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in chief of the province, and has, during his have money, to partake of their entertainresidence here, practised the most unwarrant- ments: this alteration, of course, is lucrael!, fervile, mercenary stratagems to enrich tive and much to their advantage, so that himself, abolished trials by juries, perverted The sporting heroes better dine, the streams of justice, and is an absolute ty. And now drink more and better wine. Tant amongst the people. Whilst a jumble of war phrases,
I have gone sometimes out of curiosity to see
their plays, and tho' their performance was Puzzle all their serious caufes,
by* no means entertaining, I could not help Their laws are unjust, fludluating,
laughing at their prefumption. Their ridiInconfiftent plans for cheating.
culous attempts at the School for Scandal, and The people grievously complain of this Orphan induced me to publish their epigram. military bashaw, many of whom, good fub- Had Sheridan known when he gave birth jects, are now in England petitioning his ma- To moral scenes, and scenes for mirth, jefty to have him called home to answer for That such wou'd attempt to handle, his unprecedented proceedings towards them; Or murder his School for Scandal, there are several indictments against him, his I'm fure the bright ingenious lad crimes are glaring and the damages fo consie Wou'd write no more, but run ftark mad. derable that if ever he goes to England, not. Had Otway seen the fair Monimia, withstanding all he has acquired by the spoils Transform’d to a mere duenna, of this country a goal most certainly must Of fifty three,-a clumsy jade, terminate his career.
• With all her fex's softness made'; The lieutenant governor, (Mr. Hamilton) Chamont, a crazy frantic brother, and lieutenant clerk, tho' divested of power Serina foft,—an awkward mother, to dispense justice or alleviate the grievances He'd never more attempt to write, of the people, are amiable characters.
But hang himself, at once, thro' spite. As for the subordinate officers, they are in general, a set of insignificant military Popery is the established religion of these wild-geese.
extensive territories, and French the current Whims of vanity, idle tools,
language; the natives seem formed by nature Pedantic fops, or filly fools.
to undergo hardships, are of an indolent
Nothful difpofition, and ridiculously superA number of these crimson butterflies fome fitious; their greatest trouble is to provide time ago proposed to perform plays by sub- for their clergy, and to furnish them with fcription for the benefit of the poor of Que their exorbitant dues, and these they never bec; their plan, as gentlemen officers, that fail to procure, tho' they deprive themselves none but gentlemen should be admitted to of the necessaries of life thereby.-Thefe desubscribe : while bankrupt pedlars, quacks, luded wretches think the tolling of bells, highland lairds, pedagogues, and their flip- (which eternally alarm one's ears, all hours pant wives, such tiny gentry, anxious to dif- of the day, in town and country here,) toiinguish themselves from the vulgar herd, gether with the influence of their artful overwere admitted, honest fubftantial tradesmen bearing pastors, can waft the souls of their and many other worthy citizens were rejected: dead thro' purgatory to heaven; buoyed up -say they
with this beliet, careless of life, and content
and chearful in their homely habitations, they Since tradesmen are a vulgar tribe,
linger out their days. None but gentleinen Tall subscribe,
Here a number of young women are cruTradesinen !-hang them, we hate'em,
elly cheated, hindered from Marriage, and Greedy dogs, we all must cheat them:
Mut up prisoners in convents all their
lives.If for our plays they are inclined, There's
What pity that fine girls should weather out 's places fit for them behind.
their days in such inglorious dens of folitude ! Notwithstanding this presumptive ma- to be fo deluded to think their prayers cannot næuvre, which gave offence to many, these reach heaven if not offered in goals. I am bulkined ranters were tolerable successful for grieved when ever I see any of them peeping fome time : 'till at length their chief mana- thro' their iron grates, or traversing the bounds gers, and some of their best performers were of their prifons.- I suppose it's a fentence in ordered home: ever since, the few remain- St. Paul that induces them to chuse this reing have conducted their theatre with impu- cluse life, where he recommends marriage, nity, and converted the profits to their own but says, that a' fingle life is better':-if it private use, instead of relieving the poor, as is so, they are sadly deceived, for the sense of they at first proposed; but the failure of many that case is plain, from many other parts, and of their superficial fubfcribers of late, has is to this purport, that single christians, dur. been a fevere stroke to their pride and extra- ing persecution, can travel thro' life better, vagance, and has humbled them to fuch a than those who have mates. degree. that they have invited all ranks, who
Colle&tion of Voyages and Travels.
