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lume), 4to. illustrated by 33 coloured plates, cnntainins: nearly 100 subjects, consisting of the first four orders. By Robert Wiilau, M. I). F. A. S. 41.

Debates in Parliament lespecting the Jennerian Discovery, and a further grant of 20,0001. to. Dr. Jenner; with introductory remarks. By C. Murray, 5*.

An Essay ou the Influence of Marriage •n Health, 3s. tid.

MILITARY TACTICS.

The Construction of several Systems of Fortification, 1 vol. 8vo. and. a volume of Plates, folio; by Professor Landmann, of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, 10s.

MINERALOCV.

Elements of Geognosy, being Vol. IllPart II. of the System of Mineralogy. By Robert Jameson, Regius Professor of Natural His.tc.ry, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, F. L. S. &C. 8vo. 10s.

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Pantologia; comprehending a complete Series of Essays, Treatises and Systems, .alphabetically arranged; with a general Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Words, and presenting a distinct Survey of Human Genius, learning, and Industry: by John Mason Good, Esq. OlinthusGregory, A M. of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; and Mr. Newton Bosworth, of Cambridge. Assisted by other Gentlemen of Eminence ui different departments of Literature, Part I. royal Bvo. 6a.

A Letter to the Proprietors of Bank Stock, in consequence of the result of a General Meeting held at the Bank, Jan. 21.1s.

Observations on the proposed Junction Canal between Winchester and the Basingstoke Canal; with an Appendix, Is. 6d.

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Popular Moral Tales, selected by John Adams, A. M. Price 2s. 6d. boards.

Memorials of Nature and Art, collected on a Journey in Great Britain, during the years 1802 and 1803. By Christian Augus

tus Gottlieb Goede. Translated by Thomas Horne, iu 3 vols. cr. 8vo. Price lfis. fid.

Anthropologia, or Dissertations on the Form and Colour of Man, with incidental remarks by Thomas Jarrukl, M.D. 11. Is.

NATl RAL TO1I.0S0PIIY.

Popular Lectures on Experimental Philosophy, Astronomy, and Chemistry, intended chiefly for the use uf Students and young Persons: by George Gregory, D. D. 2 vols. 12mo. 35 Engravings, lis. boards. l'5s. bound.

A General View of the Natural History of the Atmosphere, and of its Connection with the Sciences of Medicine and Agriculture; including an Essay ou the Causes of Epidemical Diseases, by Henry Robertson, M. D. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. Is.

PH1L0L0CT.

A Vocabulary, English and Greek; arranged systematically to advance the learner in Scientific as well as Verbal Knowledge. Designed for the use of Schools. By Nathaniel Howard, 3s. bound.

An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language, iUustratng the Words in their different Significations by Examples from ancient and modern Authors. To which is added a Dissertation on the Origin of the Scottish Language. By J. Jamiesorij D. D> 2 vols. 4to. 41. 4s.

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Marmion; or, Fioddcn Field, a Poem, in Six Cantos. By Walter Scott, Esq Author of the Lay of the Last Minstrel, ito. 11. lis. 6d.

Poems upon several Subjects; with an. elegant Frontispiece, sin. 8vo. 5s.

Poems, containing Odes, The Triumph of the Veil, &c jn 4 Cantos, 12mo. 9s. 6d. Original Poems, intended for the use of Young Persons. On a Plan recommended. by the Rev. Dr. Isaac Watts. By M.s. Richardson, Widow of the late Joseph Richardson, E*q. M. P. royal 18mo. 3s.

The Minstrel; or, the Progress of Genius, in continuation of the Poem left unfinished; by Dr. Beattie. Book the Third, 6s. injuries. Thoughts and Suggestions on the Means. of improving the Condition of the Irish Peasant! y. By R. Bellow, 3s.

A tetter to a Country Gentleman, on the Education of the Lower Orders, and on the best Means of attaining all that is practicable or desirable on that important object. By J. Wejlaud, Jun, 4s.'6d.

A Letter to a Member of the present Parliament, on the Articles cf Charge against Marquis Wellesley, which have been laid before the House of Commons. By Lawrence Dundas Campbell, Esq. 5s.

A Political Sketch of America, 8vo. 2s.

Memoir on National Defence. By J. F. Birch, 3s.

Ten Letters addressed to the Landholders and Merchants of the United Empire, upon the present alarming and critical state of Public Affairs. By an Englishman, 2s. 6d.

Additional Reasons for our immediately emancipating Spanish America; being intended as a Supplement to " South American Independance," By W. Burke, 3s. 6(1.

A Discourse on the true character of our late proceedings in the Baltic, 5s.

