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that would produce

peace on earth,

our own. Urged on by this idea, men and good will amongst men,” if men form parties to reform á State, without would put its precepts into practice, considering what ample scope there is When the children cease to lifen to the for them to display their talents for reinstructions, and to walk in the steps, formation in their own lives and conof their aged parent, let not the vene duct. It thews a strange degree of disrable parent be branded with the yices interested folly, in men to be so anxious of her disobedient children.

for the improvement of every thing buc How wide a field for ftrife do politicks themselves, and to spend their whole supply! Though contention in domestic time in providing for the happiness of life is sure to be productive of misery to others in a certain

never-to-be-procured the fools who wage it, its effects are fate of perfe&tion, whift their own con. dreadful when it separates a whole na duct is, perhaps, exhibiting to the world tion into two diftinct people. I pre a retrograde motion, and they themvents the intercourse of neighbours, and selves are becoming, day after day, less destroys society. It makes those who perfect. fhould unite in all the friendly offices of The fureft antidote against strife, as social life more perfect strangers, and well as many other evils of life, is conmore averse to each other, than if they tentment ;-contentment, that alchemy had to combat with national prejudice, of the mind, which converts every thing and an unknown language. Even when into happiness i Contentment, in worldthe boisterous torrent of party-spirit ly affairs, disposes the mind to be satiswhich overflowed the mind subsides, fied in any tolerable condition of life; unlike the rich inundations of the Nile, and, in spiritual concerns, conientment it leaves a poisonous sediment behind, will teach the disputant, whatever be whore influence produces a thousand his creed, to keep his tenets to himself, noxious weeds, which poison for ever and not disturb the peace of that houfe. the dçarest affections of the human heart. hold, which Christ hath established upon

At a time like this, when the public earth, with the vain disquisitions of, safety requires the generous exertions of perhaps after all, a deluded imaginawrited individuals, I cannot refrain tion. Satisfied with having performed, from addressing the words of Jocalla to as far as frail nature will permit, what all disputants; whether the janglers of the Lord God requires, viz. to do the fire-lide, the doughty antagonists of juftly, to love mercy, and to walk

a country coffee-room, or the more elo. humbly with his God, he will rest in quent discontented leaders of

party. hope, that, should his opinions of fome ώ ταλαιπωρου,

nicer points be erroneous, the Almighty εξ' επαισχυνεσθε γής,

will look with pity and compallion upon Ούτω νοσύσης, ίδια κινένιες κακά;

a mistaken faith, producing such ami

able virtues. * 0, wretched ! are you not ashamed,

If every individual, instead of loudly when your country is in so great danger, are you not ashamed, thus to wage private quare world, would keep a conftant guard

clamouring for the reformation of the rels ?”

over his own conduct, and reform him. Strife and contention arise from a dis. felf, then might we indeed expect to see contented mind; from that restless lpi- a golden age of happiness and peace fit which is impatient of restraint; and rising upon us, wherein the mild inflafrom a false supposition, that whatever ence of Chriftianity would supersede the lays a restraint upon the actions is an necessity of all earthly tribunals, and infringement of true liberty. Men who the general innocency of mankind be. hold such an opinion are to be informed, come the strongest protection to the in. that equal, if not superior,' to the bler. dividual.

ORIELENSIS. fings of true freedom is the protection from lawless liberty. If man were subo Mr. URBAN,

June 18. ject to perpetual invasion from fuperior

DR called force or Yagacity, the comforts of his upon Mr. Burke, “ to thesv thaç life would be little increased by the fa. he has ever written any thing which vage fatisfa&tion of retaliating upon his can, by any fair construction, be said to inferior. A party-spirit often proceeds be against the Conítitution ;" thus from a footiin luppofition that we can thirowing down the gauntiet to that regulate the aff irs of others, when per gentleman, who dared lulpect the real ja haps we are totally unable to conduct tude of the Doctor's political principles,

