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to be completely saved, -without the « least assistance from the mediation of Jesus Christ.' pp. 67—71.
We hope to be excused for adding the following passage, from the second Essay.
'Some professors of evangelical truth place vital religion so much in transient illuminations and impressions, especially if they occur in such or such a particular order, and so little in the habitual temper and spirit of which persons are, that they greatly deform the religion of Jesus, and represent Christianity in a very different light from that in which it is exhibited by the inspired Writers. The New Testament knows nothing of real Christians, that are habitually of a selfish, envious, and contentious temper. Allowances, indeed, must be made for natural tempers J but not such allowances as would imply that persons who, in their native dispositions, were wolves and serpents, are now real believers, though there be no evidence of ^a great and remarkable alteration having taken place in " the spirit of their minds." pp. 50, 51.
The Confession of Faith is an elegant and judicious summary of Mr. Booth's religious sentiments.
The handsome appearance of this publication very properly corresponds to the careful dignity of its style. •
Art. XVI. A Token of grateful Esteem for the Memory of the' late Rev. Cornelius Winter, of Painsivick, Gloucestershire. A Sermon, preached at Fulwood near Taunton, Jan. 2t, 1808. By Thomas Golding. pp. 43. Price Is. Williams and Co. 1808. TVfR. Golding's Discourse, though arranged like a Sermon, is more properly an eulogetic Memoir. But a character like that of Mr. Winter, needs only to be displayed ; it supersedes exhortation, and almost precludes comment. We do not therefore blame Mr. Golding for occupying a portion even of consecrated time, in developing to his hearers the elements of Christian excellence, as they were comprised in the temper and deportment of his revered tutor. A discourse thus formed must of necessity be very interesting and useful. The text is Acts xi. 2k He luas a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith. The words are., appropriate; though Mr. Winter's character, we think, was that of John rather than Barnabas. In classifying the qualities of Mr. W., under the divisions stated in the text, the preacher has involved, himself in manylogical improprieties; as will be very evident from the following detail. Mr. W. is represented as "a good man," and more particularly as remarkable for sterling piety, amiableness, including humility, affability, affection, fidelity, and for distinguished benevolence; as " full of the Holy Ghost," and therefore remarkable for great purity of character, a truly devotional mind, and diligent Improvement of time; and " full of faith," that uniformly actuated his conduct and shone forth ivith distinguished lustre on particular occasions:—from this exposition, Mr. G. remarks the exemplification here afforded of real excellence, the great loss sustained by the world in the removal of such characters, the duty of endeavouring to occupy the vacancies they leave, and the increasing desirableness of heaven as the resort of all that were excellent on earth. He confirms his applause of Mr. Winter's character, in many instances, by a pleasing particularity of description, and some characteristic anecdotes; any farther remarks en it, in tliis place, would anticipate the account of Mr. fay's more extensive publication which * ill probably appear in our next Number.
Art.XVII Riddellian System; or New Medical Improvements, containing a concise Account or the Advantages to be expe> tea therefrom. With some illustrative Examples. By Colonel Riddell. 8vo. pp. 113. Ridgway, 180S. Tl^HEN a military officer r.ssumes the character " of a decided improver, on all antecedent medical practice" the pub ic have a right to inquire when and where he received his medical education, or by what means he obtained such a stock of knowledge as should intitle him to general confidence. We have been accustomed to lay some stress on, the study of anatomy, surgery, and physic, &c. &c. without which we no more expect to see men skilled in the knowledge and treatment of diseases, than we expect to see goo J officers without the study of ticticsand the art of war. Colonel Riddell, on the contrary, says "a man n ay posses' & natural sagacity in the knowledge and treatment of diseases"—which is just as intelligible, as that a man may possess a natural faculty of b.ing learned in the law! It seems that this natural sagacity, however, is possessed by the Colonel; •who offers to public notice, and especially " to the members of both houses of parliament,'- what he calls, "a totally new system of medicine," requiring the use of no more than "three or four" articles in the materia medica, -'and those well known," for the cure of nearly all the diseases which afflict human nature! This is, at least, a very simple system. His principle is equally simple: that "diseases either originate in the stomach, intestines, and visceral obstructions, or are intimately connected with them!" His principal achievement is, curing all fevers with certainty, and generally in 24 hours.