Omoe. He was then building a house, and
was very earnest to purchase a hatchet į but The Posage of Captain Cook round the World. the gentlemen had not one left. He would (Continued from Dec, Mag. P. 692.)
not trade for nails, and they embarked, the
chief, however, following them in his canoe of . pilored them orer the shoals. In on board, but when they had failed about a the evening (hey opened the bay on the north- league, desired to be put on shore. Their welt side of the island, which answered to request was complied with, when the capthat on the south-eat in such a manner as to tain met with fome of Omoe's people, who interfe&t it at the ithmus. Several canoes , brought with them a very large hog. The címe off here, and some beautiful women chiet agreed to exchange the hog for an axe giving tokens that they should be glad to see and a nail, and to bring the beat to the them on thcre, they readily accepted the in- fort. As the hog was a very fine one, Mr. vitation. Of their adventures during the Banks accepted the offer. They saw at this teft of theis journey we have the following place one of the Indian Eatuas, a sort of account.
image, made of wicker-work, which relem. “ They met with a very friendly recep- bled a man in figure; it was near seven feet tion from the chief whose name was Wive. in height, and was covered with black and Tou, who gave directions to some of his peo- white feathers ; on the head were four prople to affiQ
them in dressing their provisions tuberances, called by the natives Tate-ete, which were now very plentiful, and they sup- that is little men. Having taken their leave ped at Wiverou's house in company with of Omoe, the gentlemen set out on their Mathiaso. Part of the house was allotted return. They went on thore again, after for them to sleep in, and soon after supper "they had rowed a few miles, but saw nothey retired to rest. Mathiabo having bore, thing, except a sepulchral building, which rowed a cloak of Mr. Banks, under the no.., was ornamented in an extraordinary manner. tion of using it as a coverlet when he lay The pavement, on which was erected a pydown, made off with it without being per: ramid, was very neat ; at a small distance ceived either by that gentleman or his com- there was a fone image, very uncouthly panions. However, news of the robbery be- carved, but which the natives seemed to hold ing presently brought them by one of the na. in high estimation. They passed through the tives, they set out in pursuit of Mathiabo, harbour, which was the only one fit for shipbát had proceeded only a very little way, ping on the south of Opoureonou, fituate before they were met by a person bringing about five miles to the westward of the iftbback the cloak, which this chief had given up mus, between two fmall islands, not far rather through fear, than from any principle from the shore, and within a mile of each of honesty. On their return, they found ihe other. They were now near the district callhouse entirely deserted ; and, about four in od Paparra, which was that where Oama and the morning, the centinel gave the alarm that Oberea governed, and where the travellers the boat was missing. Captain Cook and intended to spend the night. But when Mr. Mr. Banks were greatly altonished at this Banks and his company landed, about an account, and ran to the water-side; but hour before it was dark, it appeared they though it was a clear, Atar-light morning, no were both set out to pay them a visit at the boat was to be seen. Their situation was fort. However, they sept at Oberea's house, now extremely disagreeable. The party con- which was neat, though not large, and of Gifted of no more than four, having with them which there was no inhabitant but her fa. only one nusquet and two pocket pistols, ther, who thewed them much civility. without a spare ball or a charge of powder. “ They took this opportunity of walking After having remained some time in a state out upon a point upon which they had obe of anxiety arising from these circumstances, ferved at a difance come trees called Etoa, of which they feared the Indians might take which usually grow upon the burial places advantage, the boat which bad been driven of these islanders. They call those burying away by the tide, returned ; and Mr. Banks grounds Morai. And here Mr. Baoks saw and his companions had no sooner break a vast building, which he found to be the fafted than they departed. This place is fio' Morai of Oama and Oberea, which was the tuated on the north fide of Tiarrabou, the most considerable piece of architecture in the fouth-eait peninsula of the iland, about five illand. It consisted of an enormous pile of miles east from the ifthmus, with a harbour stone-work, raised in the form of a pyramid, equal to any in those parts. It was fertile with a flight of steps on one side." It was and populous, and the inhabitants every near 299 feet longs about one third as wide, where behaved with great civility.
and between 40 and so feet high. The The last diftria in Tiarrabou, in which foundation consisted of rock Alones ; the fteps they landed was governed by a chief named were of coral, and the upper part was of Gent, Mag. Jan, 1785.
