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Indian name of the river which passed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the settlement of Georgia.

The country now called Kentucky, was well known to the Indian traders many years before its settlement. They gave a description of it

to Lewis Evans, who published his first map of it as early as the 1752 year 1752. James Macbride, with some others, explored this 1754 country in 1754. Col. Daniel Boon visited it in 1769.

1773.--Four years after Col. Boon and his family, with five other families, who were joined by forty men from Powle’s valley, began the settlement of Kentucky *, which is now one of the most growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and was erected into an independent state, by act of Congress, December 6th, 1790, and received into the Union, June ift, 1792.

The tract of country called Vermont, before the late war, was claim

both by New-York and New Hampshire. When hoftilities commenced between Great-Britain and her Colonies, the inhabitants confidering themselves as in a state of nature, as to civil government, and not within any legal jurisdiction, aísociated and formed for themselves a constitution of government. Under this constitution, they have ever fince continued to exercise all the powers of an independent State. Vermont was not admitted into union with the other states till March

4, 1791, yet we may venture to date her political existence as a 1777 separate government, from the year 1777, because, since that

time, Vermont has, to all intents and purposes, been a sovereign and independent State. The first settlement in this state was made at Bennington as early as about 1764.

The extensive tract of country lying north-west of the Ohio River, within the limits of the United States, was erected into a separate tempo

rary government by an Ordinance of Congress passed the 13th of 1787 July, 1787. Thus we have given a summary view of the first discoveries and

progressive settlement of North America in their chronological order. The following recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.

* This settlement was made in violation of the Treaty, in 1768, at Fort Stanwix, which expressly ftipulates, that this tract of country should be reserved for the western nations to hunt upon, until they and the crown of England should otherwise agree, This has been one great cause of the enmity of those Indian nations to the Virginians.

Names

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1628

1633

Names of places.
When fettled.

By whom,
Quebec,

1608

By the French. Virginia, June 10, 1610 By Lord De la War. Newfoundland,

June, 1610

By Governor John Guy. New-York

about 1614

By the Dutch.
New Jersey,
Plymouth,

By part of Mr. Robinson's congre1620

gation. New Hampshire,

1623

By a small English colony near the

mouth of Pifcataqua river. Delaware,

1627 By the Swedes and Fins. Pennsylvania, Massachusett's Bay,

By Capt. John Endicotand company.

ByLord Baltimore, with a colony of Maryland,

Roman Catholics.

By Mr. Fenwick, at Saybrook, near Connecticut,

1635

the mouth of Connecticut river. Rhode Island,

1635

By Mr. Roger Williams and his per

fecuted brethren. Granted to the Duke of York by

Charles II. and made a diftinct New Jersey,

1664

government, and settled some

time before this by the English. South Carolina,

1669 By Governor Sayle.

By William Penn, with a colony of Pennfylvania,

Quakers. North-Carolina, about 1728

Erected into a separate government,

fettled before by the English. Georgia,

1732

By General Oglethorpe. Kentucky,

1773 By Col. Daniel Boon. Vermont,

about 1764 { By emigrants from Connecticut and Territory N. W. of Ohio river,

1787 By the Ohio and other companies.

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The above dates are from the periods, when the first permanent settle. Aints were made

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BOUNDARIES AND EXTENT.

North America comprehends all that part of the western continent which lies north of the Ithmus of Darien, extending north and south from about the 10th degree north latitude to the north pole; and east and west from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, between the -45th and 165th degrees west longitude from London. Beyond the goth degree N. Lat. few discoveries have been made. In July 1779, Capt. Cook proceeded as far as lat. 71', when he came to a solid body of ice extending from continent to continent.

Bays, SOUNDS, STRAITS AND ISLANDS.—Of these (except those in the United States, which we shall describe under that head) we know little more than their names. Baffin's Bay, lying between the 70th and Both degrees N. Lat. is the largest and most northern, that has yet been discovered in North America. It opens into the Atlantic ocean through Baffin's and Davis's Straits, between Cape Chidley, on the Labrador coast, and Cape Farewell. It communicates with Hudson's Bay to the fouth, through a cluster of iflands. In this capacious bay or gulph is James Island, the south point of which is called Cape Bedford; and the smaller islands of Waygate and Disko. Davis's Straits separate Greenland from the American continent, and are between Cape Walfingham, on James Island, and South Bay in Greenland, where they are about 60 leagues broad, and extend from the 67th to the 71st degrees of latitude above Disko illand. The most fouthern point of Greenland is called Cape Farewell.

