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in the presence of our Heavenly Father and Peerage of England *, vol. II. 2d edit. merciful Penefactor, cur joy and happiness 1724, with a Supplement ;” and is die Iball be eternal and complete, which is the vided into two parts, each forming a ardcnt with, the fincere prayer, and only moderate-lized o&avo volome. The hope, of your once loving father, who, my family, “ Vaux of Harwedon," cccurs dear child, when you call ihis, shall he no in p. 323 of the second part, more, ant reits, with an affectionate heart to eternity, yours,

Your Leicestershire correspondent, in J. G. STEDMAN. “ P.S. Let not your grief for my decease P.714, is abundantly too levere on the overcome you. Let your tears flow with supposed reügions profetion of Ver-vere's moderation, and trust that I am hapny." new translator, who, though evidently

no prieft of the Mufus, may, for any Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 8.

thing that appears to the contrary, be a OME of the following errata effen. very devout ecclefiaftick, though to be favour of you to iniert them.

his original authorized in describing P.701, col. 'T, l. 10, read and professed." those teners which the holy fifterhood Ib. 1. 19, read“ government : al present.” communicated to their favourite bird. 1h. I. penuit read “ Christianus.' About thirty-five years ago, a verfion Col. 2, d. 19, add a comma after “reptile,” of this poem of Gieliee's made its ap. 392. for" sentiments;" r,“ sentiment; pearance, and was executed with ease Ib. l. 5€, for "s wreck" read "wreak.” and animation by John Gilbert Cooper, To the explanation and enlargement ela. The last Critical Review appears of Chriftianus's question, in p. 724, !

not to recollect it, though no doubt have nothing further to add, but an af.

one of their earlier volumes contains surance of having uniformly objected to

fome account and extracts from it. On the propagation of orthodoxy by means referring 10 Mr. Cooper's Poems, pubof such apoples; and that no coal from lined in a small volume by Dodfley in the aliar has ever lighted up my zeal 1764, I am sorry not to find the translafor crusades, either against Saracen, Pa. tion of Ver-vert inserted among the other pift, Presbyteriao, or those newly-erect- pieces of that elegant writer. At so ed windmills against which Mr. Burke long a distance of time, detached

pamhas fo completely fhivered his lance, phlets, like the Sibyll's leaves, are scate nations of ideal Atheists.

tered into oblivion. The “Q: Q.” in capitals, at p. 707,

The "Cintriving completely to dissipale can denote nothing short of “ Grand In an ample personal fortune' would be quifitor ;” not that it is uncommon to more properly applied, in your Obitulee little men allume mighty fignatures: ary, to those who waste their subiiance but as it is universally known that all in vice, luxury, or oftentation, than to Dr. Priestley's letters were plundered the late Lord Gardenstown, whose pubtwo years ago, and every rule of them lic-spirited undertakings deserve to be minutely scrutinized into by the Spy recorded with honour, and may uluand the Perfecutor, none but those who mately prove beneficial to his executors, belong to fome Spiritual Court could be Of him you have allerted, that he built guilty of such grofs indecency as the a village which now contains 12,003 inpublicly catechising him about the con habitants. Let us hope that, from time tents of any letter which he may hince to time, such beneficenc characters may have received from his friends. L. L. arise, to rescue human nature from the


Sept. 14. * It was originally published in 1711, by ΤΗ

HE news-papers having repeatedly E. Sanger and A. Collins, under the general

mentioned the appointment of Mr. Litle of “The Peerage of England, or, a Bruce to be historiographer to the East- Genealogical and Historical Account of all India Company, one of your readers, the flourishing Families of this Kingdom, who lives at a distance from London,

who have borve the dignity of Peerage, either would be glad to know whether that by tenure, summons to parliament, invefti

ture, or creation, &c. from the Saxon tiin: port became yaudac by the deaih or refignation of vir. Orme, author of the to the present year 1711;" and was called

« Vol. II.” as being a continuntion of a forHistory of Hindoftan, who used to live in Harley-Atreet?

mer work (wbich was also one large volume,

divided into two parts) containing.“ Aa Mr. Knapp, in p. 910, enquires after Account of the (then) PRESENT Nobility." Collins's exlinet Peerage, in the title. Bolton published an “ Extinct Peeraga" ia page of my copy it is called, “The 3769, in one volume, 8vo. , Epit.


