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The latter class of Universalists have a new scheme, differing essentially from that of the former, which they reject as inconsistent and abford: and they cannot conceive how they who embrace it, can," with any degree of propriety; be called UNIVERSALISTS, on Apostolic principles, as it does not appear that they have any idea of being saved by, or in the Lord, with an everlasting, or with any salvation."--Hence they call them “ PHARISAICAL UNIVERSALISTS, who are willing ta juflify themselves, *. • It is difficult to say what is the present scheme of the denomination of which we are now speaking; for they differ not only from all other Universalists, and from each other, but even from themselves at different periods. The reader, however, may form an idea of some of their tenets from what follows, collected from the letter referred to in the note. This letter, written by a man of first rate talents, and the head of the denomination, and profelling to rectify mistakes respecting doc. trines propagated under the Christian name—to give the character of a CONSISTENT UNIVERSALIST-and to acquaint the world with their REAL sentiments, we have reason to conclude, gives as true an account of their scheme as can be obtained

From this letter it appears, that they believe so that Religion of some sort or other, is a public henefit;" and that every person is at liberty, and is bound to support what he conceives to be the true ReligionThat public worship on every first day of the week, is an incumbent duty on all real lovers of divine truth-that prayer, as it indicates trust in, and dependence on God, is part of his worship-They believe that the Dee ceiver, who beguiled Eve, and not our first parents themselves, did the deed which brought ruin and death on all the human race—That there are two classes of fallen finners—the Angels who kept not their first eftate, and the HUMAN NATURE, deceived by the former, and apparently descroyed consequent thereon ;-that a just God, in the law given by Mofes, has denounced death and the curse on every one who continueth not in all things, written in the book of the law to do them -- but that the same God was manifested in the flesh as the head of every man, mi:de under the law, to redeem them that are under the law, being made a curse for themthat he tasted death for every man, being a Saviour, not of a few only, but of all men- ---and that the declaration of this is the Gospel.They believe that when God denounces on the human race, woes, wrath, tribulation, death, damnation, &c. in the Scriptures, he speaks in his legislative capacity, as the just God who will by no means clear the guilty--that *Mr. Murray's “ Letter to a friend," page 40, 41. printed in Boston, 1791.




when he speaks of mercy, grace, peace, of life as the gift of God, and falvation in whole or in part, he speaks in the character of the just God and Saviour, that the former is the language of the law; the latter is the language of the Gospel.

They believe that the Prince of Peace came to save the human nature from the power and dominion of the Devil, and his works—that he came to destroy the latter, that he might save the former-That " Sin is the work of the Devil—that he is the Worker and Doer of whatever gives offence”—That Jesus, as the Saviour of the world, shall separate from his kingdom, both the evil Worker and his evil works; the evil Worker, in the character of goats—the evil works in the character of tares. They suppose that what is wicked in mankind, is represented by the evil feed fown by the evil One in human nature, and that “when the Sower of the evil seed, and all the evil feed fown, shall be separated from the feed which God sowed, then the seed which is properly God's feed, will be like him who sowed it, pure and holy.

They consider all ordinances as merely shadows; yet they celebrate the Lord's Supper, by eating and drinking wine-and some of them suppose that every time they eat bread and drink wine, they comply with our Lord's injunction, “Do this in remembrance of me."-Various other opinions prevail among them respecting this ordinance, and that of baptism. They “ admit of but one baptism, the baptizer Jesus Christ ; the elements made use of, the Holy Ghost and fire”-yet they are willing, in order to avoid contention, “to become all things to all men,” and to baptize INFANTS BY SPRINKLING, or ADULTS BY IMMERSION—or to omit these signs altogether, according as the opinions of

parents may vary upon this subject—Some think it proper to dedicate their children to the Lord, by putting them into the arms of the minister, to be by him presented to Christ, to be baptized with his baptifm, in the name of the Trinity, the minister at the same time to bless them in the words in which God commanded Aaron and his fons to bless the children of Israel". The Lord bless thee, &c.” It appears in short, that their notions respecting these ordinances are various, and with many vague, and unsettled.