As Mr. Burke, whom the Doctor's lamentation, if it be attended with fodefriends have often named “the flower firable an event? May the kingdom of of modern chivalry,!' in conformity to God and of Christ (that which I con. the high characler with which iney ceive to be intended in the Lord's bare invested him, may think ji beneach Prayer) truly and fully come, sbough bis dignity to accept a.challenge con. all be kingdoms of be world be removed veyed in to formal a manner as through to make way for it !" The Doctor may the medium of a news-paper, the writer plead, in extenuation of this extraordiof the present address, according to the nary language, ihe motives which in. established rules of knight-errantry, in duced him to utier a wish so dreadful, the more humble capacity of esquire, a prayer fo bloody; but how will it ex. takes up the gauntlet' for him, ambui- culpate hiin, though he allege that he ous to break a lance with so redoubted longs for the delirable event of the a champion as Dr. Priestley in the lists downfal of the civil powers, not from of controversy.

an enmity to any particular form of goDr. Priefley has certainly been uni- vernment pow exifting, but only on ac form io profefling himself (as he pleases count of the contequences which it to term it), though an Unitarian in sę. would involve, that he contemplates it ligion, a moft rigid Trinitarian in polie in the light of a sacrifice, not a triumph? ricks. But the lincerity of this profel I would ask Dr. Priestley in what hon many are nevertheless inclined to point of view his own conscience tells suspect, conceiving it to be nothing him that his connexion with France, more than a mere cover of convenience, since the memorable ara of the Revolu. which he only wears (himilar to the mo- tion, ought to be considered in this tives which, he wiltily observes *, induce country : Has he not, in almost all his him to wear a gown and caflock in the lare pamphlets, been levith in the expulpit) the better 10 conceal from public treme of his elogiums on French liberty? View the ragged small-clothes of Re. And yet, not contented with denying publicanism. For, high as the Consti- the imputation of harbouring any hortution is said to rank in his eftimation, tile thoughts againt the British Conis it not evident that he would calmly fticution, he chooses to assume higher behold its rụin, if, with our civil, he ground, and profess himself one of its could, at the same time, abolith our warmeft admirers *? But is it the part of present ecclefiaftical, eftablishment: l. a real lover to dwell with enthufiaflic dolatrous as he deems the Church of rapture on the charms which adorn the England to be in the worship of Jesus rival of her whom most he is supposed Chrift, and eager t to drink the blood to love, while he only wames his mir. of Unitarian martyrs, can he be thought tress herself to recount her failings, and to entestaip any great partiality for the expole her with unmanly ineers to haGfter power, who encourages her in all tred and contempi? Dr. Priettley, howher fuppofed enormities. But it is im- ever, has gone tarther than merely to possible to place his ideas upon this fub- consider the French as our masters in ject in a stronger point of view than the the principles of civil liberty, or to hold Doctor has himself done in his Corrup up their airy speculations as models for tions of Christianity, vol. II. p. 484. leis enlightened nations to study and is He there says, “ļi is nothing but the mitate. From the elevated liation which alliance of the kingdom of Chrilt with their sublime labours afforded him, he the kiogdom of this world (an alliance has taken a Pisgahı view of the happy which our Lord expressly disclaimed) ftase of things, which is shortly to lucthat supports the groflefi corruptions of cted the lunverfion of all the presenc Chriftianity; and perhaps we must wait governments in Europe. Of the change, for the downfal ot the civil powers be. which he luppoles that the English Go. fore this most unnatural alilnice can be vernment nust experience in common broken. Calamitous, no doubt, will ihat with others, he speaks in the following time be. But what convulsion in the words t: “Qur approach to the great political world ought to be a subject of crisis of our affairs is not equable, but * “I and a few others conform so far as to

accelerated. The prefent generation wear a gown and callock in the pulpit, be- has seen the debt of this nation rile truin cause we find it convenient, especially as a

a mere 'crifle to an amount that already · cover for a rusty coat or a tattered pair of biceches." Familiar Lelters, p. 19.

