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Aug. 15;

he had been in Evesham about three inflamed by their works, Thould pull down weeks, I met with him in company;

the whole Conftitution of this country, both and, on enquiry of him, I found he had civil and ecclesiastical ;--yet, as foon as obey not at that time explored either the field themselves were in danger, they loudly and reof battle where the barons of England, peatedly cornplained of the INEFFICACY of under Simon Montfort, encountered

the EXECUTIVE POWER, both civil and mi

litary, to their defence and protection.” the royal army in the year 1265, or seen the curious remains of the abbey of Evesham, neither of which places were


Aug. io. diftant half-a-mile from his inn. YOU

OUR correspondents, to whose He usually lay in bed, as I am in kindness many others as well as formed, till one or two in the afternoon; myself are obliged, may have it in their and soon after, with such company as a power to contribute their endeavours in public kitchen afforded, spent the re releuing from oblivion, by any biogramainder of the day, doubtless employed phical anecdores, that ingenious mein collecting subject-matter for his in- chanick Joshua Naylor, to whem the tended publications.

architectural world are indebted for his In a few weeks after the time I met plan and elevation of the King of Por: with him, he suddenly decamped, and, tugal's palace, Mafforo, and who was unfortunately for his landlord, totally patronised by the illuitrinus William forgot to pay the charge for his board Auguftus, Duke of Cumberland. and lodging, as well as to mention Froin the observations of a friend, I where he might be applied to in case was particularly induced, at a late visit fresh subscribers should offer. It is, but to Cranburu lodge (the seat of his Royal justice to add, that he was an enter Highness of Gloucefter), to enquire af. taining and agreeable companion. ter a variety of mechanical works of the Yours, &c. J.C

fame J. N. I consulted my Note-book ; A Subscriber to tbe " Traveller's Guide.and as, in a fheich hereafter, I was

fhewn the articles I wished, and natu. Mr. URBAN,

rally, from my dire&ions, expected of

them as described, I was minute in my some of your correspondents, cen queries, but could gain no farther than fures upon Government for its rem://ejs general anivers. I have since consulted in quelling the late riots at Biriningham, the Tour through Great Britain, and and its lenity in punishing the rioters; I other similar works; but, whether from tould apprehend the following extract want of curiosity, or other cause, they from Dr. Cooper's Charge* to the Grand are totally filent. Jury at the Beccles Sefons, in April last, I am fince informed that Paul Sand. p. 15, alluding to the fame subject, by, eiq. might be able to throw fome would be acceptable to many of your

light on the character of the person I readers.

Yours, &c. A. enquire after, or, at all events, might “There cannot be easily produced a stron

contribute bis atlistance towards a per. ger proof of the necessiry there is for impart feet catalogue of the mechanical works, ing GREAT INIROY to the executive power which are extant, of the fame, and conof a Government, and of the variations there ducted under his patron. are in the same man's speculative opinions If my enquiries Whould in any respect under different circumitances, than that be gratified, it is my intention to graft which the conduct of some persons in this them among the sketches (already in kingdom lately afforded. For, the very my poffeffion) of one of his pupils, and moment their ozun peace and comforts were

atiempt a small biographic tract to his barbarously invaded, their property destroye memory, acknowledying those favours, ed, and their lives endangered, though the

with the request that the communicagreat end of their political writings has been

cors will accept a presentation copy of to inspire their readers with a cotal irrevc

the same. rence and disrespect for the grand source of the Executive Power in this kingdom,--though

In conclufion, I have only to subjoin they had even viewed with approbarion and my promifed ikerch. exultation fimilar proreedings to a much I. in a cabinet, a very curious col. greater extent, and of 'much greater magni- ltcuon of gold figures, called “Golden tude, in a neighbouring kingdom; and liad. Miners,” divided in three partitions, even indulged ihemselves in rapturous visins wbich were made (or rather mended), of that time, when perfons, enlightened and and upon mechanical principles, to * See our Review, p. 831. EDIT. mopt by fingie partitions, or collectively.


