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the pluviameter to be placed on the few words of English. He called us at two highest part of the house ; for, it is a o'clock in the morning, and we set out upon well-known fact, that a much greater

our early expedition without delay. Ascendo quantity of rain falls on the level sur. ing the road which leads to Towyn Merioface of the earth than at at a confider- neth, we skirted the lower part of the moun. able height above it; therefore, the tain, and passed the small lake of Llyn

Gwernan lying on the right : then turned to proper Situation for that ioftrument is

the left up an ascent covered with coarse upon the ground, in a yard, garden, or grass and dones, and in many places rather other open place; and, where this can

boggy. Our track foon became very steep i not be done, its elevation is as neces. but, having surmounted this difficulty, we sary to be noticed as that of the baro- passed for a fort space on ground tolerably

B. W. level. The clouds now hegan to obscure the

objects around, and to threaten us with disa Mr. URBAN,

Oxford, Nov. 2. appointment in our hopes of enjoying the am fond .

yast view from the summit. We however

proceeded, climbing up mount above mount, and moderately skilled in the art of draw. ing, I lately indulged the natural bent of precipice, at the bottom of which lies a small

pool or lake, named Llyn Cader. Many of my inclination, by making a pedestrian the stones on which we stood appeared to tour through North Wales, with a have been originally thrown up by a volcanic friend, in the months of July and Aun eruption. Continued to ascend close to the gust. Perhaps a select part of my four- edge of the precipice, and, after a rugged nal may nue prove unw

nworthy insertion in walk of another mile or more, re:ch the your Miscellany.

highest summit, or Pen y Cader, where is a

circular wall of loose stones, serving to keep “ About ten o'clock in the morning, July off the wind, which is here extremely tharp 19, we reached Dolgelley, in Merioneth- and piercing. But, alas! the driving clouds Thire, a small and poor town, situated at the surrounded us on every fide; not an object foot of Cacer Idris. We were delirous of

was to be seen helow, except once or twice ascending this vast mountain without delay; whep a gift of wind caused a momen'aryo but, upon enquiry, found that the diftance opening through the miats; but this could to the sunimit was not less than fix or seven by no means afford an adequate idea of the miles, and that the most proper time to put immensity of the prespect to be feen on a this exped cion in practice would be about

clear day. As the weather seemed by no one or two o'clock in the morning, to have

mcans likely to become more favourable, we an opportunity of seeing the sun rise. This

quited our cxalt - fituation, consoling our was therefore determined upon. But our felves with the thoughes of enjoying a good curiosity would not suiter is to be idle ; we

brenk fait upon our return to Dolgelley, and afcended up a part of the mountam, and had glad to quit this cold Alpine region for a thence an extenáve view over innumerable

more temperate atmosphere in the vale bé. rocks and precipces, and of the sea and the

low. The summit of Cader Idris is, according jflwd of Ba: dicy towards the North-west.

to Pennant, 950 yards higher than the green, “in the evening visites Llyn Cynnack, a small lake about half a mileling, which gills

near Dolgelley." a valley situated high in the bofom of the

Uhave inclosed an accurate drawing of mountains, distant about two miles North

Crickach caille, in Caernarvonibire, east from Dolgelley. This we bad obferved

which we vilied in the course of our extrom Cader Lis in the morning, and had curlion (lee piate III, fig. 3). This now an admirable view of that mountain ruin is filiated on a b'gh rocky mount, from the water.

immediately above the fea, and is a ca“At a small distance hence is Nandey, the pitai objea for the pencil. seat of Sir Robert Vaughan, but the mansion

Yours, &c.

