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in such a manner as to remove every ac of Ireland, by which he would have ac-
cusation of lander, being never known to quired exorbitant gain, and in propor
meet her but in the presence of a third tion have impoverished the nation. The
perfon. His ambition to appear a great Dean's influence in Ireland after this
character frequently led him to court, victory was almost without bounds ; he
in hopes of obtaining a more respectable was consulted in whatever related to do-
situation in the church ; in this view he mestic policy, and particularly to trade :
miscarried by publishing his Tale of a over the populace he was the most ablo-
Tub, the drift of which was mistaken, lute monarch, and by persons of every
and caused fome to doubt his Chrifti- rank he was regarded with veneration
anity. His being disappointed in obtain- and esteem. His conduct to one of his
ing a bishopric, led him to take the co- servants in the affair of the Draper's
lour of his politics from the tory party. Letters deserves to be recorded, as it
Some political pieces, which be published gives a striking instance of the fingular
about this vine, made him the idol of humour and real disposition of the man.
the people. Soon after his appearing as The Draper's Letters were considered by
a party-writer, he was known to, and the government in so dangerous a light,
cariered by, Mr. Harley, afterwards that a reward of 300l. was promised by
Earl of Oxford, by whole means Dr. proclamation, to any one who would dis-
Swift foon became acquainted with the cover the author.
rest of the ministry, whom he supported It happened that the butler, whom he
with all his power; a pamphlet which he had employed as his amanuensis, and
wrote, intitled, The Public Spirit of the who alone was entrusted with the secret,
Whigs, occasioned very warm debates in went out in the afternoon of the day of
both houses of parliament; and another, the proclamation without leave, and itaid
called The conduct of the Allies, had a abroad the whole night, and part of the
very conliderable tendency to accelerate next day. There was great reason to
the peace that took place in 1711. He apprehend that he had made an infor-
was offered the deanry of St. Patrick, a mation, and, having received the reward,
gift not at all adequate either to his views, would never return. The man however
or his services; however he left England came home in the evening, and the Dean
to take possession of his new dignity. was advised by his friends to take no no-
On the misunderstanding between Lord tice of his fault, left he thould be pro-
Oxford and Lord Bolingbroke, and the voked to a breach of trust, the fear of
ruin of that party, which was the confe- wbich was now removed by his return.
quence of that difference, he gave up all But the Dean rejected this counsel with
thoughts of further advancement, and the utmost disdain; and commanding the
took up his residence at his deanry. man into his presence, ordered him im-

In°1716 he married Mrs. Johnson, af- mediately to strip off his livery, and leave ter a inost intimate friendship of more the house. • You villain, faid be, I than fixteen years; but this marriage • know I am in your power, and for that inade no alteration in their manner of liv. very reason I will the less bear with ing; Mrs. Dingley was ftill the insepa- ! your insolence or neglect. The man, rable companion of Stella, who never in very submissive terms, confessed that sefidtd at ihe deanry, unless when the he had been drinking all night, and inDean was afflicted with a violent giddi. treated to be forgiven; but Swift was innefs and deafness, which frequently at- exorable. He then begged that he might tacked him. About this time he is fup- be confined in some part of the house fo poted to have written Gulliver's Travels; long as the proclamation could entitle foon after which he acquired great popu. him to any reward, left, when he was larity in Ireland, by some public-spirited driven from his service, and destitute of pamphlets which he published there. The another, the temptation might be too Draper's I etters, which were a series of strong for his virtue, and his distress letters written by the Dean in the cha- might involve him in a crime which he racter of a draper, entirely ruined the ar- moft abhorred. His master continued tempt of one Wood, who had procured fill inexorable, and the man was dilinisa patent to coin ten thousand eight hun- fed. During all the time of danger, dred pounds in copper, for the currency Swift obstinately refused to contribute




one farthing towards his fupport; nor returning reason, but he afterwards grew Fould he be perfuaded to see his face : perfe&tly silent, and continued fo will his but, when the time limited in the pro- death, which happened at the latter end clamation was expired, he was permitted of October, 1745, in the 78th year of to return to his fervice; soon after which his age. His character was very fingu

he was called hastily up by the Dean, lar; in his person he was large, robuft, * who, without any preface, again ordered and masculine, his deportment was com