My informant added, " that they were face to his Lyric Poems. One of his a present from the Queen of Hungary, hymns is little more than a translation and, when they came to England, were from Casimir*; and there are others broke into thousands of pieces; that the where particular turns of thought, as “great” Lord Albemarle recommended well as expressions, are evidently borJ. N. to his Royal Highness, who put rowed from him, besides very many unthem in motion; but, from the death acknowledged parts of his Hora Lyra. of J. N. they had been totally unfer- The late pious Mr. Hervey, who cerviceable."

tainly was no poet, attempted part II. The model of a thip, complete, of an ode from Calimir with confiderentirely construcied of the spice-clove. able fuccefs t. I am fenfible that Dr. My companion and myself were fruck Watts by no means ranks high in the with astonishment at the incredible la poetical world. The soft smoothness of bour which must have been exerted on his qumbers, in my opinion, borders on this performance.

effeminacy; and, if his works were Ill. A representation of the galley. published, with references at the foot of flaves as chained to their oars, with their the page to authors from whom he has diftin&t actions in their horrid slavery. borrowed, no vaft Bare of originality

This, though equally ingenious, to. would fall to his lot. But yet there is gether with a variety of other articles one peculiarity of his religious pieces which did not command our strict at. which renders them valuable they are tention, finished (for want of time) the level to the capacities of ihe lowest or. complete pleasure we most probably ders of mankind. You will excuse me, hould have received in our way through Mr. Urban, if I say, that I have heard the other parts of the house. I learnt, very poor people, on a dying bed, rein conversation from our informent, peat tome of his vertes with an emphasis that there was a “molt surprising clock” that would have stopped the mouth of made by him, which was raffled for at an Infidel. In this view, I efteem them Leicester-houle in the life-time of our very highly. But when I exercise the gracious king's father; and also a judgement of a scholar, or a critick, bridge, which the called the Belvidere. they appear in a very different light. If information can be added in favour Nevertheless, whatever they are as 10 of these two articles, it may probably merit, Casimir was certainly his exem. fill up a chasm in my parrative.

plar. From him he has borrowed and May is not be in the power of George copied more than any one will suppose Naylor, efq. of the Heralds College, till he takes the trouble of comparing to grant us some little alliftance? And, them together.

D. U. if this meets your approbation, Sylva. nus Urban's kindness will, I am sure, Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 8. gain the urbanity of his heraldic friend.

WHENEVER any literary dcube Yours, &c.

M. R.

more propriety apply, for its removal, Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 12.

than to you? The advantages ariling TH 'HE gentleman who enquires after to literary knowledge from ine oppor

Cafimir, the poet, p. 610, will re- tunities, of this kind, which your work ceive much information from one of affords, are 100 obvious to point out, Dr. Knox's Ellays, which is written aud too many to enumerare. It is luf. expressly on the subject. I believe the ficient to obicrve, that on every occation whole of his works were never attempt. we fly to you to discover our ignorance, ed in English. Nor do I think any per- and with the best intention (a neverfon is likely to undertake such a trans- disappointed intention) that it may be lation, unless he be a Roman Catholick, inttructed. as many of bis pieces turn expressly up It has long then heen a subji &t of on the peculiarities of the Rómith dispute by whom the " Iliftory of Enge church. Dr. Watts seems to have been land (in a Series of Leiters from a Nu. the most familiar with him of any of our bleman to his Son,” (in 2 vols, 12m0.) English poers. In fome places he trani. was written. Wbilt dome name Lyttel. lates, or imitates, and refers to Cahmir. ton as the writer, others ascribe it im But, almost in innumerable orhers, in * Compare Hymn IV. book II. with Ca. various parts of bis works, he borrows fim. Epod. v. and makes no acknowledgemeni, ex of Reflexions on a Flower Garden. Cae' cept a kind of general one, in the Profumir, lib. IV. od. a VIII.