THEOLOGY.

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The Glory of Zion, a sermon preached before the Baptist Western Association. By Isaac Taylor. Is.

Remarkable particulars in the life of Moses. By .1. Campbell. Price 4s.

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A general and connected view of the Prophecies relative to the Conversion, Restoration, Union and future Glory of the houses of Judah and Israel: the progress and final overthrow of the antichrist an confederacy in the land ofPalastine: and the ultimate diffusion of Christianity. By G.S. Faber; -D. D. 2 vols. 8\'o. 17s.

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Sennons on various subjects, By the Rev.

AVilliam Agutter A. M. of St. Mary Magdalen, Oxford; and Chaplain and Secretary of the Asylum for Female Orphans, 8vo. 9s. The ProneBess of a Philosophising Spirit to embrace error; with remarks npon Mr. Lancaster's new system of Education: a sermon preached in the Collegiate Church of Manchester, May, 1807. By the Rev. R. Bnrlow. Is. 6d.

Sermons controversial and practical, with Reflections and Tracts on interesting subjects vol. 1. (hitherto published in Ireland only) by the late Rev. Philip Skelton, Rector of Tintown, and republished by the Rev. Samuel Clapham, M.A. Vicar of Christchurch Havts, and Rector of Gussage St. Michael, Dorset, 8vo. 9s.

Institutes of Biblical Criticism; or heads of the course of lectures on that su*bject, read in the University of King's Cul.'ege, Aberdeen, by Gilbert Gerard, D. D. Professor of Divinity and one of his MajeMy's chaplain in ordinary in Scotland. Svo 10s.6dStudies Sacred, and Philosophic; adapted to th»4emp]e of truth, 8vo.

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Preleetiones Theologies? Rob. Lcighton, D.D in Auditorio Publico Academiae Edinburg. Svo. 9s. 6d. ',

The African Stranger,a sermon preached at London Wall, by Rob. Young,D. D. Is.

The Importance of Personal Religion in times of National calamity a Sermon by the Rev. J. Cobbin, Is.

The Economy of a Christian Life, or Maxims and Rules of religions and moral conduct, arranged from the Sacred Scriptures, and adapted to christians of every denomination. With short explanatory notes, by the Rev. W. Bingley.A. M. late of Peterhouse, Cambridge. 12mo. 8s.

A Defence of Sabbath Evening Schools, occasioned by an Attack made upon an "Address to the Friends of the Rising Generation in the Town of Peterhead and its vicinity," by Mr. Campbell and others, Sue. &.c. By A. Leslie, Peterhead, 12mo. Is.

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Travels in America performed in 1806, by N Thomas Ashe, Esq. 3 vols. 12mo. 11.18s. bds.

A Voyage to the Demerary, the Esseqnibo, the Berbice,&c. By Henry Bolingbroke, Esq. 4to. II.Is. bds.

COR RESPONDENCE.

The. Rev. R. B. will hear from us at an sarly opportunity.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For MAY, 1808.

Art. I. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of George Buchanan. By1 David Irving, A. M. 8vo. pp. xxx. 318. Price 8s. Edinburgh, Bell and Co.; Longman and Co. 1807.

""THE celebrity of Buchanan among the admirers and cultivators of Latin poetry, sufficiently warrants the expectation, that an account of his life will be received with no common interest. He was one of those men whose memories are cherished with a degree of fondness and admiration, that gives an air of importance to the minutest and most ordinary circumstances of their history. He outstripped his contemporaries in the favourite studies of the period in which he lived. When a knowledge of Roman literature was sought with the most persevering industry, and employed the brightest talents of the age, and when a happy imitation of the ancient compositions was deemed equal to original excellence, Buchanan was unanimously allowed, both in Latin poetry and prose, to bear away the palm of superiority. But the histqry of this celebrated man would be gratifying to public curiosity, even without the aid of literary fame to dignify its object. His life was a chequered and changeful scene. He passed through a variety of situations, resided in different countries, was exposed to many dangers, struggled with formidable difficulties, associated with every rank of men, and, excepting a short occasional interval, he still proceeded onward to a higher point of eminence in the scale of society, until we have the pleas'tog spectacle of a character origi.•• natly indigent and obscure, forcing his way, by dint of genius and learning, to some of the highest honours and preferments which his country could bestow. In addition to these advantages, the present memoirs have derived others from the talents of the biographer; who has displayed a variety of learning, a soundness of criticism, and a chaste and elaborate elegance of composition, which might have imparted charms to ahistory much less interesting in itself, than that of Buchanan. Vol. IV. Gg