Hudson's Bay took its name from Henry Hudson, who discovered it in 1610. It lies between 51 and 60 degrees of north latitude. The eastern boundary of the Bay is Terra de Labrador; the northern part has a Araight coaft, facing the bay, guarded with a line of illes innumerable. A vaft bay, called the Archiwinnipy Sea, lies within it, and opens into Hudson's Bay, by means of gulph Hazard, through which the Beluga whales pass in great numbers. The entrance of the bay, from the Atlantic ocean, after leaving, to the north, Cape Farewell and Davis's Straits, is between Resolution illes on the north, and Button's illes, on the Labrador coast, to the south, forming the eastern extremity of Hudfon's Straits,

Tho

The coasts are very high, rocky and rugged at top; in some places precipitous, but sometimes exhibit extensive beaches. The islands of Salisbury, Nottingham, and Digges are very lofty and naked. The depth of water in the middle of the bay is 140 fathoms. From Cape Churchill to the fouth end of the bay are regular foundings; near the fhore, shallow, with muddy or sandy bottom. To the northward of Churchill, the soundings are irregular, the bottom rocky, and in some parts the rocks appear above the surface at low water.

James's Bay lies at the bottom, or most southern part of Hudson's Bay, with which it communicates, and divides New Britain from South Wales. To the northwestward of Hudson's Bay is an extensive chain of lakes, among which is Lake Menichlich, lat. 61°, long. 105° W. North of this is Lake Dobount, to the northward of which lies the extensive country of the northern Indians. Weft of these lakes, between the latitudes of 6o and 66 degrees, after passing a large cluster of unnamed lakes, lies the lake or sea Arathapescow, whose southern fhores are inhabited by the Arathapescow Indians. North of this, and near the Arctic circle, is Lake Edlande, around which live the Dog ribbed Indians. Further north is Buffaloe lake, near which, is Copper Mine river, in lat. 72° N. and long. 119° W. of Greenwich. The Copper Mine Indians inhabit this country.

Between Copper Mine river, which, according to Mr. Herne, empties into the Northern sea, where the tide rises 12 or 14 feet, and which in its whole course is encumbered with shoals and falls, and the North-west coast of America, is an extensive tract of unexplored country. As you descend from north to south on the western coast of America, juft south of the Arctic circle, you come to Cape Prince of Wales, opposite East Cape on the eastern continent ; and here the two continents approach nearest to each other. Proceeding southward you pass Norton Sound, Cape Stephen's, Shoalness, Bristol Bay, Prince William's Sound, Cook's River, Admiralty Bay, and Port Mulgrave, Nootka Sound, &c. From Nootka Sound proceeding south, you pass the unexplored country of New Albion, thence to California, and New Mexico,

DIVI.

THE vast tract of country, bounded west by the Pacific Ocean, foutfi and east by California, New Mexico, and Louisiana—the United States, Canada and the Atlantic Ocean, and extending as far north as the country is habitable (a few scattered English, French, and some other Europeart fettlements excepted) is inhabited wholly by various nations and tribes of Indians. The Indians alfo pofsefs large tracts of country within the Spanish, American and British dominions. Those parts of North America not inhabited by Indians, belong, if we include Greenland, to Denmark, Great Britain, the American States, and Spain. Spain claims East and West Florida, and all west of the Mississippi, and south of the porthern boundaries of Louisiana, New Mexico and California. Great Britain claims all the country inhabited by Europeans, lying north and caft of the United States, except Greenland, which belongs to Denmark. The remaining part is the territory of the Fifteen United States. The particular Provinces and States, are exhibited in the following table :

T A BL E. Belong- Countries, Provinces,

Number of
and States.

Inbabitants. Chief Townse.
Vermont

85,539 Windsor, Rutland
New Hampshire

141,885 Portsmouth, Concord Massachusetts

}

387,787 Boston, Salem, Newbury Post District of Maine

96,540 Portland, Hallowell Rhode Ifland

68,825 Newport, Providence Connecticut

237,946 New Haven, Hartford New York

340,120 New York, Albany

184,139 Trenton, Burlington, Brunswick Peonlylvania

434,373 Philadelphia, Lancaster Delaware

59,094 Dover, Wilmington, Newcastle Maryland

319,728 Annapolis, Baltimore Virginia

747,610 Richmond, Petersburgh, Norfok Kentucky

73,677 Lexington North Carolina

393,751 Newbern, Edenton, Halifax South Caroina

249,073 · Charleston, Columbia Georgia

82,548 Savannah, Augusta Territory S. of Ohio

35,691 Abingdon
Territory N. W. of Ohio

Marietta
New Britain

unknown
Upper Canada

20,000 Kingston, Detroit, Niagara Lower Canada ?

130,000 Quebec, Montreal Cape Breton I. 3

1,000 Sidney, Louisburgh New Brunswick

Fredericktown

35,000
Nova Scotia

Halifax
S. John's JA. S in 1783 5,000 Charlottetown
Newfoundland Ifand

7,000 Placentia, St. John's

ing to.

New Jersey

United States of America,

.

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Denm. Span. Provin. British Provinces.

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