« ПредишнаНапред »
§ 85. Powers and duties of Secretary enumerated
The Secretary, through the National Park Service, for the purpose of effectuating the policy expressed in section 81 of this title, shall have the following powers and perform the following duties and functions:
(a) Secure, collate, and preserve drawings, plans, photographs, and other data of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and objects.
(b) Make a survey of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and objects for the purpose of determining which possess exceptional value as commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States.
(c) Make necessary investigations and researches in the United States relating to particular sites, buildings, or objects to obtain true and accurate historical and archaeological facts and information concerning the same.
(d) For the purpose of this section, acquire in the name of the United States by gift, purchase, or otherwise any property, personal or real, or any interest or estate therein, title to any real property to be satisfactory to the Secretary. However, no such property which is owned by any religious or educational institution, or which is owned or administered for the benefit of the public shall be so acquired without the consent of the owner; no such property shall be acquired or contract or agreement for the acquisition thereof made which will obligate the general fund of the Treasury for the payment of such property, unless or until Congress has appropriated money which is available for that
(e) Contract and make cooperative agreements with States, municipal subdivisions, corporations, associations, or individuals, with proper bond where deemed advisable, to protect, preserve, maintain, or operate any historic or archaeologic building, site, object, or property used in connection therewith for public use, regardless as to whether the title thereto is in the United States. No contract or cooperative agreement shall be made or entered into which will obligate the general fund of the Treasury unless or until Congress has appropriated money for such purpose.
(f) Restore, reconstruct, rehabilitate, preserve, and maintain historic or prehistoric sites, buildings, objects, and properties of national historical or archaeological significance and where
deemed desirable establish and maintain museums in connection
(g) Erect and maintain tablets to mark or commemorate historic or prehistoric places and events of national historical or archaeological significance.
(h) Operate and manage historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and properties acquired under the provisions of this section together with lands and subordinate buildings for the benefit of the public, such authority to include the power to charge reasonable visitation fees and grant concessions, leases, or permits for the use of land, building space, roads, or trails when necessary or desirable either to accommodate the public or to facilitate administration.
(i) When the Secretary determines that it would be administratively burdensome to restore, reconstruct, operate, or maintain any particular historic or archaeologic site, building, or property donated to the United States through the National Park Service, he may cause the same to be done by organizing a corporation for that purpose under the laws of the District of Columbia or any State.
(j) Develop an educational program and service for the purpose of making available to the public facts and information pertaining to American historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and properties of national significance. Reasonable charges may be made for the dissemination of any such facts or information.
(k) Perform any and all acts, and make such rules and regulations not inconsistent with this section as may be necessary and proper to carry out the provisions thereof. Any person violating any of the rules and regulations authorized by this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
§ 86. Cooperation with other agencies; employment of technical assistance
(a) The Secretary, in administering this chapter, is authorized to cooperate with and may seek and accept the assistance of any Federal, State, or municipal department or agency, or any educational or scientific institution, or any patriotic association, or any individual.
(b) When deemed necessary, technical advisory committees may be established to act in an advisory capacity in connection with the restoration or reconstruction of any historic or prehistoric building
or structure. Such professional and technical assistance may be employed without regard to the civil service laws.
(c) Such service may be established as may be required to accomplish the purposes of this chapter and money may be appropriated by Congress or made available by gifts for such purpose.
§ 87. Advisory Board; creation, powers and duties
(a) A general advisory board known as the "Advisory Board on National Parks, Historic Sites, Buildings, and Monuments," composed of not to exceed eleven persons, citizens of the United States, and to include representatives competent in the fields of history, archaeology, architecture, and human geography, shall be appointed by the Secretary and serve at his pleasure. The members of said board shall receive no salary but may be paid expenses incidental to travel when engaged in discharging their duties as such members.
(b) It is the duty of said board to advise on any matters relating to the National Park System and miscellaneous areas and to the administration of sections 85 and 86 of this chapter submitted to it for consideration by the Secretary. It may also recommend policies to the Secretary from time to time pertaining to the National Park System and miscellaneous areas and to the restoration, reconstruction, conservation, and general administration of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and properties.
