively Movement.”
1.–Narrative Style. [SUCCESSIVE DECLINE OF POPULAR FALLACIES.] —Goldsmith. (“Pure tone :" “ Moderate"
Unimpassioned radical stress :” “ Middle pitch :” Varied“ slides :" Short pauses.)
“I have lived to see generals who once had crowds hallooing after them wherever they went, who were bepraised by newspapers and magazines, - those echoes of the voice of the vulgar; and yet they have long sunk into merited obscurity, with scarce even an epitaph left to flatter. — A few years ago, the herring-fishery employed all Grub street: it was the topic in every coffee-house, and the burden of every ballad. We were to drag up oceans of gold from the bottom of the sea : we were to supply all Europe with herrings, upon our own terms. At present, we hear no more of all this. We have fished up very little gold that I can learn ;
nor do we furnish the world with herrings, as was expected. - Let us wait but a few years longer, and we shall find all our expectations a herring-fishery."
2.-Descriptive Style. [RIDICULOUSNESS OF SELF-IMPORTANCE.] — Goldsmith. -(" Pure tone :” “Moderate " force : “ Expulsive median stress :"
“ Middle pitch :” Varied “ slides :” Varied pauses.)
“ There is scarce a village in Europe, and not one university, that is not furnished with its little great men. The head of a petty corporation, who opposes the designs of a prince who would tyrannically force his subjects to save their best clothes for Sundays; the puny pedant, who finds one undiscovered quality in the polypus, or describes an unheeded process in the skeleton of a mole, and whose mind, like his microscope, perceives nature only in detail; the rhymer, who makes smooth verses, and paints to our imagination, when he should only speak to our hearts; all equally fancy themselves walking forward to immortality, and desire the crowd behind them to look on. The crowd takes them at their word! • Patriot, philosopher, and poet!' are shouted in their train. · Where was there ever so much merit seen ? no times so important as our own! ages, yet unborn, shall gaze with wonder and applause!'
To such music the important pigmy moves forward, bustling and swelling, and aptly compared to a puddle in a storm.”
3.- Didactic Style.
[ABSURDITY AND IMPUDENCE.] --Addison. (“Pure tone :" “ Moderate force: Unimpassioned radical
stress :" " Middle pitch :” Varied“ slides :" Short pauses.)
“ If we would examine into the secret springs of action, in the impudent and the absurd, we shall find, though they bear a great resemblance in their behavior, that they move upon very different principles. The impudent are pressing,
, though they know they are disagreeable; the absurd are importunate, because they think they are acceptable : impudence
is a vice, and absurdity a folly. Sir Francis Bacon talks very agreeably upon the subject of impudence. He takes notice, that the Orator being asked, what was the first, second, and third requisite to make a fine speaker ? still answered, Action. This, said he, is the very outward form of speaking; and yet it is what, with the generality, has more force than the most consummate abilities. Impudence is, to the rest of mankind, of the same use which action is to orators.”
V.-“Brisk, Gay, or Quick Movement.”
1.–Narrative Style. [LOCHINVAR'S EXPLOIT OF CARRYING OFF ELLEN OF NETHERBY.] - Scott. (Haste, Joy, Hurry. — “ Expulsive and explosive orotund :” “Im
passioned” and shouting force : “Impassioned radical and median stress :" “ High' pitch :” Varied “ slides :" Extremely short pauses.) “ One touch to her hand, and one word in her ear,When they reached the hall door, and the charger stood near ; So light to the croupe the fair lady he swung,So light to the saddle before her he sprung! • She is won!
we are gone, over bank, bush, and scaur ; They'll have fleet steeds that follow,' quoth young Lochinvar. “ There was mounting ’mong Græmes of the Netherby clan ; Forsters, Fenwicks, and Musgraves, they rode and they ran :There was racing, and chasing, on Cannobie Lee; But the lost bride of Netherby ne'er did they see. So daring in love, and so dauntless in war, Have ye e'er heard of gallant like young
2.- Descriptive Style. [REPULSE OF THE ARCHERS : -BATTLE OF BEAL AN DAUINE.] — Scott. (Haste, Fear, Alarm. - Explosive orotund :" " Impassioned
force: “Radical stress :” “High pitch :” Extremely short pauses.)
“ Forth from the pass in tumult driven,
The archery appear;