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inferior to the works of St. Helena and Juf- the one to represent the branches, and the tian, as theirs were to the Grecian models other the leaves, of an opening grove, and they had followed. Yet still, the foot-Steps both concurred to preserve that gloomy light of ancient art appeared in the circular arches, which inspires religious reverence and dread. the entire columns, the division of the en- Lastly, we see the reason of their fudied tablature into a sort of architrave, frize, and averfion to apparent folidity in theie ftupendcornice, and a solidity equally diffused over ous masses, deemed so absurd by men ac. the whole mass. This, by way of distincti- customed to the apparent as well as real on, should be called the Saxon architecture. strength of Grecian archit dure. Had it

But our Norman works had a very diffe- been only a wanton exercise of the artist's rent original. When the Goths had con- skill, to show he could give real strength quered Spain, and the genial warmth of the without the appearance of any, we might climate, and the religion of the old inhabi• indeed admire his superior science, but we tants had ripened their wits, and inflamed muft needs condemn his ill judgment. But their mistaken piety (both kept in exercise by when one considers, that this turprizing the neighbourhood of the Saracens, through lightness was necesary to complete the exeemulation of their science and aversion to cution of his idea of a fylvan place of wortheir fuperftition) they struck out a new spe- . fhip, one cannot fufficiently asimire the inge. cies of architecture unknown to Greece and nuity of the contrivance. Rome; upon original principles, and ideas This too will account for the contrary much nobler than what had given birth even qualities in what should be called the Saxon to classical magnificence. For this northern architecture. These artists copied, as has people, having been accustomed, during the been said, from the churches in the Hely gloom of paganism, to worship the Deity in Land, which were built on the models of the groves, (a practice common to all nations) Grecian architecture, but corrupted by prewhen their new religion required covered vailing barbarism, -and fill further depravedl edifices, they ingeniously projected to make by a religious idea. The first places of Chrii. them resemble groves, as nearly as the dif- tian worlhip were sepulchres and subterratance of architecture would permit; at once neous caverns, low and heavy from necessity. indulging their old prejudices, and providing. When Christianity became the religion of the for their present conveniencies, by a cool re- flate, and fumptuous temples began to be ceptacie, in a sultry climate. And with what erected, they yet, in regard to the fult pious skill and success they executed the project by ages, prelerved the mafiive style; made itill the albftance of Saracen architects, whole more venerable by the Church of the Holy exotic style of building very luckily fuited Sepulchre, where this style was, on a double their purposes, appears froin hence, that no account, followed and aggravated. attentive cbfurver ever viewed a regular ave- Such as is here described was Gothic nue of well-grown trees, intermixing their chitecture. And it would be no difcredit to branches over head, but it presently put him the warmest admirers of Inigo Jones and in mind of the long vifta through a Gothic Palladio, to acknowledge it lias its merit. cathedral; or ever entered one of the larger They must at leaft confels it had a nobler and more clegant edirices of this kind, but it birth, though an humbler fortune, than the represented to his imagination an avenue of architecture of Greece and Roine.

and this alone is what can be truly called the Gothic ftyle of building,

Serpent Marin, or Sea Serpent. Under this idea of fo extraordinary a species of archiiceture, all the irregular trans- [From d'Obsonville's Pbilofopbical Eijas.] pressions against art, all the monitrous offences against nature, disappear; every thing HE approach of the coasts of India has its realon, every thing is in order, and is alınost always known by thele ieran harmonious whole ariles from the fludious pents, which are met at from twenty to application of mcans, proper and proporti- thirty leagues distance. Their bite may be oned to the end. For could the arches be mortal, if not timely counteracted by forge otherwise than pointed, when the workman of the specifics mentioned. ? hcie nupules was to initate that curve, which branches of appeared to me to be from three to fuer two opposite trees make by their interiection feet long; I do not know if there are with one another ? Or could the columns be any larger. I do not believe they are preotherwise than split into distinct shafts,, when cisely amphibious, that is to say, that they they were to represent the stems of a clump have the power alto of living on land. I of trees growing clofe together? On the have often feen them on the bore, bat dame principles they formed the spreading they liave always been thrown there by rainification of the fone work in the win- the surges, and were either utad or dy. duws, and il. lained glass in the intcftices; ing.




