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From Tait's Magazine.
THE PAINTERS AND GLAZIERS OF PARIS.
The ears of a stranger in a French town, tune, and, in bis enthusiasm, he cries' out whether it be Paris or any small town or city with Correggio—not “ I also am a painter,” of the departments, will be assailed from but “I also am a travelling glazier”—and he time to time by a sbrill, piercing and unintel- sets forth
bis travels under the conduct ligible cry. The syllables “ V'la l'vitri-i-i," of an experienced compatriot and friend. pronounced in a kind of screaming falsetto, His ignorance of the language and cusstrike upon
typanum, but carry no signi- toms of the north is at first a great obstacle fication with them, until, upon inquiry, he to the success of the young exile. He finds learns that this singular utterance announces a difficulty in exchanging the broad and the arrival of the travelling glazier, and his sonorous dialect of the south for the mute anxiety for employment. This peripatetic vowels and elided syllables of the French tradesman has nothing very prepossessing in tongue ; nevertheless, in time he contrives for his appearance. He wears the universal himself a jargon tolerably intelligible-begins blouse of the Gallic workman, and the long as soon as he can to work on his own account, loose trowsers, splashed with mud, peculiar and goes screaming along the highway, with to the class. Upon his head is a close-fitting his nose in the air, and his eyes directed tocap with a small leather eye-shade, and wards the windows, “ V'là l'vitri-i-i!" strapped to his back he carries a rudely-con- It requires no great capital to set him up structed wooden frame stocked with squares in trade. The whole expense of his outfit, of glass of various size and quality. Add to including diamond, glass, glass frame, ham. this a stout staff in his hand, and you
mer, and putty knives, does not much exceed good idea of his outer man. So soon as his thirty francs. The emoluments of his prosquealing voice is heurd in the neighborhood, fession are computed to average about two the inhabitants begin to examine their cracked shillings a day; at favorable seasons, when and broken windows, and to meditate repair, the housekeepers are bent upon stopping out especially if cold weather is coming on. He the weather in order to make all snug for the will obviate in a few minutes the damage winter, he gains much more than double that done by wind or hail or the awkwardness of sum; but then in the height of summer he
three ruinous ard destructive has but little to do, and must live upon his plagues. His opportune intervention may savings. But he is sober, careful and frugal : perhaps save you from cold, catarrh, rheu- bis association with the dwellers in cities has matism or sometimes worse.
not eradicated from his memory the simple It is easy to see by his black hair and dark and pious precepts of his parents, and thus he brown complexion that the travelling glazier preserves his integrity, bis abstinent and temis not a northern by birth : he is, in fact, a perate habits, and the sentiments of religion. Piedmontese, or a Limousin, or a native of He generally resides with one of his fellowsome one of the southern districts of France. countrymen, and hires a part of a chamber
He has listened to the narrative of some situated outside the barriers, or in the neightraveller to whom his old mother has offered borhood of the Place Maubert. The wife of the shelter of the paternal cabin, who has one of them manages the domestic affairs, and told how, having adopted the trade of a stews the rice, the meat and potatoes, which travelling glazier, he has wandered through each one buys in his turn; three or four the world, contemplated its wonders, and, at pounds of leg of beef will suffice for the the same time, amassed a capital, which it meals of a whole week; and if a grocer has is his intention to augment by a new trip. a cask or bag of damaged rice to dispose of, Then the ambition of the young peasant has he finds customers for it among the travelbeen aroused; he dreams of broken windows ling glaziers. and the glories of the empire ; he sees him- At the end of some few years' wanderself already on the road to Paris and to for- ing the travelling glazier is sure to be over
taken by the home sickness, under the influ-lapidated apartment is astonished at the ence of which he directs his steps towards legion of workmen who defile before him and his native soil. Arrived at home he hunts up take possession of his house. Jean gives the his old sweetheart, marries, and, after the first coat in dead color, and stops because repose of a few months, starts upon a new the second coat in oil is no part of his busicampaign in order to earn a patrimony for ness. Peter paints the sash of a window bis future posterity. He carries on these and leaves the east wind blowing into the expeditions from time to time until his limbs, room until it shall please Matthew to come palsied by age, refuse their office.
and repair the glass which he has broken. The travelling glazier is the humblest of all Jacques gives the cornice a coat and then the members of the great family of painters gives himself a holiday, wbile Henri consents and glaziers. When a painter and glazier in his turn to do a like office for the doors.
will sometimes engage a number of the travel the bill is presented for payment, the acling glaziers in his service. On the other count is altogether beyond your comprehenhand, there are many working painters who, sion. The long columns of items couched in in the winter, when there is no painting to technical language defy your skill and penebe done, shoulder their glass frames and sally tration ; and the sum total, which is far more forth as travelling glaziers. Notwithstanding than you expected, has to be added to the this mutual exchange of position, and in ravages which the painter's workmen have spite of relationship between them, the been able to effect in your cellar and kitchen, working painters and glaziers form two dis- with the connivance of the chambermaids, tinct classes, the former of which is divided to whom they are in the habit of paying assidinto an infinite number of different callings. uous and by no means disinterested attentions.
