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tractus, participle of contraho to bring close together

AGREEABLE, PLEASANT, PLEASING. or bind, signifies the thing thus contracted or bound; covenant, in French covenante, Latin conventus, The first two of these epithets approach so near in participle of convenio to meet together at a point, sig- sense and application, that they can with propriety be nifies the point at which several meet, that is, the used indifferently, the one for the other ; yet there is thing agreed upon by many; compact, in Latin com- an occasional difference which may be clearly defined; pactus, participle of compingo to bind close, signifies the agreeable is that which agrees with or suits the the thing to which people bind themselves close; bar- character, temper, and feelings of a person; the pleagain, from the Welsh bargan to contract or deal for, sant that which pleases; the pleasing that which is signifies the act of dealing, or the thing dealt for. adapted to please.

An agreement is general, and applies to transac- Agreeable expresses a feeling less vivid than pleations of every description, but particularly such as are sant: people of the soberest and gravest character made between single individuals ; in cases where the may talk of passing agreeable hours, or enjoying other terms are not so applicable ; a contract is a agreeable society, if those hours were passed agreebinding agreement between individuals; a simple ably to their turn of mind, or that society which suited agreement may be verbal, but a contract must be their taste; “ To divert me, I took up a volume of written and legally executed: covenant and compact Shakspeare, where I chanced to cast my eye upon a are agreements among communities; the covenant is part in the tragedy of Richard the Third, which filled commonly a national and public transaction; the com- my mind with an agreeable horror.' STEELE. The pact respects individuals as members of a community, young and the gay will prefer pleasant society, where or communities with each other : the bargain, in its vivacity and mirth prevail, suitable to the tone of proper sense, is an agreement solely in matters of their spirits ; trade ; but applies figuratively in the same sense to

Pleasant the sun other objects.

When first on this delightful land he spreads

His orient beams. The simple consent of parties constitutes an agreement; a seal and signature are requisite for a con- A man is agreeable who by a soft and easy address tract ; a solemn engagement on the one hand, and contributes to the amusement of others; a man is faith in that engagement on the other hand, enter into pleasant who to this softness adds affability and comthe nature of a covenant; a tacit sense of mutual municativeness. obligation in all the parties gives virtue to a compact; Pleasing marks a sentiment less vivid and distinctan assent to stipulated terms of sale may form a bar- ive than either ; gain. Friends make an agreement to meet at a certain

Nor this alone t'indulge a vain delight,

And make a pleasing prospect for the sight. Dryden. time; Frog had given his word that he would meet the above-mentioned company at the Salutation, to A pleasing voice has something in it which we like; talk of this agreement.' ARBUTHNOT (History of John an agreeable voice strikes with positive pleasure upon Bull.) Two tradesmen enter into a contract to carry

A pleasing countenance denotes tranquillity on a joint trade; • It is impossible to see the long and contentment; it satisfies us when we view it : a scrolls in which every contract is included, with all pleasant countenance bespeaks happiness; it gratifies their appendages of seals and attestations, without the beholder, and invites him to behold. wondering at the depravity of those beings, who must be restrained from violation of promise, by such formal and public evidences. Johnson. The people

TO AGREE, ACCORD, SUIT. of England made a covenant with King Charles I. entitled the solemn covenant;

Agree (v. To agree) is here used in application to These flashes of blue lightning gave the sign

things in which it is allied ; to accord, in French Of covenants broke; three peals of thunder join. accorder, from the Latin chorda the string of a harp,


signifies the same as to attune or join in tune; and In the society of Freemasons, every individual is suit, from the Latin secutus, participle of sequor to bound to secrecy by a solemn compact ; *In the be- follow, signifies to be in a line, in the order as it ought ginnings and first establishment of speech, there was an implicit compact amongst men, founded upon com- An agreement between two things requires an entire mon use and consent, that such and such words or

sameness ; an accordance supposes a considerable revoices, actions or gestures, should be means or signs semblance; a suitableness implies an aptitude to whereby they would express or convey their thoughts coalesce. one to another.' South. The trading part of the Opinions agree, feelings accord, and tempers suit. community are continually striking bargains ; · We Two statements agree which are in all respects see men frequently dexterous and sharp enough in alike: that accords with our feelings, which produces making a bargain, who, if you reason with them pleasurable sensations; that suits our taste, which we about matters of religion, appear perfectly stupid.' wish to adopt, or in adopting gives us pleasure. LOCKE.

