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erected a few KN
NARESBOROUGH is feated eigh- years ago, and theie are in the Church
feen miles Weft of the city of many remarkable and old monuments, York, and nearly in the center of this parricularly the Roundells, Warners, part of England, becween the Eastern Rbodes's, Slingsby's, &c. sea or German Ocean and the \Veftern The fore of Knare iborough is 20 or Irich fra; its fituation is rocky and miles in length from E. to W. 8 miles high, and has commanding prospects wide. This royal chace was formerly of the country round. It is a neat and occupied by gangs of villains, or free. a pleasant town, with many good inns. booters, who lived on plunder. This lihas a good market on Wednesdays; town and adjacent country is well descriand bas been long a royal franchise, go. bed, and with so much accuracy and spirit, verned by the feward of the honour by Daniel Defoe, who wrote his account and a free jury. There is a flourishing noless than 70 years ago, that I thail beg manufactory of linen now carried on jn leave to fubjoin it. I think it is somethis town and neighbourhood, which is where faid, by the wits of the age, that of confiderable antiquiry. Clo!e to the Defoe wrote his Tour through England Westward of it pafles, in a rocky chan- while in the Fleec-prison. Now it does nel, the clear and transparent Nydd. not, I think, appear, by the Life we Like other fine rivers, it abounds with have of him lately publithed, that he moft , particularly trout, which de. was ever in prison at all; and yet ic Jight principally in the Vale of Scotton, may be the misfortune of many a wore and its enemy the devouring pike, thy man to be in durance; but, in my
" Ferocious tyrant of the watery plain," opinion, no man can see. Defoe's wriwho'with his worted vigilance takes tings without believing that his talents bis ftand below at Ribstone, where pike have provoked the Incers of his con-, have been taken of 20 pounds weight.
temporaries. Yours, &c. P. Knaresborough Cattle is spoken of as
“ Knaresborough, known among foreignfar back as the Norman Conquest, and,
ers by the name of the Yorkshire Spaw, is from the coins of Claudius and Conflans, a market-town; it stands upon the River tine found in its vicinicy, is thought to be' Nyd, and sends (wo members to parliament. a place of more considerable antiquity. It “ In and about the town, and at Harrogate, is fortified by nature, and much firength- a small villag: two miles dittani, are no less ened by art. The last defence which than four different wate:s; two of the it made was in the civil wars, against springs are the most valuable rarities of the Lord Fairfax, who besieged it ; and, kind in England. after the town had surrendered to his “ The first is the sweet Spaw, or a vitrioarmy, such was the strength of this lic water. It was discovere:) by one Mr. fortress, that it held out a close fiego of Slingsoy, anno 1630; and a'i physicians ac38 days. From this period it was no knowledge it to be a very tyvereign medi.
cine in several particular distempeis, partijonger gattisoped. Thus for the lall cen. tury and a half iis 12 towers and strong cularly Dr. Leisly, in his Natural History of
Lancashire. The other is the stinking Spuw, walls bate ben mouldering away. In or, according to the learned, the well. This the view of the town before us *, to the
water is clear as crystal, but so ferid and left of the Church, we have the princi. nufeous to the smell, that many are obliged ral part of this ruin called the King's to hold their noses when they drink it; yet Tower; from having been said to be it is a valuable medicine in scorbutic, hypocondes the place in which Richard II. was im. driac, and especially in ly dropic, distempers. prifoned, after he was depoled. The “ The people formerly, for many years, Church was anticntly a rectory, but in only drauk thole waters, but they now 1230 it was united to the prebend of make use of them as a cold bath; and in Brickhult in York-minster; the Chane' the manner they must neceflarily be very cellor, Lord Loughborough, is its pac sorod for rheum xic pains, paralyzic numbtron, and its prescat value is 300 pounds nesses, and many other distempers.