MONTIVAGUS. had been Irely taken down in order to be re-built. Upon our return to Dolgelley, we Mr. URBAN,

Dec, 16. made enquiries for a guide, who might conde

BEG will inform your crisie

you duct 17 tu che top of the pionnain in the I morning; for, without one, it would be next

fponden: Marcus, who leems to to implible for a stranger to find his way.

grudge the Guards their “ hard-carned Accordingly, a wgulir fellow, named

laurels," that, in the action of Lig. Prive, nadela s appearance in a tattered coat,

ceiles, neither the soldiers of the line, and without foes or stockings. There was

nor our allies, were engaged. The fumething peculiarly ftrange in his air and post, it is true, had been in the occupa. phyfiognomy; he stared muci, bice! a beard ton of the Dyich: they had lent iothe uncommonly black, and talked Welth very Duke of York for atlistance ; and the loid aud fait; for, he could speak but very Guards were inmediately ordered upon


Dec. 14.

that duty. These our worthy allies, procuring the exactest information, and however, without waiting their arrival, io render his work as perfect as nothible, had generously abandoned the post; and he seems to have defigned his Hiforical General Lake had advanced too far to Views; an arsiuous task impoled upon fecure a retreat before he discovered what himself, whether consuiting worldly pohad taken place. In this critical fitua licy is a qu-stion. rion, knowing well the cool and heady The plain account of it given in his bravery of his officers and men, he or. Prospectus (which The Critick affects dered a charge ; and 1150 Guardsmin, not to underfiand) is, " that here he may only, drove from their strong intrench be at liberty to throw out conjectures on mients 5000 French infantry and 500 subjects of antiquity, and fubinit to con: horse: the larrer were very improperly fideration a variety of points that seem omitted in Sir James Murray's letter. ambiguous, but which, when elucidated, Possibly the same number of ricops of the may be worthy attention for the larger line, or of our allies, with as good and work. He invites remarks on these brave a general at their head, mighe have Views, either to correéi error, or resolve done the same; but I only know that doubts, &c.; one great object being, they had not the same oppor'unity. The that every point worthy notice may be action is certainly by far the most brile examined and ascertained; in short, that Jiant, and reflects more honour upon our nothing of consequence may be omitted countrymen than any that has yet taken in his History.” place; and my only desire is, that, wiih Can a dreign lo perípicuously, so ma. our drawing any invidious or iliberal deitly, exprelied, be misunderitcod by comparisons, merit may be given where


of your readers? Or could the aumerit is so highly due.

thor, even where erroneous, have exAN OLD SOLDIER. peeled capriousness, ill. nature, and con.

tumely? Bur The Cririck, who, confefMr. URBAN,

fing be knows nothing of Sir Gorge IT

is, I believe, a maxim with a libe. Yonge and Col. Simcoe as Antiquories, ral critick, that, in proportion to the can opprobriously compare them to difficulties and labour attending any use- quacks in medicine; who can speak sila ful composition, and the time of a man's respectfully of Biyant, Vallancey, and life which it occupies, so thould be the Whitak:r, and pass over with lilent coocandour of his criticism. Every one en tempt the name of Sir William Jorer; gaged in luch a work has a right to ex. may well be supposed to treat Mr. Polpeet allifiance rai her than abute ; en while in a manner equally uncomplaicouragement, not personal insuli. Opi- fant and unceremonious. nions on speculative or disputed points That the writer of this letter is not may differ; but this will not warp the partial to Mr. Polwhele may perhaps be disinterested mind to condemn in the credited, when he allures vour readers gross what it only forms objections to in that he puts no faith in the Saxon Chro. part. I have been led to thele observa- nicle ; that he does not believe any part tions by reading an account, in the Criti. of Britain was peopled white Gaul and çal Review for the latt month, of Mr. Germany remained deserts; that he Polwhcle's Historical Sketches of Devon- places no reliance on the authority of shire. Convinced of your abhorrer.ce of M.Pherson's Offian; nor even, with reilliherality of all kinds, and the opposite spect to the Armenian fentiennent in Bri: plan on which you conduct your monthly lain, on the opinion of Sir Wm. Jones publication, I doubt not but you will himself. adnit the following to marks, which do But, though he diflents from Mr. not orig nate from partiality to Mr. Polwhele in these very ellential points of Polwhelc, but fiom a love of truth, of his fyftem ; while he is free to acknow. talents, and why should it not be laid, of ledge, that he thinks whether the lettem literary virtue, that species of virtue stand or fall is of little crnfequence to which will not permit a man of honour, his History; he cannot aroid doing him for the sake of thewing his fancied wit or the justice to confek, that he perceives, learning, to injure his neighbcur ? in thise Historical Views, learning geo