Where there is no agreement in the essentials of

the ear.

to be.


any two accounts, their authenticity may be greatly The consistency of a man's practice with his profession questioned: if a representation of any thing accords is the only criterion of his sincerity; with what has been stated from other


it serves to corroborate: it is advisable that the ages and sta

Keep one consistent plan from end to end. ADDISON. tions as well as tempers of the parties should be suitable, who look forward for happiness in a matrimonial

Consonant is opposed to dissonant; accordant to

discordant; consistent to inconsistent. Consonance is connexion. Where there is no agreement of opinion, there can

not so positive a thing as either accordance or conbe no assimilation of habit; where there is no accord

sistency, which respect real events, circumstances, and

actions. Consonance mostly serves to prove the truth ance of sound, there can be no harmony; where there

of any thing, but dissonance does not prove its falseis no suitability of temper, there can be no co-opera

hood until it amounts to direct discordance or incon

sistency. There is a dissonance in the accounts given When opinions do not agree, men must agree to differ: the precepts of our Saviour accord with the by the four Evangelists of our Saviour, which serves tenderest as well as the noblest feelings of our nature:

to prove the absence of all collusion and imposture, when the humours and dispositions of people do not

since there is neither discordance nor inconsistency in

what they have related or omitted. suit, they do wisely not to have any intercourse with each other ;

The laurel and the myrtle sweets agree. DRYDEN. • Metre aids and is adapted to the memory ; it accords TO CONCILIATE, RECONCILE. to music, and is the vehicle of enthusiasm.' CUMBERLAND. • Rollo followed, in the partition of his states,

Conciliate, in Latin conciliatus, participle of conthe customs of the feudal law, which was then uni- cilio ; and reconcile, in Latin reconcilio, both come versally established in the southern countries of from concilium a council, denoting unity and harEurope, and which suited the peculiar circumstances mony. Conciliate and reconcile are both employed of the age.' HUME.

in the sense of uniting men's affections, but under different circumstances.

The conciliator gets the good will and affections for

himself; the reconciler unites the affections of two CONSONANT, ACCORDANT, CONSISTENT. persons to each other.

persons to each other. The conciliator may either

gain new affections, or regain those which are lost ; Consonant, from the Latin consonans, participle the reconciler always renews affections which have of con and sono to sound together, signifies to sound, been once lost. The best means of conciliating esteem or be, in unison or harmony ; accordant, from accord is by reconciling all that are at variance. (v. To agree), signifies the quality of according; Conciliate is mostly employed for men in public consistent, from the Latin consistens, participle of stations ; • The preacher may enforce his doctrines in consisto, or con and sisto to place together, signifies the style of authority, for it is his profession to sumthe quality of being able to stand in unison together. mon mankind to their duty; but an uncommissioned

Consonant is employed in matters of representa- instructor will study to conciliate whilst he attempts tion; accordant in matters of opinion or sentiment; to correct.' CUMBERLAND. Reconcile is indifferently consistent in matters of conduct. A particular passage employed for those in public or private stations ; · He is consonant with the whole tenor of the Scriptures; (Hammond) not only attained his purpose of uniting a particular account is accordant with all one hears distant parties to each other, but, contrary to the and sees on a subject; a person's conduct is not always usual fate of reconcilers, gained them to himself.' consistent with his station.

Fell. Men in power have sometimes the happy The consonance of the whole Scriptures, in the opportunity of conciliating the good will of those who Old and New Testaments, with regard to the cha- are most averse to their authority, and thus reconracter, dignity, and mission of our Blessed Saviour, ciling them to measures which would otherwise be has justly given birth to that form which constitutes odious. the established religion of England ; • Our faith in Kindness and condescension serve to conciliate; a the discoveries of the Gospel will receive confirmation friendly influence, or a well-timed exercise of authofrom discerning their consonance with the natural rity, is often successfully exerted in reconciling. sentiments of the human heart.' Blair. The accord- Conciliate is employed only for persons, or that ance of the prophecies respecting our Saviour with which is personal; but reconciling is also employed in the event of his birth, life, and sufferings, are incon- the sense of bringing a person's thoughts or feelings testable evidences of his being the true Messiah; in unison with the things that he has not liked before, · The difference of good and evil in actions is not or might be expected not to like ; • It must be confounded on arbitrary opinions or institutions, but in the fessed a happy attachment, which can reconcile the nature of things, and the nature of man; it accords Laplander to his freezing snows, and the African to with the universal sense of the human mind.' Blair. his scorching sun.' CUMBERLAND.