“ Theie batlıs were heretofore well free-year. The fteeple is ut antient date, and supported on four very beaua quentes, iní much that I have been told
200l. per annum rent has been given for a tifu' arches; it has a muhical peal of 8
cold bath, and, it pretini, a great deal of Toe annexed engraving (plate I.) is company cones to the baths at Harrogate i the first allen pr of a gendeman, and is but now Scarborough h.5 che vogue. taken frop a large painting in ou, merely " We went down a very step hill from what the artifis call laid in, or sketched, 24 the tou n to the river, and cruised it upon inches by 36.
the stone bridge of two arches. No one GENT. MAG. Auguft, 1793.
end of the bridge we Gw a cell which had regarded, till its very dangerous state huen dug out of a solid rock, and is called became so obvious, that a inceting was Si. Robert's Chiapel. The river is shallow, called to consider on the neceffarv iteps brit tire water is very clear. The stream, to be taken for properly securing the which is rapid, is interrupied in its course by tower, and repairing the churob, rhe several large itones, which occafions a very windows and roof of which are much agreeable murmuring We walked along the side of the river till we came to the per conllting, among others, of the Bithop
decayed. A committee was cholin, trifying spring, or, as it is more commonly called here, the Dropping-well
. This spring, of Lichfield and Coventry, Earl of as we were informei, rises about two miles Avlesford, &c. &c.; who, fully fentie, distant, and runs most part of the way uide
ble of the importance of preferring lie der ground to this pla:e. The water falls matchluss tower and spire, and repa'rfrom a rock which is about 16 or 17 feet ing it in the most effe&tual manner, ape high; as it bends in a circular projection pointed Mr. Wyatt (under whole die fiom the bottom to the top in such a manner rection the cathedrals of Lichtield and as that its hrow han's over about 4 ou 5 feet, Silisbury have been lately repaired) to the water does not run down the side, but examine it; who, in conjunction with drops very fast from 30 or 40 places at the
Mr. Porter, has pointed out a mode of top into a bason, which it has hollowed in securing it in such a manner that this the ground; and every drop creates a mufical kind of tinkling, which is probably in a
national ornament will probablv remain great degree owing to the concavily of the
the delight and admiration of the lovers rock. We saw leveral pieces of mors which of Gothic architecture for many centuwere perrified by this water; and tradition
ries. The belis, having been found in. told us that near this rock the famous Mo. a great mealure, if not entirely, the ther Shipton was born. We spent several cause of the failure, are to be lowered hours hereabouts, and were at last osliged, 30 feet, and placed upon a frame work hy the coming-on of the night, lo leave with to be carried up quite diftinct from the the greatest reluctancy a place, where Na- tower; in which fruation, it is the trire las elegantly dispused every ingredient opinion of the Archite&is, tincy will not fie could heftow to form a chearful and be injurious. plealant scene. Whilst we walked under a
The sum necessary to carry into effet Thade of fireading trees, an:I were enter
the proposed repait's is about 4000l.; tained with tie dribbling of the river, we faw the venerahte ruins of a large came which, owing to the want of any fund
or church-estate, and the inability of and a charming is termixture of rocks and trees on the opposite hill; above it part of raising such a sum by a levy upon the the spire of Kancsborough churcı made its parilh, whose poor-rates art appearance, and through the trees we had times high (and now particularly fo), several broken views of the town. From the is intended to be collected by subscrip Dropping-well Sir Henry Slingsby has p'ant- tion, so be received by Meitrs. Lille ed waiks along the river-Side; and, as the and Woodcock, bankers, Coventry, river circles very much, we had, every ro and Meffrs. Samuel Smith, Suns, and or 20 yards, a new point of view, which, Co. Aldermanbury, London. though composed of the fame objects, was The nobility and gentry in the coursurprisingly diversified and varied.”
ty, who, from their leats or in their ex
curfions, bave an opporrunity of behoide Mr. URBAN Coventry, July 31. ing this elegant fabrick, may be expecte Temirers of that beautiful fa ed to fubfcribe liberally; and it is hoped
brick, St. Michael's church, Co. Chofe, who have a lets frequent oppor. ventry, justly avled, by Sir Christopher tunity of admiring it, will feel the fame Wren, a maner.piece of archiitture," inclination to preserve this beautiful wijl be happy to learn, through the me. ftructure. PHILARCHAISMOS. dium of your widely-disemivared Ma. gazine, that it is immediately :o receive
MATTHEW i. il. a thorough repair. the direction “ And Josias begat Jechonias."
