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important e subject, 'upon a systein of general may be read. (11 was then read to the abovic beneat, in which the interests ot Ireland have purport.] I defired this part of the addrels to beeri considered with an affectionate liberalily. be read, as je is a foundation for ikę propolicions

In my particular fituation, Sir, however I which i hall offer to the house. la the investie would with en avoid obtruding myteli upon the gation of this important and complicated subject, house, yet I think it necessary to say a word for those principles have been our guide, and we my former relerve, which acole merely from a have loughi to adapt them a well to the detail fear of offering any thing not fully considered, of the great outline of the adjustment. Where, and reduced to order. I tcel a duty and aciache mutual zeal and good will animate the endca-, ment to ho h countries to the country from vours on both sides to obtain the same object, whence I came and to this in which I have the simplest line is that which may be chosen the honour of an oftendible situation; and I den with greatest safety and succes; and I trult it clare, that while I remain here, I hope to forove will appear that as Ireland gave her word for mytelf as earnest, as anxious, as determinedly cherilling the common interest and brotherly alzealous an advocate for the fair pretensions of tection of both kingdoms, his Majesty's servants Ireland, as any Irith citizen whomioever. have studied so to frame the proposicions as to

I address myielf earnestly to this committee, meet the general lente, confidentihat the same which has, I am fure, decided upon the batis spirit will induce the Bricilh parliament to adopt that should support che fabric, facred to concilia- the like views. tion and reciprocity of interests. I call confo- His Majesty has to both countries spoken the dently upon you to affift in cementing those ma-' fame gracious language, and as the answers of terials which appear belt fuited to give strength both have breathed the fame spirit of concord and solidiey en all the parts, and to work over and affcation, we have now only to attend to it a covering of perpetual shelter against the ca. the fuccef ful accomplishment of the general pricious guits of jealousy and interestednef, with. And first we are to provide for the freewhile the united labours of both nations shall be dom of intercourse, and the unfettered commuemployed in compleating the execution. We nication of merchandize, between both coure now stand at the door of the temple of commer. tries, I address myself to an aliembly, the recial concord-letu- then calt a hide all narrow and presentatives of a nation warm with geoerous ungenerous prejudices, and carry into it only the feelings, and diverted of narrow partialities; I offering of harinony and affection Let our call upon them to recollect and give indulgence prayer be for mutual success, and our hope of to the force of long-accustomed enjoyment.reward be the general prosperity.

They will, however interested in the change of From my heart I can never believe that there policy, make allowance for the conttant folicie can be now any inanipicious croakings of indivio iude with which Great Britain has guarded for dual incerell

, or even of national partiality, diftinct hertelf a preference in the laws of navigation; from the welfare of the empire.

they will attend to the very early period at which This is not the reason to portend a principle so this periode was formed, and by what steps it has injurious to the character and good fenc of this knee gathered itrength; they will form a judge country, a that the welfare of Ireland is to be

ment of the expence of blood and treasure wieha feught for only in partial 211ention and exclusive which the hai feleled her colonies, and how na. provisions for her own mistaken encouragemeni; turally the might look with anxiety to them as The will now cherith the generous object of pros objects of her peculiar care. They will then moting ihe itrength and prosperity of the empire delcend to a period very little removed from the upon the ground of mutual benefits

. Coincide prefent, when in the greatelt need of every poro ingehu, with the wishes of Great Britain, who, lille source of a fillarree and support, me lillened I am tree t, declare, and forward to affert, does to their requests, relaxed the principle of intepot desire to receive or give any conceffion or. rested jealauly, and in parted to Ireland a partie accommodation that shall not be for the real in- cipation of this exclusive trade. This hould reterest and advantave of both countries. The ceived the gist with due acknowledgment, and event, I truit, will prove the best refutation of justly greeted the omen, the happy presage of she leditinus papers in which not only Great ihal' victory which affection has since obtained Briain, but this house, was calumniated and over self-interest and prejudice. milieprefented; they were indeed calculated to The moment I trust is conie when that vicimpoie upon popular credulity, and to answer tory will be made complete, when the reserva. the purposes of men who are alike enemies to eion even of a just pererence will be given up. England and to Ireland But the hour of dela. in addition to the conceffions aheady granted, fon being past, we may proceed without danger and thereby every obstacle will be removed, lo of milieprefentation