* Discourse on Academical Education, p.28. † Appeal, p. 15.

t Letters to Mr. Burke, p. 152.


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threatens ruin. If the condition of other pot foreseeing the necessity of future nations be as much bettered as that of ones, in his Letters to Mr. Burķe, p. France will probably be by her improved 548, he thus expresses himself in perSystem of government, this great crisis, feet contempt of all such fuperftitious dreadful as it appears in prospect, will be attachments: “When, besides the rea confummation devoutly to be wijbed for; duction of the power of Crowns within and, though calamitous to many, per- their proper bounds (when it will be no haps to many innocent persons, will greater than the public good requires), eventually be most glorious and bappy.that kind of respect for princes, which When Dr. Priestley looks forward with is founded upon mere superstition, hall pleasure to events pregnant with the vanish, as all superstition certainly will most calamitous conlequences to this before real knowledge, wife nations will country, what can be said in excuse for not involve themselves in war for the him, except that he hopes to see beauty sake of any particular persons or fami. arise out of deformity, to behold, erec- lies, who have never shewn an equal re, ted on the ruins of our present unphilo- gard for them *.” In the same tempefophical Conftitution,

rate publication (for thus, he hinteif “ A faultlefs monster, which the world ne'er he wilhes Crowns to be reduced :

terms it) be fixes the standard to which faw ?”

" When the nature and uses of all civil But more direet proofs in support of offices Mall be well understood, the Mr. Burke's imputation are not want. power and emoluments annexed ing. In his letters to that gentleman, them will not be an object fufficient to p. 38, after alluding to the proceedings produce a war. Is it at all probable of our anceftors at the Revolution that there will ever be a civil war in (which authorize us, it seems, to elect America about the Prefiderijbip of the whom we will for a king), he adds, United States? And, when the chief ma• Whenever circumstances have been giliracies in other countries are reduced favourable to greater changes, wife na to their proper fandard, they will be no rions have not failed to adopt them. more worth contending for than they When America was driven by the op- 'are in America. If the actual businels preilion of this country to break en. of a nation be done as well for the small tirely from it, the Americans, lentible emolument of that presidentship as the of more evils attending their former go- funilar business of other nations, there vernment than our aacestors at the Re- will be no apparent realon why more volution, ventured to do a great deal thould be given for doing it.” Whatmore, and set a glorious example to ever ideas the Doctor may entertain of France and the world. They formed a his own loyalty, the present monarch completely new government on the on the throne, whom he represents t as

principles of equal liberty and the rights a prince that kpoweth not Joseph, nor of men, wilbout nobles, as Dr. Price the obligations which he is under to exprellively and happily faid, without him, will scarcely feel any great degree bifbops, and witbout a king." Are these of gratitude for such extraordinary the ideas of a Trinitarian in politicks, of proofs of his deep-rooted attachment toa man* “zealously attached to a limited wards his family. monarchy, such as ours ?” When he

The peerage, ano:her effential branch observes, that the Americans set a glow of the Constitution, which he profesies rious example to the world by forming to admire, is thus marked out for exa government without nobles, witbout cision $: “Another and most important bijhops, and without a king, is it not ap- circumstance, which calls us to attend parent that, in his heali, he most ap to the proper education of youth, is the proves of that government which has new light which is now every where none of these fplendid appendages ? bursting out in favour of the civil rights

In his Familiar Letters, p. 14, he of men, and the great objects and ules boasts of his deep-rooted attachment to of civil government. While fo favour. the House of Hanover, and frequently able a wind is abroad, let every young hints, that this illustrious house may mind expand itself, catch the rising hereafter be happy to look up for pro- gale, and partake of the glorious enthus rcction to him and his friends. But, halm ; the great objects of which are, alas! forgetful of paft declarations, and

* Familiar Letters, p. 147. † P. 14. Familiar Letters. Academical Discourse, P. 3!.