They believe in a judgment past and a judgment to come—that the past judgment is either that in which the world was judged in the second Adam, according to the word of the Saviour, “ Now is the judgment of this worldnow is the Prince of this world cast out and judgment executed on them and on the whole human nature, according to the righ.e. ous judg:nent of God-or that which every man is to exercise upon himself, according to the words judge yourselves and ye shall not be judged"-" The judgment to come is that in which all who have not judged themselves--all unbelievers of the human race, and all the fallen angels, shall be judged by the Saviour-but these two characters, viz. unbelievers of the human race, and the fallen angels, shall be placed, the former on the right, the latter on the left hand of their Judge; the one under the denomination of sheep, for whose salvation the Saviour laid down his life-the other under the denomination of goats, who are the accursed, whose nature he passed by—“ The human nature," i. e, the Sheep or unbelievers of the human race, as the offspring of the everlafting Father, and the ransomed of the Lord---Thail be brought, by divine power, into the kingdom prepared for them, before the foundation of the world---the other nature, i. e, the goats, or fallen angels, “will be sent into the fire prepared for them."* From which it appears, that it is their opinion, that unbelievers of the human race, or freep, and the fallen angels, or goats, will be the only classes of creatures concerned in the awards of the last judgment--- and that the righteous, or believers in Christ, will not then be judged, having previously judged themselves t-.-" But the reft of mankind,” say they, “will be the subjects of this judgment, when our Saviour fall be revealed from heaven in flaming fire, taking wengeance on them that know not God, and obey not the gospel; and they Jhall then be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and the glory of his power.” Their inferences from, and exposition of this pasiage, are peculiar, and will serve to give the reader an idea of their manner of explaining other parallel passages of Scripture. From this awful revelation of the Saviour, to take vengeance on them that know not God, and obey not the gospel, they infer this consequence, they shall then be made to know God, and obey the gospel.---The everlafting deftruction, from the presence of the Lord and the glory of his power, with which they shall be punished, they fuppose is fuffered by unbelievers, in consequence of the revelation of the everlasting destruction, previous to this awful period---and that they will suffer no punishment after it---for “ it is not said,” they say, " that they shall be everlaftingly punished with destruction.” They explain their idea of everlasting punisoment and suffering the pain of eternal fire, thus, “ Were it possible to find a culinary fire that never would be extinguished, but remain in the strictest sense of the word, everlasting or eternal---should any member of the body pass through that burning flame, though but a moment of time had been thus spent in passing through; yet even in that moment, it would suffer the pain of eternal fire.” But whether they believe it poffible that there should be such a fire, or that unbelievers shall be doomed to suffer the punishment of eternal fire by thus passing through it, I do not find expressly asserted, but it is highly probable that they do.



The reader will doubtless notice that the plural pronoun them, is several times used to express the singular noun buman nature, and Prince of this world, as the human nature, &c. fall be brought into the kingdom prepared for them; the other nature will be fent into the fire preprared for tkem—the Prince of this world fall he cast out, and judgment bc executed on them. This is a phraseology apparently peculiar to this denomination.

+ In the following passage, the contrary seems to be asserted. Speaking of the last judgement it is said, “ Here, instead of head and members being judged together, by the bead, Christ, the divine nature, the members are considered in their distinct characters, as good and evil, or believer and unbeliever, as childrcii of ligit, and children of darkness and judged by their own heal.”

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They do not suppose that “all mankind will be on a level in the article of death, but that they who die in unbelief, will lie down in forror, and rise to the resurrection of damnation, or condemnation ; and when the books shall be opened, and the dead, both finall and great, shall be judged out of the things written in the books---every mouth Thall be stopped, and all the world become guilty before God; and while conscious of guilt, but ignorant of a Saviour---they shall call on the rocks and mountains to fall on them to hide them from the wrath of the Lamb---But that in this judgment the judge is the Saviour---they will be judged by their own head;" and as the head of every man is Chrift ---all of course must be acquitted and saved. Although they believe that the Devil is the doer or worker of

every thing that gives offence; yet they assert that “all men at all times are finners, and come short of the glory of God”---but they believe that what Christ suffered, “ was considered by the Great Larugiver, as done and suffered by every man in his own person ; and that every man is as mach interefted in what Christ, the second Adam did, as they were in what the first Adam did”... This idea appears to be incongruous with any future judgment of any kind, The Consistent Universalit, therefore “ does not consider himself under the law any more than a woman confiders herself under the direction or dominion of a husband that is dead and buried---nor is he afraid of death, being assured that Jesus hath abolished death, and left nothing of it but the shadow."

The Universalists of this denomination, in common with other Christians, profess themselves to be the advocates of piety, religion, and morality.--They affert the duty of doing right as men-as members of civil


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society-and as Christians. As mere men,” they hold, that they must follow nature, or they will fink beneath the level of the beasts of the field,”-aud yet they assert that“ all the righteousness found in the best of mere human nature is but a filthy rag”—That as members of civil society they must submit to the laws, or if thought too severe, they may avoid them by a removal from the state.”—That as Chriftians they must be under the direction of Christ, and do whatsoever he commands them; and these are his commandments, “ that we believe in him, and love one another."

This denomination of Universalists, are not very numerous in the United States, some are in Pennsylvania—some in different parts of New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire ; but the body of them are in Boston, and Gloucester, in Massachusetts. They have several constituted churches, which are governed by an ecclefiaftical conftitution, formed in 1789, by a convention of their ministers at Philadelphia.

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of the country.

This is a small and singular feet of Christians, which have sprung up in America as lately as 1774; when a few of this feet went from England to New York, and there being joined by a few others, they settled at Nisqueunia, above Albany, which is their principal settlement : a few others are scattered in different parts

The head of this party, while she lived, was Anna Leese, styled the Elect Lady. Her followers asserted, that she was the woman spoken of in the twelfth chapter of the Revelations, and that she spoke seventy-two tongues: and although these tongues were unintelligible to the living, The conversed with the dead who understood her language. They alledged also that she was the mother of all the Elect; that she travailed for the whole world--that no blessing could descend to any person but only by and through her, and that in the way of her being possessed of their fins, by their confessing and repenting of them, one by one, according to her direction.

Their leading doctrinal tenets, as given by one of their own denomination, are,

“ That the first resurrection is already come, and now is the time to judge themselves. That they have power to heal the fick, to raise the dead, and cast out devils. That they have a correspondence

* This

woman asserted, that the Thould never die; but notwithstanding her predictions and assertions to the contrary, the died in 1784; and was fucceeded by one James Whitaker, who also died in 1787. Joseph Meacham, who has attained the reputation of a prophet among them, is at present their leader.

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