Sept. 5:

ce for either of Lyttelton or of che formate I bed your correspondent 4. O. p.715,


Chesterfield, and a third part to Orrery*. from nature, but some are arowedly Now, to ascertain the fact, all that seems copies; it were to be withed that necessary is, that, through the medium Dr. Woodville had always mentioned of your publication, we may be in the sources whence his plates are deformed who the “noble ancestor” is, rived, whether from living or dried from whose works the following quota- specimens, or, where there could not be tion (Letters ad finem) is taken. procured, from what work he had

“ When all is done, human life is, thought proper to copy ; that the degree at the belt, but like a froward child, of credit due to the figure might always that must be payed ivith and humoured be ascertained, as it is not to be supe a little to keep it quiet till it falls alleep, posed that all his readers can have access and then the care is over."

to the expensive works he quotes. It thould appear to me that Lord Or.

Yours, &c.

A. Z. rery is the author; fince I believe no one is acqainted with a noble literary an Mr. URBAN,

KNOW not what could have indu. field; but it is a matter of notoriety that the ancestors of Orrery are enrolled to have troubled yourself with printing, amongst the citizens of the republic of or your readers with reading, such a letters. Be this, however, as it may, mass of inattentive absurdities as his

you inform us, Mr. Urban, by whom letter on the subject of planting trees by the passage quoted 'was written, and in the fide of canals. I remember well the wbich of his writings it is to be found. circumstance being proposed; but can

The anonymous editor, in his preface, not conceive what could have induced afferts that he has some claim to the T.O. to suppose that the trees could work in question. He does not, how not be planted any where but immedia ever mention whence his claim arises. ately on the edge of the bank: a child, Yours, &c. ). H.

who had ever seen a boat toived, muft

be convinced of its absurdity. But why, Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 14 may I ask T. O, may not trees be Will you permit me, through

the planned on the fide, or on the bank, of cellany, to ask Dr. Woodville why the edge of the towing-bank? May they following plants were omitted in his not be plzated close to the edge on one Medical Botany larely finished? viz. side, and in the hedge beyond the tow.

Piper Cubeba.--Hordeum difticbon.-- ing-path on the other. Every end Triticum bybernum.-Avena sativa.- would thus be answered of thading the Santalum album - Amyris Flomifera.

water from evaporation, of raising a Myroxylon perniferum.-Saxifraga gra- pursery of timber (which would hardly wulaia.-Piero rarpus santalimus.-siabe the cale if planted on the edge of the logmitis Cambogioides. - Boletus ignia. water, a situation not favourable to rius, and Cocos butyracea.

timber-trees, though the distance of a They are inserted, together with those towing-path would be a very favourable which he has figured and described, in one), of adding much to the beauty of zhe fyftematic catalogues prefixed to the the country without injuring the navi. ist and ad volumes; and certainly have gation; and this I think so clear, that, as much claim to a place in the work as

without leaving his study, which (howany of the others,

ever he would insinuate) could not have We thank Dr. Woodville for what been the case when T.O. wrote his let. he has done ; that it is so well done is ter, he may be convinced that trees may one realon for wishing that the above. be planted by the side of a canal with to named plants had got been omitted; falutary an effect for the proprietors, they cannot with so much propriety form with so pleasing an appearance for the a part of any future work as of the neighbourhood, and so advantageous a prefent.

prospect for the nation at large, that The greater number of the Agures of none but the most captious cavillers can this elegant work are undoubteuiy raken advance any thing agaialt it.,

Yours, &c.

O.T.O. * Our correspondent has oniitted the TOUR 1 H (and most probable) perion to


Seps.rg. whom it is confidently afcribed, the late Dr. I

PERCEIVE that a correspondent, Guldsmith EDIT.

P: 7150 has ranked the idea I ven,


tured to throw out, respecting the Ib. p. 98; Tongue-molles, Ib. p. 88; planting of trees by the lides of ca and the two lines here inclosed *. pals, among fine-spún theories, which By explaining the above, you will it would be absurd to suppose practica greatly oblige a constant reader, and ble, and this upon his bare ipfe dixit, A YOUNG STUDENT IN HERALDRY. and with all the dignity of superior intelligence. I return him, however, my Mr. URBAN, thanks for the epithet "learned," which I pueble Correspondent R. G, that Dr.