the abolising of all useless difinitions, Good folid pudding against empty praise. wbich were ibe offspring of a barbarous In spite of scepticism, he was a plump age, producing an absurd beugbriness in fome, and a base servility in orbers." Sleek-headed man, one that could fieep at

night; Again*, “The genuine principles of civil government were taught by Locke the very contrast of those lean, hungrya and others at the time of the Revolu- looking mortals, whore very faces, as tion, and, indeed, in an earlier period Shaktpeare describes them, indicate in this country, and yet ibe natural plots against the State; nor had he a rigbts of men are by many ftill disregar. single grievance to complain of except ded, and the pretended and ufurped the grievance of an unwieldy carcase. rigbes of particular claffes of men, whose The modern Presbyterian, most unjufliy intereft's are incompatible with those of persecuted as he conceives by the Goa the great majority of their fellow-citi vernment of his country, labouring unzens, are held up in oppofition to them." der legal disabilities, and plundered* Dr. Priestley can hardly be supposed to of his property by a gang of raseals and mean by the abolition of all useless dif, highwaymen, commonly called King, tinations, which produce an absurd Lords, and Commons, itands on very haughtiness in some and a base servilio different ground.

The government, ty in others, the simple abolition of which he theoretically disapproves, he such pompous titles as LL.D. FR.S. finds, or fancies that he finds, pra&tio and other sesquipedalian appendages to cally oppreflive; which makes hin disa great pames. It is not the pomp of the contented under it. Exclusive of these philosopher, but the pomp of the peer, conliderations, the modern Prefbyterian which he wishes to annihilate: like his has learnt from infancy, in politicks as fellow.citizens of France, he seems well as religion, “to follow trutha anxious, in this country likewise, to wherever it leads him," and, so magconceal the aristocratic candle under the nanimous are his feelings, that he would bushel of democracy.

regard “the downfal of all the kingFrom the above passages, is it unfair doms in the world," as the pious old to conclude that the Dočtor is at heart a lady in Foote's Hypocrite boarted the Republican; that Republicanism appears lhould regard the death of her children, to his enlightened mind a form of go no more than tbe extinction of so many veroment the nearest to perfection, faribing candles ! which wise nations have never failed to Verled as Dr. Prickley has long beea adopt when the times were favourable in the wiles of controversy, accustomed, for such a change? As philosophers are though wounded in almost every vital all gifted men, converting every thing part, fill to erect his haughty crest with they touch into gold, if the king will proud defiance against his adversary, con lent to resign his crown, and the Parte ferox, ardensque oculis & fibila colla. peers their privileges (and what cannot

Arduus attollens: pars vulnere cauda retentat argument effect?), Dr. Priestley might Nexantem nodos seque in fua membra plipossibly be able to form a more rational

cantem, Conftitution than that which we now enjoy; but it would not be, as he might (cribe to the justice of thete remarks,

it is not to be expected that he will fube with us to think it, the Constitution of He may not condescend to notice tnern. Great Britain ! Granting him to be a

As an anonymous writer, it is probable little democratically inclined, may that I thall not be honoured with an ai)not nevertheless observe, as he has done swer. In this case I must contole my. in his Familiar Letters, p. 13; that self with the idea, that it is equally fingle speculative men, Presbyterians or

probable the Doctor himself will receive others, may be Republicans in theory,

no greater compliment from Mr. Burke, yet very good and obedient subjects in

who may not be forward to commit practice, infancing the principles and himself with a man, that, when conconduct of Mr. Hume. But, unfortu. Dately for Dr. Priestley, the parallel will

* “ To compel me to pay money on a reli. scarcely hold between Mr. Hume and gious account is real injustice, though I'victhe modern Prefbyterian. Mr. Hume tioned by law. An act of parliament may was a philosopher, but a philolopher give all my property to my next neighbour'; who well knew how to weigh

but, in this cale, would not King, Lorus,

and Commons, be as great raicals as briglie * Academical Discourse, p. 35. way men?" Familiar Letreis, pp. 52,68.




founded, will not be convinced, and, the omission of all provision for Christi. though confuted, cannot be filenced, anity in the Indian provinces. That it Yours, &c.