We know that the inhabitants of the East They are notoriously fond of pleasure, and as Indice have been from time immemorial, and idleness is one of their chief delights, their still are, divided into numerous castes-- bra- grand study is to labor as little as possible ; mahs, rajahs, saaners, chetties, &c., &c.,- every now and then they are off for the pureach one having his function rigorously de- pose of diversion or refreshment at a coffee termined. An unfortunate European is there shop or a billiard table, and they will smoke fore condemned to entertain an army of do with a pertinacity and nonchalance perfectly mestics. The Bengalee who blacks the boots oriental. will never consent to handle a broom, and It is in the absence of the master of the the valet who brushes your coat would sub- house, and when they have no one to overlook mit to be thrown headlong into the Ganges, their proceedings but his wife or housekeeper, rather than lend a hand to the bearer who that the working painters indulge their laziness carries your palanquin. It is just the same
It is just the same to the most scandalous extent; they sprawl in the large painting and glazing establish- about upon their steps and ladders in theatriments; a multitude of workmen, under the cal attitudes, giving now and then a dab or two direction of supervisors, are charged each with the brush-and not content with obtainwith a single special function.
ing refreshments by wheedling the nursemaid, There is the painter of rough work, who they will lay snares for the mistress herself. daubs the walls, the staircases, the wainscott- "What an insupportable smell of paint !" ing, and panelling; there is the ornamental says the good lady, as she enters the room ; painter, who does the signs of the King's " is there no means of getting rid of it?” Head, the Gray Goose, or Napoleon the Great, “Certainly, madam, nothing is more easy," as well as imitation statues and foliage; there replies the foreman.
“ How do you geneis the letterer, who does inscriptions and desig- rally purify the air of your chamber when it nations of all sorts; and there is the decora- | is vitiated ?" tive painter, who counterfeits, by skilful com- “Well, I generally burn a little sugar binations of color, the substance of marble, upon the shovel.” or porphyry, or jasper, or the grain and veins · Perfectly right, madam, but that would of oak, walnut, Spanish mahogany, or acacia, not be sufficient in this case. To banish this or, indeed, any wood that grows. Besides smell of paint, and at the same time to make tbese there are a multitude of other exclu- the colors dry with brilliancy, we make sive laborers, whose special duties none but use of a very simple and economical procea person initiated into the mysteries of the dure : we take a pint of Cogniac brandy of trade could possibly recount. A proprietor the very best quality, we mix with it sugar who gives orders for the restoration of a di- | and the juice of a few lemons, with a proper
VOL. XXXIII.-NO. IV.
quantity of boiling water, and we put them from twelve to two o'clock. The first asto simmer on the top of a stove in the mid- sembly, which goes by the name of the Cordle of the room, the doors and windows of ner, is a daily gathering of the workmen out which must be kept carefully shut: the al- of employment ; the second, which is called coholic vapors disengaged by this process the Chapel, is devoted to the discussion of possess the qualities both of a mordant and the interests of the fraternity. These reand a dessiccative, and in a very short time unions have occasionally been proscribed by the smell of the paint is no longer percepti- the police on the ground that they served ble, and the most agreeable odors prevail in for the dissemination of revolutionary docstead."
trines; but, from the known character of the If the good lady of the house is struck journeymen painters, we are led to doubt with the force of this reasoning, she imme- very much the truth of such allegations ; diately provides the necessary materials, and this class of workmen being much more given in a few minutes the workmen, having, ac- to the charms of the bottle than to questions cording to the recipe, hermetically closed the of social philosophy, and much more liable to doors, are grouped comfortably round a cap- transgress the laws of temperance than those ital bowl of punch, and warming their sto for the maintenance of public order. machs at the expense of the too credulous Nevertheless, the journeymen painters and hostess.
glaziers have a private and special motive for There is another mode of employing the taking part in all public outbreaks, because, mordant virtue of alcoholic vapors. A on such occasions, they have an opportunity painter's workman will pretend that the mir- of giving a fillip to business by breaking rors of an apartment have lost their lustre, windows without the danger of being called and that it is indispensable that they be pro- upon to pay for them. It is said that, on perly polished ; in order to this, he demands such occasions, they are found, together a bumper of brandy, which he drinks, a sip with their friends, the ambulatory glaziers, at a time, tarnishing the mirror at intervals in great numbers in the middle of the with his breath, and then wiping it with a crowd: their only weapons are pebbles, and cloth.