'HE paliage correlpoodenis, David Wells, E'q. de. ccaled, in a letter inserted in voi. LIX. to by Porphyry in the third century', p. 419, pointed out the neceffity of a that there eems no other argument neSpeedy reparation of the tower, and re cessary to prove it the true reading, if commended a perfon who, at a small pecially as Jerom, who anfvered the exnee, wouid lecure it. But that objection of that great enemy of Chris and many private intimations were disc cianity, domnis not hint a fuppofition to
Mo. Potter. One of your frequent The prvéry ancient being objektid
the coa'rary. But it does not appear, Matthew and Josephus, before whole from the canonical Scriptures, that Jo- time it is faid to have been published. has had a fon of the name of Jechonjas. In the edicion of the Roman copy of This has created much difficulty and the Septuagint, by Boss, it is related, in trouble to commentators; nor can I find i Eldras, that it has yet reçoired a latisfactory • Και αναλ. κβονλες οι εκ το εθνο; τον answer,
Ιεχονταν γιον Ιωσια, ανέδειξαν βασιλιά The Scriprures, it is true, do not cail avlo IwTuy ry astpos autŲ, OTA TNI either of the sons of Josiah by the name
Οικοσι τριων.” of Jacboniah; but it does not hence
I have allo an edition of the Vulgate, folow, that one of them had not that printed at Paris, by Regnault, 1540, in name. It was no unusual thing among which the reading is the fame, but the Jewill, princes to have leveri
which, in many other parts, differs Tous Josiah himself has only confiderably from the Roman copy, and four fons mentioned in the book of mav therefore be considered as an adain Chronicles, and three of them are spo• tional evidence; nav, it difegrees from ken of in other parts of Scripture by it ten years in the age of this very leother names, Jeho akim is calied, in
chopias. 2 Kings, Ejakim - Zedekiah, Matta
“ Er allumentes, qui erant ex gen:e, le. Diah and Shallum, Jehoahaz. choniam filium losiæ, conftitueruni Regem
liis probable then that one of these pro lofia patre suo, sum eift annorum trifons had a third name; and we have ginta trium." S:. Matthew's authority for the fuppo. Accuding to Grotius, some other hion, who exprelsly calls the succeffor copies of the Vulgare make Jehoiachim of Josias by the name Jechonias. This Jechonias, to which he refers in fup: was Jehoalíaz, called to in 1 Chron. purt of that argument; unless we may and, by the prophet Jeremiai), Shallum, dare to suppose so great a person would And that this Jehoanaz, or Shallum, adduce in his favour a book which he the successor of Josiah, was called also had not well examince. “In Apocry. Jechonian, we have the farther testi pho Eldræ priore in Latinis Exemplari. mony of another author, who wrote bus hic Joacim dicitur Jechonias." Poli very neis the time of St. Matthew, Synop. vol. IV. p 14. -My Exemplar which gives his authority a weight is an exception to this efeition, and which is would not otherwise deferve, published long before Grorius wrote. and which is fill increated by his ha I conclude th:n that Josiah had a lon ving written in the fame language with that was called Jechoniah This seems the Evangelist, This is the writer of the belt anliver to this difficult pallage, the birt book of Eidras, who, in the and removes many other objections, for chapter, relaits the death of Jolish, which are involved in everv other mode and thai the people took his fon Jecho. of explaining it. The truth of the preniali, and made him king sa his head. fent rearing is hereby confirined. Here It must be acknowledged, all the copies is a Jechoniah that has brethren; and of Eidrus have not this reading. That by this means the Evangelist is vindia utcu in our translation has it not. But, cated in allerding that there are tourteen in a disputable passage of any profune in each series, which otherwile does not author, that reading which agrees with appear true, and which seems to have an intpired apofle has turely the frong been obferved for this fole purpose by est ciau to acceptance. This first book St. Matthew, that we may duringuith of Eldras, Dr. Prideaux, in his Con. the two perfunages, whose fimilar names nexion, speaks of as very antientas end the second lerjes and begin the third. older than Jofephus, by whom, he lays, It should seem a weak foundation to he is quoted-probably, therefore, loine build any argument upon an apocryyears older, if we consider the manner phal book: it may be considered that of publithing books in those days, ihere is a great difference between a Nos Josephus is fupposed to bave mere critical remark and a point of written about the year of Christ 78. doctrine. Though no Procellant would The time of St. Marthen's writing is with to support a duétrinc on fich Due to well agreed upon. By some his grounds, there is not the lime realon Golpei is placed to low as 6s. So that againit a name used in an historical the book of Eldras may be of the very narration, where nothing could be in. lame age with the Gospel, since there ther train the writer's intention than is a period of fo few years between the use here made of 16. TR.