the full interchange of the commodities of the Give me leave, Sir, here to advert to the ex. world. It is not my purpose to attempt in this preftions of this houle in that address which re- place a detail of the advantages to be derived ceived an unanimous approbation at the clofe of from the adoption of this proposition ; you will haft leflion, and which recommend " a plan for meature them by your anxiety for obtaining a liberal arrangement of commercial intercourse them; and the saine principle which, on the between Great Britain and Ireland, forined up. pare of Great Britain, induced the sacrifice of a on the broad bafis of reciprocal advantage, as partial intereft to the great object, a generous the most effectual means of strengthening the reciprocity, will influence your estimacion and ernpire at large, and cherishing the common in. acknowledgment of her unequivocal liberality, ? terest and brotherly affection of both kingdoms.” liberality highly worthy of imitation, by which I delore that part of the address from this house the gives up her old partiality to the navigat;) ;


laws, thofe laws for the maintenance of which quillity and contentment through the country; she has lavished so much blood and treasure. by banishing tumult and dissention through the

The next confideration which presents itself land; by pointing oue che true sources of happie is the adjustment of duties upon the commodi- ness and importance to every individual; and by ties of the two countries, for their communica- subje&ting the frenzy of political, to the wisdora tion of a mutual supply: Those equitable prin- of commercial, regulation. ciples of commerce were formerly not well un- The first resolution that I shall take the liberty derstood : impolts have been laid upon goods in of submitting is a general one, declaratory of the their passage from one district of the same coun- principle upon which the plan of adjustment is to try to another ; partial restrictions have been be formed.com is this, tried as the means of giving success to partial “ Resolved, ift, That it is the opinion of this favour ; but local partialities have by experi. committee, that it is highly important to the geence been found to occasion general distress and neral interest of the British empire that the trade impoverishment, with advantage only to a few becween Great Bricain and Ireland be encourage interested monopolists. Wiser have been those ed and extended as much as possible; and for speculations, and more fortunate for the public that purpose that the intercourse and commerce has been the practice, where a community of be finally settled and ropulated on permanent and interests has encouraged a competition of indur- equitable principles, for the muiual benefit of try; and it might even be doubted whether be both countries." tween rival states there is not more of political This is meant only as an introductory propose prejudice than commercial wisdom, in supposing cion, but before I enter into the rest I beg lave the strength of the one to be the consequent to say this, with regard to the foreign and doweaknets of the other, which have introduced meftic trade, Great Britain and Ireland shall maxims of mutual prohibition and exclusion. have the same advantages, and be subjected to

· It will be readily admitted here, that in what. the lame duties; thae luch a bond of affection erer relates to general prosperity, Great Britain may subsist between the two countries as, I and Ireland thould be confidered as one country; hope, will be indissoluble. the strength and wealth of the one is the strengih The second refolution that I Mall offer, and ard wealth of the other ; I am confident, there. which is in fact the firlt of regulation, is this, fore; that in proposing upon this part of the Relolved, zuly, That towards carrying inlutject an adjustment, which by the destruction to full effect to delirable a leitlement, it is fit of unequal selfish preferences may set up a fyd- and proper that all articles, not the growth or tem of equal intercourse, I shall be justified in manufacture of Great Britain or lieland, should my idea, both of the wishes and real interests of he imported into each kingdom from the other this kingdom.

