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Art. XVII. An Essay on the Character and Influence of the Stage on Morals and Hafifiiness.* By John Styles. Second Edition, with an -Appen* dix. 8vo. pp.188. Price 3s. 6*d. boards. Williams and Co. 1807
Art. XVIII. A Defence of an Essay on the Immoral and Antkltriitian Tendency of the Stage, against the animadversions of a critique in the fifth volume of the Annual Review. 13y John Styles. 8vo. pp. 68. Price is. Williams and Co. 1807.
rFHE excellent design and the spirited execution of Mr. Styles's Essay, could riot fail to obtain for it a very favourable reception with the public. We are glad to see that he has availed himself of the opportunity which its success has afforded him, to strengthen some of his arguments, to insert new illustrations, arid revise the style; he has thu» rendered it, notwithstanding several inaccuracies, still more worthy of 'permanent estimation. The most considerable addition is in the forrn; of an Appendix, which is also published separately, to bind up with tffe former edition.
Mr. Styles's controversy widi the Annual Review, is not a personal, but a moral one; it is not of private, but of general interest; and we are very well pleased to remark, that the talents of this advocate for Christian morality against the sophistry of a theatrical zealot, are conformable to the superiority of his cause.
The first sentences of the offending critique will Enable the reader to judge of its character, while they assure him of our author's entire success in refuting and exposing it. "An attack on the stage is alike hostile to public instruction, to public morality, and to public happiness* The Fathers' of the Christian Church, by conspiring to suppress the theatres of Greece and Rome, rebarbarized Europe, and condemned the victims of their mischievous tuition to a millenium of ignorance, vassalage, and woe t" We make Mr. S. responsible for the fidelity of this quotation.
This controversy has prompted our author to a rhore ample exami-
Art. XIX. The State of Britain, Abroad and at Home* in the Eventful
■NJOTHING but a respect for truth, however trite, coilfd have induced us to read throtigh the production of this "Englishman"; ,. who could certainly take no surer method of degrading any plan or
* Unus utrique error, said Horace, we forget where, and as aH'poef,3 were prophets, he doubtless alluded to Mr. Styles's blundering title-pages* fee Eel. Rev. III. 335.
Vol. IV. - ' "P
opinio*, than by undertaking the functions of its advocate. The present •jtriticai'atate of the British empire, the expediency of providing against the concurrences of a deficient harvest and an interdiction of mercantile intercourse, the deplorable want of military science and skill among the officers of the British army, by which its honour has beeri taTnished in both hemispheres, the condition of the Irish peasantry, the prevalence of immorality and irreligion, are all subjects of vital importance., and cannot be too often thundered in the ears of a public, which seems absorbed in frivolous pursuits, and gazes with fatuitous indifference on the approach of calamity. But let them not be inculcated in a pamphlet only suited to excite astonishment, that a person who has read books and can quote Latin, should be able to write with an appearance of incapacity so perfectly infantile. One short sample will suffice; "a modern author lias, with equal justice and truth, remarked, that prevention Is better than cure." • —-—-—■ ■ ■..' ■ . ■ «"— ■* •— i* ,—.— i - i
Jixt. XX. A Sermon, preached at the Second General Visitation of the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Rochester, holden at Tun bridge in Kent, July 10, 1807, By the Rev. Phillips Monypenny, M. A. Vicar of Hadlow, in Kent. pp. 19. price lsr Rivington, 1807. rpHE subject selected by Mr, Mqnypenny on this occasion was the diversity of religious opinions; ana his text was Eph. iv, 3. Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in (he bond of Peace. He first observes -that this diversity chiefly respects the " smaller parts of Religion;" he then mentions, as the causes of this diversity; 1. the prejudices ofeducation; 2. personal respect or deference; 3. the respective vices to which men are addicted; 4. " a judicial blindness to which God in his justice may give men up for the abuse of their reason, &c." It is curious to observe a preacher so dexterously take the wrong causes, when it seemed almost inevitable for flim to take the right: the first two are precisely as absurd as the assertion of a certain author, that" the first inhabitants of Ireland took possession of >t by their valour;"— the third is wrong in the sense.and in the terms of the author; for to what vice respectively are we to ascribe a preference for Calvinism or Arminianism,for Episcopacy or Presbytery, for Adult or Infant Baptism?"—the fourth, even admitting the nbtion of judicial blindness to be well-founded, cannot be the cause, because God is the immediate author of it; it is more like the effect.
Mr. M. recommends honesty and sincerity as guides to the discovery of "religious truth, and, not contented with exhibiting his inability for original composition, gives the following specimen of his talents at quotation; he eites the text John vii. 17, literally thus:
u If gny man saith he will do God's will, he shall, know of the doctrine whether it be of God or whether I speak of myself!" p. 18.