THE ACADEMIC. NO VII.
ries in each generation of under-gradu. « Regard not who it is that speakech, but ates, act with a very feeble influence weigh only what is spoken." HOOKER. indeed to ensure in every ftudent that To the Senate of Cambridge.
respectable degree of clailical attainmeat LEARNED SIRS,
which, without aspiring to the splendor NE JEARLY three-fourtis of the fiu
of fame, might be abundantly adequate dents here are designed for the
to all the purposes of professional Service of Chrift, in the church-eftab.
utility. lichment of this kingdom; and many, literature, even including many great
The present aggregate of this sort of perhaps a majority of that clars, be come candidates for the office of Chrif- exceptions to the prevalent negle&t, is tian ministers a very few months after confessediy low. But the remedy is not they are invested with the title and pri• friends to the best interests of the Uni
far to feek; and the wishes of many vileges of Bachelor of Arts.
Now, in the general opinion of this versity have long pointed in a public country, in the views of those ftudents, claffical examination, with the various in the very terms of its first foundation, orders of honourable diftinction fo well the university is considered as an inter. difposed on the mathematical tripns. vening ftep of neceilary preparation be
Thus' of Jubb's plan, which was deiwixt ihe school of youth and the duty figned also to cora prehend natural law, of manhood; and, in compliance with political history, the science of intellect, the just and important claims of such and the theory of morals, one object, expectation, what harm is there in the highly advantageous, might immedia wish, that, berwixe the studies of the ately be attained; and thac would pave place and the religion of Chia, fome the way for a gentle and gradual adopSuch connexion were established
tion of the reli, and most happily, pero might supply the learning and the prin haps, on a plan not long * 'lince pro. cipic, whosé union muti constitute the posed, which left it to the choice of the pious and beneficent preacher of the Audent, on how many or on what sub. Gospel?
jects he would reti nis claim io a de. In a certain lense, and with certain gree, but made it absolutely necellary restrictions, it is truly urged, that the that he hould pals a tolerable exami. Teasoning faculty derives an eminent
nation in some one or other. addition to its powers from an inter
Though no lectures whatever are course with the demonstrations of pure
read on the “ True Method of Philo. or mixed mathematicks; and yet the fophizing," which, from observations most zealous idolizer of the science and experiments on the phænomena of of quantity continued and discrele, whe- Nature, rises, by a laborious and wellther studied in the abstract, or applied regulated induction, to the highest axito the pursuit of physical truth, will be
oms, and the genuine theory of moral very cautious in 'aferring that it bears and physical science, the lyllabus of any aspect peculiarly favourable to the the Jacktonian professor would lufficia Rudies of clerical preparation.
ently actelt, that this method has been Honever that be, a candidate for the in pare applied to the investigations of clerical office cannot well make the de- chemifry. But the subject seems of claration, on which he is admitted to magnitude enough to demand the apholy orders, except his knowledge of pointment of a profetlorthip for this the Greek and Latin languages enable fingle purpose; and an university, him to read with facility the New Tef.
which has at different times produced tament in the original tongue, and to
men illustrious in every walk of knowcontule the most approved of those com. ledge, would, perhaps, establish no mentators whose researches have contris weak fecurity for the continuance of bured so much to illustrate in it what is that distinguished honour by the insti. obicure, and to expiain what is dif.
tution and support of public lectures on ficult.
“ The first Principles of general PhiloNow those several honours, instituted fophy.” Even the great Locke pro. by the generous bounty of individuals, felfes not to give those rules, which his to excite competition and reward ex.
forerunner had fo admirably reduced to cellence in classical merit, however ad.
an art and a fyftem in the “Organom mirable their operation may be to call * See the late Stri&tures on the Dicipline forth and difti guish the first-rate abili. of Cambridge, p. 44.