reciprocally, under the same regulations, and at I venture again to repeat my firm belief that the same duties, ii fubject to duties, to which Great Britain will be disposed to loosen her re. they are liable when imported directly from the Atraines, and to remove her distinctions, however place of their growth, produa or manufacture ; strongly, from the itate of internal burdeos, she and that all duties originally paid on importation may still be senable of the neceility which has into either country relpectively, shall be fully soade her adhere, with an apparént pertinacity, drawn back on exportation to the other.” to the plan of exclusive encouragement to lome I hope this will meet the çatire approbation of her manufactures; and with cordial sentiments of the house, and that there caunot possibly be of affection and confidence she will be ready to one dissentient voice.' facrisce the benefits in her separate pofleflion to The commiltee will perceive that this for ever the more enlarged desire of participating them abolishes the unfavourable construction of the with a lifter kingdom. I form only a true sene navigation act. The British market is now open Liinent of the mutual sense of attachment in to the fubjects of Ireland, and they may supply this nation, when I presume to rely upon your it on the same terms that it is supplied by the generous confideration, as well of her difficulties British merchants themselves ; there will 90 as of her liberality. It will therefore, be unne longer be any restraint on speculation, thay Ceflary for me to dwell upon those objects of ap- powerful stimulative to commercial vigour. prehension which, in the eyes of a less liberal Ireland, from her happy fituation, may become nation might be magnified, instead of removed, an emporium of trade, and even Great Britain sipon the view of opening a free participation of may supply herself from her markets. It will siade upon equal principle, while she is aware open a large field for speculation, and give it of the preferable commercial fituation of Ire: encourageinent. Your coats will be open to land, of the comparative cheapness of its neces. hins from foreign ports, and you will have faries, and the consequent diminished price of its an extenlive demand for home consumption : labour, alarming heretofore to every British mer. And we should take into consideracion the great chant and manufacturer; nor can she consider as degree of credit which this meature will give advantage of long duration to her the present this country, by bonding all duties to the time difference resulting from superior capital, and of fale.'-This, Sir, will give Ireland the adperhaps fuperior habits of indultry and invention, vantage of a more extentive credit, -and her There are circumstances which will diminish eve- merchants, by bonding the duties on direct im ry year, which may even be transferred to this.portation, may be the better enabled to accomcountry, which I might almoft venture to lay modate their customers in time. you yourselves may command, by a mere en- Creat Britain had formerly che advantage of deavour to take a true advantage of your situatio an abatement of one-half custom on plantation on; by infpiring sentiments of industry, tran- goods, and one-third inore of custom on foreign goods from the place of their growth by his

means such goods paid less, and would be fold pose it is also proper that in all cases where cicheaper coming through Great Britain than ther kingdom shall charge articles of its own confrom the immediate place of their growth; this furnption with an internal duty on the manufac. is now furrendered, and will prove a great en- ture, or a duty on the material, the fame ma. couragement to a direct trade with foreign parts. pufacture, when imported from the other, may

· The duty on foreign goods re-exported is by be charged with a farther duty on importation to this resolution drawn back, which effectually the same amount as the internal duty on the maprotects Ireland from Great Britain's raising á terial; and shall be entitled to such drawbacks revenue upon her, by laying duty of importa- or bounties on exportation as may leave the same tion upon exportation, and inus loading the con- subject to no heavier burden than the home made fumption. I cannot avoid taking notice of the manufacture ; such farther duty to continue lo paft conduct of some in this country, when a long only as the internal consumption thall be Doa-importation agreement was entered into. It charged with the duty or duties to balance which might have excited a lpirit of resentment, and it hall be imposed, or until the manufacture occafioned the linen manuiacture to be laid un- coming from the other kingdom shall be subjectder forme rettrictions,

ed there to an equal burden, not drawa back or The third resolution, and which admits into compensated on exportation." each country the product or manufacture of the

This is necessary to preserve the internal reve. orber, either free or upon equal duties, is nue of Great Britain, by making similar goods this :

from Ireland liable to the same duties that the " Resolved, 3dly, That for the same purpose British subject pays for his home consumption on it is proper that no prohibition should exist in candles, soap, leather, &c. but at the same time either country against the importaviva, use or

our goods may be imported and consumed in Tale of any article, the growth, product or manu- England as cheap as their own native produce, fa&ture of the other; and that the duty on the im. and will, upon exportation, be entitled to the portation of every tuch article, if lubject to dary fame drawback as British goods would be. in either country, should be precisely the fame The sixth resolution : in the one country as in the other, except where “ Resolved, That in order to give permanenan addition may be necessary in either country, in cy to the settlement now intended to be estabconsequence of an internal day on any luch arti- lished, it is necellary that no prohibition, or new cle o: ils own consumptiori."

