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State (so as to interfere with the interstate radio com-
munication of that State); (c) apparatus for radio com-
munication which has been issued to the Organized
Militia by the War Department or to the Naval Militia
by the Navy Department and is used for official purposes
only.

79. The owner or operator of any apparatus who may
be in doubt whether his apparatus, under this paragraph,
is exempt from license may write the facts to the radio

inspector for his district before applying for a license. Ship stations.

80. The apparatus for transmission of radiograms, or signals on any vessel of the United States not permanently moored, requires a license.

81. Apparatus for radio communication on land within
the jurisdiction of the United States (excluding the Phil-
ippine Islands and excluding apparatus of the Govern-
ment of the United States) must be licensed if-(a) the
apparatus is a means of commercial intercourse among
the several States or with foreign nations; or (b) the
apparatus transmits radiograms or signals the effect of
which at any time extends beyond the State; or (c) the
apparatus interferes with the receipt of messages in any

State from beyond such State.
Applications 82. Station licenses for the use and operation of appa-

ratus for radio communication under the act may be
issued only to citizens of the United States or Porto Rico
or to a company incorporated under the laws of some
State or Territory or of the United States or Porto Rico.

83. Licenses can be issued to clubs if they are incor-
porated or if a member will accept the responsibility for
the operation of the apparatus, carrying with it the possi-
bility of being penalized for infraction of the laws.

84. Applications for station licenses of all classes should be addressed to the United States Radio Inspector for the district in which the station is located, who will forward the necessary blank forms and information. The limits of the districts and addresses of radio inspectors are given on page 68, paragraph 166.

85. Upon receipt of the forms, properly completed, the radio inspector will make a thorough inspection of the station if practicable.

86. When applications and forms have been properly submitted, the stations may be operated in accordance with the laws and regulations governing the class of station for which application for license has been made, until such time as the application can be acted upon unless the applicant is otherwise instructed and provided temporary official call letters are assigned.

87. General and restricted amateur-station licenses are issued directly by radio inspectors. Station licenses of all other classes are issued from the office of the Commissioner of Navigation, Department of Commerce. Applications and forms are forwarded by radio inspectors with recommendations by them.

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cants.

88. Stations desiring to operate different portions of the day under different classifications shall submit application for each service, giving exact hours for each. If approved, each classification will be specified in the license.

89. The owner of an amateur station may operate Amateur applihis station in accordance with the laws if his application for a license has been properly filed but has not been acted upon. An application for an operator's license must also have been filed and every effort made to obtain the license before the station may be operated.

90. "Provisional” station licenses are issued to amateurs remote from the headquarters of the radio inspector of the district in which the station is located. These licenses are issued as a matter of convenience and record. If, upon inspection, the station is found to comply with the law, the inspector will strike out the word “Provisional” and insert the date of inspection and his signature at the bottom of the license.

91. If such a station is found not to comply with the law the provisional license may be canceled until such time as the apparatus is readjusted to meet the requirements of the law: Provided, however, That consideration will be given to any reports of interference filed against such a station.

92. All persons are warned that it is unlawful to operate Renewals stations after licenses have expired unless application for station licenses. renewal has been properly made.

93. Owners desiring to renew licenses must complete new forms as prescribed for original applications. Amateur-station licenses issued on current forms may be renewed by the following indorsement on the back, provided no changes in the equipment or location have been made; otherwise a new license will be issued: “This license renewed for one year.

Radio Inspector.” The Commissioner of Navigation will be notified of the name and call signal in every case of renewal in this manner.

94. Any person applying for a duplicate license to replace an original which has been lost, mutilated, or de station licenses. stroyed will be required to submit an affidavit to the Bureau of Navigation through the radio inspector of the district, attesting the facts regarding the manner in which the original was lost. The Commissioner of Navigation will consider the facts in the case and advise the radio inspector in regard to the issue of a duplicate license, or a duplicate will be forwarded through the inspector's office.

95. A duplicate license will be issued under the same serial number as the original and will be marked “Duplicate" in red across the face.

of

Duplicates of

Part III.-REGULATIONS GOVERNING RADIO OPERA

TORS.

GRADES AND REQUIREMENTS.

Grades.

General requirements.

96. (1) Commercial extra first grade; (2) commercial first grade; (3) commercial second grade; (4) commercial cargo grade; (5) commercial temporary permit; (6) experiment and instruction grade; *(7) amateur first grade; (8) amateur second grade.

97. The Service Regulations of the International Convention require that "the service of the station on shipboard shall be carried on by a telegraph operator holding a certificate issued by the Government to which the vessel is subject."

98. Such certificate shall attest the professional efficiency of the operator as regards—(a) Adjustment of the apparatus and knowledge of its functioning; (b) transmission and acoustic reception at the rate of not less than 20 words a minute (Continental Morse) for commercial first-grade operators and not less than 12 words per minute for second-grade operators; (c) knowledge of the regulations governing the exchange of wireless telegraph correspondence; (d) the certificate shall furthermore state that the Government has bound the operator to secrecy with regard to the correspondence.