R. L. was omitted by the Lords and Commons

temporal is not so much to be wondered Mr. URBAN,

July 7.

at; that it was not infifted upon by the 'HE facility with which the East. Bishops raises in some minds very un.

India Company have obtained a easy fufpicions. These fufpicions arenewal of their charter.appears so very mount to certainty, if it be true, which extraordinary as not to be accounted was reported in the public papers to for any otherwise than from those tem. have been spoken by one of them on porary difficulties with which the com. this occasion; "that the publishing of mercial part of the nation has been any religion in a foreign country was overwhelmed for some time past. It , an unjustifiable practice, unless authoo seems otherwise incredible, that the rized by a commission immediately from whole body of merchants in Great Bri- heavens that every country had its re*tain and in Ireland, poffeffed of im. ligion, sanctioned by its Government, mense capital, and sufficient fpirit, should which it was criminal to difturb.” More Silently, and without an effort, permit than this Voltaire would not have said. the continuance of a monopoly which He observes, that all religion is a mat'fhuts them out from a trade, which has, ter of geography; that, if you are born in every age, proved a source of wealth

on this fide the water, you must be a to those who carried it on. They were Christian, if on the other, a Mahome. told, that the trade was so vast and ha Our right reverend father goes zardous, that it was beyond the reach farther; he lays, that this is the order of private merchants, and would cer- of Providence, and it is criminal to dila tainly prove ruinous to such as should turb it. In charity, it must be supposed engage in it. Thus it is that wife go. that the whole Bench verily believe the vernments inftruét ignorant tradesmen : Chriftian religion to be true ; because a pueris olim danit crujiula blandi do&tores, man, who holds the high office of elementa velunt ut discere. They forgot, teacher and guardian of a religion which in their zeal for the public good, that he does not believe to be true, is so men usually understand their own bufi. other than a dishoneft knave. Now, if nefs best, and that faresmen are always they believe Christianity to be true, it unlucky when they descend to the coere follows of necetlity that they believe all cion and regulation of trade; and they others to be counterfeits; and the Scrip. forgot to prove how a commerce can be ture, which they confess to be true, ruinous to England and Ireland which proves decidedly that we are bound to is carried on by the Americans to such oppose all false religions, and to propaan extent, as, befides supplying Ame gate our own faith by all the honeft rica itself, to ingross a very large pro. means in eur power. Let it not be repartion of the internal trade of the East. plied, that the Apostles had an imme. Indian seas; and North America pro- diate commillion. This reply will, if bably contains neither a greater capital, allowed to be valid, diffolve the whole por a greater number of inhabitants, than fystem of our religion ; for, baptism, and Ireland alone. It was an ill omen when all other ceremonies, faith, charity, the honourable mover of the bill pro. nay, even the moral precepts of good feffed, that what he had to propose was works, may be evaded, unleis what was contrary to the opinion of every writer said unto the Apostles was laid unto alle whom he had read upon the subject; I will now suppose the Christian reliand when he proceeded to mention, as gion to be, what the opinion I am comone advantage of the fyftem, that the bating seems to suppose it, only one of trade was to be confined to the port of many into wbich the world is divided, London, this he said, probably, to re all equally to be approved of, if sup: concile the country members to the porting and supported by the civil go. scheme, who would be glad to find that vernment. Even on this supposition is London alone was to be ruined by this must be allowed to be on the same foot. hazardous trade,

ing as learning or liberty, or any other I have unintentionally said so much excellent attainment which human life concerning the commerce of India; the is capable of : for, it has never been design of this paper was to find, if pof- questioned but that Christianity fible, through the channel of your Ma- more reasonable religion than any of the gazine, the public opinion concerning others, i, o, that it approaches nearer to


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