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Isnilar, gives er.couragement to hope that fit at an approaching fair; and in fo other Engih dealers may rtior io vor swift a circui2:09, a very_genda profit fairs. When the commerce of tack will consent a bawker. This pian wil caule was la:d open by the union, OLT be equally convenient for ped:ars, who, people cassed their droves to Esguard: istead of painfal jourries through the but expence of traveilir.g, and fluctuaton country to make up their atíortinents, find of markets, made this a precarious and at hand, in a fair, every fort thev bave hazardous commerce, and reduced to occation for. Nor need we be diident bankruptcy many of our drovers. At of commissions from Glasgow, Liverpool, lengih the profpea of choice and cheap- and other trading towns on the wett coatt; nels at a public market, drew down to because the dealers in theie towns will this country the Engih dealers; and find themselves cheaper served here than now the greater part of our calle are at London. fold at home for ready money. What These effects of the plan are obvious at reason have we to doubt, but that the first view. But there appear orber good English dealers will resort to our fairs for effects, some more, some less extentives linen, as they do for caitle: There is that cait up upon further condeiation. no reason to doubt, provided we perform In the firit place, frugal perions, who our part; which is, to be induftijous in purchase for their own use, will undoubiadvancing our linens to their perfection. edly resort to the public market, because Our fituation for such fairs is undoubted- ready money will afford them both choice Jy better than that of Ireland : for, fup- and cheapness. 2dly, Buyers and sellers poling other articles equal, an English coming to be mutually acquainted, the dealer, unaccustomed and averse to lea- reputation of the best artists will procure voyages, will never prefer a perilous na- them private commissions for all the linen vigation before a safe and snug journey they make. 3dly, These fairs will be a upon terra firma.

great means for improving the fabrick of The trouble and expense of carrying our linens. At present there is little ophome goods that remain unsold at a fair, portunity for a comparative trial ; but have suggested a linen-hall, as a reposi- here manufacturers will soon be made tory for such goods, where dealers may sensible that they have little chance to be provided during the interval between vend their goods if the fabrick be in any two fairs. But as it is difficult to fore. degree imperfect. Lastly, The quick tee the fate of any new project, the Truf circulation of money produced by these tees, sensible of former dilappointments, fairs, will enable the manufacturer to will probably be disinclined to adopt any vend his goods at the lowest price; and expenlive plan for a linen-hall. It is the the current price for ready money being latest course to be frugal in making the thus fixed, must have the effect to regulate experiment : success may encourage ihem in some measure the bargains that are bercafter to be more bold.

made upon time. One capital view of the plan proposed, Every one who gives attention to what which can scarce fail of fuccels, is, to re- is passing in the world, must perceive the 1cue tive poor weavers from the oppres- importance of - the Jinen manufacture to dion of the wholesale-dealer, by affording Scotland. Like a stone rolled half-way them a choice of markets. If the price uphill, it must be puthed to the lummit, ottered by their neighbour, the wholefale or it will fall to the bottom, and involve inan, be not thought fufficient, a number all in ruin. Honest labour and unre. of them clubbing together may send their mitting industry will push this manufac, goods to an Edinburgh fair, under the ture to the summit, and produce a mocate of one of themselves, or of any culty derate degree of opulence, with its neverperfon. This plan will be a signal blei failing atiendants, plenty and population. ting to the hawkers in particular: it will Opulence fo acquired, being distributed enlarge their field of action; it will make through every vein of the politic body, them independent; and it will augment serves to animate every member. May their number: than which nothing can Heaven avert from our thoughts the ambe more beneficial to the manufacturer. bition of acquiring wealth independent Every web is picked up as it comes from of labour and industry; for profule the loom, with a view iu lume little pro. wealth, being always unequally distri



buted, never fails to fap the foundations apparently and certainly criminal, only of virtue, to erect a throne for luxury, null and void. and for depraved felfishness, which reduce Secondly. Because the particular obnations to an abject Itate of degeneracy, jections, which have been made to the and terminate in a total corruption of Stamp Act in North-America, and which manners.

have been adopted in the course of the

debates upon this bill for repealing it, Second Protest against the Bill 10 repeal are in fact contradicted by undeniable

the American Siamp Act of last Sefion. evidence upon our table; it having been A Paris-Avec approbation & privilege, leded by this tax was to be annually re

urged, first, that all the money to be cola l'Enseigne de Chevalier Wilkes.

mitted hither, and that the North Ameri(Entire.) Prix, dix huit Sous.

can colonies would thereby be drained SPEAKERS of all their specie; and secondly, That Against the Repeal.