Mr. Polwiele has ucvored his time nius, various and extensive reading, arand abilities to the writing of a County gumentative acumen, anderingen uity, Hiftory; a work of magnitude, of toil, even in his moft finiful congeskinds : requiung patient and ailiduous inveftiga- lie is truck with that integriey durtion and attention, la his ardour for Tulpciousness of heart, winchi would not

permit him to insert what might be con came a long voyage by fea; and it would hidered duvious or erroneous in his Hil. be absurd to describe a colony from tory'; which folicited inftruction and in. Gaul as performing such a voyage. formation, and found instead unmerited The Chronicle is now before us, and reproach. Nor can he avoid thanking there is not a syllable to that purpose." him for the ent riainment he has recei The words of Mr. Polwhele are," the ved from the many curious fact inferred Saxon Chronicle, speaking of the origi. in his Views, relarive to the natural nal inhabitants, plainly intimates, that history of the county of Devon, on mio they, who festled first in the South or ning, on the ancient tin trade, on the South-western parts, came a long vorage Druidical religion, &c. &c.

by fea." Hint. Views, p. 5. The Saxon He (miles, however, at that acono Chronicle bears is the barbarism of the my, which, to save the pockets of his Critick; and the intimation alluced to fublcribers, frains their eyes even to depends on the context.

The very exaching by the small type made use of; prelion shew's that Mr. P. meant, it was having (not surely with reference to his not contained in the Chronicle totidem own interes) compreiled into a fix fhil. vrbis. ling book materials, for which, prin red The Critic lays, “ Mr. Pol whele will in the common mode, he might honelily have it that the Damnonians were of have asked a guinea.

Armenian origin ; and, as we fee no Nor can he help observing, though proof of his knowledge to ibe contrary, we the present volume of Historical Views, reallı are inclined to believe, that he where it is ditputative and speculative, is a stranger to a glaring circumstance, may not interfere with the future listory', namely, that Armenia was, and is, an yet' that many facts likewise are antici- jpland country, furrounded towa ds the pated which ought to come fresh to the sea by inimical nations." But it is jeader. And, Thould he go on through plain, from the whole tenor of the Hir. the fucceeding periods, which will not torical Views, that Mr. Polwhele did require such fpeculations, his subícribers not thus limit the more aptient Arme. may juttly complain they have paid for nia ; and, p. 213, he transcribes this two works mesely differing in form : the sentence from the letter of a correspon. General History being only a second edi. dent: “ Armenia, I apprehend, was a tion of the Historical Views, with alte- large district, comprehending the mo. rations and improvemen's. Should there dern Turcumania, and part of Perhia." be fa&ts worthy notice in the Historical Again, “ Though they sent out co.o. t'iews, not transferred to the History, nies, they fill retained poffeffion of he will act in contradiction to his terms this their former residence, and Asia held out, namely, that, however the Minor, which, perhaps, was all inwork might be enlarged, the price thould cluded by them under the name of be only four guineas; a circumstance, I Armenia.” All Mr. Polwhele's ar. fee, principally attended to in your last guments, indeed, are bent to eliablish a month's Review of New Publications. general Eastern origin, independent of Besides, has Mr. P. conlidered how he the authority of the Chronicle ; for, inay injure the future lalc of his History? p. all, he says, “ I have not grounded For, who bue subscribers will purchase my supposition on the sole authority of it, when the edge of curiosity has been the Saxon Chronicle. The Saxon Chro. taken off by the Historical Views ? nicle is one of its weakest supports. The

But, recommending these observations evidence of Cælar himself is itrong in to Mr. Polwhell's firious notice, fır be my favour ; and the voice of the Greek from your correspondent the invidioul. hittorians and geographers is ftill more nels of criticilm; an invitiousnels die decisive, &c. The wandering spirit, rected to prepotless the pub.ick with un- and patriarchal policy of Armenia and favourable ideas of the merits of the au- Arabia, and the religious peculiarities thor and his intended work, and which of Perna and of India, were originally fcruples nor to descend to milsuprelenta- fixed to one spot. And, at the time of tion and fallelood.

their first colonial separation, these For an example of the firs: The Cris characteristic lines were equally dif. tiek affirms, “as a specimen of Mr. Pol. cernible in tbe Armenians, the Arabs, whele's scaloning, we must add, that he the Perlians, and the Indians. As this fays, tise Saxon Chronicle bears, that anfis was kindied the flame of adventhe inhabitants of the South of Britain curous colonization. At this crifis the GENT. MAG, Supplemeni, 1793.