reproaches it incurs for producing the late unfortunate king was really a swarms of tyrants and fatermen, whose Chriftian; but the circumftance uns principal delight is in blood. R. A. doubtedly is remarkable, and strongly

fhews that the French national charac. Mr. URBAN,

Sept. g.

ter was ever the same. F fort becs from me tocafod hemija In some things, it must be owned, the

fortunes of fallen greatness, or tri- modern French have departed far enough umph in the misery of princes in dis. from the fentiments and practice of trefs : fuch base condua befits only the their ancestors. Montaigne tell us, vulgar spirit of cowardly republicans that in his time an old rusty fword uftd and demociatic traitors. Neither am I to be carried before the magiftracy of disposed, like the casting Puritans of Marcelles," to denote their reverence old, to afcribe every finifter occurrence for anriquity and dislike of innovation. in human affairs to the particular judge. (See his Esayes, translated by Charles ment of God upon the suffering party; Cotton, vol. I. p. 165). In these days, for, that were in the highest degree the Marseillois have thewn themselves both presumptuous and uncharitable. the foremost and maddest of topsy-turvy But the aweful event of a powerful and politicians. flourishing empire totally overthrown With regard to crowns, truly, Mr. by infamous and low-born miscreants, Urban, I mean not to infinuate that the even by the very beasts of the people, is quantum of religion in any given pation no common spectacle, no ordinary mise is to be estimated by the number of hap. "The ways of Heaven,” we crofles in the, ciara of its prince ; for, know, for the most part, " are dark then the good people of England would and intricaie;" yet I cannot help be found to be five times as pious as con Gidering the birter woes now endu. those of any other country (except inred by the nobility, and indeed by the deed the immediate subjects of his Ho. whole kingdom of France (for I'must liness the Pope), which, in good faith, till call it a kingdom), as the evident is much more than I will godertake to and just in fi&tions of Divine vengeance prove. But there is an anecdote, which for the manifold fins and wickedness of has been often retailed, and of which I that wretched people. Long indeed be- should be glad to alcertain the truth, as fore the Revolution, France, it is uni. it tells much to the honour of our preversally acknowledged, was the most fent molt excellent Sovereign. It is, irreligious of nations; and Paris was the that at his coronation, when he was a fink of every iniquiry and vice. Deism bout to receive the holy facrament, he and unbelief, as well as grofs immora- reverently took the crown from his lity, had overspread the land; the no- head, and with his own hands placed it bles, the gentry, and even 'fome among on the altar, remaining uncovered, conthe clergy, were tainted with infidelity; trary, I understand, to the custom of and Voltaire only gave a wider circula. his predecessors, till after he had comtion to that plague with which too many municated in both kinds. The propriof his countrymen were already infect. ety of this action, I think, speaks for od. It is a fingular fact, that the crown itlelf, and therefore I will comment no of France (when France had a crown) farther on it than merely to repeat, that was the only one in Europe which was I hope it really happened. not surmounted by the emblem of the

Yours, &c. R. P. Chriftian religion. In the diadem of every other lovereign, whether Popith

Mr. URBAN, or Protestant (unless I very much mis. EEING, in your Magazine for last take, and I hope some herald will cor. April, an engraving, pl. III. fig. 3, rect me if I am wrong), the cross is and perusing the Book of the Academy placed aloft, as its most high and ho. of Armory, by Randle Holme, of nourable ornament: but the French Chester, Gent. book II. p. 10, I find monarchs (though styled Moft Chriflian this explanation; which, I think, will Kings), instead of that venerable enfign, answer to the figure, vicc. "He beareth proudly advanced their favourite Reur. Or, an Antient in robes, triple-crowned, de-lis, now, alas I levelled with the supporting a crucifix (or Christ upon duft. To draw any inferences from the cross), on the breast whereof a dove this fa&t might be deemed superftitious; displayed; all within a glory, and the personal reflexions, I am sure, I do not firmament under his feet. intend, for, I am Armly persuaded that This I have seen in feveral glass wir


Sept. 9;