The subject of these memoirs was born about the beginning of February 1506, in trie parish of Killearn in the county of Stirling, of a family more remarkable for its antiquity than its opulence. The early loss of his father was in some measure supplied by the kindness of his maternal uncle, who, discovering in his nephew's mind the marks of a superior genius, sent him to the university of Paris to pursue his studies. Here he chiefly attended to Latin verse, and laid the foundation of that eminence which he afterwards attained. By the death of his uncle, the infirm state of his own health, and the indigence of his circumstances,, he was forced to return to his native country. On the return of his strength he entered on a military life, and with the auxiliaries which the Duke of Albany had conducted from France, he made an unsuccessful attack on the Castle of Werk. The disgrace of the campaign cooled his military ardour, and he returned to the pursuit of knowledge, which was his ruling passion through life. Having for some time studied at the university of St Andrews, he again left Scotland, and went into France. The doctrines of the reformation had begun to agitate the public mind, and as Buchanan was open to conviction, he readily embraced the views of the Lutheran party. After struggling for two vears with the difficulties 01 indigence, he was ap~ pointed Regent or Professor in the college of St. Barbe, where he taught grammar. The small remuneration which he received for his labours, induced him to write at this time a complaint of his muse, a small poem far superior in beauty to the one which afterwards came from the pen of the base and unprincipled Otvyay. The effects of hard study on the .constitution, are aptly described in the following linea*

* Ante diem curvos senium grave contrahit artiw,
Imminet ante suura mors properata diem:
Ora notat pallor, macies in corpore toto est,
£t tetrico in v»ltu mortis imago sedet.
Otia dum captas, prseceps in mille labores
lrruis, et curii angeris usque novis.'

Be now entered on a new employment, as tutor of a young fe'eotish nobleman, Lord Cassilis, with whom he afterwards returned to Scotland. When he was preparing to return U> France, he was retained by King James V. as a preceptor to one of his natural sons. It was at this time, that he composed the inimitable satire on the impurities and ^absurdities of tb$ monks, under the tide of "Franciscanus." He had before published a short poem, intitled "Sovmium" and an ironical recantation, both which contained severe reflections on the Franciscan friars. The occasion of writing the "FriaJtuu*Bus" is thus told.

«The Franciscan friars, still smarting From his Somnium, found mean of representing him to the king as a man of deprayed morals, and dubious faith. But on this occasion their obstreperous zeal recoiled upon themselves. By comparing the humility of their professions with the arrogance of their deportment, James had formerly begun to discover their genuine character, and the part which he supposed them to have acted, in a late conspiracy, against his life, had not contributed to diminish his antipathy. Instead of consigning the poet to disgrace or punishment, the king, who was aware that private resentment would improve the edge of his satire, enjoined him, in the presence of many courtiers, to renew his well-directed attack on the same pious fathers. Buchanan's late experience had however taught him the importance of caution; he determined at once to gratify the king's resentment against the friars, and to avoid increasing the resentment of the friars against himself. In pursuance of this fine project, he compose?! a kind of recantation which he supposed might delude the Franciscans by its ambiguity of phrase. But he found himself doubly deceived: the indignation of the king, who was himself a satirical poet, could not so easily1 be gratified, and the friars were now impelled to a higher pitch of resentment. James requested him to compose another satire, which should exhibit their vices in a more glaring light. The subject was copious, and well adapted to the poet's talents and views. He accordingly applied himself to the composition of the poem afterwards published under the title of Franciscanus, and to satisfy the king's impatience, soon presented him with a specimen.' pp. 21—23.

During the horrible persecutions of the Protestants, which broke out soon after iu Scotland, he was obliged to fly from his native country. He had been included by Cardinal Beaton in a general arrest, and committed to custody ; but he made his escape through the windows of hjs apartment, while his keepers were asleep. He passed through England to France, and fixed his residence at Bourdeaux, where by the interest of his friend Andrew Govea, he was appointed one of the Pxofes3ors of the college of Guienne. He here prosecuted his studies with great diligence, and in the course of three years completed the tragedies of Jephllies and BaptisWs, and published a poetical version of the Medea and Alcestis of Euripides. In this college he had the honour of being preceptor to the celebrated Montaigne, or, to speak with equal propriety, Montaigne had the honour of being the pupil of Buchanan. He next removed to Paris as regent in the college of Cardinal le Moine, where he enjoyed the society and friendship of several eminent scholars. He was however, soo4i invited to leave that situation, for another hi the university (Ojf Coimhra in Portugal. Here, in consequence of his obnoxious prlncjphas of religion, he was thrown into one of the dungeons of the inquisition, and afterwards removed to the pofl/ftneweni of * monastery. It was during this irtipri-.

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