99. The International Convention has been ratified by the principal maritime nations, dominions, and provinces. Radio operators holding valid certificates issued by foreign Governments which are parties to the convention will be recognized by this department as persons "skilled in the use of such apparatus within the meaning of the act, unless in the case of a specific individual there may be special reason to doubt the operator's skill and reliability. Such certificates should be ready at hand for the inspection of radio inspectors or customs officers before the steamer departs from the United States.

100. In the case of a vessel subject to the act under the flag of any nation not a party to the International Convention, the radio operator, before the departure of the vessel from the United States, must furnish to the inspector evidence that he is “skilled in the use of the apparatus." This evidence shall consist of an examination on board by the radio inspector.

101. Commercial extra first grade.-The Department of Commercial Commerce will issue a special license, to be known as com102. These licenses will be given consideration by the Civil Service Commission in examinations for positions requiring knowledge of radio telegraphy, when experience is rated as a part of such examinations.

mercial extra first grade, to radio operators whose trustworthiness and efficient service entitle them to confidence and recognition.

Requirements for each grade.

extra,

103. Applicants for the commercial extra first-grade license must pass a special examination. To be eligible for this examination they must hold commercial firstgrade licenses, and their certificates of skill in radio communication, issued under the act of June 24, 1910, or licenses under the act of August 13, 1912, must record 18 months' satisfactory commercial service at sea or at land stations, either or both, during the two years previous to the filing of the application for examination, as shown by indorsement on the license service records, or other satisfactory evidence, and provided that the applicants have not been penalized for a violation of the radio laws and regulations.

104. A speed of at least 30 words per minute, Continental Morse, and 25 words per minute, American Morse (five letters to the word), must be attained. The technical questions and the questions on the radio laws and regulations will be considerably wider in scope than those for commercial first grade, and a higher percentage will be required.

105. All examination papers, including the code test sheets, will be marked and forwarded to the Commissioner of Navigation, with a recommendation by the radio inspector or examining officer. Examination papers will be marked upon the basis of 100, and licenses will be recommended only if 80 or better is attained.

106. Licenses of this grade will be issued by the Commissioner of Navigation, indorsed by the Secretary of Commerce, and delivered to the successful applicant through the examining officer.

107. Commercial first grade. The applicant must pass a satisfactory examination in-(a) The adjustment, operation, and care of the apparatus, including correction of faults and change from one wave length to another; (6) transmitting and receiving by ear at a speed of not less than 20 words a minute in Continental Morse (five letters to the word); (c) use and care of storage battery or other auxiliary power apparatus; (d) knowledge of the international regulations in force applying to radio communication; (e) knowledge of the requirements of the acts of Congress to regulate radio communication (secs. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 of the act of Aug. 13, 1912).

108. The commercial extra first grade and the commercial first grade licenses qualify holders for employment at any ship or land station of any class.

109. Commercial second grade.- The applicant must secommor cial pass a satisfactory examination in all the subjects prescribed above for the first grade, with the exception that the minimum speed in transmitting and receiving shall not be less than 12 words a minute in Continental Morse,

Commercial first.

Cargo.

11

and the examination in the subjects will not be as comprehensive as that given first-grade operators.

110. Commercial cargo grade.-Section 2 of the act of July 23, 1912, provides: “On cargo steamers, in lieu of the second operator provided for in this act, there may be substituted a member of the crew or other person who shall be duly certified and entered in the ship's log as competent to receive and understand distress calls or other usual calls indicating danger, and to aid in maintaining a constant wireless watch so far as required for the safety of life."

111. The examination will be conducted so as to determine the following facts:. (a) That the applicant is sufficiently familiar with the Continental Morse Code to recognize the distress signal (SOS), when included in a list of otherwords orsignals sent slowly (approximatelyfive words a minute); (6) That the applicant is sufficiently familiar with the Continental Morse Code to recognize radio call letters of the vessel on which he desires to operate when sent slowly and repeated several times; (c) that the applicant is sufficiently familiar with the type of the receiving apparatus of the vessel on which he desires to operate to determine by a buzzer or similar test that the detector or receiving apparatus is properly adjusted to receive signals.

112. Examining officers and radio inspectors are authorized to issue a certificate, in the form of an amateur firstgrade license, after examination, to indicate the facts above enumerated in the case of a member of the crew or other person, and experience under this form will be credited by examining officers if the holder later applies will be marked "Cargo” in the upper right-hand corner

under the serial number. Temporary 113. Commercial temporary permit.—Section 3 of the Permit.

act of August 13, 1912, provides: "In case of emergency the Secretary of Commerce may authorize a collector of customs to issue a temporary permit, in lieu of a license, to the operator on a vessel subject to the radio ship act of June 24, 1910.

114. The temporary permit, in the form of a letter to the operator, is to be issued only in cases of emergency and will be valid for one voyage from

to beginning unless the proper license or properly licensed operator can be obtained en route.

115. The permits should be issued only to persons who the collector of customs has reason to believe are skilled in the use of the apparatus, but have not had the opportunity to present themselves for examination before Government officers authorized to conduct

examinations and furnish licenses.

116. The collector of customs will forward to the Department of Commerce (Bureau of Navigation) a report covering each temporary permit issued and the reasons for its issue.

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