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regard to the waters of this lake, with how much truth I pretend not to say, that although their surface, during the heat of summer, is imprego nated with no small degree of warmth, yet on letting down a cup to the depth of about a fathom, the water drawn from thence is cool and refreshing.

The situation of this lake, from the most accurate observations which have yet been made, lies between forty fix and fifty degrees of north latitude, and between nine and eighteen degrees of west longitude, from the meridian of Philadelphia.

There are many islands in this lake, two of them have each land enough if proper for cultivation, to form a considerable province; efpecially Ille Royal, which is not less than an hundred miles long, and in many places forty broad. The natives suppose these islands are the refidence of the Great Spirit.

Two very large rivers empty themselves into this lake, on the north and north-east side ; one is called the Nipegon, which leads to a tribe of the Chipeways, who inhabit theborders of a lake of the same name, and the other is the Michipicooton river, the source of which is towards James's Bay, from whence there is but a short portage to another river, which empties itself into that bay.

Not far from the Nipegon is a small river, that just before it enters the lake, has a perpendicular fall from the top of a mountain, of more than one hundred feet. It is very narrow, and appears at a distance like a white garter suspended in the air. There are upwards of thirty other rivers, which empty themselves into this lake, fome of which are of a considerable size. On the south side of it is a remarkable point or cape of about fixty miles in length, called Point Chegomegan. About a hundred miles west of this cape, a considerable river falls into the lake, the head of which is composed of a great assemblage of finall streams. This river is remarkable for the abundance of virgin copper that is found on and near its banks. Many small islands, particularly on the eastern fhores, abound with copper ore, lying in beds, with the appearance of copperas. This metal might be easily made a very advantageous article of commerce. This lake abounds with fish, particularly trout and fturgeon; the former weigh from twelve to fifty pounds, and are caught almost

any season in the year in great plenty. Storms affect this lake as much as they do the Atlantic Ocean; the waves run as high, and the navigation is equally dangerous. It discharges its waters from the southeast corner through the Straits of St. Marie, which are about forty miles long. Near the upper end of these straits is a rapid, which though it is impossible for canoes to ascend, yet, when conducted by careful pilots, may be defcended without danger.




Though Lake Superior is supplied by near forty rivers, many of which are large, yet it does not appear that one tenth part of the waters which are conveyed into it by these rivers, is discharged by the abovementioned strait. Such a superabundance of water can be dis. posed of only by evaporation *. The entrance into this lake from the ftraits of St. Marie, affords one of the most pleafing prospects in the world. On the left may be seen many beautiful little islands, that extend a considerable way before you; and on the right, an agreeable succession of small points of land, that project a little way into the water, and contribute, with the islands, to render this delightful bason calm, and secure from those tempeftucus winds, by which the adjoining lake is frequently troubled.

LAKE HURON, into which you enter through the straits of St. Marie is next in magnitude to Lake Superior.

to Lake Superior. It lies between 439 30 and 46° 30' of north latitude, and between fix and eight degrees west longitude. Its circumference is about one thousand miles. On the north fide of this lake is an island one hundred miles in length, and no more than eight miles broard. It is called Manataulin, signifying a place of spirits, and is considered as facred by the Indians. On the south west part of this lake is Saganaum Bay, about eighty miles in length, and about eighteen or twenty miles broad. Thunder Bay so called from the thunder that is frequently heard there, lies about half

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* That such a superabundance of water should be disposed of by evaporation is no fingular circumstance. There are some seas in which there is a pretty just balance between the waters received from rivers, brooks, &c. and the waste by evaporation. Of this the Caspian Sea, in Asia, affyrds an instance; which, though it receives several large rivers, has no outlet. There are others, to speak in borrowed languge, whose expence exceeds their income; and these would soon become bankrupt, were it not for the supplies which they conftaatly receive from larger collections of water, with which they are connected ; such are the Black and Mediterranean seas; into the former of which there is a constant current from the Mediterranean, through the Bosphorus of Thrace; and into the latter, from the Atlantic, through the Straits of Gibraltar. Others again derive more from their tributary Itreams than they lose by evaporation. These give rise to large rivers. Of this kind are the Dambea in Africa, the Winipiseagee in New Hamp. shire, Lake Superior, and other waters in North America ; and the quantity they difcharge, is only the difference between the influx and the evaporation. It is observable, that on the shores the evaporation is much greater than at a distance from them on the

The remarkable cluster of lakes in the middle of North America, of which Lake Superior is one, was doubtless designed, by a divine Providence, to furnith the iraterior parts of the country with that supply of vapours, without which, like the interior parts of Africa, they must have been a mere desert. It may be thought equally furprizing that there should be any water at all discharged from them, as that the quan. tity should bear so smal) a proportion to wbat they receive.



way between Saganaum Bay and the north-west corner of the lake. It is about nine miles across either way. The filh are the same as in Lake Superior. At the north-west corner, this lake communicates with Lake Michigan by the Straits of Michillimak kinak.

Many of the Chipeway Indians live scattered around this lake ; particularly near Saganaum Bay. On its banks are found amazing quantities of sand cherries.

MICHIGAN LAKE, lies betwee.. latitude 42° 10' and 46° 30' north; and between 11° and 13° west long. from Philadelphia. Its computed length is 280 miles from north to south ; its breadth from fixty to seventy miles. It is navigable for shipping of any burthen; and at the north-eastern part communicates with Lake Huron, by a strait six miles broad, on the south side of which stands fort Michillimakkinak, which is the name of the strait. In this lake are several kinds of fish, particularly trout of an excellent quality, weighing from twenty to fixty pounds, and some have been taken in the Straits of Michillimakkinak, of ninety pounds. Westward of this lake are large meadows, faid to extend to the Mississippi. lt receives a number of rivers from the west and eaft, among which is the river St. Joseph, very rapid and full of Illands; it springs from a number of small lakes, a little to the north-west of the Miami village, and runs north-west into the south-east part of the lake. On the north fide of this river is fort St. Joseph, from which there is a road, bearing north of east, to Detroit. The Powtewatamie Indians, who have about two hundred fighting men, inhabit this river opposite fort St. Jofeph.

Between Lake Michigan on the west, and Lakes Huron, St. Clair, and the west end of Erie on the east, is a fine tract of country, peninsulated, more than two hundred and fifty miles in length, and from one hundred and fifty to two hundred in breadth. The banks of the lakes, for a few miles inland, are fandy and barren, producing a few pines, shrub oaks, and cedars. Back of this, from either lake, the timber is heavy and good, and the foil luxuriant.

Lake Sr. CLARE, lies about half way between Lake Huron and Lake Erie, and is about ninety miles in circumference. It receives the waters of the three great lakes, Superior, Michigan and Huron, and discharges them through the river or strait, called Detroit, into Lake Erie. This lake is of an oval form, and navigable for large vefsels. The fort of Detroit is situated on the western bank of the river of the same name, about nine miles below lake St. Clair. The settlements are extended on both fides of the strait or river for

miles towards Lake Erie, and some few above the fort,



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