. It seemed necessary for this gentleman, in order to make way for his own nostrum, to raise a degree of prejudice against " a regular education," and the regular practice among medical men. But, we ask, what has he substituted in their stead? Is the author such an enemy to all "mystery" and "cautious secrecy," that he divulges the whole of his discoveries for the public good i So far from it, that we cannot ascertain what are the medicines he recommends, nor on what terms they may be procured,—except that in one place a hint is' thrown out, that " government ought to give him a hundred thousand pounds for his secret"—and in another place it is /suggested, that he chiefly employs a new preparation of antimony. We shall be very glad to find him establishing by his proposed experiments, to the satisfaction of the Royal College of Physicians, the truth of his theory, and the efficacy of his practice; and would beg leave to advise him, as he is probably not ambitious of the title of quack, to lay his-secret frankly before the public, and trust to its liberality for an ample and honourable remuneration.
Art. XXVIIi. Hemaris suggested h'y the Perusal of a Pamphlet intituled *'Britain independent of Commerce." By P. Williams, Esq. 8vo. pp.40. Price Is. Gd. Tipper. 1808.
rPHE case of Mr. P. Williams is a good illustration of the approved
■* maxim, that extremes meet; or that the ignorant and the ecientifit
are equally the advocates of truth, to which the intermediate class of
sciolists arid pretenders are • hostile. In ow- apprehension, his general Opinion of Mr. Spence's work is right; if he wishes to know why it is right, he must read Mr. Mill's Answer.
Art. XIX. The Devout Observation of National Calamities enforced. A . Sermon, preached at the Independent Chapel, Blackburn, on Wednesday, Feb. 17, 1808, the Day appointed for a National Fast, by Joseph Fletcher, A. M. 8vo. pp. 33. Price Is. Blackburn, Banister; Williams & Co. 1808.
HTO notice the first publication of a writer, whose talents and piety iatitle us to consider him as a valuable recruit in the service .of Christian truth, is one of the most gratifying duties of our office. Such a writer is Mr. Fletcher; his sermon has some of the faults incidental to youth, but it exhibits a mind superior to the ordinary standard, respectably cultivated, and capable of high attainments. His style is elevated and masculine; perhaps he too much affects, in some instances, a philosophic-ill cast of diction, but it is partly atoned by a philosophical firmness of thought which is not very common among preachers or young writers; his mature judgement will convince him, that whatever he gains in simplicity he will gain both in energy and in elegance. The following observations are founded on his text, Ps. xlvi. 8. Come, behold the -works of the Lerdj, what desolations he kath made in the earth !—the desolations which result from natural causes, are to be considered as the works of the Lord ;—-those which arise from the immediate agency of man are to be traced to the appointment of divine providence—national judgements are the effect of Cod's displeasure against national iniquity—the devout observations of national calamities will lead to sincere humiliation before God. On the difficult problem of divine providence overruling the voluntary actions of man^ which evidently is involved in the propositions here stated, Mr. F. has touched with caution; he gives the following illustration.
* When the malice and envy of Joseph's brethren subjected him to all the evils of slavery in the land of Egypt, no one hesitates to condemn the murderous principles by which they were actuated; the criminality and guilt of their actions receive not the least mitigation from the assurance, that" God sent him thither to preserve life." On the contrary, the estimate we forni of their character is founded, as it should be, not on any views of the providential arrangements of God, or the consequences which were produced by their actions—but upon the intended result of those actions, the motives whence they proceeded, and the direct opposition of their whole conduct to the most sacred and endear ng obligations.' p. 16.
The following excellent passage affords an important instance, among many others, in which a just metaphysic comes in aid cf our religious' faith, and affords nutrition to the sentiments of piety;
* When we speak of the operation of natural causes, we should ever forget that such operation derives all its power and effect from the immedienergy of God. " I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth, and the earth shall hear the eorn and the wine and the oil, and they shall hear Jezreel."* The natural causes, which remotely and immediately produced " the corn and wine and oil," are here
* Hosea ii, 22. '26.
specified ; but they are all represented, as only a chain, or connexion of effects, of which the divine agency is the ultimate origin. And when the influences of the heavens and the earth are combined to promote the destruction, as well as the preservation of man, the same agency is the origin of their power. Fire and kail, snow and vapour, and stormy winds fulfil hit word* He reserves "against the time of trouble, against the tlsfy of battle and of war, the treasures of the snow and the hail: he lifts up his voice to the clouds that the abundance of waters may cover the earth : he sendeth lightnings, and they go, and say unto him, « Here we are. "/f pp. 9,10. The whole sermon is worthy of attention: the exhortations which close it are judicious arid devout.
Art. XX. A Topographical History of England; Exhibiting the Names of the several Cities, Towns, Parishes, Tythipgs, Townships, and Hamlets, with the County and Division of the County to which they respectively belong, &c. &c. &c. &c. 4to. pp. 1900. Price 51. 5s. bds. Longman and Co. 1808.