or additional duties, Mould be hereafter imposed Thus every caule of aiarm is removed, che in either kingdom on the importation of any danger of losing the British market for our linens article of the growth, product or manufacture is for ever done away, and this at a time when of the other, except fich additional duties as may che violence and indifcretion of some men in be requisite to balance duties on internal con. Ireland, who have by a non-importation agree- famption, pursuant to the foregoing resolution." ment endeavoured to exclude British manutac- This establishes the permanency of the fetulecures, might justly be fupposed to roule che ment, by preventing all encroachments upon or relentment of Englishmen; yet by this Great subversion of the principles upon possible future Britain is for ever deprived of the power of circumstances. Linens now duty free will for retaliating. This amicable adjustment may al- ever continue so in Great Britain ; articles imto open a more extensive market for Irish mae ported on a Imall duty will continue fo; the duty Du'edures in England. The tabbinets and on coals to Ireland can never be railed; and enpopkins of Ireland are there highly efteemed; and couragement is given to the discovery or inventime with industry will enable the Irith artificer tion of new produce, as our exports to Great lo lend other goods in which his ingenuity may Britain cannot be excluded, or overcharged witha esable him to excel. At this day how large a duty to which they are not liable at this day. a portion of what Great Britain takes from Ire. The seventh resolution : land is of Irish produce? How small a portion " Reļolved, That for the same purpose it is of what Ireland takes from Britain is produced necesary farther, that no prohibition, or new there? -On which fide then lies the bencfit? or additional duties, should be hereafter imposed The fourth resolution is,

in either kingdom on the exportation of any are “ Resolved, 4thly, Thas in all cases where ticle of native growth, product or manufacture, the duties on articles of the growth, product or from thence to the other, except such as either manufacture of either coun:ry are different on kingdom may deem expedient from time to tirne the importation into the other, it would be ex. upon corn, meal, male, flour and biscuit; and allo pedient that they should be reduced in the king, except where there now exists any prohibition dam where they are the highest to the amount which is not reciprocal, or any duty which is payable in the other; and that all such articles not equal in both kingdom", in every which cale Thould be exportable from the kingdom into the prohibition may be made reciprocal, or the which they fhall be imported as free from duty duties raised fo as to make them equal." as the similar commodities or home manufac- This establishes the same principle of permeLure of the same kingdom."

nency upon exportation, but the exception see By this Great Britain abandons all jealousies cures us from the ill conlequence of exporting for her own manufactures, relinquishing those corn in time of scarcity. high duties by which some manufactures of Ire- The eighth resolution : land were prohibited, while her own manu- “ Resolved, That for the same purpose it he factures coming here pay the same duties as for- necesay that no bounties whatsoever Thould be merly.

paid or payable io either kingdom on the exporThe fifth resolution, viz.

tation of any article to ide other, except fuch : ? relate to com, meal, malt, flour and, biscuit, Thus circumstanced, I think I may rely upon and such as are in the nature of drawbacks, or the wisdom of this nation, that they will think compensation for duties paid; and that no bounty the trade which is imparted to them an object hould be granted in this kingdom on the expor- worth their care; and upon their generosity, ibat tation of any article imported from the British they will contribute to the general delence or the plantations, or any manufacture made of luch emapire. I hope they will meet Great Britaja article, wolers in cales where a similar bounty is with a liberality of fpirit like her own-the ob. payable in Britain on exporlation from thence, ject is to strengthen the general union, and enor where such bouncy is merely in the nature of create the security of both nations. a drawback, of compensation, of, or for duties It is natural to enquire by what means this paid over and above any duties paid thércon can be effected: certainly, if in consequence of in Britain."