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ColleElion of Voyages and Travels.

break, they were abreast of a point, which

took the name of Cape Gloucester. Names The l'oyage of Captuin Cook round the World. were likewise given to three other plares, (Continued from Page 522)

viz. Hulborne lji, Edgecumbe bay and Cape

Upfiur!, which latter was so called, because N the 30th the captain went on More it riics abruptly froin the low lands that sur

very early, and having gained the round it. ummit of a hill took a survey of the coast, On Tuesday when near the shore, they and adjacent islands, which being done, he saw very large columi:s of Imoke rising from ook Dr. Solander up, an inlet which had the low lands. This day they gave name to jeen discovered the preceding day. i he Cleveland buy, the east point of which was weather proving unfavourable, they returned called (uge Cleveland and the weftillagnetical early to the ship, having seen only two In- ljle, because the compais did not traveise well dians, who followed the beat a considerable wien they were near it. The points, as way along the shore, but the tide running will as the main land within them, lie high, ftrong, they did not think it prudent to wait and form a barren, rugged, and rocky coaft. for them. This day Mr. Banks went with On the afternoon of Thursday they saw lea party on More, and having met with a veral large columns of sinoke, likewise some piece of swampy ground, covered with man- canoes, and several natives, with fome trues, groves, they relolved to pass it, which that they thought were, of cocoa-nut, in they did, up to the knees in mud, and search of which fruit Messrs. Banks and fometimes crawling on their hands, when Solander went a-thore with Lieutenant they had Nipt between branches of trees, Hicks; but they returned in the evening which were interwoven on the surface of with a few plants, which they had gathered the fwamp ; having performed this dif- from the cabbage palin, and which had agreeable task, they arrived at a spot where been misaken for the cocoa-tree. On Friday the natives appeared to have flept on the they gave the name of Point Hillock to a grals, and where there were the remains point of land, between which and Magnetic of a fish supper, which had been roafted ine the shore forms Hallifax Bay, which by four small fires. The second lieutenant affords helter from all winds: at fix this at another place, faw the track of a large evening they were a-breast of a point of animal, near a gulley of water ; he likewise land which was named Cape Sandwich, near heard the voice of the Indians, but did not which lies Rocking bam Bay. Hence they

Two turtles wtre feen at this ranged northward along the shore, toward place, some water fowls, and a few finall the cluster of islands, on one of which about land birds.

40 men, women and children were standing As no water was to be found, the captain together, and looking at the ship with a curicalled the inlet Thirily found, which they olity never observed among these people left on the zist of May, and having failed before. The north point of Rockingham round three Imalt islands anchored in fifteen Bay was called Dunk ljit which is scarccly to fathom water. On the first of June they got be diftinguished from the shore, it lies so very under fails having a number of islands in light near it. On Saturday morning they were as far as the eye conld reach. On the 2d a breast of some small islands, which were naat noon they saw a high proinontory, which med Franklant's Iles, near which lie two was called Capel Hilijucrough, and feemer places ; which were called Cape Grujion and to abound in wood and herbage, distributed Green Island. Here Melirs. Banks and Scon lills, pla ns, and valleys. There are lander went ashore with the capiain, whole numbers of small islands in this neighbour. chief view was to procure water, which hvod, on fome of which they law Imoke a- not being easy to be got, they foon returnrising in different places. On funday the ed on board, and the next day arrived near 3d, they discovered a point, which was na- Trinity Bay, which was to called because med lupe Conway, and between that and it was discovered on Trinity Sunday. Cape Hillsborough a bay which took the As no accident remarkably unfortunate Name of Repute boy. The land about Cape had befallen our adventurers during a neviConway is diversified by hills and dales, gation of more than 1,00 mils, along coats lawns and woods, and forms a delight:ul every where abounding with the most danappearance. By the help of their glalies gerous rocks and înoals, no name exprelive they discovered three persons on one of the of diftress had hitherto been giving to any islands, and a canoe, with an out-rigger, cape or point of land which they had seen. like those of Otaheite ; they this day named But they now gave the name of Cape Tributhie islands Cumberland Taids in honour of lation to a point which they had juit discovethe Duke, and a pallage which they disco- red, as they here became acquainted with vered, was called Whitsunday's Paljage, from misfortune. This cape is in 16° 6' fouth the day on which it was seen. At day. lat. and 214° 39' weh long. Gent. Mag. November, 1785.