For the Repeal.

the institution of vice admiralty courts

in those colonies, for the recovery of pe1. L. Lyt-l-n.

nalties upon revenue laws without juries, 2. E. of B-.e.

is a novel practice, by means of which 3. E, Gow-ri

4. D. of N-wc-ft e. his Majesty's subjects in those dominions, Die Lune, 17 Martij, 1766.

“ would be deprived of one of their molt

“ valuable liberties, trials by juries, and The order of the day being read for the “ in this respect distinguished from their

third reading of the bill, entituled, “ fellow subjects in Great Britain ;" and An a&t to repeal an act made in the laft would likewise be liable to the greatest inSefion of parliament, entituled, An act convenience, vexation and injustice, thro? for granting and applying certain fiamp the option left to any prosecutor tơ call duties and orber duties in tbe Britib co- them from one end of that extenfive conlonies and plantations in America, to- tinent to the other; and thro' the tempwards further defraying the expences tation to the judge, to condemn rather than of defending, protecting, and securing to acquit, from his being paid by poundibe jame, and for amending such parts age of the condemnation money: whereas, of the feveral acts of parliament ree with regard to the first of these objections, lating to the trade and revenues of the it appears by the minute of the late board faid colonies and plantations; as direct of treasury laid before this house, and the manner of determining and reco- dated on the oth day of July last, that vering the penalties and forfeitures the fullest directions had been sent to the therein mentioned. Then the laid Bill several officers of the revenue, “ that in was read a third time, and it being " order to obviate the inconvenience of proposed to pass the bill, the same as bringing into this kingdoin the money was objected to. After a long debate « to be raised by the itamp duties, all thereupon, the question was put, Whe- “ the produce of the American duties ther the said Bill fall país : It was arising or to arise, by virtue of any resolved in the affirmative.

“ Britith act of parlianient, fhould, from Difentient,

“ time to time, be paid to the deputy pay

“ master in America, to defray the fubFirft. DECAUSE we think, that the “ fistence of the troops, and any military

declaratory bill we past last « expences incurred in the colonies :" week, cannot poslibly obviate the growing and with regard to the second objection, mischiefs in America, where it may seem it is manifest, from fundry acts of parcalculated only to deceive the people of liament, that a jurifliction has been afGreat Britain, by holding forth a delusive signed to the judges of thole courts, fur and nugatory affirmance of the legifiative the recovery of penalties upon the laws of right of this kingdom, whilst the enacting revenue and of trade, without juries for part of it does no more than abrogate the near a century past, from the confideraresolutions of the house of representatives tion (as we apprehend) that in fome of in the North American colonies, which the colonies they are the only judges riot have not in themselves the lealt colour of elected by the people; and so far it is authority; and declares, that which is from being true, that the suhiests in




a root.

North America, by being deprived in either for enforcing or repealing that law,
these cales of trials by juries, were in that would probably have delivered the mer.
respect distinguished from their fellow. chants and manufacturers here from all
fubjects in Great Britain; that, in this the difficulties and distress to which they
very infance of the stamp-duties, i ne pe- have been for so many months exposed;
nalijes, which by the American stamp act nor would the disorders in America,
were made recoverable without a jury, where all government is proftrate, have
before iwo justices of the peace, with the risen to fo great a height, or taken so deep
like powers in both cases, which we ear-
nestly, with were not till more necessary Thirdly. Because, the argument which
for the collection of the public revenue has been used in favour of this Bill of re-
in America than in Great Britain; and peal, that the experiment of the stamp act
which we Mhould be most defirous, if pof. has been tried, and has failed, is extreme-
lible, to alleviate in both countries : with ly ill founded; as it manifestly appears
this view, and to take away all just oc- from the whole tenor of the papers laid
calion for discontent, we were very glad before us, that if this experiment had
to find by the representation from the late been properly tried, with the fame zeal
commillioness of the treasury to his Ma- for its success with which it was first pro-
jelty in council, dated on the 4th day of posed, it would not have failed in any
July last, that the strictest attention had one of the colonies: and that this was
been given by that board to prevent the the opinion of the greater part of the go-
inconvenience and injustice above-men- vernors in North America, and of many
tioned, by a plan to establish three diffe- of the molt intelligent and respectable
rent courts of vice-admiralty at the most perfons in those provinces, for some tinte
convenient places, with proper districts after this act was passed, is evident be-
annexed to each; and to give the judges yond a doubt, from the letters of the for-
lufficient and honourable salaries in lieu mer now upon our table, and from the
of all poundage and fees whatsoever : but latter having applied for, and accepted
we cannot observe, without the highest the office of diftributor of the stamps un-
concern and surprize, that this represen- der that act, which they certainly would
tation, founded upon a clause inserted in not have done, and thereby have exposed
the lamp act for this very purpose, and their lives and fortunes to the violence
expressly calculated to relieve his Ma- and outrages which they have since under-
jelly's subjects in North America from gone, if they had then thought the fuc-
many unnecessary, hardships and opprer- cess of this measure in any degree pre-
Tions, to which they are now liable by carious: nor have we heard of any im.
many other laws itill sublisting, should practicability attending this law in Jamaica
be totally disregarded for several months, and Barbadoes, and lome other of the
and be suffered to remain unexecuted in West India islands, or in those of our co-
every part of it, even to this day; and lonies in North America, where it has
that no notice whatever thould be taken, been executed.
in any one of the dispatches from the pre Fourthly. Because a precedent of the
sent administration to the governors of two houses of parliament lending their
the colunies in North America, of the power, from motives of fear or impati.
timely care which had been employed to ence under a present uneasiness, to over-
obviate the objections raised on both those turn in one month a plan of measures,
heads : especially, as it is notorious, that undertaken with their warmest approba-
the measures to be pursued, in consequence tion and concurrence, after the molt ma-
of that minute and reprefentation, had ture deliberation of two years together,
been fully opened and approved in par- for the improvement of our revenue, and
liament, at the time when the stamp act the relief of our people, will effectually
was proposed ; and as the total negleet of discourage all officers of the crown in
it has given occasion to great clamour and America from doing their duty, and ex-
dissatisfaction in the colonies. We can ecuting the laws of this kingdom; and is
not help further observing, that as the enough to deter future ministers, in any
stamp act was not to take place till the circumitances of distress or danger to their
ist of November, if the parliament had cauntry, from opposing their fortitude
been called early, their determinations, and zeal for the service of the publick, to