him to Atrip off his livery, put on his own manding, and there was a natural severicloaths, and then come io him again. ty in his aspect, which even his imiles The poor fellow, though he was greatly could scarce foften. He had a perfect aftonished at the proceeding, knew Swift knowledge of all the modes of politeness too well to expoltulate ; and therefore, and civility, though his manner with whatever reluctance, did as he had without ceremony, but not rustic. His been commanded. When he returned, capacity was great, and his ambition the Dean ordered the other fervants to boundless. He used to say he was too be called up, who immediately attended, proud to be vain. He kept his friends expecting to see the butler dismissed in in some degree of awe, which obliged terrorem, and to hear themselves warned, them frequently to give up their own dil. in very severe terms, of his offence. position or importance, to gratify his imSwift, as soon as they had ranged them- petuous humour. His behaviour to his felves in order before him, ordered them domeftics appeared to be churlish and to take notice, that Robert was no longer austere, but he was in fact a good master. his servant; he is now, said the Dean, As a writer, his style is inafterly, correct, Mr. Blakely, the verger of St. Patrick's and strong. The firft authentic edition

cathedral, a place which I give him as of his works was printed in Dublin in a reward for his fidelity. The value eight volumes, octavo, of this place is between 30 and 40 pounds Some Observations on the use which the a year. However, Robert would not

fallen Administration bave thougbt pro. quit his master, but continued to be his butler some years afterwards.

per to make of the name of Mr. Pitt. The general decay of health in Mrs. T'HE name of Pitt is juftly venerable Johnson ( for the 'Atill continued her to every English ear ; it is a nanie, maiden name) was a very fevere firoke which must give credit and strength to to the Dean's happiness : whilst he was in any new adıniniftration, with which he England, in 1726, on a visit to Mr. may be supposed to co-operate ; and it is Pope, he received advice of her being no wonder at all, that the old adminiftrathought near her end : he returned to tion should now diligently aim at procurIreland only time enough to close her ing, what it would be the greatest of wondying eyes. The death of this lady ders, if by any diligence they shou.d ever made a very deep impression on the Dean, acquire. and greatly increased the austerity of his To qualify a person to act with any fet temper, as well as fecluded him more of men, there must be fome assimulation from the world : amidst the gloom of a. of character, some agreement in opinion folitary life he frequently amused liimself and principles, fome habits of friendihip, with writing. As he grew into years bis fome degree at least of mutual respect and fits of giddiness and deafness, to which confidence. On the supposition of this he had been long subject, became more astonishing coalition (for the late ministers frequent and violent; his memory daily have given no sort of proof of their having declined, and his temper became more at all changed their ininds) Mr. Piit must peevith and fretful. In the beginning of make a total change in every part of his the year 1741 his passions grew fo violent, political character, and, in my opinion, his

memory fo decayed, and his reafon no small one in his moral. fo imperfect, that his friends found it In order to qualify him for this regeneneceffary to have guardians appointed of ration, it will, in the firtt place, be abfohis perfon and eftate ; in 1742 his rea- lutely requifite that he asiyine the habit fon was wholly loft. After continuing and language of a compleat penitent; and

whole year in a fate of idiotism, he that he cast far from hiin all the infolent began to discover fome glimmerings of laurels and oftentatious trophies of the late February, 1766.


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war. He niust humble and abase himself trade flourishes like fruit trees on a wall, in proportion to his former exaltation. He by pruning, binding, cramping, and draw. must put on lackcloth and alhes, and with ing down its branches. He must, above the Duke of B-weep over the succes- all things, adore and look up to the Stampfes of our arins. He must learn to lower duty as a master-piece of colony governhis manly tone, and chime in with George ment; and if this lenient and moit feaG- in his file of the unfortunate war; fonable act should happen to enflame our and like gentle echo, return to the gentle provinces and ruin our trade, he must fet Thepherd, groan for groan. He must then all perfectly to rights by the plain and eaconcur with both these gentlemen, and fy expedient of a few long speeches, interwith the two spirited M-nt-g's in their larded with not a few faillioods; and by opinion, that the peace was honourable, crying rebellion as loud as he can bawl. adequate, and secure. He must publish his The imputation of rebellion, he inust abomination of that abandoned opinion, swear will give hope to a diftressed people, in which he considered, and spoke of, their that their grievances will be redressed. He great work of pacification as no better than must believe that persuading the world, an armed truce.

that your colonies are in rebellion, will be He must also totally, renounce all his the surest means of persuading your neighdo&trines of the propriety, and much more bours to a speedy performance of the few of the necellity, of forming any alliance obligations which the peace had bound on the continent, in order to balance the them to, and which the confidence our weight of the family compact; he must good neighbours entertained in the late despise the German princes, affront the K. ministry made them hope never to be obof Prusia, and-ahandon the external care liged to fulfil: and he must learn to think of Great Britain to the protection of it unhandsome, and unreasonable, to press chance and the smuggling cutters. our good neighbours to any act which