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At fix in the evening they fortened fail, jars, casks, ballaft, fix of their guns, 2nd to avoid the danger of some rocks, which other things, were thrown over board, in were seen a-head, and to observe whether order to get at the heavier articles ; any islands lay in the offing, as they were and in this business they were employed til now near the latitude of thole islands said to day-break, during all which time not an have been discovered by Quiros. They kept oath was sworn, so much were the minds it standing off from fix o'clock till near nine, the sailors impressed with a sense of their das. with a fine breeze and bright moon. They ger. At day light they saw land at eight had got from fourteen into twenty fathom wa- leagues distance, but not a single island be ter ; when suddenly they fell into twelve, ten, tween them and the inain, on which part of and eight fathom, in a few minutes. Eve- the crew might have beeen landed, whik ry man was instantly ordered to his station, the boat went on More with the reft ; fa and they were on the point of anchoring, that the destruction of the greater part of when on a sudden they had again deep water, them would be inevitable had the ship gone so that they thought all danger at an end, to pieces. It happened that the wind died concluding they had failed over the tail of away to a dead calon before noon. some shoals which they had seen in the eve- expected high water about eleven o'clock, ning. They had twenty fathom and up- every thing was prepared to make another wards before ten o'clok, and this depth con- effort to free the ship, but the tide fell fo tinued some time, the gentlemen who had much mort of that in the night, that the did hitherto been upon duty, retired to rest ; not float by 18 inches, though they had but in less than an hour the water shallowed thrown over-board near fifty tons weight : at once from twenty to seventeen fathom, they now therefore, renewed their toil, and and before foundings could be taken, the threw overboard every thing that could pothMhip struck against a rock, and remained bly be {pared ; as the tide fell,

the wao fixed but from the motion given her by the ter poured in fo rapidly, that they could beating of the furge. Every one was instan:- scarce keep her free by the constant working ly on deck,with countenances fully expressive of two pumps. Their only hope now de of the agitation of their minds. As they knew pended on the midnight tide, and prepathey were not near the shore, they concluded rations were accordingly made for another they had struck against a rock of coral, the effort to get the thip off. The tide bega points of which being sharp, ard the surface to rise at tive o'clock, when the leak like so rough as to grind away whatever is rubbed wife encreased to fuch a degree, that two against it, though with a gentle motion, pumps more were manned, but only one of they had reason to dread the horror of their them would work; three, therefore were situation.

kept going till nine o'clock, at which time The fails being taken in, and boats hoist- the hip righted ; but so much water had ed out to examine the depth of water, they beer admitted by the leak, that they exfound that the ship had been carried over a pected the would link as 1oon as the water ledge of the rock, and lay in a hollow within should bear her off' the rock. Their fituation it. Finding the water was deepest a-ftern, was now deplorable beyond description, althey carried out the anchor from the star- most all hope being at an end. They knew board quarter, and applied their whole force that when the fatal moment should arriver to the capstern, in hopes to get the vessel off, all authority would be at an end. Toe but in vain. She now beat so violently against

, boats were capable of conveying them all the rock, that the crew could scarcely keep on shore, and they dreadled a contest for the on their legs. The moon now shone bright, preference, as more thocking than the ihipby the light of which they could see the wreck itself: yet it was conlidered, that those sheathing-boards float from the bottom of the who might be left on board, would eventü. veftl, till at length the false keel followed, ally meet with a milder fate than those who so that they expected instant destruction. by gaining the shore, would have no chance Their best chance of escaping seemed now but to linger out the remains of life among to be by lightening her, but as they had the rudeft favages in the universe, and in fi ruck at high water, they would have been a country where fire-arms would barely ena. out in their profent fituation after the vesel ble them to support themselves in a moit should draw as much less water as the water wretched situation. , had funk; but their anxiety abated a little, At twenty minutes after ten, the ship floaon finding that the ship settled on the rocks ted, and was heaved into deep water, when as the tide ebhed. They, however, flatte- they were happy to find that ine did not adred themselves that if the ship should keep to- mit more water than the had done before ; gether till next tide, they might have some yet as the leak had for a considerable time chance of floating her. They therefore in- gained on the pumps, there were now three stantly started the water in the hold, and feet nine inches water in the hold. By thistime pumped it up. The decayed stores, oil- the men were fo worn by fatigue of mind