in discharging them against the municipal Before entering into the jovial, indolent, forces, they invariably contrive to break the and gambling community of working paint neighbors' glass. ers, the candidate must undergo an appren- When the journeyman painter is fortunate ticeship of from three to five years. The and provident enough to save a little money, young man who bas submitted to this cere- he takes to himself a wife, and opens shop mony, gains at first two francs and a half or as a painter and glazier. He crams his “litthree francs a day; if be have a respectable tle box,” as his shop is derisively called by exterior, and if his chin be sufficiently gar- the great men of the profession, with all the nished, he boldly puts in his claim to be con- outward and visible signs of a large business. sidered and paid as an accomplished work- Pictures, prints, statues, and decorative ornaman, and backed by the suffrages of his com- ments attract the eyes of the public, whom panions, he soon gains the four francs a day, he boldly invites to avail themselves of bis the established wages of able journeymen well-known skill in all the departments of painters. From beginning to the end of his the profession. career he is dressed in a blue blouse, dirty, Have you any broken windows to repair, stained, speckled, veined, and spotted all any rooms to paper, any furniture to clean, over like the skin of a leopard. A Greek, any frames to gild, any floors to polish, any helmet-shaped cap has replaced the old one pictures to frame or to re-varnish-the of painted paper which he wore during ap- painter and glazier is ready; he will perform prenticeship; but he patronizes a pair of di- any of these offices for you at a moderate lapidated and patched pantaloons, in which price. Nay, ask him to paint your portrait
, he struts about like the ragged hero of aand he will incontinently arm himself with bombastic farce, and his feet are protected the palette and colors of the artist, and make -to use his own expression—by "stove pipes an attempt upon your face ; he prefers, bowwhich snuff up the dust of the gutters.” ever, painting a tradesman's sign to painting
If you have a desire to become better ac- his face. He is at home with the Black quainted with the journeymen painters of Bull, the Golden Lion, the White Horse, or Paris, you must betake yourself to the Place the Tomb of Saint Helena, and nothing du Chatelet on any week day from five to pleases him er than have a carte seven o'clock in the evening-or on Sunday I blanche given him for the decoration and
embellishment of a suburban café or tavern., that the splendid appearance of the cafés of To say the simple truth, he is often a man Paris is mainly due. Many of them have of real talent, not to say genius, who was been metamorphosed into actual palaces, or born with a natural taste for the arts: he into saloons of Louis the Fifteenth's time, gave, perhaps, early indications of his voca | under their hands. They have covered the tion by his sketches with charcoal upon the walls with gilded arabesques; they have walls of his paternal dwelling, but having no crowded the wainscotting with exquisite resources to draw upon for subsistence dur- figures, and filled the pannelling with groups ing the necessary studies of years, he has of flowers. It is no longer the great pro. fallen from the category of artists to that of prietors or the nobles alone who build gorgeartizans. Who can tell what intellects are ous dwellings; art is submissive to the wants thus lost and buried for ever, from the want of of the citizen, and exhausts its most brilliant the necessary education to draw them forth ? resources to embellish the place where the
It is to the existence of a large amount of modest shopkeeper plays at dominoes with artistic talent among this class of professors, I his neighbor for a cup of coffee.
IMPROVEMENT IN PHOTOGRAPHY.--At a magnificence at an expense not under 35001. conversation at the Polytechnic Institution, a lor 40001. per annum. The average may be curious illustration was given of the capabili- estimated at 14001. a year, which makes a 10ties of photography in experienced hands. tal of 126,0001. circulated through the meTwo photographs were exhibited-one the dium of hounds and horses. That is, howlargest, and the other the smallest ever pro-, ever, a trifle compared with the expenditure duced by the process. The first was a por- of those gentlemen who compose the fields, trait the full size of life; and the last was a of which it is difficult to form an estimate. copy of the front sheet of the Times, on a sur: The“ Yorkshire Gazette" published an artiface scarcely exceeding two inches by three. cle last year calculating that "there were one Both pictures were exceedingly perfect, the thousand hunting men in that county, keepportrait being more pleasing and far more ing on an average four horses each, at a cost correct than those usually produced ; while of 501. for each horse per annum. It apthe copy, notwithstanding its exceeding min-pears a high estimate, but Yorkshire is a uteness, could be read without the assistance great horse breeding country, and is particu. of a magnifying-glass. The photographs larly celebrated for its sportsmen. Taking were exhibited by Mr. Mayall, the well-known one country with another, and averaging the artist of Argyll Place, Regent Street, and number of horses kept in each for the exexcited considerable interest during the even clusive purposes of hunting, at one hundred ing.–Times.