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dows in churches in Cheshire. It is the Thursday following ; at these courts the emblem of the Trinity, Father, Son, the fewards pay to the reasurers such and Holy Ghost, which Daniel de fums as they have collected, which they scribes, chap. vii. 9,13; by the An- disburse to such objects as the govertient of Days, and the Son of Man in nors on petition think entided to relief; the clouds, having power and great, at these meetings the governors go to glory, Rev. xx. 11. . B. L. cburch, and hear a sermon preached by

some perfon appointed the year befores Mr. URBAN, Farnbam, Aug. 13. they afterwards dine together, limiting TH He insertion in your widely circu. all expances to five shillings, an excel

lating publication of the following lent regulation for a meeting of this account of a charitable fociety established nature. At the third general court, held in the county of Suffolk, may be ac. at Stowmarket as a central town, the ceptable to many of your readers, use- two treasurers attend, inform the goful, perhaps, to a few, and, as I have vernors what remains in their hands, more than once been applied to on the who order accordingly the second distriSubject bv.perfons defirous of setting on bution ; for, it is not fixed like the first, foot a similar inftitution, may even but depends on the state of the corpotually save some trouble to

rarion finances; the accounts are then Yours, &c.

J. ORD. closed, signed by the treasurers, and In the year 1704, a few persons in audited. the neighbourhood of Ipswich and The following is the descriprion of Woodbridge joined in a subscriptiun perfous this charity relieves, and the for the relief of the poor widows and sums they have for some years received. orphans of the county clergy, their Annual Allowance. 'Al Bury, At Stowgood example was foon followed by

or Ipswich. market. other parts of the county; and in the year


foi si di 1742, having received several legacies, A widow under 60 io to and targer benefaétions, and the an.

above 60 II TI

6 nual fubfcriprions amounting to up.

above 70 12 12 'O wards of 2001, the society applied for An orphan under 16, if and obtained a charter of incorporation werelievethe mother 2 nothing under she style of the Governors of the An orphan under 16, Charity for the relief of the poor wi. mother not relieved 10 10 ditto dows and orphans of such clergymen as Two in a family each 6 6 0 ditto at the riane of their deaths were or thall Three

15 15 0

ditto be poffetfed of some ecclefiaftical bene If more than three in a fice or curacy, within the Archdeacon family not to exceed 21

ditto ries of Suffolk, or Sudbury, or elle

An orphan Audent at
Cambridge or Oxfordio 10

dicto where, in the county of Suffolk," Since this time the society has greatly fou

An apprentice, for seven

years rished, and, by the blessing of God, and

4 4

ditto the liberal contributions of both lasty

N. B. An adult orphan, disabled by and clergy, are enabled to afford a very intimity from earning her bread, we comfortable provison to the feveral ob

consider as entitled to the fame relief as jects of their inftitution.

a widow of the same age. We add The chief constitutions and rules of 201. to 20 1. given by friends to put out the corporation are these.

: apprentices; and, in case of immediate The Bishop of Norwich for the time want, the treasurers are empowered to beiog is president. There are four vice advance 10 guineas; and, in cale of pepresidents, four auditors, iso treasurers, culiar diftreis, an additional relief is.orand as many krewards as are necessary dered by the general courts. to collect subscriptions in their leveral The corporation have a common feal, deanries. . The 'prefident, or a vice. repretencing she two small loaves and prefident, with five governors (under five fithes : Mouto, Wbal are theje among svhich den ordination are included tube jo many ?

J. O. {cribers of five thillings or upwards), can form a court for the transaction of all Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 5: bubinefs.

I EIN that many gentlemen of landa Three general courts are held ana nually, one on the second Thursday of migbe be adopted for the commutation July at Bury; another at Ipswich on of tithes, inktead of paying in kind,

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which greatly impedes the improvement The average prices of the quartern of poor and barren land.

loaf in London, for the years 1791 and Something of this kind I hinted in a 1792, are here subjoined, each year ico Jeiter which the publisher of the Public parate, and of the two years jointly. Advertiser was so obliging as lo intent I mean that all glebe should continue in his very useful paper about the to the incumbents. The christenings, months of May or June 1791. But weddings, &c. may be paid according daily papers, though ever lo merilo to the average, first setting the number rious, are not of a permanency to be re of quartern loaves to be paid for each; ferred to ar a future day; whilft your the lay impropriators in the same manMagazine is jufily oficemed as a repo. ner; the average may be made every fitory of all métiers curious or useful. ten or twenty years. Say that a living I therefore request a spare corner for is now worth (exclusive of small dues) inserting this hint of a plan for alcer. 100l. a-year, according to the average. taining the payment, which mall bear of the years 1791 and 1792 is near 6d. a proportion to the rise o: fall of core.

per quartern loaf, but say at 6d. then I mean, the average price of, bread in the living might be said in be worth London; for, that is public to everyone, 3:55 quartern loaves, or rather 3569, and eafiy computed, so that there can or 69o peck loaves; then fix the living to be no impoligon on either side. The that number, and let the parish in geaverage on corn cannot poflibly be af- neral be taxed to it according to rent of certained to jultly, the quality being to houses and lands. various and large quantities brought to A FRIEND TO AGRICULTURE. London that are not foid at inarket.