the adjustment now proposed a very great es. This is a guard to you against forcing a supe ceale of revcaue Thall arise to Ireland, it will riority in any article, by bounty on exportation not be thought unrcalonable to appropriace a part, to your own market;- the exception of corn is of that revenue to the protection of the trade advantageous for in scarcity it enables Great which it arises ; and by our coatributing to the Britain to fell cheaper, which will also have the support of the naval force of che empire, Brieffea of bringing down the price on the foreiga tain will be still enabled to afford protection. I importation. Ii a scarcity thouid happen in shall therefore lay before you, Sir, a resolution Great Britain, and a surplus is here, you can, which can only operate in proportion is our By bounty, undersel che foreign, and encourage trade encreases. your own agriculture, which is now become such The tenth refolution : 2,capital object, that the exportation of oats only Retolved, That for the better protection of is a source of very greut wealeb La Ireland...The trade, whatever sum the grofs hereditary reteextensron of thole provisions to the colonies is nue of this kingdom (after deducting all draw, but just. Great Britain has opened that trade backs, repay,nents, or bounijęs granted in the to you, and only desires that you may not, by nature of drawbacks) Pirall produce annually, bounties, be enabled to supplant her in the sale over and above the sum of £

Thould of her own plantation goods in foreign markets. be appropriated towards the support of the naval But if Great Britain should give any bouny, furce of the empire, in such manner as the pare it will be in your power to equalize the fame. liament of chis kingdom fall direct." The ointh refolution:

Mr. Brownlow, I coatels, Sir, I could hard. " Reloved, That it is expedient, for the ge.. ly suppreis my indignation whilst the right bog. neral benefit of the British empire, that the in- gentleman was speaking i-l am scally atnafh. portation of articles from foreign faces should be ed that any man should be bold enough to more regulated from time to time in each kingdom, opluch a proposition in this house, and I should fuch terms as may afford an eftectual preference doom myselt a Nave if I could lamely hear it to the importation of similar articles of the made. Does the right hon. gentleman mesa growth, produce, or manufacture of the other.”, that we should become a tributary nalion ?-ls

This confirins the preference to the produce this the boalted extention of our commerce ?-Is or manufacture of Ireland over the like goods of this the reciprocal advantage we were to enjoy foreign countries. Thus the advantage co the Sir, I reject the gitt, and I hurl ii back with Irish linens over thole of Ruffia and Germany is scoru.-i never will content to be a dive, nor for ever confimed, that the like good conle. to pay tribuce.-l am ready to die, rather thaa quence will follow any other article fimilarly be a nave. Such propotitions were formerly circumstanced.

made to America, and we have seen their effect. Having thus briefy stated fome effects of the Sir, it is well for the right hon. gentleman three propofitions fubmited as a ground for amicable he is in a civilized country : Had he made luch adjustment, and if Great Britain, as I trust the a proposition in a Polish Dict he would not have will, thall adopt them in case of your approba, lived to carry back an aniwer. Is trade to be tion, you will certainly be convinced of her li- purchased on tich terins , Sir, I was born free; beralily and freedom from prejudice. She will. I will preserve my liberty; and I trust no Irith at once admit you to all the advantages which man will ever reduce himself to the level of a The has endeavoured to attain by labour and ex. flave, by paying tribule. I am willing to scperience, and to every protection which her pre• knowledge the liberalicy of Great Britain, but lent power can afford. All grounds for con- never will content to luch terms as thete. tention will be removed; the world will be Mr. Secretary Orde. Atter what the right open for your industry ; you will have ample hon. gentleman bas laid, knowing, as I do, that room for emulation, and may arrive at excel. he must have misapprehended my words, I hope lence without interrupting that harmony which I shall not be deemed presumptuous in riúng I hope will be the firit confequence of this ad- again, to express my altonithineat at his cailing jurtment, aad may ialt for ever.

the appropriation of part of the hereditary reveThus, Sir, Great Britain has generously fa- nue to the common delence of the eropire, uncrificed her prejudices, has removed all the bar- der the controul of the Irish Parliament, paying riers which me had raised to protect her trade. tribute. Is it not just that we should contribute -Her monopolies are at an end; no longer towards the expence of our protection? Is fecure of being the emporium of commerce, ac Yorkshire tributary because that county pays a time when her burdens prefs heavy upon her, something towards the general expences of the when he groans under the weight of a debt in- einpire. Would it be proper Yorkshire should curred by the general defence of the empire.