The practical exhortations, however, are not so exceptionable; 1. to exercise charity; % toadoin the truth by piety; 8. to "have a due regard to the Word of God, the only rule of faith, and to the doctrine of our Church, as laid down in her Liturgy, Catechism, and Articles of Faith."
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Mr. M. has made some valuable discoveries: one is, " that the doctrine of
that newly-arisen class of separatists in the ministry, the members of w,hi0i apply to themselves exclusively the title of Gospel Preachers,—has-arisen from some or otherof these measures,"—" fanciful accommodations, distorted passages, false translations, forced analogies,—practised on the Sacredy volume to corrupt its doctrines." The other is still more surprising;— that" however" the questions relative to the tucharist and transubstantiation" are determined, need nothing affect him who frequents and receive* this Sacrament, as it is explained by our church in. her articles, her cate* chism, and her communion service !" p. 5. ■
If we have misunderstood Mr M. in any case, we beg him to excuse u», in consideration of a strange and unaccountable drowsiness that came, ovet us while perusing his sermon; he must be well aware how difficult it is to form clear ideas when one reads or writes between asleep andawake.
Art. XXI. Collectanea Oratorio; or, the Academic Orator: consisting 6f a Diversity of Oratorical Selections, appertaining to every Class of Publx Orations, appositely arranged, and calculated for the Use of Schools and Academies. ' To which is prefixed, a Dissertation on Oratorical Pronunciation or Action ; mostly abstracted from Professor Ward's System of Oratory. By J. H. Rice, small 8vo. pp. 491. Price 5s. bound. Longman and Co. 1808.
HTHE compiler of this work has deprived us of the pleasure of announcing it with entire satisfaction to the public, by the insertion of several improper articles. The whole of the section of " Dramatic" Oratory will be quite superfluous, and even offensive, to those who do not wish their children to become theatrical performers or critics. The section of "Sacred and Moral Orations," is injudiciously confined, almc*! entirely, to ex» tracts from Fawcett's Sermons, in which many sentiments occur of injurious tendency. In other respects, the publication has high claims to public patronage; it includes a large quantity of useful matter; and contains many fine specimens of British eloquence, demonstrative, deliberative, and judicial, not before adopted in similar works. One of tlie articles in the department " of the pulpit," is the " Morning and Evening Service," with the emphatic words expressed in the Italic character.
Art. XXII. The Christian Minister's Duty and Reward. A Sermon, addressed as a Charge to Mr. Richard Pengjlly, when ordained Pastor of the Baptist Church at Newcastle upon Tyne, Aug. 12, 1807- ■ By the Rev. W. Steadman, President of the Baptist Academy, in Yorkshire. Published from the MS. by R. Pengilly, at the Request of his Friends. 8vo. pp. 42. Price 2s. Gateshead, Marshall; Burditt. 1807. \"l/E are sorry a discourse so full of admirable sentiments and exhortations as this, should, through any circumstances, appear before the world in a form uncongenial with its moral merit. In every other respect, than as a model of composition, it deserves the solemn attention of students and ministers. The subjects of admonition, founded in Rev. ii. 10. arr •o numerous, that we cannot offer a satisfactory analysis of the performance Within due limits. We shall rather admit some remarks, which exhibit the spirit of the preacher in a very amiable light, and inculcate that genuine principle of zeal, arising from piety, and co.existe«t with candour, which we are happy to think it increasingly prevalent amongst every party aX Christians. The state of things we hope, is somewhat mended sisce the time of St. Paul*(Philipp. 11. 2l.) ; it is not true thatc// seek their own interest, in preference to that of Christianity.
«' You are, it is true, a Dissenter—a Baptist: I doubt not but you are so from the purest motives; and as such you cannot be thought indifferent . to the peculiarities of that denomination of Christians to which you have . joined yourself. But allow me to say, my brother, that your first and chief aim must be, not to U'ake men Dissenters or Baptists, but Christians. And when the lesser points, on which we separate from some of our fellow Christians employ our attention, which they very properly may do, our zeal for them must not arise from the consideration, that they are our distinguishing tenets; but from that of their being the truths and ordinance* of .Christ; and our endeavours to bring others to our vitws, must spring from a desire of making them somewhat more cofonrmed to the mind and wilFof Christ. Thus will self in every view, be abased ; and Christ alons exalted." p. 17
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Art. XXIII. Thoughts on a genet al and explicit Union of the Congregational Churches; occasioned by an Address from the London Committee to Ministers and Churches of the Congregational Order: in a Letter to, * %he Gentlemen of that Committee. By a Friend to the Union, 8vo. pp. 30. Price Is. Burditt. 1807.
rTHIS "Friend to the Union" of Congregational Churches has substantiated his right to the title, by offering sensible admonitions and Suggestions to the Committee for carrying the scheme into effect. The pamphlet merits the notice of all who feel interested in a plan, which is no doubt capable of being rendered beneficial to the denomination, but which, •if ill-arrangcd,_ may be. a source of-embarrassment to its' active friends, and of contention among, those societies, whose efforts it is intended to combine.