@rientals Z

Dec. 19.

Orientals emigrated to Damnonium. the vehicle of his flandet.can extend. And, whilf the Armenians and Arabs Exceps native malevolence, no caafe were nationally distinguished by one part but party Sleer seems adequate to the of the primitive Eaftern chara&er, and existence of such criticisms. Dilagreethe Peilians and Indians by another, ing with Mr. P. in various in dances,

the scading features of the whole." tem, I feel, I am conscious, not a difThis fyftem Mr. P. has endeavoured ference of opinion, but the most urwor• to fupport; and his active mind has iby molives, must have generated so feadduced every thing, both antient and rocious and fcurrilous ao attack. Other modern, which can be imagined to passages equally reprehenfible with those make in its favour; a work well worth i have quoted, are designedly unnoticed reading, for the sund of knowledge by me, because I am not willing to oce which it contains. His error, in com- cupy too much room in your Magazine. mou with almost every supporter of a You likewise, Sir, as an Antiquary, syftem, is the want of rejection, the may diffent from Mr. Polwhele's hypousing for cvidence thote fight analogies, theses; yet you neither would loop to which, instead of adding weight, de. be the publisher of malicious invective, du& from the authority of those which nor will you refuse to insert a letter are more frong

chiefy prompted by the indignation But, why had not the Critic accused which calumay excites, and a desire of Sir William Jones likewise of igno. rendering impartial justice.

J.M. rance ; whose words are, “ The Saxon Chronicle, I presume, from good au. Mr. URBAN, thority, brings the first inhabitants of


RMIT me to inform you that you Britain from America ?" Truly, it suit labour under a mistake with re. ed his purpose to overlook the opinion gard to the engravings for Mr. Polof Sir William Jones as well as the whele's History of this country: not matter above adduced : yet, he affirms above half the number you mention 'that he has perused Mr. Polwhele's will, I belicve, be in readiness to be 'work with attention; though, were that delivered with the present volume of "the case, he must have been guilty of the chorographical part ; and I am preideliberate falsehood.

ty certain that Mr. Polwhele doch noc An ingenuous mind can scarcely bear intend to wait till the whole number ca. to accure even an anonymous writer of gaged for shall be executed : indeed, such a crime. Yet, the fact cannot be were he to do so, there would be lirik denied; for, he asserts that " Mr. P. probability of even this volume's apinforms us he was prepofleft that the pearing for several years. The engra. Damnonians were an Oriental people vings, however, that are completed, ars before be bad read a syllable on sbe mer in a superior style, and far exceed those ter i. Yet, what Mr. P. says is, that which have already met the public eye “ it appeared to him more than probable, in the Somerset History, done by the before he had read the Saxon Chronicle, Same hand: had Mr. Polwhele met Bryant, Vallancey, Pinkerton, or Sir with the encouragement, which his acWilliam Jones," p. 214. To the au- knowledged literary merit and such an thorities used by these gentlemen in foro undertaking demanded, he would have ming their fyttems, every scholar, Mr. been enabled to have bimse given P. among the rest, might have had ac. many an engraving in natural history, cess. One of the authors, who particu. in antiquities, or of the romantic and larly occasioned this prepossession, he picturesque scenery of the county i bur mentions, viz. “Nor Tould it be dir. for which, from the scantinels of his fembled, that Dr. Barlafe's parallel be subscription, he now feels bimself veder swier the Perfans and ibe Aborigines of the neceflity of repeating his application ibis isand had long excited in my to the liberality of the county, if they mind the stronger luspicion of their have a wish to see the works

sembellished affiaity.". Ibid.