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and body, that none of them could pump in the evening they anchored seven leagues more than five or six minutes at a time, and from the shore; and found that the ship made then threw themselves, quite spent, on the 15 inches water an hour during the night, deck, amidst a stream of water which came but as the pumps could clear this quantity from the pumps. The succeeding man being they were not uneasy. At nine in the mornfatigued in his turn, threw himself down in ing they passed two islands, which were the same manner, while the former jumped called Hope Islands, because the reaching up and renewed his labour, thus, mutue of them had been the object of their wishes ally struggling for life, till the following at the time of the shipwreck. In the afteraccident had like to have given them up a noon the master was sent out with two boats prey to absolute despair, and thereby in- to found and search for a harbour where the sured their destruction.

fhip might be repaired. They anchored at Between the inside lining of the ship's bot- sun-set, in four fathom water, two miles tom, which is called the cieling, and the from the shore. One of the mates being outside planking there is a space of about fe- sent out in the pinnače, returned at nine venteen or eigătecn inches. The man who had o'clock, reporting that he had found such a hitherto taken the depth of water at the well harbour as was wanted, at the distance of had taken it no farther than the ceiling, two leagues.but being now relieved by another person At six o'clock the next morning they failwho took the depth of the outside plank, it ed, having previously sent two boats a-head appeared, by this miltake, that the leak had to point out the shoals that they saw in their suddenly gained upon the pumps, the whole way. They foon anchored about a mile difference between the two planks. This from the snore, when the captain went circumstance deprived them of all hopes, and out, and found the channel very narrow, scarce any one thought it worth while to but the harbour was better adapted to their lahour, for the longer preservation of a life present purpose, than any place they had which must to foon have a period : but the feen in the whole course of their voyage. As misake was soon discovered: and the joy it blew very fresh this day and the followarising from such unexpected good news ing night, they could not venture to run inspired the men with so much vigour, that into the harbour, but remained at anchor before eiroht o'clock in the morning, they during the two fucceeding days, in the course had pun cd out considerable more water of which they observed four Indians on the than they had shipped. They now talked hills, who ftopped and made two fires. of nothing but getting the ship into some The men by this time began to be afflict. harbour, and fet heartily to work to get in ed with the fcurvy; and their Indian friend their anchors; one of which, and the cabel of Tupia, was so ill with it, that he had livid another they loft, but these were now consi- Spots on both his legs. Mr. (een the astronodered as trifles. Having a good breeze from mer was likewise ill of the saine disorder ; sea, they got under fail at eleven o'clock, and so that their being detained froin landing was itcered for land. As they could not discover every way disagreeable. The wind containthe exact situation of the leak, they had no ed fresh till the 17th, but they then 'resolved · prospect of stopping it within side of the veír- to push in for the harbour, and twice ran el, but the following expedient, which one the ship a-ground ; -the second time of the midíhipmen had formerly seen tried the stuck faft, on which they took the with success, was adopted. They took an booms, fore-yards, and fore-top maft down old studding-lail, and having mixed a large and made a raft on the side of the hip ; and quantity of oakum and wool, chopped small, as the tide happened to be rising, the floatit was stitched down in handfulls on the failed at one o'clock. She was now foon got as lightly as possible, the dung of their sheep into the harbour where he was moored and other filth being spread over it. Thus along the side of a beach and the anchors, prepared, the fail was hauled under the ship cables, &c. immediately taken out of her. by ropes, which kept it extended till it came On Sunday morning they erected a ten under the leak, when the suction carried in for the fick, several of whom were brought the oakum and wool from the surface of on More as soon as it was ready for their the fail. This experiment succeeded so well, reception. They likewise built a tent to that, instead of three pumps, the water was hold the provisions and fores which were easily kept under with one.

landed the same day. Though the boat They had hitherto no farther view than was dilpatched in queft of fish for provision to run the ship into some harbour, and build a for the sick, she returned without success ; vefsel from her materials, in which they but Tupia employed himself in angling, might reach the East Indies: but they now and the fick sublisted on what he caught, began to think of finding a proper place to and recovered very fast. The high land repair ber damage, and then to pursue up the country was ftony and barren, their voyage on its original plan. At fix and near the river over-run with mangrotes

