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VIII. Account of making ice at See. 261. The Military -4ntiguities of ibe Romans Tore, near Benares: by Mr. Williams; in Britain. By ebe late William Ros, F.R.S. in square plats 4 or 5 feet wide, in about F.S. A Major.ger:eral of bis Majesty's Forces, 4 acres. Art. XI. are additional obser Deputy Quarter- mafter-general, and Colonel of Vations,

the 80rb Regiment of Fool. Published by the IX. Account of two instances of un

Order, and at rbe Expence, of obe Society of common formation in the viscera of che Antiquaries of London, luman boriy: by Mr. John Abernethy,

THIS interesting work, which had aflıttant surseon to S. Bartholomew's long been a subject of general expectahospital. The first is an uncommon tion among all who were acquainted tradipofition of the heart, and distribution

with the calents of General Roy, was, of the blood-velles, with a range and by its author, whom death alone prefingular formation of the liver in a fe-vented from giving to the publick, with male infant. The second, the uncom- his own corrections, bequeathed to thác mon formation of the aliinentary, canal learned body, of which he had been many in a boy.

years a member, and who have Itrained X. Account of the equatorial instru- every nerve to do justice to his memory ment, by Sir George Shuckburgh, Bart. in a style of modern magnificence, but on a deduced from antiquity; with a print.

paper that, beautiful as it undoubtedly is The volume concludes with a meteo at iis first appearance, requires the couchrological journal kept at the Society's ftone of rime to prove whether it will apartments, for the year 1792.

exilt for half a century; and with types

which, with all their vaunted perfection, 260. Imitations of original Drawings by H.

are more resembling such as were in ufc Holbein, in bis Majcty's Collection, for the in the very infancy of the art, than thosc Portraits of illuftrious Persons of tbe lieure of which the experience of ages I are taught Pory VIII. Publified by John Chambere a Caslon, a JACKSON, a Wilson, or lain, &c. N° III.

a Fry, to meliorate, by adapting the vaCONTAINS portraits of

rious improvements of succellive ages. Edward VI.

A commitiee, confilling of the Earl of Thomas Lord Wentworih, who was Leicester, president, sir H.C. Englefield, fummoned to parliament 1530, and died Bart. vice-president. John Tophain, Efq. 1551.

treasurer, Thomas Atle, Efqi Frederick Lady Ralcliffe, probably Acne Bcnolt, Barnard, Esq. and the Rev. Thomaswife of Sir John Raicliffe, only son of William Wriglite, secretary, was ap. Robert fira Earl of Sufiex, by his third pointed, April 11, 1791, to superintend marriage.

ilic engraving and printing; and they Jobri Refkimer, a gentleman of large reporteil that the whole was finifhed property in Cornwall, of which he was Feb. 23, 1793. The copy was carefully Theriff in 1557. scated at Marthyr. Hol collared with another in the King's libein's picture of him, after this sketch, brary, and a new drawing procured of is at Hampton-court.

the Roman bridge at Dunlocber, by Thomas Paine, a principal officer un Mr. Farringdon. The plates, in numder Elizabeth when in confinement, and Joer firv-une, were executed by Mr. advanced to be comptroller of her houle. Janes Bilre, and his eldest son and hold, and master of the court of wards naelake, in a liyle and manner that and liveries. He built the house at will do them the highest honour, and of Humpsted Marthall (now Ld. Craven's), which they had given fpecimens in other pulled down (qu. burnt down, and be- . diawings by the General, in the Philologun to be rcbuilt 1697 by William phical Transactions. The wk is die Lord Craven?)

vided into five books, with an appendix Lady Hobby. Elizabeth, third of the of five detached pieces. ' In the prefatory four celebrated daughters of Sir Anthony introduction the General trains the Cooke, of Giddy-hall, Essex, re-married circumftances which gave rile to his unto Francis Lord Russel. She died about dertaking, and the objets proposed in 3596, and was buried at Byfham, by her it, -to allint miliary men in the know. two husbands, on whom the erected mo. ledge of the good polts chosen by the numents and epitaphs; that on the first Romans, and to thew, that in no part of concluding with this address to him : the world can fo great a variety of the Te Deus aut fimilem Tboma mibi redde works of that peop'c be t und' as in this maritum,

island, a great nuinber ci which remain Aut reddanı Tboma me mea fata viro. perfect, in ftations, forts, calicila, or hield (Ahmole's Berks, If. 468.) redoubts, and less intrenchments, for