Sept. 7. PERFECTLY agree


your va my important lucubrations have obtained for me from that correspondent; Mavor's account of the river-gods be. but will, at the same time, let him so longing to the fountain in Blenheim far into my character, as to assure him gardens is incorrect. Indeed, the authat I do not possess any extraordinary thor himself appears so diffident in his degree of learningi, that I live but little appropriation, that it is evident he had in my ftudy; and that I have seen (and not been able to obtain authentic infor. been concerned in) several canals. I mation at the time he first published his should indeed have employed my time defcription. Perhaps it is the only mir. to but little purpose in my study, had I take he has committed ; and, when it been blockhead enough to talk of plant is considered that many situations in the ing trees on the edges of canals without country leave a literary man “ without leaving room for a towing path. If a second, and without a judge," or, T. 0. thinks it worth his while to turn more properly speaking, without an to my former letters, he will find that I opportunity of obtaining information, or have not been guilty of broaching so altistance in minute circumstances, there absurd an idea. Il signifies very little is more reason to admire what genius tu my argument to whom the bank of bas accomplished than to be surprized the canal opposite the towing-path may wherein it has failed. The New Debelong, as my views were rather die scription of Blenheim is certainly not an re&ted to what I conceived might be an ordinary work; it displays taste and improvement in future canals than to force of delineation seldom seen in such any alterations in those already subfift. kind of performances. It does honour ing; except inasmuch as the proprietors to the author of Universal Stenograpby. of canals might thiok it conducive to But the charms of Blenheim demanded, their interest to adopt them. In future and they have obtained, an Historian projects of inland navigation, it would who, I believe, has been allowed by the add but little to the expence, were the belt judges to have done them some deproprietors to purchase just enough land gree of juftice. I do not mean to write on the side opposite the towing-path for a panegyrick; but, where in general I the planting a row of trees.

have had reason to be much pleased, I Having laid thus much upon a subje& feel this hopelt tefimony due. J. B. now become trite, I will here cake my leave of it, assuring my readers, that it Mr. URBAN, is not my intention that they fhould FRIEND of mine, who attends have any farther trouble from

to the practical part of opticks, Yours, &c. DENDROPHILUS. having requested me to contruct him a

table for shewing the different spherical QUERIES TO OUR HERALDIC surfaces of lenses contained in the dou. CORRESPONDENTS.

ble achromatic object-glass for teleN

three brass bars; Edmondson terms have calculated; and, as it may possibly them, three antique limbecks.

be of service to your correspondent, In the Founders arms, Guillim says, vol. LXI. p. 214, who requests fome two pillars; Edmondson terms them, information relative to achromatic two taper candlesticks.

glasses, and also may be useful to other In the arms of Fennor, the term gearlemen, who amuse themselves with vertred. What is ventred ?

the practical part of opticks, I have sent In Gerard Leigh's Accidence of Ar- ic for insertion in your Miscellany. mory, p. 79, lentally. What is lentally? It may not be a miss, perhaps, to in

Quecas de Ermine's “ Accidence of form those who may require the use of Armory," p. 37; Geratting, Ib. , Dis acles and Scopperelles, 16.; Melles,

See Plate III, fig. 6. GENT. MAG. September, 1793.