THESE enormous tomes may be considered as an alphabetical digest of all the dry parochial 'information of the county, histories and other works of local detail and antiquarian research; and also of the returns of population and poors' rates, under the late Parliamentary Inquiry. The official opportunities of the author, who assisted in arranging these returns, enabled him to supply many deficiencies of preceding writers, in other branches of the work, and to render it very nearly complete, according to the plan which he adopted,' atid of which the following extract from his preface contains the detail.
« I. The Orthography of every name has been determined with the utmost attention; 2,after the name appears the Hundred or-other Subdivision, and County, in which the place is situate ; 3, if a Parish, the Valuation in the King's Books, and other Ecclesiastical Information, is next given; 4, then the Population; 5, Poors' Rate, [the amount and proportion in 1803] ; 6, and the Distance and Bearing of each [every] place from the nearest Post Office Town, from the County Town, or the Metropolis. Other Information, applicable only to places of some importance, is then given in the.following oder; 7, Markets and Fairs ; 8, Members of Parliament and Corporations; 9, Free Schools; 10, Petty Sessions, and Assizes. Finally, 11, is given Miscellaneous information of ■Monastic Foundations, and other matters of local History, not reducible to any head of the above classification.' p. xi.
The comprehensiveness and general accuracy of the work will doubtless obtain it a place, as a book of reference, in the libraries of such opulent and professional persons, as must be acquainted with these particulars; but its price, and barrenness of amusement, will necessarily withhold it from general circulation. To point out the imperfections and errors that have occurred to us, would be a mode of occupying our pages, very far from agreeable either to our readers pr to Mr. Carlisle.
* Psalm cxlviii. 8, f Job xxxviii. 22. 23.
Art. XXI. The Duly and Advantage of remembering deceased Ministers. being the Substance of a Funeral Sermon, preached at the Church of St. Mary, Wallingford, for the Rev. Thomas Pentycross, A. M. during more than. Thirty Years Vicar of that Parish. By Thorn :s Scott, Rector of Aston Sandford, Bucks, pp. 35. Price Is. Buckingham, Seeley; Seeley, Hatchard. 1808.
TT is a melancholy part of our duty to record those solemn events, which
not only make "a breach" among the faithful ministers of Christ, but infringe on the circle,of our personal friendships. An event of this description is the occasion of this venerable author's re-appearance before the public; and to those who are acquainted with his valuable labours, a formal recommendation of this sermon will appear superfluous.
We shall not object to that interpretation of Heb. xiii. 7, 8. which Mr. Scott adopts, and which represents "them which have the rule over you" to be deceased pastors, "the end (hcswij) of their conversation" to be their deliverance or escape from this world to a better, and the following clause as a consolatory admonition, " (but) Jesue Christ (is) the same, yesterday, to-day, and for ever." Instead of entering into the biography of the worthy, and now immortalized minister, whose moral and mental excellence is honourably acknowledged, or into the detail of this judicious and impressive sermon, we shall close the article with an extract.
'Some, in this large assembly, may be merely occasiongi hearers; and some may perhaps wonder what it is, which renders the death of one clergyman so much more noticed, than that of many others. I shall here only observe, that decidedly preaching man a lost sinner: Emmanuel, God manifested in the flesh, a divine, all-sufficient, most gracious Saviour • yea, the only Saviour, for condemned sinners: the love, the cross, the resurrection of Jesus: his ascension, intercession, present glory, and future coming to judgement: and the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit: in short, preaching Christ "the Way, the Truth, and the Life," "our Wisdom, Righteousness, Sanctification and Redemption;" is alone effectual to interest the feelings and win the hearts of the hearers. This preaching, connected with a suitable conduct, while the work of the ministry is evidently the great business and the pleasure of a man's life, and the minister is the friend and counsellor, as well as the teacher, of the people, and their servant for Christ's sake ; secures affection from many, and respect from almost all, except determined persecutors. But nothing, short of this, can produce the same effects on the hearts, minds, and consciences of mankind. The ministers, thus briefly described, are the servants of God, who teach men the way of salvation.
'Some among you may consider the whole of this day's solemnities, as a matter of course; and be ready to say in your hearts, 1 see no peculiar reason for mourning on the occasion, as many do,—-My fellow sinners, the unconscious babe, the thoughtless child, or the rebellious son who wickedly covets his father's property, may not mourn at the decease of a wise and good parent, which fills the heart of his elder, more prudent, and more dutiful brethren, with overwhelming sorrow. But the loss is far the greatest to those, who least lament it.' pp. 32—3*.