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by Inheritance, and in right of the House of Lancaster. They all know, that the Kingdome of England was hereditary and successive, and therefore they all had, or pretended to, that Title, and not to any parliamentary or popular Election.
I beg your pardon for this tedious, and (I fear) impertinent scrible. My love and Service (with my Thanks for your "Civility and undeserved Kindnes to me) once more remembered, you shall (at this Time) have no farther trouble from
Your much obliged friend and fervant
Buckden, March 19. 1681.
P.S. Pray present my respects and service to my worthy friend and coffin Mr. William Petyt of the Temple,
His Sentiments of the PROCEEDINGS of
the New MINISTRY during the Last Four Years Reign of Queen ANNE.
Mon HEN that unhappy Change was made.in
w the Queen's Measures, 1710, which blau sted all the Glories and Í'riumphs of the
van Eight preceding Years, this good Bishop, who was a steady Friend to the Old Ministry, because he saw they had served their Country well and faithfully, could not be drawn to give any Countenance to the Measures of the New One, tho' Endeavours had been used, and Intimations given by the Queen herself, who had a great Value for him, how pleasing his frequent coming to Court would be to her. But his Sentiments will best appear from his own Words, in a Letter to a FRIEND, viz.
When my Duty to the Queen, and the Good of my Country will permit it, my Gratitude will never let me vote against my Friends; when I have saved my Conscience, I give myself up to what I call my Honour; and therefore under all the Difcouragements I can be, I Mall always be on the Side of the late Ministry, because I know they ferved the Queen and Nation so well, that I am morally assured they never will be served better; and whenever they are, I fall certainly be on their Şide who do that Service: I think I may be allowed to act as clear and disinterested a Part as any Man of our Order; for sure if I could sift my Side, I might be well accepted, considering what Relation I have had to One,* who governs all, and who is very civil to me upon all Occasions ; but the Measures we are in are by no Means pleasing to me, as what will never do the Nation's Business; and I foresee that all our Millions and our Blood spent for these twenty Years past, will end in a despicable Peace, which yet we must pitifully fue for too. : About two Years after, when he was again asked his Opinion of the Situation of our Publick Affairs, his Answer was as follows; I have been, and am ftill, in so ill Humour with relation to them, that I hardly can endure to think of them. We were in the greatest Honour abroad of any Nation in tõe Earth; we are now the Scorn of all People: Our Friends hate us, and our Enemies laugh at us. We mall neither have a good Peace, nor a good War; France will not give us the firfit, and we ourselves have cut off the Means of the last. The Disgrace of the Duke of Marlborough was worth a Million at least, and yet. I do not hear we got a Farthing
* The Earl of Rockefier.".
by it ; which I impute not to our Honesiy and Virtue, but to our Folly, Malice, Infatuation, and the great Hafte we are in to be undone. The Parliament has passed such a Censure upon the Duke, that I dare aver no equal Number of Men in all the World, of what Nation or Religion foever, would have done. But the laying him aside is so strange a thing, that people are put to all their Shifts to account for it; and to make it go down with the World, must invent, exaggerate, and say and do any thing, to make him appear worthy of such Usage ; but I expect it will turn to his Énemies Mischief, as it certainly does to his Honour, that after so keen and malicious an Inquisition into his Conduct, their great Master should be able to accufe him of nothing, but of doing what all Generals have done before him, and what King William always did.
In May 1712, he published FOUR Sermons, on extraordinary Occasions *, with a PREFACE, which was ordered to be burnt by a Vote of the Majority of the House of Commons. Upon this most unjust Affront, 'his Lordship wrote the following Letter to the Bishop of Salisbury.
s. On the Death of Queen Mary. 2. On the Death of the D. of Gloucester. 3. On the Death of King William. 4. On the Accession of Q. Anne.
, то The Bishop of Salisbury:
June 17. 1712. My LORD, 7 Received the Favour of your Lordship’s Letter,
and took it, as I know it was intended, very kindly. The Manner of my receiving the Indignity put upon my Pri face, was neither like a Christian nor Philosopher, but like a very worldly Man. I knew the whole Process, and knew it to be a Piece of Revenge * taken by a wicked Party, that found themselves forely ftung; and it affeEted me accordingly, i. e. very little. I am not one that love to be the Talk of the Town, and in this Part I confefs I was uneasy, although I think the Talk was very much in my Favour. The Complaint was made by Hungerford, t and seconded by Manley, I (People that should indeed have been ordered to have burnt it) and thirded by what we call the Court, and carried by Numbers, without a wise Word said against it. Sir Peter King, Sir Joseph Jekyll, Mr. Lechmere, and others of the Robe, were very
* For Printing, a few Months before, his excellent Sermon against Those that Delight in War. Wherein he had set the ungenerous Treatment thewn the Duke of Marlborough, in such a Light, as will reflect everlasting Infamy upon his Persecu. tors, the Professed Enemies of their Country.
† A sneering, trifling, Wrangler, and much more noted, at the Bar, for Noise and Clamour, than a Knowledge of the Laws of his country.
# A Tool of Hunger ford's, par Mobile Fratrum.