the security of camps, ftill discoverablc stacions; and probably, at the same time, after fo many centuries. By comparing pulled on toward the nearest gorges of Tacitus's account of Agricola's cam the Grampian hills, and overran the vale paigns with the face of the country, West of Stirling, as far as Loch LoGen. Melville was enabled to fix the mond and Dumbarton. In his fifth can field of battle between the Romans and paign some thiok he entered the Southern Caledonians at the Grampian hills, not parts of Argylethire. It is the Geveral's in Suathern, but towards the Eastern opinion, that he passed the Clyde, and, extremity of those bills ; which disco marching through Renfrew and Air very excited Gen. Roy's curiofty, 1955, dires.into Galloway, reduced the mounto ascertain the route by which the Ro- tainous country to the West, In ail man armies penetrated from the North these parts remains of Roman wo:ks are of England as far as Strathmore in Scot to be found. The sixth campaigo comland. Among the maps is one contaia menced with an expedition along the ing the apcient names of places and peo. coast of Fife ; in which it seems probaple, from that of Richard of Cirencester. ble that part of the feet co-operated with

Book I. contains an history of Roman the land-forccs; and tha:, while part ad transactions in Britain, from Julius Cæ- vanced as far as Lochleven, or Falkland, far to the recal of Agricola, and arrival the rest took post at Stirling, or rather of the Saxons, A. D. 449.

at Ardoch. Here the whole army affemBook II. treats of the original inftitu. bled after leaving Fife, and was sepation of the Roman inilitia, and their fyf. rated into three bodies; the weakeft of tem of Caftrametation.

these, the oth legion, was attacked by Book Ill. exhibits a general defcrip. thc Caledonians ; but, by the timely in tion of North Britain, and the temporary terference of Agricola, i he enemy were Roman camps 'existing there, with a defeated, and obliged to hide themselves commentary on the canipaigns of Agri- during the rest of the winter. cola. The author fupposes these rem The seventh campaign finilhes the mi. porary camps, which are all engraved, litary operations of Agricola in Britain. ance which he distinguishes into greater The author decides, that the scene of the and smaller, and thcle again into three battle of Mons Grampius is to the Earlsets, 1. berween the border of England ward of the Tay, beyond the frontiers of and the wall of Antoninus, 2. between the Horestii. It is probable, that, at the that wall and the Tay, and 3. those in commencement of this campaign, the Strathmorc, between thc Tay and the Romans re-assembled at Ardoch. A. Eallern extremity of the Grampian hills, gricola proceeded hence, or from were actually occupied by the General, Seragoth, which is 5 miles farther, to in his several campaigns. Our readers Bertha, where he palled the Tay, and will not be displeafed at a suinmary of where is the camp called Grally Walls, the commentary of these campaigns, His next campaign was at Meigle, at the from p. 77 to p. 88.

distance of 14 English miles. Hence, at When Agricola 'arrired in Britain, the the same distance, he advanced to Batile : main body of the Roman army was quar. dykes, which camp, from the hmilarity tered in the counties of Warwick, Staf. of its figure, is prored to have con:ained ford, and Cheftcr, bordering on North the same army that encamped at Ardoch Wales, and forming the country of the and Grally Walls. The defeat of GalOrdarices and Cornavii, the reduction of gacus is thus finally and satisfactorily which and of the isle of Anglesea termi- fixed somewhere near Stoccharen. This Date his firk campaign. In the second, victory terminated the seventh campaign the Romans reduced all the Northern and military career of Agricola io Bri:. counties of England, as far as the ifth- tair. He led back his army, by now and inus, between Newcastle and Carlisle; easy marches, to winter-quarters, occu. and some think they penetrated as far as psing, not improbably, the camps of Kia the friths of Forth and Civde.

cthick, Kirkboddo, and Lintruse, which In the third year of his command appear to have contained a smaller num. Agricola entered Scotland through An- ber of men than those of Ardoch and nandale and Clydesdale. He is laid to Bateledykes; a proof chat the Romana have this summer explored as far as the army, on its return, was divided into mouth of the Tay; but it appears certain two or more detachments. that he wibrered on the isthmus becween In Book IV. the antient Roman geoForth and Clyde. This, in his fourth graphy of Britain is rectified, beginving campaiga, he fortified with a chain of with Richard of Cirenceler's work, og