round them elves
sound pebbles, all of the fame shape and course of their journey, in which, as they fize. The rock and coral-ftones were fquar. were told, benighted travellers fometimes ed with the utmoft neatness and regularity, took Melter. Pursuing the course of the riand the whole building appeared as compact ver about fix miles farther, they found it and firm as if it had been erected by the best banked on both fides by rocks almost 100 workmen in Europe. What rendered this feet in height, and nearly perpendicular; a Jaft circumstance the more extraordinary was way, however, might be traced up these the consideration that when this pile was rais- precipices, along which their Indian guides ed, the Indians must have been totally defti- would have conducted them, but they detute of iron tools either to shape theis ftones, clined the offer, as there did not appear to be or for any other necessary purpose, nor had any thing at the summit which could repay they mortar to cement them when made fit them for the toil and danger of ascending it. , for use ; fo that a Aructure of fuch height Mr. Banks sought in vain for minerals aand magnitude must have been a work of in- mong the rocks, which were naked almost finite labour and fatigue. In the centre of on all lides, but no mineral substances were the fummit was the representation of a bird found. The stones every where exhibited carved in wood; close to this was the figure figns of having been burnt, which was the of a fith in stone. The pyramid conftituted cale of all the stones that were found while part of one side of a court or Square, the sides they staid at Otaheite, and both there and in of which were nearly equal ; and the whole the neighbouring illands the traces of fire was walled in, and paved with fat stones, were evident in the clay upon the hills. notwithstanding which pavement; several A great quantity of the seeds of waterplantains and trees which the natives call melons, oranges, limes and other plants, Eroa, grew within the inclosure. At a small brought from Rio de Janeiro, were planted distance to the westward of this edifice was on each lide of the fort, by Mr. Banks, who another paved' square that contained feveral also plentifully fupplied the Indians witla finall stages, called Ewattas by the natives ; them, and planted many of them in the which appeared to be altars, whereon they woods. Some melons, the seeds of which placed the offerings to their Gods. Mr. had been sown on the first arrival of the EngBanks afterwards obferved whole hogs placed lifh at the ifland, grew up and flourished beupon these Aages or altars.
fore they left it. “ They arrived at Otahorou on Friday By this time, they began to think of makthe 30th, where they found their old ac. ing preparations to depart; but Osma, Obe. quaintance Tootahan, who received them rea, and their son and daughter visited them with great civility, and provided them a good before they were ready to fail. As to the fupper and convenient lodging; and though young woman (whose name was Toimata) they had been fo hamefully plundered the she was curious to see the fort, but Oama Jast time they Alept with this chief, they spent would not permit her to enter. The fon of the night in the greatest security, none of Wahearua, chief of the south-east peninsula, their cloaths nor any other article being mil. was also here at the same time ; and, they fing the next morning. They returned to were favoured with the company of the Inthe fort at Port Royal Harbour, on the first dian who had been so dextrous as to steal the of July, having discovered the iftand, in- quadrant, as above related. The carpencluding both peninfulas, to be about 100 ters being ordered to take down the gates miles in circumference."
and palifadocs of the fort, to be converted After their return from this-tour, they into fire-wood for the Endeavour, one of the were very much in want of bread-fruit, none natives Atole the staple and hook of the gate ; of which they had been able to provide them. be was pursued in vain, but the property was felves with, as they had seen but little in the afterwards recovered, and returned to the course of their journey ; but their Indian owners by Tubora Tumaida. friends coming round thein, foon supplied Before their departure, two circumstances, their want of provifions.