and seventy-which from observation, and
the best data I can obtain, I believe to be Number AND EXPENSE OF Fox-HUNTING near the mark—we have fifteen thousand ESTABLISHMENTS.—We imagined that the in three hundred horses employed in this sertroduction of rail-roads and recent changes vice. According to the proportion in Yorkin the habits of society had greatly diminish shire, this appears to be a very low compued the field-sports so characteristic of the tation ; but it must be remembered that many olden time. In this supposition, however, of the two days a week packs are not in popuwe find ourselves altogether mistaken. Ac. | lous countries, and many of the attendants cording to a work upon this subject, lately upon them do not keep more than a single published, entitled “ Records of the Chase," horse. Calculating the keep of each horse it appears that at the present time, the number at 401, a year-still below the Yorkshire esof fox-hunting establishments kept up in timate-the aggregate amount will be 68001., England and Wales amounts to ninety-six; which, added to 14001. for the expenses of there may be a few more, but they are un the hounds, causes an expenditure of 82001. important ones. “To show the increase, per annum, as the average allowance for the in 1830, sixty-eight packs of bounds were ninety packs, which is circulated in the agricompounded for; in 1850, eighty-four, ac- I cultural districts. To this may be added a cording to the returns of assessed taxes. | host of contingent expenses, which it would Some of these are maintained with princely be utterly impossible to compute.'
" It was a lovely morning in June- for the morning's ne'er forgotten task of de
“ The air, exulting in its freshness and per- votion was over, and every attention of the fume, as if just loosed from heaven's portals, veteran seemed to be riveted on an urchin played joyously around the bills of the Low- some eight or nine years old, who, having lands, entrancing all who felt its influence, made himself master of his father's walkingfrom the noble invalid in his pillowed chariot stick, was going through the manual and to the sunburnt goatherd reclining on the platoon exercises under the old man's instrucheather, into a deeper love of nature than tions; a duty that at times was sadly intertheir physical compositions were apparently rupted, to the utter extinction of all disciadapted to imbibe.
pline, by some huge drone that intruded " It was indeed a glorious, heavenly morn- upon the parade-ground ;' whereupon the ing. The fleecy clouds seemed loth to glide juvenile musketeer, exclairning, 'Oh! Dadacross the blue infinity above, and joyously dy; there's Boney!' would forth with make a did the sun illumine the little enclosure grand charge at the encroaching foe, beating (yclept' the garden') that lay before a white the air with his wooden weapon until some washed cot at the foot of one of the Low- chance and lucky blow sent the miserable land mountains.
interloper, humming, and buzzing, and kick“ It was the only habitation in sight, and ing, on his back upon
the ground. so clean and white it looked as if it had been " It was during one of these charging exbailt only to make its appearance on such a ploits that the incipient hero, bappening to day as this.
look through the garden-gate, had his gaze “ The two upper lattices of the cottage, attracted by an object that made him exthrown open to their utmost extent, let in the claim, with more alarm than pluck, 'Oh! pa! passing zephyr to fan the fever-stricken tem- here's Boney come, sure 'nough!" and, alas ! ples of two beautiful sisters, who were pass. for poor puerile self-conceit, the old stick was ing from the world ere their san had reached suddenly dropped, and master Bobby might, its meridian, and who, drinking in the balmy the moment after, have been espied standing air, prayed that heaven might be as sweet, very still and very white, behind the cottageand iurned to pain and misery again! door, with his thumb in his mouth.
“ But to her who watched by her dying “Scarcely less astonished was the father children's pillows, the sunniest day had no of the boy, when he saw the splendid livery charms nor brightness !
of the Castle approach his humble dwelling, “Oh! how gladly would she have ex. (he had been there but a week,) and menchanged the gifts of fortune that had raised tioning his name, deliver a letter sealed with her above her sphere, to see those children such a profusion of wax as he had only witlike what she herself once was !
nessed once before ; namely, on his being the “ But it is time to introduce the principal bearer of a despatch on the occasion of the character of our tale.
meeting of the Allied Armies in France. “On an old arm-chair, outside the cottage- “ The contents of the missive were, an indoor, an old man sat—not that years had vitation to the veteran to take a seat that made him old as much as toil and hardship, evening at dinner at the table of the Castle, -but his hair was grey, although he had where its munificent owner-himself a Waterscarcely numbered fifty summers, and as he loo man—
- was giving a feast in humble imitadoffed 'the forage-cap of the gallant —th tion of the great captain of the age, on the Regiment-saving that they were white-anniversary of the day that sealed the deshis locks flowed thick as ever. On his knees tiny of Europe, and witnessed the downthrow rested a volume that even the reckless and of the greatest curse incarnate ever let loose dissolute atmosphere of a barrack-room had on the world and man. never separated him from. It was closed, "A verbal reply, humbly and thankfully