§ 88. Jurisdiction; retention by States
Nothing in this chapter shall be held to deprive any State, or political subdivision thereof, of its civil and criminal jurisdiction in and over lands acquired by the United States under this chapter. § 89. Appropriations authorized
There are authorized to be appropriated for carrying out the purposes of this chapter, such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine.
§ 90. National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States created; purposes
In order to further the policy enunciated in this chapter and to facilitate public participation in the preservation of sites, buildings, and objects of national significance or interest, the charitable, educational, and nonprofit corporation, known as the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States shall continue as such corporation. The functions of the National Trust shall be to receive donations of sites, buildings, and objects significant in American his
tory and culture, to preserve and administer them for public benefit, to accept, hold, and administer gifts of money, securities, or other property of whatsoever character for the purpose of carrying out the preservation program, and to execute such other functions as may be vested in it.
§ 91. Offices; location; venue of actions
The National Trust shall have its principal office in the District of Columbia and shall be deemed, for purposes of venue in civil actions, to be an inhabitant and resident thereof. The National Trust may establish offices in such other place or places as it may deem necessary or appropriate in the conduct of its business.
§ 92. Board of trustees, administration; composition of board of trustees; terms of office; compensation; expenses The affairs of the National Trust shall be under the general direction of a board of trustees composed as follows: The Attorney General of the United States; the Secretary of the Interior; and the Director of the National Gallery of Art, ex officio; and not less than six general trustees who shall be citizens of the United States, to be chosen as hereinafter provided. The Attorney General, and the Secretary of the Interior, when it appears desirable in the interest of the conduct of the business of the board and to such extent as they deem it advisable, may, by written notice to the National Trust, designate any officer of their respective departments to act for them in the discharge of their duties as a member of the board of trustees. The number of general trustees shall be fixed by the Board of Trustees of the National Trust and shall be chosen by the members of the National Trust from its members at any regular meeting of said National Trust. The respective terms of office of the general trustees shall be as prescribed by said board of trustees but in no case shall exceed a period of five years from the date of election. A successor to a general trustee shall be chosen in the same manner and shall have a term expiring five years from the date of the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was chosen, except that a successor chosen to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of such term shall be chosen only for the remainder of that term. The chairman of the board of trustees shall be elected by a majority vote of the members of the board. No compensation shall be paid to the members of the board of trustees for their services as such members, but they shall be reimbursed for travel and actual
expenses necessarily incurred by them in attending board meetings and performing other official duties on behalf of the National Trust at the direction of the board.
§ 93. Corporate powers enumerated
To the extent necessary to enable it to carry out its functions, the National Trust shall have the following powers:
(a) To have succession until dissolved by Act of Congress, in which event title to the properties of the National Trust, both real and personal, shall, insofar as consistent with existing contractual obligations and subject to all other legally enforceable claims or demands by or against the National Trust, pass to and become vested in the United States of America.
(b) To sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(c) To adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal which shall be judicially noticed.
(d) To adopt a constitution and to make such bylaws, rules, and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States or of any State, as it deems necessary for the administration of its functions, including among other matter, bylaws, rules, and regulations governing visitation to historic properties, administration of corporate funds, and the organization and procedure of the board of trustees.
(e) To accept, hold, and administer gifts, and bequests of money, securities, or other personal property of whatsoever character, absolutely or on trust, for the purposes for which the National Trust is created. Unless otherwise restricted by the terms of the gift or bequest, the National Trust is authorized to sell, exchange, or otherwise dispose of, and to invest or reinvest in such investments as it may determine from time to time, the moneys, securities, or other property given or bequeathed to it. The principal of such corporate funds, together with the income therefrom and all other revenues received by it from any source whatsoever, shall be placed in such depositories as the National Trust shall determine and shall be subject to expenditure by the National Trust for its corporate purposes.
(f) To acquire by gift, devise, purchase, or otherwise, absolutely or on trust, and to hold and, unless otherwise restricted by the terms of the gift or devise, to encumber, convey, or otherwise