Art. 'XXIV. A Chemical Catechism, with copious Notes, a Vocabulary of Chemical Terms, Useful Tables, and a Chapter of Instructive and Amusing Experiments. By Samuel Parkes, Manufacturing Chemist. Second Edition, with considerable additions. Large 8vo. pp. 631:
. Price 12s. bds. Lackington, Symonds. 1807.
'J'HIS is a very comprehensive and entertaining work ; its characteristic , form, that of a Catechism, adapts it peculiarly for the purposes of regular tuition in schools and families, without disqualifying it for private perusal. We are sure that our readers will feel the moral and religious admonitions introduced in different parts, to be a strong recommendation of it to. their patronage. The author has evidently studied the gratification, as well as the instruction of his readers; and, as we fully accord in his w.rm eulogium of chemical studies, we hope the perusal of his work will be suggested to young people in general, as a proper employment for hpurs that would otherwise be lost in idleness, or wasted upon hooks of fiction. ...
.The following are the contents: •<■ A n Essay on the Utility pf Chemittry to the Arts—Chap. 1. Introductory. 2. Of Atmospheric Air. 3. Of Caloric 4. Of Water. .5. Of Earths. 6. Of Alkalies. 7. Of Acids, g. Of Salts. 9, Of Simple Combustibles, 10. Of Metals, ll. Of
Oxides. 12. Of Combustion. 13. Of Attraction, Repulsion, and Che* mical Affinity.—Additional Notes. Chemical Tables. Select Instructive Experiments. Vocabulary of Chemical Te/ifis. Index. Index to New Matter." The Additions are very considerable and important; a neat "etching on glass by fluoric acid." forms the frontispiece.
Art. XXV. Select Hymns. ASupplement to Dr. W'atts's Psalms and Hymns, primarily designed for the Use of the Congregation assembling in the Chapel, Hoxton Academy, London. 12mo. 284 Hymns. Price 2s. bound. 2s. 6d. calf. Baynes, &c. 1808.
Art. XXVI. A Supplement to Dr. Watts's Psalms and Hymns; selected from various Authors. By William Mason. 12mo. 291 Hymns.. Price 2s. bound. Button, Williams, 1807.
'THESE publications are very similar in quality, as well as in price and appearance; they necessarily include a considerable number of the same hymns, the beauty or piety of which has introduced them to general favour. This circumstance so much lessens the diversity which might naturally be expected from the difference of taste in the respective selec• tors, that it is not easy to discriminate them by any specific character. Their general merit and purity of principle, justify us in recommending them to the notice of those religious societies, for whose benefit they have been prepared.
Art. XXVII. The Claims of the Establishment i A Sermon preached August 30, 1807, at Croydon, in Surrey; by John Ireland, D. D. Prebendary o£ Westminster, &c. pp. 29. Price Is. Hatchard. 1807. T\R. Ireland vindicates the exclusion of non-conformists from civil power and official emoluments, on the broad principle, that the governors have a right to choose a religion for the governed, and to deprive them of civil rights, as offenders against the law, for refusing to be converted. He intimates that dissenters may think themselves well off in being Indulged with liberty of worshipping God according to their consciences, and not being persecuted as the first Christians were under heathen Emperors. He is much to be commended for his loyalty., in conforming to the code of religion established by law because it is established; and we shall not offend him by doubting that the same loyal disposition would preserve to him. all the privileges of a good citizen, though the Bible in England should suddenly be supplanted by the Koran, or the throne of his Holiness should be greeted in the palace of Lambeth. It is a more than common offence against propriety, that such a Political Essay should be preached in a church of Christ, and published under the semblance of a sermon,
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Art. XXVHI. The Juvenile Preceptor; or a Course of Rudimental Learning. Volume the fourth; containing a Spelling and Pronouncing Dictionary, arranged in four Parts, according to the number of Syllables. 12mo. pp. 333. Price 4s. bound. Nicholson, PoughnitI near Ludlow; Symonds. 1307.
/THE previous volumes of this course we have already noticed; the Spelling and*Pron;iuncing Dictionary is intitled to the same general commendation, though we, nrght easily except against particular articles Qf its plan or of its eMecution,