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among which at every tide the salt water all the water abaft, in consequence of which came up. Mr. Banks in an excursion faw Mr. Banks's collection of plants which had the frames of several houses, which appear- been removed into the bread room were ed to have been some time abandoned. found under. Some of them were totally

The forge was now fet up, and prepa- spoiled, but the greater part were reftored rations were made for repairing the vessel

. by proper care and attention. They nox And this day Mr. Banks, crossing the endeavoured to fioat the ship by throwing river to view the country, found it to be little water calks under her bottom; but this not else but fandy hills. He perceived vaft succeeding, they were obliged to wait till flocks of pigeons and crows, and thot seve- the next spring-tide. They now found ivore ral of the former which proved to be most cabbage trees, and a fruit of a deep colour, beautiful. The ship having sprung a leak, which was about the fize of a golden pippin, it was thought neceffary to carry her high- and when kept a few days tasted like a damer up the harbour, to find a station proper olcen. And a plant was discovered which for her to be laid in while this was stop- resembled our English spinage. ped.

Some of the crew went up the country On cxamining her on the 22d, it ap. with Mr. Banks, on the 28th, who fhewed peared that the rocks had cut through four them a plant that served for greens, which planks into the timbers, and that three was of the sort that the Weft-Indiother planks were damaged; but not a ans call Indian kale. They saw here a tree splinter was 10 be feen in all those breaches, notched for climbing in the same manner as the whole ! cilig is smooth as if it had been had been observed in Botany Bay. They cut with an nitrument of iron. One of alto met with rests of white ants, from the these holcs was large enough to have funk teight of seven inches to five feet. Prints her even with eight pumps going; but the of mens feet, and the tracts of several anifillure was in a great measure ftopped by a mals were discovered up the country. The fragment of the rock being left ttiking in next day a wolf was teen fimilar to those it. Some pieces of oakum, wool, &c. have found in America. ing gotten between the timber had likewise Fish were taken in such a quantity the fir cotried to stop several parts which the day as to allow a pound and a half to each ftone had left open. The veiful was besides man. otherwise damaged.

The captain afcended a hill on the zoth, The carpenters continued working on in order to take a view of the sea, which the frin', while the finiths were lufied in presented no agreeable prospect, as there making bolts a'id nails, and some went a .were Moals and land banks, almost on every crois the river:o foot pigeons for the sick. fide, but as the wind blew constantly from 'I hey found a itream of fresh water, taw the south he thought he might get clear hy several Indian houles, and observed a a palage that appeared open tothe nort! ward. mouse-coloured aniinal that was very fwift. Thisday Mr.Gore saw iwo animals of astray As to fish, though they fuw plenty, they colour shaped like a dog, but about the fize caught but three of them. Many of the of a hare. And now so much filh was ta. cr<w seeing the animal just mentioned, de- ken, and fuch a plenty of greens gathered, cleared they had seen the devil, describing that the ships company had no reason to comé this creature in the mos terrible manner, plain of their provisions. such as they apprehended must be the figure All the men were allowed to go on thore of the grand fve of mankind. It feems on the ift of July one excepted from each these nen nad seen a bat which had thus mess, who went on the fishing party, which ftruck them with fear and astonishment. succeeded very well. On Tuesday the maft

The repairs of the hip were now going fer, who had been fint in the pinnace to look forward, the carpenters began to work on for a channel, returned, and brought word her starbcard fide on the 24th. Some palm that he had found a pallage between the cabbages and a bunch or two of wild plan- shoals. He found some cockles fo large that tains were obtained by Mr. Gore for the one of them was fullicient for two men, berefreihment of the fick; and the captain fides plenty of thell-fiil, and of those he and Mr. Banks saw the above-mentioned brought a supply. In his return to the vefiel animal, which had a long tail that it car. he landed in a bay where some Indians were ried like a gre;-hound; the point of its foot at fupper, who Hed: they found some sea teenbled that of a goat, and it leaped eggs and a fire ready to dress them. like a deer. - When the vehicl was The attempt to nicat the trip fucceeded mineci ataft, it was found that she has not this day, but finding that hy the position the Deceived much injury in thit quarter. had lain in the lad fprung a plank, it was The carpen:ers, however, continued their judged necesary to lay her aftore, which Fork whenever the title would allow them. was accordingly done on the 4th, and ihe The vesel was now in a position that threw next day fhe was iloated at high water and

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