Price of Bread in Londen in 1791.

No of Days.

Price. Amount in Pence.
Jan. i to April 27 inclusive is

117 7

8431 April 28 to Aug. 17 inclusive


Aug. 18 to Nov. 23 inclufive
Nov. 24 to Dec. 31 inclusive




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98 38

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Now 25354 pence, divided by 365 Days, will average 64.2 385 which is nearly 7d.

1792 being Leap Year. Dates.

No of Days.

Trice. Amount in Pence,
Jan. I to the 18th inclusive is


1 26
19 to March 21 ditto


March 22 to the 28:h dicto

7 29 to Aug. I ditto

756 Aug. 2 to the 15th ditto


91 16 to Scpt. 12 ditto

175 Sept. 13 to the 26th detto

91 27 to Oct. 24 ditto


203 Oct. 2; to the 3 i 14 dicto


49 Nov. I to the 21st dirto

1521 22 to Dec. 19 ditto


210 Dec. 20 to the zift




1 2


23931 Now 23931 pence, divided by zt6 days, will average 6d. 1 being 6d. į and aboux one sixth part of a farthing.

To average the two ye.ro, iud the fums 2534 and 2393together, which make 49282; this divided hy 731, being the number of days in the two years, will average 60.6731 very near 6.1 Mr. URBAN, Poplar, Sepi. 2. 'thers have done, that the Apofle wrote

your readers' would 2010-061wy gapeety, X6 evolw at Exeo Oro. efteinit a favour if lome of your Not only pre priety, but alliterozion and learned corelon lents, who have cope proximity of found (which he is seen to portựgry of examining diferent inpies affect in other places), might induce o Greek Teftamenn, would give him to write xenivorlws, the word which, infination, whether any variatida is

I fuipect, has been omitted. J. W. found : Tim. iv. 3. I lufpect, as on



Menoir for tbe Corre&lion of Time (with a Delineation of ibe new System of tbe

Universe), invenied by Mr. J. E. PELLIZER. (Continued from p. 499). SOY GOES

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HE fun makes his revolution in a a thereabouts, it follows that the Earth,

year, or in 365d. 5h. 41'to. From having the Sun nearer to her but once the point where the Sun vegins and ends a year, moves flower than the Sun. the year, draw a perpendicular line to Hence the Sun performs her revolution the centre of the world, in which per. in more than two years; the thews the pend.cular the centre of the Earth does planets nearer 'or farther, their orbits not meet again at the same time as the elliptic, though they are not fo. The Sun but after 19 years. This perpen- Earth does not perceive the comets, if dicular is invariable, and remains' be. there are any, but when the happens to hind every year on account of the pro- be in her own orbit in the hemisphere grelfive morion of the planets and fixed opposite to the Sun, or by 45 degrees Hars, the apparent quantity being 52", before the approaches the opposition. I the whole moving from West to East. do not give now the duration of srue The Earth furring off from the same time of the terreftrial orbit until I am perpendicular at the same time as the better acquainted with the period of Sun, does not meet again with him in true time; until it be made clearer to the same perpendicular but after 19 me, and combined with the motion of years.

The Earih can perform her re- the Moon. The semidiameter of the yolucion two ways; either by moving terrestrial orbit is equal to the delay or fafter than the Sun, and producing, by preceffion of the Sun through the meriher eccentricity, the return of true time dian or noon of the true time, which is to mean time; or, by moving flower equal to the complete tour of the rocathan the Sun, and producing the same tion of the Earth on her axis, which is effect from a like reason. But as, in always equal to isfelf, and causes the moving fafter, the Earth ought to have duration of day. The Monn, in respect the Sun nearer to her twice a year, or

to the Earth and Sun, makes 235 euros


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