happened wbich gave Captain Cook some Mr. Banks made an excurfion on the 3d, uneafiness. The ärft was, that two foreign in order to trace the river up the valley to its failors having been abroad, one of them was, fource, and to remark how far the country robbed of his knife, which as he was endeawas inhabited along the banks of it. He vouring to recover, he was dangeroufly hurt took fome Indian guides with him, and af. with a stone by the natives, and his compater having seen houses for about fix miles, nion alfo received a light wound in the head. they came to one which was said to be the The offenders escaped, and the captain was lait that could be met with. The master not anxious to have them taken, as he did presented them with cocos-nuts and other not want to have any disputes with the India fruits, and they proceeded on their walk, ans. Of the other matier we have the fola after a fort stay. They often pafted through lowing account.-vauļts formed by rocky fragmenis in the Two young mariners one night withdrevo:
themselves from the fort, and in the moro. if they had not been brought back as above ing were not to be met with, Notice having related. been given the next day that the thip would The power of Oberea was not so great fail that or the ensuing day; as they did not when Captain Cook came to these parts as it return, Captain Cook began to be apprehen, was when the Dolphin firft discovered the five that they deligned to remain on thorez illand. The English gentlemen had observe hut as he was apprised in such a case no ef. ed all the way from ber house to the Morai, fe&toal means could be taken to recover them a great number of human bones, When without running a risque of destroying the they asked what had occafioned this circumharmony sublifting between the Englith and Aance, they were told, “That about four of the natives, he resolved to wait a day, in five months before the arrival of the Endeahopes of their returning of their own accord. vour, the inhabitants of Tiarrabou, the southBut as they were still missing on the Joth in caft peninsula, had made a descent, and Naia the morning, an enquiry was made after many of the people, whose bones were thote shem, when the Indians declared they did which were ftrewn along the sea-coaft ; thas not propose to return, having taken refuge thereupon Oberea and Oama fled to the mounamong the mountains, where it was impofii- tains, and that the victors destroyed all the ble for them to be discovered, and added, houses, and pillaged the country.” It seems that each of them had taken a wife. In conthe turkey and goose which Mr. Banks had kqueace of this, it was intimated to several seen in Mathiabo's ditria, were not left of the chiefs that were in the fort with their there by Captain Wallis's people, but were women, that they would not be suffered to taken among the plunder from Oberea's goquit it till the deserters were produced. They vernment. As to the jaw.bones, it seems did not fhew any figns of fear or discontent they were preserved as trophies, being lookupon the occasion, but assured the captain ed upon in much the same light whereia that the persons in question fhould be sent scalps are confidered by the North American back. However, in the mean time, he fent Indians. Ms. Hicks with the pinnace to bring Too- Tupia, who had been prime minister of tahab on board the thip, and he executed his the queen when in the zenith of her power, commiffion without giving any alarm. When had often expressed a desire of going with the night came on, Oberea, Tubora Tumaida, Englifh. This Indian was also intimately and some others, were removed on board the acquainted with the religion of the islanders, thip, which greatly alarmed them all, and being himself the principal prielt in the counespecially the females, these latter testifying try. Besides this, he had a knowledge of their apprehensons with great agitation of navigation, and was acquainted with the fie mind, and floods of tears, when they were tuation and inhabitants of the neighbouring conducted on board. Captain Cook escorted islands. On Wednesday the 12th, he came them ; but Mr. Banks remained on shore on board with a boy about twelve years of with some Indians whom he thought it of age, who was his fervant, whose name was less consequence to detain. One of the ma. Taiyota, and requested that the gentlemen rines was brought back in the evening by on board would let him go with them. This some of the natiyes, who reported that the being agreed to, Tupia went on thore for other, and the two people that were sent to the last time to bid farewell to his friends, to fetch them back, would be detained while whom he gave several baubles, by way of rem. Tootahah was confined. On this, Mr. Hicks membrance, at parting. was immediately dispatched in the long-boat, Captain Cook and Mr. Banks wanting to with several men, to rescue the English pri- obtain a drawing of the Morai, which was foners; at the same time, Caprain Cook told in the possession of Tootahah, went to visit Tootabah that it was incumbent on him to him at Eparre, accompanied by Dr. Solan, afit them with fome of his people, and to der, where they were met by Oberea and fem give orders in his name that the men should veral others. T'upia came back with them, be fet at liberty; for that he would be ex- and flept on board the ship for the firft time, pected to answer for the event. Toocahah the Indian chiefs having promised once more immediately complying, this party released to visit the gentlemen before the vessel fet the men without opposition. They returned fail. on the auth about leven in the morning, but Accordingly, these friendly people came they did not bring their arms back with on board on the 30th, and a valt number of them; these however being sent soon after, canoes filled with Indians of the lower fort, the chiefs on board were allowed to return, surrounded the ship. About twelve, the capand those that had been detained on Shore rain weighed anchor, and notwithstanding all svere also set at liberty. On examining the the little misunderstandings that had happendeserters it appeared that the Indians had told ed between the English and the natives, who she truth, they having chosen two girls, and were treated sometimes too feverely, yet the would have remained with them as Otaheito latter, who poleled a great fund of good