COMPATIBLE, CONSISTENT. the quality of being able to agree (v. To agree) ;

suitable, able to suit (v. To agree). Compatible, compounded of com or cum with, and Conformable is employed for matters of obligation; patior to suffer, signifies a fitness to be suffered toge- agreeable for matters of choice ; suitable for matters ther; consistent, in Latin consistens, participle of of propriety and discretion : what is conformable acconsisto, compounded of con and sisto to place, signi- cords with some prescribed form or given rule of fies the fitness to be placed together.

others; A man is glad to gain numbers on his side, Compatibility has a principal reference to plans and

as they serve to strengthen him in his opinions. It measures; consistency to character, conduct, and

makes him believe that his principles carry conviction station. Every thing is compatible with a plan which with them, and are the more likely to be true, when does not interrupt its prosecution ; every thing is con- he finds they are conformable to the reason of others sistent with a person's station by which it is neither

as well as to his own.' ADDISON. What is agreeable degraded nor elevated. It is not compatible with the

accords with the feelings, tempers, or judgements of good discipline of a school to allow of foreign interfer

ourselves or others; As you have formerly offered ence; Whatever is incompatible with the highest

some arguments for the soul's immortality, agreeable dignity of our nature should indeed be excluded from

both to reason and the Christian doctrine, I believe our conversation.' HAWKESWORTH. It is not con

your readers will not be displeased to see how the same sistent with the elevated and dignified character of a great truth shines in the pomp of Roman eloquence.' clergyman to engage in the ordinary pursuits of other Hughes. What is suitable accords with outward men ; « Truth is always consistent with itself, and circumstances ;

circumstances; • I think banging a cushion gives a needs nothing to help it out.' TillotsON.

man too warlike or perhaps too theatrical a figure, to be suitable to a Christian congregation.' Swift. It

is the business of those who act for others to act conINCONSISTENT, INCONGRUOUS,

formably to their directions ; it is the part of a friend

to act agreeably to the wishes of a friend; it is the INCOHERENT.

part of every man to act suitably to his station. Inconsistent, from sisto to place, marks the unfit

The decisions of a judge must be strictly conformness of being placed together; incongruous, from

able to the letter of the law; he is seldom at liberty congruo to suit , marks the unsuitableness of one thing tisan is always agreeable to the temper of his party:

to consult his views of equity : the decision of a parto another; incoherent, from hæreo to stick, marks the incapacity of two things to coalesce or be united

the style of a writer should be suitable to his subject. to each other.

Conformable is most commonly employed for matters Inconsistency attaches either to the actions or senti

of temporary moment; agreeable and suitable are ments of men; incongruity attaches to the modes

mostly said of things which are of constant value : we and qualities of things; incoherency to words or

make things conformable by an act of discretion ; thoughts : things are made inconsistent by an act of they are agreeable or suitable by their own nature : a the will; a man acts or thinks inconsistently, accord

treaty of peace is made conformable to the preliminaing to his own pleasure; " Every individual is so

ries; a legislator must take care to frame laws agreeunequal to himself that man seems to be the most

ably to the Divine law; it is of no small importance

for wavering and inconsistent being in the universe.' every man to act suitably to the character he has Hughes. Incongruity depends upon the nature of

assumed. the things ; there is something very incongruous in blending the solemn and decent service of the church with the extravagant rant of Methodism; - The

TO FIT, SUIT, ADAPT, ACCOMMODATE, solemn introduction of the Phoenix, in the last scene

ADJUST. of Sampson Agonistes, is incongruous to the

personage to whom it is ascribed.' Johnson. Incoherence

Fit signifies to make or be fit ; suit to make or be marks the want of coherence in that which ought to

suitable ; adapt, from aptus fit, to make fit for a follow in a train; extemporary effusions from the specific purpose; accommodate, to make commodious; pulpit are often distinguished most by their incoher- adjust, to make a thing such, as it is desired to be. ence ; Be but a person in credit with the multitude,

To fit and suit are used in the literal sense of aphe shall be able to make rambling incoherent stutt plying things to each other as they are intended; but pass for high rhetoric.' SOUTH.

fit is employed mostly in regard to material and familiar objects. A tailor fits on a coat, or a coat fits when

it is made right to the body; CONFORMABLE, AGREEABLE,

Then meditates the mark; and couching low,

Fits the sharp arrow to the well-strung bow. Pope. SUITABLE.