which we have an elatiorate and judicious the Roman Aation Lindum at Ardoch, commentary in chapters I. and 111. and of three polts Dear it-of the Romaa Chap. 'Il. treats' of the Roman military ftation Hierna at Stragerb of the Burgh ways leading from the North of England head at Murray frith, the Ultima Prorointo Scotland, and some account of the 1on of Richard of Cirencester, and Alara mile-lones they seem to have made use cafira of Ptolemy; plans fhewing the of in Britain. Chap. IV. contains a entrance into the friths of Dornoch and ditfr ration on Grimeldyke (Graham's Murray; the coursc of the Roman wall drke), the Roman wall of Antoninus called Grimes dyke, along the ifthmus Pius; the three walls of the Romans in between Forth and Clyde; view of Ara: Britain, its tract and inscriptions, and a thur's Oon; Dentoeber bridge on Grimes general idea of the inhinus between the dykc*; Roman akars and other antiForth and Clyde, and chain of forts ex. quities discovered at Acbindavy, 1771 to tending it. The appendix, containing at Coftlecary, 1969; fketch of part of the five efsays on the field of battle between country on the river Tenc, 'where Cae? Caračiacus and Ontorius, and the firua- ractacus is supposed to have been defeate tion of the Bravinium of Antoninus, the cd, with plans of Caer Caradoc, Brandon Brannogenium of Ptolemy and Richard; camp and Loxal Knolli; plates 41-45 2. the Hyginian system of caltrame- arc, plans of Roman camps according to tarion compared with that of Polybius, Hyginus, the Polybian and Hyginian and the temporary Roman camps cxift. camps compared with each other, and ing in Scotland; 3. the Roman baih at with those of Agricola in Scotland, &c.' Netherby, and infcription on the altar &c. Plate 46, plan of the Ro:nan bath found in it; 4. observations, hy Mr. An ac Netherby $. P. 47. 48, p'ans and derfon, protellor of natural philofophy at fections of the l'bire and brown Caier. Glasgow, on the Roman antiquities thun, or Caftrum Thuani. Pi. 49, plan found berween the For:h and Clyde ; s. of Tibbers cafila. Pl. 50, 51, Rac dykes je on the two British posts in Strachmore, called the White and the Brown Cacher 262. The Calvinistic and Socinian Sy tems exito Thun.

mined and compared as to their moral Ten lenry; The plates, in number 51, confift in a Series of Letters, addrefjed so the Friende of three maps of North B itain, accord of vilal and practical Religion, especially choja ing to Richard of Cirencester; two plans amongst Protejant Diljenters. By Andrew of the Polybian fyftem of caftrameration;

Fuller. Market Harborougli, 1793• Agricola's camps near Cbannel kirk, on THIS is the best defence of Calvinism Torwood moor, Toffies belme, Clegbarn, we'love read a great while. It is vindinear the Roman Nation at Lindum (As. cared from the fathionable charge of bidoch); Dealiin Rofs, compared with gotry, and every eril principlc in which that on Pickering moor, Yorkshire, and the demon of Orthodoxy is fuppoled to Victoria, founded by Agricola after the delight. Even Calvin is shewn to be defeat of Galgacus ; Grally walls, near not a whit greater persecutor chan, Ser. Beriba, the Roman Orrra; Bausledykes,

verus himicif would have been with en: three smaller at Kicthick, Lintrose, and qual opportunity; for, the mild and per Kirkboddo; Birren/work hill, Kreigin. lecuted Servetus was a persecutor. The i borpe.common, Reycrofs on Stanmor, work consists of 15 letters: 1. Introduce i larb Stutbilt, Fortingal, and the relative tory and general remarks. 2. The fytficuation of the Roman works at Arducb, tems compared as to their tendency to Stragoth, and Dealg in Ross; general map convert prof:gates to a life of bolineís. of the Eastern part of Stralbmore, fup3. As to their tendency to convert proposed to have been the scene, of the last fessed unbelievers.