as those of the neighbouciog counties, Prom Arictures like these, accompa. Somerset and Cornwall. pied with the lowest vulgarity of ex. tus hath pointed out a gage 6 of fuuprelfion, and a manner throughout de: jrets for ile cagraver, which it is to monftrating the mox virulent personel be hoped, will not be entirely over immity; the public is expected by che looked by the gentlemen of fortune, cewritet to form a judgement as far as üdent sa soe neighbourhoods or whole


walles. Has pro psc

the hor

property they may happen to be. I am and hot; with exception, as to a few Sorry to see your critique on his hiftori: gusy nights towards the end, and anocal views, which, in some points, feems ther' flight thunder-form (the fourth to have been too fevere; and though I that has happened to my knowledge in am convinced his plan, as to thefe his. 1793) on the evening of che geh torical views, will not answer; and With regard to the autumnal spa. though I agree with you, that as to tv pe nouifement, the greatef how was in the and paper it is one of the most inele- fields ; for, although fome of gant works ever published ; yet, the in. ticultural Aowers blew fuperbly, others genuity by which the Armenian hypo. were prevented from attaining perfection chefis hath been conducted, and the by the equinoxial chills before-menother valuable and multifarious matter tioned; the luxuriant aftermaths wers therein contained, ought, in my opi- richly interfected with all the colours nion, 'to have guarded it, if not from of the varied bow till the termination cenfure altogether, yer from its acri• of the season, and every dandelionmony. I mean not, however, to ap• flower fed a bee even in December, ply this to you, Mr. Urban; but to In a barley-stubble on the side of a another Reviewer, whose treatment hath chalky hill, I on the sth of October been less candid and libera!! Thus indie found, in full bloom, a plant of the reatly to cast a damp on the animation Iberis amara, or birter" candy-cuft. of a mind, even yei ardent for the per- Mushrooms were not generally plentiful, fection of its great work, notwithstand. and of other fungi I never faiv fewer; ing ic hath had so many difficulties to of course, fairy-rings were not numc. encounter, argues but little generosity, roys. The second blow of monthly and may not unfairly, perhaps) be roses was delightfully profuse; and the fupposed to originate in private'pique. cinnamon roses protracted lowering to Σχιζα Φιλιαν φθoνος! ! J. S.

the middle of O&tober, a phænomenon

doubtless owing to their back wardness THE CHRONICLES OF THE SEASONS, in the spring; the hedges were a second AUTUMN, 1993.

time hung with wreaths of woudbine the was, perhaps, the finest that has cally defoliated by the 10th of O&tober : occurred in the memory of man; a moft so scarce had been their fruit, that one bappy circumstance for our fleets and bushel, colle&ted from the premises of camps ! At the beginning, it is true, several cortagers, fetched a guinea in a the wind blew yery keenly from the confiderable market. Apples were in Ead, and frigerating showers ushered in a tolerable quantity, but shrivelled up fome frosts and fogs. On the 26th of and decayed rapidly. By the middle of September the barometer was at 30-4-10, Oktober, the horse-chesnuts, limes, á height it had not been at before ashes, hawthorns, white-withjes, and from the time that the comet was vje dwarf-hazels, were much changed. The sible in the beginning of the year. On dwarf-hazel, or Humamelis Virginica, the 27th the same instrument was at or Humamelis Corylus, belongs to the 30-1-10, and that day was most extra class Tenirandria, and is thickly cn. ordinarily foggy. On the 28th the vered through winter with brown bloswind continued cafterly, but the fun foms of a very curious form, Never thone resplendently, yet notwithstanding did I behold 'lo full a bloom on the the brilliancy of the day, I judged, by common ivy as this year exhibits. the appearance of some fea-gulls, that

Robins and common wrens were unthe elements were in some manner or commonly numerous; every ivy-bower, other troubled; and I was right; for, every faggot.pile, and every rool-house, although noching, remarkable fell out resounding with the richnels of their in my vicinity, a Ymart earthquake hap- harmoay, harmony more pleasant to pened at sulifury, Hindon, Forant, my ear ihan the fullest merody of the and Shaftesbury'; the weather afterwards capricious Mara. In one of my autum. was foggy, calm, dark, and taine; op. nal walks l observed, amung 4 Aock of presling

animal nature greatly. On the sparrows (fringilla domestica), one cu. 1d of October we had two forms; the riously, pied with white. In hober, one a moderate thunder-storm (being many wate rails arrived on the sah the third of this year), and the other a of that month Ilan law wvallows; and furious hail-form yet fill the grearer towards the end I noted the male chat part of the month was wonderfully dry, faches to be flocking together, About


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