Suit is employed for intellectual or moral objects ; Conformable signifies able to conform (v. To com- * Suit the action to the word, the word to the action, ply), that is, having a sameness of form; agreeable, with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the


modesty of nature.' SHAKSPEARE. So also intransi- Accommodate and adjust are both applied to the tively;

affairs of men which require to be kept or put in Ill suits it now the joys of love to know,

right 'order ; but the former implies the keeping as Too deep my anguish, and too wild my woe. Pope. well as putting in order ; the latter simply the putting

in order. Men accommodate each other, that is, In an extended application of the terms to fit is in

make things commodious for each other; but they transitively used for what is morally fit in the nature of things;

adjust things either for themselves or for others.

Thus they accommodate each other in pecuniary Nor fits it to prolong the feast Timeless, indecent, but retire to rest. Pope.

matters; or they adjust the ceremonial of a visit. On

this ground we may say that a difference is either acWhence we speak of the fitness of things; suit is ap- commodated or adjusted : for it is accommodated, inplied either transitively or intransitively in the sense of asmuch as the parties yield to each other; it is adagree, as a thing suits a person's taste, or one thing justed, inasmuch as that which was wrong is set right; suits with another; · The matter and manner of their When things were thus far adjusted towards a peace, tales, and of their telling, are so suited to their differ- all other differences were soon accommodated. Adent educations and humours, that each would be im- DISON. proper in any other.' DRYDEN.

Her purple habit sits with such a grace
On her smooth shoulders, and so suits her face.


DRYDEN. The one intense, the other still remiss,

To fit signifies to adopt means in order to make fit, Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove

ånd conveys the general sense of all the other terms, Tedious alike. Milton.

which affer principally in the means and circumTo adapt is a species of fitting ; to accommodate stances of fitting: to equip, probably from the old is a species of suiting ; both applied to the intel- barbarous Latin eschipare to furnish or adorn ships, lectual and moral actions of conscious beings. Adapta- is to fit out by furnishing the necessary materials : to tion is an act of the judgement; accommodation is an prepare, from the Latin preparo, compounded of act of the will: we adapt by an exercise of discretion ; præ and paro to get before hand, is to take steps for we accommodate by a management of the humors: the purpose of fitting in future: to qualify, from the the adaptation does not interfere with our interests; Latin qualifico, or facio and qualis to make a thing as it but the accommodation always supposes a sacrifice : should be, is to fit or furnish with the moral requisites. we adapt our language to the understandings of our To fit is employed for ordinary cases ; to equip hearers; • It is not enough that nothing offends the only for expeditions; they may be both employed in ear, but a good poet will adapt the very sounds as application to the same objects with this distinction, well as words to the things he treats of.' POPE. a vessel is equipped when it is furnished with every We accommodate ourselves to the humors of others ; thing requisite for a voyage; it is fitted by simply · He had altered many things, not that they were not putting those things to it which have been temporarily natural before, but that he might accommodate himself removed ; to the age in which he lived.' DRYDEN. The mind of an infinitely wise Creator is clearly evinced in the

With long resounding cries they urge the train,

To fit the ships and launch into the main. POPE. world, by the universal adaptation of means to their ends; • It is in his power so to adapt one thing to The word equip is also applied figuratively in the same another, as to fulfil his promise of making all things sense; · The religious man is equipped for the storm work together for good to those who love him.' Blair. as well as the calm in this dubious navigation of life.' A spirit of accommodation is not merely a character- BLAIR. To fit is for an immediate purpose ; to preistic of politeness ; it is of sufficient importance to be pare is for a remote purpose. A person fits himself ranked among the Christian duties; “It is an old ob- for taking orders when he is at the university : he servation which has been made of politicians, who prepares himself at school before he goes to the uniwould rather ingratiate themselves with their sove- versity. To fit is to adopt positive and decisive meareigns, than promote his real service, that they accom- sures; to prepare is to use those which are only premodate their counsels to his inclinations. ADDISON. carious: a scholar fits himself for reading Horace by The term adapt is sometimes applied to things of a reading Virgil with attention; he prepares for an exless familiar nature; ' It may not be a useless enquiry, amination by going over what he has already learnt. in what respects the love of novelty is peculiarly To fit is said of every thing, both in a natural and adapted to the present state.' Grove. Adhesion may a moral sense: to qualify is used only in a moral be in part ascribed, either to some elastical motion in sense. Fit is employed mostly for acquirements which the pressed glass, or to the exquisite adaptation of the are gained by labor : qualify for those which are almost innumerable, though very small asperities of the gained by intellectual exertion ; a youth fits himself one, and the numerous little cavities of the other, for a mechanical business by working at it; a youth whereby the surfaces do lock in with one and another, qualifies himself for a profession by following a partior are as it were clasped together.' BOYLE.

cular course of studies.