Aug. 30.


such a table, that the proportions of diness to insert in your valuable Repo-
the spheres are such as I am informed flory whatever is useful. The author
Mr. Dollond's excellent telescopes are of it survived, contrary to all expecta.
confructed on, heing what your corre tion, and is about to public an expedi-
spondent, vol. LXI. p. 4:7, gives an tion of five years to Surinam.
acongnt of. I have, every time your

Magazine has come into my hands for,

"MY DEAR JOHN, Jan 14, 1787 these twenty-two months pait, ex As the last good I can do for you in th's pected to have seen a farther account of world, I join, to the trines I leave to joil

, inole excellent instruments, agreeably these few directions, which I beg of you to to that obliging gentleman's promise read for my fake, who always loved you. made in the abovementioned volumé. Above all things, fear Gou, as the suprem: If I mav not be thought troublesome, I author of all good; love him with all your fhould efieem myself greatly faroured

lent, and be religious. hur detest every

tin&iure of hypocrisy. Regard your neigh. by something being said upon the the

buu', that is, all mankind, of whatever n.). ory of the achromatic object-glals, and

tion, profession, or faith, while they are ailo what aperture, in proportion to its focal length, it will admit of; as,

honeft; and be ever so yourself; it is the afeer

het policy in the end, depend upon it. a laborious application to the grinding,

Guard against inuolence, it is the root of &c. of reflectors, I have been conside

every evil; to which had company gives the rably disappointed in not finding them finishing Itroke. Love æpnomy without what I expected, and now intend turn avarice, and be ever thyself thy best friend. ing my attention to the grinding, &c. Fly from intemperance and de suchery, they of achromatic object-glasses.

will rot thy body while they will be a canker

to thy mind: ro keep both found, allow thyA Table for Achromatic Objel-Glafes. self never to be hebind-hand with thy corres Diameter of the Spheres fron

spondents, with thy creditors, with thy daily

Comwhich they are ground.

occupation, and thy soul thall enjoy peace.

pound By using moderate diet, exercise, and recreConvex. Concave.

for sin

ation, thy hody Mall posless health and vi1 fide 2 fide i side

2 h ell i iches.

gouir. Dear Johnı, fhoula Fortune frown, inches. inches. inches, inch,

which, depend upon it, the fometimes will, 3.2 5.3 5.3


5 do then look round on thousands more 6,4


wretched than thyself, and who, perhaps, 9.6 15.9 15.9


0.4 15 did less deserve to be so, ani be content12.8

confentient is better than gold.

With not 16. 26.5


44. 25 for deilt, because it is a lin; but scorn 19.2


to fear it: be prepared for it each hour, 37.1


33 since come it must; while the good mind 42.41 42.4


smiles at its iting, and defes, through Chrift, 47.7

47.7 70.2 45 its soint. Beware of pallion and cruelty ; 53. 53. 88.


the bravest men are always the most humane. 58.; 96.8


Rejoice in good-nature, 110t only to man, but
38.4 63.6
63.6 105.6


to the meanett inseal, yea, to the whole cre.
65.91 1144

ation ; fcoin to buit any living being but for
74.2 123.2

thy food or thy defence. To he cruel is the
-95 79.5 132. 75 portion of the coward; while lo he brave
84.8 8.46 140.8 80

and humans goes band in-llani, maud pleases
90.1 90.1 149.6 85

God. Ovey as your duty those who are set
95.4 954 158.4. 90

over you; fince, wiis know og how
100. 167.2

106, 106.

ta be obedient, Done never knew how to

command. Was there a cialogue of portraits “Now, deir hoy, love Nrs. Siedman and publiibed in 1992 agrecably to the inti her little children from your heart, if ever Biation given in your vol. LXI. p. 524? you had a love for your dead father, who Yours, &c.


mine this request. She has molt tenderly

proved a help in thy infant ttare; whilst Nir. URBAN,

A:13. 20.

thou'art a brother to her helplers little ones, H E following letter, which I met

prove also a parent and guaruan by your woch ny accident, was written by keep peace and harmonym my scar faraily ;

kindnes, and conduel. Let you good sense
J. G Sredman. a milirary gentleman, then mall the blelling of Almighty Gol
ühen dangerously ill, to be delivered overspreid you and them, and we, toge her
afrei 1,5 do ich to his fon. There com-
municated it to you, knowing your rea.

with your beloved mother, my ear Johan.
na, have a chance once more to mect; wlien,




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