When he shall have thus prepared him they do not relish, and to paymments felf by the adoption of found and truly which they cannot afford to make. Gren-villian opinions, in the great points When he has done all this, he will then, of peace, war, and alliance, and thrice and he will not until then, be fit to copurified himself by baprisin and fouling operate in the system of the old adminiftraover head and ears in the latices frontis tion; to act, in short, with those who Averni; le mult then, with a docile and liave for this half year past been claiming, tractable mind, begin to take his lesson and these five years past, abusing him. To from the great Mystagogue, the grand act with Sir Fletcher N-t-n; the DFinancier himself, in his interior doctrines of B-d, Red Rigby, the Earls of of law, policy, revenue, and commerce. S and H-, Philip Crt_t

The great commoner will at first be a W-bb, and G--G-little backward, I fear;' but he must So far as to meafures. As to men, he swallow it, and learn Routly to term the mult caress and praise these heroes we opinion of liis friend Pratt in support of have just reviewed, who have ever let their liberty, and the constitution, rash and pre- faces against him, detested his maxims, cipitate. He mult fuften the rigour of his vilified his character, reviled his perfon, former sentiments about General War- and stood in the most marked oppofition rants, and consider them not as a viola- and defiance to his measures; and he must tion of law, but as a fort of refinement on blacken, traduce, oppose, ridicule, and the constitution. He inust think privilege distress the men, who never have departed of parliament a detestable thing, and to the from the generous and manly opinions Jalt degree oppreslive when applied to lie they held in common with him; who albels; but extremely proper, jutt, and rea. ways loved his person, adored his characsonable, when used to prevent a determi- ter, pursued his ideas, lamented his ab. nation on cctions brought in favour of the fence from the scene of business, and now liberty of the subject.

with nothing more ardently, than that he As to the public debt, he is to commit would forward, with his affistance, those its discharge to the sole care and dircetion plans they aim at forming in strict conforof economy; he must think of nothing inity to his sentiments. day or night but smuggling, and lay it But it is not true, Sir, of Mr. Pitt ; it słown as a fundamental principle, that never can be poflible; for the credit of in


Fegrity and virtue, for the sake of his, following any of Mr. Pitt's plans or ideas?
which is connected with the national ho. And whether, notwithstanding all the
nour, I never can believe it. The friends false and empty boasts, they did not abso.
of government, now the friends of their lutely despair of him, when, in obedience
country, expect nothing more from Mr. to the Favourite, they denounce the rot.
1 Pilt than (what they are very sure they tenness of their system, by taking that de-
shall find) his old principles and his old praved and obnoxious itep; which will .
spirit. To co-operate with them, they add, if any thing can, to the just abhor.
defire no facrifice from him whatsoever. rence which all honeft Englishmen enter-
To be still that Pitt, whom Britain loves, tain of the present administration. I will
Eurape reveres, and our enemies tremble now trouble the reader with the mention
at, is all that they have to wish of him. of one other fact; only to Thew that the
Their advantage, and his reputation, are patrons of the Occasional Writer, lave
on the same bottom.

formerly, as well as latterly, departed
AN OCCASIONAL WRITER. that minister, with a spirit that has gained

from Mr. P-tt's plans and ideas. When Remarks on tbe above Observations.

him the applause of the world, and from

a penetration which had astonished and THE Occafional Writer may not un. confounded our enemies, proposed the reof authority on his productions, and if certain and authentic intelligence of the the public have read his last letter, I make designs of Spain, and upon which he no doubt but their surprise must have been grounded the spirited measure he had then equal to mine, to find that laboured per- lo much at heart, not a single person of the formance fo wholly deftitute of truth. present administration joined him ; by

He says, speaking of Mr. Pitt and the which the most glorious opportunity of present administration, that they “ never humbling our enemies, and in all probabi. « have departed from the generous and lity, of terminating the war at one stroke, * manly opinions they held in common was loft. In this critical hour, the hour “ with him ;” that they “ always loved that he was to be driven from the state, “ his person, adored his character, pursue only his faithful brother, friend, and con" ed his ideas, &c."

fident, Lord I, had the courage, In what manner have they pursued Mr. virtue, and patriotism to adhere to his Pile's ideas ?- The patrons of this writer opinion. As many of the present admi. might very well judge, if ever they had niftration, as were in the council, allifted the least knowledge of Mr. P-, that if the Favourite; whole ultimate view it be, and his noble brother had been in the was, to rid his sovereign and the nation adininiftration, the parliament would have of the presence and councils of these two been called several months ago; and long illustrious personages. before this very dangerous and critical But when the honour, intereft, and period, they would have done whatever peace of the nation had in many instances was proper and necessary in the important been facrificed to the ambition, folly, and affair of America ; and this being before incapacity of a corrupt, insolent, allthe stamp-act took place, such early, wise, grasping minion : and when, in confeand prudent conduct, woulit, in all pro- quence, distress and ruin began to present bability, have prevented the greatest part themselves from every quarter, then did of the present unhappy disturbances the same invisible band, which had found throughout the colonies.