COMPETENT, FITTED, QUALIFIED. ritual matters or in poetry ; it is meet to offer our

prayers to the supreme disposer of all things ; Competent, in Latin competens, participle of competo to agree or suit, signifies suitable; fitted signi- My image, not imparted to the brute fies made fit; qualified, participle of qualify, from the

Whose fellowship therefore not unmeet for thee, Latin qualis and facio, signifies made as it ought

Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike.

MILTON. . to be.

Competency mostly respects the mental endowments and attainments; fitness the disposition and character;

CONCORD, HARMONY. qualification the artificial acquirements. A person is competent to undertake an office ; fitted or qualified but under different circumstances. Concord, in French

The idea of union is common to both these terms, to fill a situation. Familiarity with any subject aided by strong mental

concorde, Latin concordia, from con and cor, having endowments gives competency : suitable habits and

the same heart and mind, is generally employed for temper constitute the fitness : acquaintance with the the union of wills and affections; harmony, in French business to be done, and expertness in the mode of harmonie, Latin harmonia, Greek ápuovía, from špw performing it, constitutes the qualification: none

to fit or suit, signifying the state of fitting or suiting, should pretend to give their opinions on serious sub- respects the aptitude of minds to coalesce. jects who are not competent judges ; none but lawyers

There may be concord without harmony, and harare competent to decide in cases of law; none but me

mony without concord. Persons may live in concord dical men are competent to prescribe medicines; none

who are at a distance from each other; but divines of sound learning, as well as piety, to de- Kind concord, heavenly born! whose blissful reign termine on doctrinal questions; "Man is not com- Holds this vast globe in one surrounding chain petent to decide upon the good or evil of many events

Soul of the world. TICKEL. which befall him in this life.' CUMBERLAND. "Men of Harmony is mostly employed for those who are in sedentary and studious habits, with a serious temper, close connexion, and obliged to co-operate ; are most fitted to be clergymen; • What is more obvious and ordinary than a mole ? and yet what more

In us both one soul palpable argument of Providence than it ? The

Harmony to behold in wedded pair ! members of her body are so exactly fitted to her

More grateful than harmonious sounds to the ear.

Milton. nature and manner of life.' Addison. Those who have the most learning and acquaintance with the Holy Concord should never be broken by relations under Scriptures are the best qualified for the important any circumstances ; harmony is indispensable in all and sacred office of instructing the people ; Such members of a family that dwell together. Interest benefits only can be bestowed as others are capable to

will sometimes stand in the way of brotherly concord ; receive, and such pleasures imparted as others are

a love of rule, and a dogmatical temper, will somequalified to enjoy. Johnson.

times disturb the harmony of a family. Concord is Many are qualified for managing the concerns of as essential to domestic happiness, as harmony is to others, who would not be competent to manage a con

the peace of society, and the uninterrupted prosecution cern for themselves. Many who are fitted from their

of business. What concord can there be between turn of mind for any particular charge, may be un- kindred who despise each other ? what harmony befortunately incompetent for want of the requisite

tween the rash and the discreet? These terms are qualifications

both applied to music; but concord solely respects the agreement of two or more sounds ;

The man that hath no music in himself,

Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds,

Is fit for treasons, villanies, and spoils. SHAKSPEARE. Fit, from the Latin fit it is made, signifying made But harmony respects the effect of an aggregate for the purpose, is either an acquired or a natural pro- number of sounds; Harmony is a compound idea perty; apt, in Latin aptus, from the Greek ärtu to made


of different sounds united.' Watts. Harconnect, is a natural property ; meet, from to meet mony has also a farther application to objects in or measure, signifying measured, is a moral quality. general to denote their adaptation to each other ; A house is fit for the accommodation of the family

The harmony of things according to the plan of the builder ;

As well as that of sounds, from discord springs.
He lends him vain Goliah's sacred word,

The fittest help just fortune could afford. Cowley.

« If we consider the world in its subserviency to man, The young mind is apt to receive either good or bad one would think it was made for our use ; but if we impressions ; If you hear a wise sentence or an apt consider it in its natural beauty and harmony, one phrase commit it to your memory.' Sir Hendy would be apt to conclude it was made for our pleaSIDNEY. Meet is a term of rare use, except in spi- sure.' Addison.

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