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juncta, diu fuftinuit! eadem circumftantium approbatione, eâdem eloquentiâ, iisdem virtutibus Prolocutoriam hanc Cathedram aliquanter perornet, aliam atque altiori honoris gradu pofitam (nifi vana auguror) aliquando ornaturus. Quicquid certè Ecclefiæ Anglicanæ utile aut gloriosum fuerit, id omne nobis fpondet hodiernus rerum status: Populi ftudium, Principum virorum fervor, Optimæ Reginæ pietas, arctiflima inter Ordines Civiles atque Ecclesiasticos concordia. Fuit semper inter inferiora Regni & Ecclefiæ Concilia affinitatis conjunétio, et qualis inter forores effe folet, cum diversitate aliquâ non parva fimilitudo : at propior iis jam abhinc intercedit cognatio, dum duobus hisce cætibus duo præerunt viri in eâdem Æde; fæcundâ optimarum artium parente pariter innutriti, fub eodem beatæ memoriæ Antestiti fimul educti, iifdem principiis penitùs imbuti, uterque fide in Principem, in Patriam, in Ecclefiam exploratâ, stabili, inconcuffâ : uterque magna de fe pollicitus, majora præftiturus: alter Reipublicæ, alter Ecclefiæ optimè apud nos constitutæ & felici.. ter attemperatæ propugnator ftrenuus: Dignus fanè ille, quem Senatus Reginæ addictiffimus fibi præficeret, quem Regina civium amantissima autoritate fuâ confirmaret : nec indignus hic, quem Clerus Epifcopali Ordini firmiter obstrictus deditusque, Vobis, PATRES, commendet, quem Vos, Patres maximè colendi, pro tenerrima in Clerumn affectu calculis veftris comproberis.
Dr. SMALRIDGE's S P E E CH
то тНЕ Upper-House of Convocation*
exerit do this Day Mouth, this the Churchand the
THE CLERGY, Most Reverend Father, t
have in the usual Manner, with all Fidelity, discharged the Duty You injoined them, the Choice of a Man of Learning and Eloquence out of their own Body, fit to undertaké, and equal to execute the Office of their PROLOCUTOR, and they do this Day recommend to you, Venerable Fathers, by my Mouth, this excellent Person, I already by his great Merits to the Church fufficiently recommended to Our, to Your, and the general Esteem of all good Men; a Perfon endowed with such Talents, that he deserves all: Manner of Praise; so high in Fame and Reputa- . tion, that he stands in need of none; a Person so exactly suiting the Plan and Character which our Ancestors laid down for a PROLOCUTOR, that
* This version was made by Dr. Sezvell, and approvd by Dr. Smalridge. † Addr-liig il m'elf to Archbill.op Teunijā: Dr. Bincis.dtteriny E 6
high Digent Rules of exquisite e of this off himfelf,
he may well seem selected from among Us to this high Dignity, not so much by our Votes, as by the Ancient Rules of ConVOCATIONS
For if a Store of exquisite Learning can be of any Affistance in the Discharge of this Office, who can discharge it with greater Applause to himself, or more Advantage to Us, than One who is well acquainted with all Parts of Literature, long and successfully exercised in most Arts and Studies, most accomplished and perfect in those Sciences which admit of the greatest Perfection? If lastly, it is a peculiar Part of the Character of a Complete PROLOGUTOR, to express by his single Tongue the Sentiments of many Eloquent Men, we have an Orator of fo finished an Elegance, that You, Fathers, need not fear that his Unskilfulness should diminish the Dignity of your Answers; and we may juftly hope, that his Éloquence will add a considerable Weight and Advantage to Our Petitions. If Good-will has an Influence in reconciling Refentments, Authority a great Force in moderating Disputes, whom could we rather with to be a Judge in our Debates, than one whose gentle Difpofition renders him so popular, that he may juftly hope by the Sweetness of his Temper to alhure all who have any Share of Goodness or Humanity, to the Study of Peace and Unity; one, whose Gravity is so free from Arrogance, that should any Commotions happen to arise among us, the very Dignity of his presence must immediately fuppress them?' Little therefore, moft Sacred Fathers, had the Clergy answered your Expectations, had they placed this weighty Burden on any weaker Shoulders; and at the same Time they had proved themselves ungrateful, and forgetful of the greatest Benefits, had they not willingly of
fered any Honours, that they could confer, to one who had so highly deserved of them. He certainly may rightfully claim the first Place in our SyNOD, who by Divine Incitement strenuously endeavoured, by Divine Favour happily effected this,
That Synods in this Nation are not altogether loft and dead, nor intirely Speechless.
Indulge me, Fathers, if I trace this Matter fomething higher ; nothing shall I say to detract from your Dignity, to which I bear the deepest and sincerest Veneration; nothing to revive ancient Differences, to which I have the utmost Abhorrence.
The Convention of the Bishops and Clergy had been now for some Years interrupted. The Meetings of the States in Parliament for the Management of the Affairs of the Common-Wealth were frequent; all this Time there were no Meetings of the Bishops and their Clergy, for the Promotion of the Good of the Church. I don't say, I don't think, that this was done with an evil Intent; nay, I am apt to believe, that it proceeded from an Affection to the Church, from a pious Fear of Differences, and an ardent Desire for the Prefervation of Peace: But however, many Persons, who neither wanted Honesty nor Foresight, thought that this Intermission of Convocations would one Time or other prove of the greatest Disadvantage to the Church. They were under great Apprehensions, that what they knew was begun by the best of Princes, and with the best Advice, might by a worfe Prince, who had worse Designs, be turned to the Destruction of the Church, In the mean time many new monstrous Doctrines are daily published ; many Heresies diffuse their poisonous Principles with Impunity ; Reproaches and
Blasphemies, shameful to utter, and horrible to hear, are freely vented against the Priesthood, against Things Sacred, and the most Holy Name of God himself. The Authority of a Convocation had formerly given a proper and present Antidote against thefé Plagues. All good Men implore this Asistance; without this they think we must utterly despair of preferving and defending Religion in these Nations.
Such was the State of Affairs, when this very Learned Person thought it proper to place The Rights, Powers and Privileges of an English Convocation + in an open and true Light, and to strengthen them with all the Force they could receive from Laws and Custom. With this View he searches carefully into the Ancient Monuments of the Church, then covered with Dust and Obscurity, rightly thinking that the Manner and Method of Convening, the Rules and Laws of holding Convocations, was not to be drawn from the modern Discourses of Men, nor from the Memory of us, or our Fathers; but from the Commentaries of the Ancients, the Edicts of Kings, and the Registers of Popes. For this purpose he got into his Poffeffion, with great Labour and Cost, many loose and scattered Manuscripts, almost obliterated by Time, which he carefully read again and again. By the Afistance of these he first ventured to tread a Way involved with Darkness, covered with Thorns, and perplexed with Intricacies, without any Guide to conduct him, without any Footsteps of former Travellers to direct him. But he, relying on the. Strength and
* The Title of Dr.Atterbury's Book in Aufwer to Dr. Wake's State of the Church, and Clergy.0: England, fol. 1703.