4. The argument military operations of Agricola į plan of from the number of converts to Socini. the environs of Eildon hill, the Roman anism examined. s. On the standard of 'Trimontium; camp Towford and llation morality. 6. The systems compared as at Cbrrugreix, &c.; Roman port of Lid co cheir tendency to promote morality in del moal; Birrens, near Middleby, the general. 7. Love to God. 8. Candour Blatum Bulgium general map of the

* Of which see the new edition of che lover pare if Annandale; Casle Over

Britannia, vol. II. p. 362, pl. 27, 28. on Er Hale mere, supposed Uxıllumi

See Archäologia, 111, 118. Castle dykes, near Carstairs, and environs

Britannia, 111. 195, pl. 12. of Lanark (Colonia); itation at Line Ibid. 407. Pennant's Scotland, p.759. kirk; Situation of Camelon, relative to Ibid. 409. pl. 27. Battledykes and the Antoninus' wall; plan and sections of camp on the muir of Lour, ib. 410, pl. 29.


and benevolence to men. 9. Humility. hoch go about to account for it in the 10. Charity, in which is considered the same way * Now, whether their me. charge of bigotry. 11. Love to Christ. thod of accounting for it be just or not, 12. Veneration for the Scriptures. 13. they admit the fact ; and hence we Happiness or chearfulness of mind.

14. may conclude, that the generality of A comp.rison of motives, exhibited by "rational Christians' are not so righteous the two syfiems, to gratitude, obedience, as to need no repentance; and that the and heavenly-mindedness., 15. On the reason why their preaching docs nor tora resemblance of Socinianism io Deism, finners to righroousness, is not owing to and the tendency of one and the other. heir want of an equal number of fingers

The Socinian doétrines and their pro to be turned'' (p. 34). pagators are convicted of fallacy, and in Mr. F. Thews, p. 42–51, that Trinicompetency to the great ends of religion tarians and Moravians have had more and morality. The number of converts success than Socinians in converting the by no means so great as we have been Indians and Greenlanders to Chriftiaartfully, and with a degree of assurance, nicy. The ill success of Dr. Priefiley taught to believe. Even Dt. Priniey's at conversion is here exposed. “If any zeal to increase them is doubted; and, as confiderable fruit arise from the addrefiis Mr. F. bas been told, he “ has expreiled above referred to, it is yet to come; and a wish to go into the streets, and preach not from those addrefies only, but, I am to the common people," he challenges inclined to think, from any thing that " him, and those of his sentimenis, to has ever been attempted by Socinians for make the trial. Though the people of the conversion of unbelievers” (p. 52). Birmingham hare treated him so un. Mr. F. inquires, p. 54, what sort of civilly, I hope they would meet with perlons become converis io Socinianiin, better treatment in other parts of the whether humbie minas or mere ipeculacountry; and if, by the power of norel. riflsio religion, men of liitle or no lety, they can turn but a few finners from riousness, and who pay no maoner of the error of their ways, and lave their attention to vital and practical religion. louis from death, it will be an object Dr. P. savs, “ Many of thoie who judge worthy of their attention. But, should fo truly concerning particular tenets in Dr. Priestley, or any other of his fenti- religion have attained so that cool, ur. ments, go forth on such an errand, and biased temper of mind, in conscquence fill retain their principles, they must of becoming more indifferent to religion reverse the declaration of our Lord, and in general, and to all the modes and fay, We come not 10 call finners, but the doctrines of it;" ard this indifference to rizbleous, to repentance. All their hope all religion is considered by Dr. Priestmust be in the uncontaminated youth, or ley as favourable to a diftingu thing the better fort of people, whole habits in between truth and falsehood t." Much the paths of Vice are not so strong but to the same purpose is what Mr. Belfhain that they may be overcome. Should alleg=s, tha: "men, who are most indifthev, in the course of their labours, elpy ferent to the fractice of religion, and a malefaclor approaching the hour of his whole minds, therefore, are leali attachexecution, what must he co? Alas! cd to any let of principles, will ever be like the priest and the Levite, they must the first to see the absurdity of a popular pass by on ibe olber hide. He could not fuperftition, and to embrace a rational To much as admonith him to repentance lyitem of faith I.” It is hence easy to with any degree of hope, because they see, one thould think, what sort of contider all lare repentance, and espe- cuaracters those are that compose the . cially after long and confirmed habits body of Socinian converts. Surely So

of vice, as absolutely and necessarily cinians must be wretchedly driven, or • ineffcctual.' Happy for many a poor they would not have recourse to such a wretch of that description-happy, elpe- refuge as that of acknowleging that they cially, for the poor thief on the cross, hold a gospel the best preparative for that Jesus Christ acted on a different what is a being deftitute of all religion " principle" (pp. 35, 36).