Arong combinations of private and par. diate defence, we fear that such a declaticular interests, to the clamour of multi- ration, by which near a fifth part of the tudes, or the malice of faction; which subjects of Great Britain, who by the muft necessarily bring on such a weakness acts of parliament to restrain the presing

and publlanimity in the administration of of seamen in America, are already ex9 government, as will soon end in the down- empted from furnithing men to our navy, fal and ruin of the state,

are to be for ever exempted from contriLastly. Becaule, the repeal of this buting their hare towards their own luplaw under the prelent circumstances, will, port in money likewise, will, from the we fear, not only furrender the honour flagrant partiality and injustice of it, and essential interelts of the kingdom now either depopulate this kingdom, or shake and for ever, both at home and abroad, the basis of equality, and of that original but will also deeply affe&t the fundamen- compact, upon which every society is tal principles of our constitution; for if founded; and, as we believe, that there we pass this bill against our opinion, from is no instance of such a permanent ex-' the threats and compulsion, publickly emption of lo large a body of the subjects avowed in our colonies, and enforced by of any state in any history, antient or mo. the most unjustifiable means within Great dern, we are extremely apprehensive of Britain, we disclaim that legislative au- the fatal consequences of this unhappy thority over the subjects, which we own measure; to which, for these reasons, ju ous lelves unable to maintain. If we give addition to thole contained in the Protect our consent to it here, without a full con of the nath of this month our duty to viction that it is sight, merely because the King, and justice to our country, it has passed the other house, by declin: oblige us to enter this our folemn dilleur. ing to do our duty on the most important cccasion, which can ever present itself, T-mp-e D--d--y and W-d and where our interpofition, for many Ab-rcn

S-A-lk and B-k.obvious reasons, would be peculiarly pro- Scarsd--e L-gh per; we in effect annihilate this branch of John Bang-r Bridg-WM? the legislature, and vote ourselves useless. Trev--1

Gowar Or if by passing ihis bill, we mean to H-de

Gfv-nor juftify those, who in America, and even M-rb-gh Pows in Great Britain, have treated a series of s-dw-ch K-r Britih acts of parliament as so many Charles C-l-le Ly-l-ton acts of tyranny and oppression, which it w-ym-th

E--X is scarcely criminal to relift; or those of. Thomas B-1-1 F-or-rs ficers of the crown, who, under the eye, Wm. Glouc-ft-r Ay-sfand with the knowledge of government, Buck-g-ml-e Vere have taken upon themselves, whilit the Rd. Darh--m Eg-n--toun parliament was sitting, without its conSent, to suspend the execution of the A List of the L---ds who voted and pro. Itamp ad, by admitting thips from the tetted againit the Repeal of the Ameri, colonies, with' unstampt clearances, to an can Stamp Ad, March 10, 1966. entry, in direct violation of it, which from the papers upon our table appear His R-H-the D. E. of L-chfi-id to have been done; we fhall then give of Y-k E. of Cov-n.-y.pro. our approbation to an open breach of the D. of Beauf E. of Oxford firft article of that great palladium of our D. of B-df--d. E. F-1r--s. fro. liberties, the bill of righis; by which is Protested. E. of Av-stid.pro.