nature and much sensibility, took their leave “ The pecple of this isand stain their boweeping in an affecting manner. As to Tu• dies by indenting or pricking the fleth with pia, he felt the scene, but with more fortie a small instrument made of boné, cut into tude than his countrynien ; though it might fort teeth; which indentures they fill with feem that he had the most cause for weeping, a dark blue or blacki mixture, prepared he suppressed the starting tear, and going to from the Smoke of an oily nut (burnt by them the matt-head with Mr. Banks, took a lait instead of candles) and water; this operatifarewell of his country.- -For the enter• on, which is called by the natives Taraowtainment of the curious reader, we hall' here ing, is exceedingly painful, and leaves an give a fummary account of what has been indelible mark on the skin. ļt is usually remarked by the voyagers who visited this performed when they are about ten or twelve island, which is to the following purport :- years of age, and on different parts of the
“ The people are in general of a larger hody ; but those which suffer molt severely make than the Europeans. The males are are the breech and lows, which are marked mostly tall, robuft, and finely taped; the with arches, carried one above another a conwomen of the bigher class, in general are ra- fiderable way up the back. At the operather above the size of those in England; but tion of tataowing performed upon the posteit is remarkable that those of the lower rank riors of a girl about twelve years of age, Mr. are below our ftandard, and some of them Banks was present; it was executed with an are very short. Their natural complexion is a instrument that had twenty teeth, and at each fine clear olive, or what we call a brunette; Atroke, which was repeated every moment, their skin is delicately smooth and agreeably serum mixed with blood issued. She bore it foft. Their faces in general are handsome, with great resolution for several minutes ; and their eyes are full of sensibility. Their but at length the pain became so intolerable, teeth are remarkably white and regular, and that she murmured and complained, and then their breath is intirely free from any disa- burst into the most violent lamentations; but grecable fit.ell; their hair is for the most part her operator was inexorable, whilft some feblack. The men, unlike the aborigines of males present chid, and even beat her. Mr. America, have long beards, which they Banks was a fpe&tator for near an hour, durwear in various forms; and circumcision is ing which time it was performed only on one generally practised among them from a mo. fide, the other having undergone the ceremony tive of cleanliness, which is carried so far, fome time before ; and the arches upon the that they have a term of reproach with which loins, which are the most painful, but which they upbraid those among them who do not they moft value, were yet to be made.adopt this custom. Both sexes always era. They cloath themselves in cloth and matting dicate the hair from the arm-pits, and they of various kinds: the first they wear in fair, often took upon them to charge the English the latter in wet weather. They are in difgentlemen with want of cleanliness, for not ferent forms, no shape being preserved in making use of the same method. Their mo- them, nor are the pieces fewed together. The tions are easy and graceful, and their beha- women of a superior class, wear three or four viour when unprovoked (as the reader has pieces. One which is of confiderable leogth, feen) affable and courteousContrary to the they wrap several times round their waist, custom of most other nations, the women of and it falls down to the middle of the leg. this country cut their hair quite short, where. Two or three other short pieces, with a hole as the men wear it long, sometimes hanging cut in the middle of each, are placed on one loole upon the Moulders, and at other times another, and their heads coming through the Ried in a knot on the crown of the head, in holes, the long ends hang before and behind, which they stick the feathers of birds of va- both sides being open, by which neans they şious colours.
have the free use of their arms. The men's “ A piece of cloth of the manufacture of dress is very similar, differing only in one the country is frequently tied round the heads. instance, which is that part of the garment, of both sexes, in the manner of a turban ; "instead of falling below the knees is brought and the women take pains to plait human between the legs. This dress is worn by all hair into long ftrings, which being folded ranks of people, the only diftinction being into branches, are ried on the forehead by quantity in the fuperior class. At noon both way of ornament. They have also a custom fexes appear almost naked, wearing only the (not peculiar to them, but practised in many piece of cloth that is tied round the waist. of the hot countries) of anointing their hair Their faces are fhaded from the fun with with cocoa-nut oil; the smell of which is small bonnets, made of cocoa.nut leaves or mot very agreeable; and having no sort of matting, which are copftructed in a few micombs among their various inventions, they nutes. The men sometime's wear a sort of were infelted with yermin, which however wig made of human or dog's hair, or of coahey quickly got rid of as soon as they were coa.nut krings, woven on a single thread, furnished by the Europeans with these con- which is fastened under their hair, and hangs venient infra nepis,