(pp. 56, 57). Dr. Prielley, however, “ Mr. Bellaam says, that rational acknowleges the principles of Calvinilm Chriflians are often represented as in

to be generally favourable to that leading 7 different to practical religion;' and ad * Mr. Belfham's fermon, p. 32; and Dr.

mits, there has been some plausible Priestley's volume of fermons, p. 95.
• ground for the accusation. Dr. Priest. + Yolume of fermons, p. 95.
ley admits the same thing; and they. Serm. p. 92.


virtue, devotion (p. 83). It is his opin the other have the most candoor and beo nion, and that of some others, that men nevolence; “ so as, upon the whole, to grow better, that the world advances approach nearest to the proper tempor of considerably in moral in provement; yta, Chuiftianity. He bopes, also, they Mr. Beltham expreffes a hope, that, “in have more of a real principle of religioa process of time, the earth may revert to than they seem 'o have” (Sermons, pp. its paradiseacal fare, and death itself be

100, 101) As to candour and begevoannihilated." This, however, will hardly lence, there will be confidered in apobe thought to prove any thing, except ther lecser. Ar present it is fuifcient 10 that enthusiasm is not confined to Ca:- observe, chat Dr. Priestley, like Mr. vinifts; and, as to men growing better, Bellam, on a change of character in his whatever may be the moral improvement convenis, 'was oblig:d to have recourse of the world in general, Dr. Priestley to bope, and to judge of chings contraig fomewhere acknowledges that this is for to what they appear in the lives of men, from being the case with the Church of in orier to support the religious charac. England, elpecially since the times of ter of his pariy. Tlar a large propor. Bishop Burnet. With respect to the tion of ferious people are to be found Dilenlers, were there ever men of bolier ainong the Calvinilts, Dr. P. will not lives than the generality of the Puritans deny. But Mrs. Barbavld goe. farther; and Norconformists of ihe two laft cenrose the acknowicages, in effect, that she is. ries? Can anvining equal to their piery riousness that is to be found among Soand devoredness to G d be found among cinians themselves is accompanied by a the generality of the Socinians of their kind of lecret attachment to our prineitime, or of any time? In sufferings, in ples; an attachment which their preach faftings, in prayers, in a firma adherence ers and writers, it seems, have hitherto to their principles, in a clole walk with laboured in vain to eradicart. “ These God, in their families, and in a series of doctrines,” he says, “it is true, among unremitted labours for the good of man- thinking people, are lufirg ground; but kind, they turnt their lives. But fajt. there is still apparent, in that chats called ings and proyers, perhaps, may not be jerious Chriftians, a tendern:ls is expofadmitied as excellences in their charac. ing them, a sort of leaning towards ters. It is poflible they may be treated them, as, in walking over a precipice, with ridicuin. Nothing lets than this is on: fuld lean to the faftit ide; an attempted by Dr. Priettley in his filth idea that they are, if no! true, at leaf Jetter to Mr. Burn. “I could wish,” good to be believed, and that a falutary says he, "10 quiet your fears on your erruit is betier than a dangerous rruch."

For, the many Necpiess By the "clats called serious Christian * nights which your apprehension mut Mre. B. cannot mian pretetled Cala necefTarily have caused you, accompa. vinils, for they have ro no:ion of leannied, of course, with much trocft ing towards any lyfiem as a sytten of prayer and fafting, mult, in time, aifect salu:ary error, but confider that to

Candour out of chequrf- which they are attached as being the tion, is this piety? It is laid to be no truth. She must theiclore intend to dtuncommon thing for perfons who have {cribe the scrious part of the people of been uled to pray extempore, when they her own proteshon, We are much become Socinians leave off ihat prae- obliged to Mrs. B. for this .mportant 'tice, and betake themselves to a writin piece

of information. We might not to form of their own compofition. This, readily have known, but for this, that if I remember right, is what Dr. Watts the hearts and consciences of the serious used to call “writing a letter to Al part of Socinians revole at their own mighty God, and then rezcing ic to principles ; and that, though they have him.” This is forinal enough, and will rtjected what we efteem the great docbe thought by many to atiord but llun trines of the Gospel in theory, yet they der evidence of their devotional spirit; have an inward leaning toward them, as but yet one would not have dared io ri- the only safe ground on which to rest dicule it in rthers, however destitute of their hopes. According to this account it they might be themselves. Dr. P. it thou'd leem that serious Cbriftiaus are allows that Calvinitts have “ leis appa: known by their prediltetion for Cale rent confoi mity to the world, and inat vinillic doctrines; and that those ekiko they seem io have mure of a real princi- ing people, among whom thofe docrines ple than Socinians.'' But then he thinks are loting ground," are not of chat cials GENT. MAG. November, 1793.


own account.


your health.

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