“ That the pretended power D.ofM–1b_11.pro. E. of H-1l-.x. pro. of suspending of laws, or the execution D. of Anc-tar E. of M.cc. -i..d of laws, by regal authority, without D. of Bridw—r.

E. Ks. pro. “ consent of parliament, is illegal." pro.

E. W-deg.-ve. pro. Lastly, If we ground our proceedings E. of P-mb-ke E. of Orn.d upon the opinion of those who have con. E. of S---Ik and E. of Wa-w..k tended in this house, that from the con B-kh-e. pro. E. Gow-r. pro. fitution of our colonies they ought never E. of Denb-h E. of Bus--high-ra to be taxed, even for their own imme. E. of S-dw-ch

pro. Dd2

is declared,

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E. of P-w-s. pro. E. of Ab.r--rn. pro, that time and chance were to be immersed
E. of N-th-mb-d E. of L-ud-n in the Stigian lake. Fulurity is perma-
E. T-mp-e. pro.

E. of M..ch nent and grateful, not negligent, but di-
E. Harc-.-t
E of Be

ligent to distinguish merit, and to raise to E. of Guilf..d L. C--hc--t

it trophies, preserving to memory the obE. T- lb.t * B. of D--h-m. pro. ligation, equally exciting the present to V. S-y and S-le

fecond proteft. follow the virtuous steps of the past, as to V. T.-nh--d. pro. B. of Ch-ft-r Shew a becoming gratitude. V. W:ym--h. pro. B. of R-ch-ft-r.

See the figures on the tomb-stone. v. Bo-ng-ke. Pro. B. of Bug-r. Pro.

Honi foil qui mal y pense. v.W --two-th. pro. B. of G-c-ft-r. pro. The inscription for his Royal Highness the V.D-dl-y and W-d. B. of C--l--fle. pro. pro. B. of B--It-l. pro.

Duke of Cumberland, L. Le D-sp---. 61

Here lieth the body of WILLIAM duke L. Bot-t-ot


of CUMBERLAND, &c. lamented by his L. L--gh. pro. D. of Cl-ve--d

country, which he twice fayed. First, by L. Byr-n * E. of E-X. pro. Scotland, at the battle of Culloden; and

overcoming the joint forces of France and L. Tr-v-r. Pro.

fecond protest. L. Montf..t E. of Tank volle

after, by selecting a ministry, out of thore L. V-re. pro. E. of Darl-g-n

virtuous few, who gloriously withstood L. Hy--e. pro.

General Warrants, American Stamp-Aels,
L. Cr-y-n
L. M-sfi.-do L.F.-rts-ue

Extensions of Excise, &c. &c. &c.
L. Ly--)-ton. pro. L. Vern-n

Thus far we have proceeded : let Time
L. Gr-sve--1.pro.
E. of S-th.-rl.-d

and his Attendants give others their

L. Scarsd--e. pro, E. of R-th-s
L. Beaul.-u B. of H-r.f-.d. 10 Debates in the Higher Council of tbe Po.
E. of Eg--nt---un.'


The first that opened the Debate, which * The Bishop of D-rhim was absent

was upon the same Subje£t with that at the time of ligning the first protest on argued in our laft, (p. 147.) was AM. the irth; but his Lordship signed the se. PHYCTION. eond protest, as did also the Earl of E-fl-x,

« MY LORD, who had voted by proxy.

I eh

Was no way surprized at the noise

doors; since it is the common practice of human actions, the attention of the of the credulity of the public, and thus mind to futurity, must not be considered to disseminate a thousand falfoods. I amongst the least; this has often so pow- have even found that on occasions, where erfully operated, as to be productive the public is molt in danger, the people of actions that have ever been admired. are least noisy, and that they are molt voIn virtuous minds it always prepon. ciferous where they have least to fear. deraies, and that attention to futurity, “ But, my lord, whatever it may be which is implanted in some breasts, among them, I hope we shall not adopt has made them so delicate to their fame, their idle panics, and give up the conft:as to avoid whatever might be considered tution, and our own honour, to an artito their disadvantage, or recorded to their ficial murmur, fuggested by the felf-in. prejudice. This virtuous passion, for fo ferested and the ignorant.' I Mould be we call it, has engaged them, first of very ready to attend to the complaints of acting in life fo as to be connected with a the most diftant colony, where they foundmultiplicity of events, and, then, of re- ed in reason; but when we receive them cording them with an accuracy that must from people who claim a right to reject ever be admired, purified by the ordeal of our authority, I think it very incumben criticism ;--did not Cæfar write ltis com- upon us to assume the right of refusing mentaries?

redress. When we lay taxes upon the Contrasts to this pasion are to be met subject, is he or we to judge of their pro with, and with hearts as insentible to fame priety? I fancy if we give up this powe as if Nie was no where to be found, and

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