means to deprive us of their services, seBut, says he, a little lower, they have cretly attempt to restore them; and such always shewn a desire or a wish to follow was his continued love of power, and abMr. Pitt's plans. If this be true, and solute dominion over the whole court, that they have not put those desires or wishes these proposed restorations were not coninto execution, which I will take upon me trived upon a principle so materially for to affirm they have not, it proves to de. the service of the country, as to screen monftration, that there is a secret power him from the resentment of an injured which controuls them; and I beg leave to people; to prop his tottering weight; alk the Occasional Writer whether the late and, upon the credit of their names, to reitoration of a certain commander was fix for life his fatal influence.

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cle of power:

To put this matter beyond a doubt, I satisfaction of the public I will add, that will mention one or two faets, well known the cordiality which sublitts between them, to those about the court. It was first pro- is fincere and unalterable : notwithstandposed to put the Favourite's Lieutenant at ing the many finister and infamous atthe head of the treasury; but the noble tempts to divide them, contrived by the

person to whom this condition was sepa: Favourite and the present ministers. • rately offered, treated it as it deserved; yet If there be any thing in this letter which

with all due respect :o the great person who should give offence to the patrons of the proposed it. It was afterwards treated in Occasional Writer, they may thank themKent in the same manner. In the second felves for it. I do not wish to quarrel part of this negotiation, it was, among with any of them. But I will noi fit in other things, ivifted, that the Favourite's filence while the fairelt characters are brother should be restored to office. And Nandered, and the public abused. give me jeave to add, that no abhorrence would have been equal to the deserts of

Proposals for a female Administration. Lord T-- and Mr. P-, if they had for this cause ought the Woman to have suffered their names to have appeared in Power on ber Head, Cor. xi. 10. the same Gazette with the Favourite's

Mr. URBAN, brother. But from men of their known, approved, and ettablished characters, there


"HE ear of the public has for fome no reason to apprehend such a years past been daily Itunned with treachery to the public.

loud and violent complaints of male ad. If these are not facts, they will be con- ministration ; I would therefore humbly tradicted ; but if they are (and I can bring propole, if it were but for the sake of vamany more of the fame, and some of a riety, that a female administration should stronger kind) I submit them to the judge for once take its turn, and be allowed a ment of the public, whether they are not fair and candid trial on the flippery pinnaclear proofs of a certain influence.

The state then went a begging. Several The worshipful company of barbers persons of high rank, and who set a value have familiarly approached the throne upon their reputations, likewise refused it. and offered advice in matters of capital At last the present lett took it up. And in concern. The still more worshipful the what manner have they afferted their in- cnc- have like wife, on several dependency? Have they dismissed the Fa- occasions, conveyed their disinterested vourite's borom friend? Can they, or dare councils to the royal ear. I say difinthey? And do not some of those very terefied, because frequently relating to friends say, without a scruple, that they matters in which they had no earthly conlider the present administration as no concern; but in the present case, as lo thing but an additional buttress to their near, so dear, and so considerable a part strudure? Have they dismissed any but of them ( vize their wives) are very deephis enemies? Does he not go at all times ly interested, I make no doubt but that to a certain place? And has not very respectable body will use its utmost infiulately his name been given as a toast in the ence to promote this moft falutary and minister's own house, in a great company, patriotic scheme. and by the great wealber-rock? And to I need not point out to the intelligent what can be attributed the disorder and leaders of thai body in what manner its manifest difference of opinions which at influence may be most effe&tually exerted. This time reigns among them, but to the Some occation of congratulation or coninfluence of the Favourite, whose interest dolence may soon offer when they can init is to keep them in that situation ? But ţroduce a recommendation of this scheme, as to Lord and Mr. P—, they with their usual propriety, and its being have ever since their dismission lived in entirely foreign io the purpose of such such a state of the warmest friend hip for, congratulation or condolence, will only and entire confidence in each other, as make it the more remarkable, and leis does honour to the greatness of their ļiable to be overlooked. minds, and that true love of their country No man can deny, that England made which is the only ruling principle of both its greatest and most illuftrious figure du. their actions. And for the comfort and ring two female reigns, and therefore it

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