coroplain and refuse money to the revenue, be given the right hon. gentleman so much ombrage, Cause a part of it may be spent in London ? does not Rrike me in the same light. When the Good God, Sir, he might as well say that we parliament of Ireland granted three thou and mea pay tribule is maintaining a part of the army.

iur the common defence of the empire, it might, Nay, it is not the filt time that the navy of the upon the same ground, have been called a triempire has been the object of your attention- bute, but no man ever thought of giving it that 1: is not the first time ihat Ireland has thought name ; and though, Sir, I would be the last proper to afsift Great Britain by strengthening perion on earth that would lubanii to pay tribute, her navy-And now, when the parliament of yet long before I had any reason to hope that

Ireland feels and acknowledges the liberality of such an extentive and liberal plan as that now Great Britain-now, when we are admitted in

offered would be conceded, I did think that as lo full participation of all the has to impart, and

we received the protection of the navy of the it is proposed that a very linle aid shall be con- empire, we ought, in realon and justice, lo tribuied to the common defence, and that un- contribute domewhat to its support; and had a de der the controul of the Irish parliament-hail figo co propole our arming and maintaining some this be called a tribute :-Or Thall it be supposed trigates for the protection of our trade. that I should dare to ride up in this house, and contels, Sir, that I feel the utmost gratitude propound such a disgraceful measure, after I had to the right hon. gentleman who has brought á zealous anxiety for the welfare and happinels forward thele resolutions; to the genriemen who of this country, and that, while I had the ho. have afiiited him; and to the minifters on the nour to stand in the station I now do, my most other tide of the water, who act upon such jult carneft with would be to promote its honour and and liberal principles. I do think, Sir, that advantage, and by cultivating the most perfect every one of the le resolutions is replete with bereciprocity with England, endeavour for ever to Defits to this country. As to that in particular unte ibe iwo countries in affection as they are which regards the free importation and exportain interett ? I own, though I have an high tion of plantation goods, I took upon it to be stipeat for the right hon gentleman, that I the completion of what was intended when vie cannot suppress my astonifhmeat at tuch a lug- received a iree trade, and to be the perfection of gcftion,

that fyftem. Mr. Forbes. I am desirous only of time to Reipecting the duties between the two kingconsider the propofition. I will receive them doms, that the higher in each shall be levelled Without prejudice, diiregarding what lide of the down to the rate of the other, I am not so fanhouse they come from. If the gentlemen on guine as to think that any conliderable immediate the other úde with for unanimiiy, it will best be advantage will arite from ilmit will be many obtained by giving every man an opportunity to years before the Irish manufactures will find their examine in:e a matter of fuch great magnitude. way into the British market. The superior ikili, I hereiore move that the chairman do now quit the long experience, the great capital, and the the chair, and defire leave to fit again.

extentive trade of the Brit th manuiacturers, mult Mr. Secretary Orde faid it was his wish that give them advantages which we will not very time for deliberation should be given ; and the foon acquire. more lo, becaule he was convinced that the The permanent establishment of the present more they would be inveltigated the more they du.ics on Ruffian and German lineas will effecwould be approved of.

qually and tor' ever secure us from their rivalship Mr. Flood. I request gentlemen will not go in the British markets. But as we are to lay on into any discussion of thele proposicions. le is not no duties reciprocally, I tear that this for ever the bulines of the day, and there is no question eradicates all thoughts of protecting ducies. bclore the committee. Mr. Gardiner. The proposition which has

(To be continued.)

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Prologue to Fashionable Levities. Which though, in life, your laugh they may

Written by Mr. Chalmers,

Will rather pall, than please, at second hand.
Spoken by Mr. Wroughton.

'Tis harder itill to fuit the general mind,

And all our audience in our int'relt bind. TN Shakspeare's days, we only played the fool, Honest John Bull, vex'd with the cases of life,

And men of fashion gave- oc took the rule. With heavy taxes, and a scolding wife, Then lords were grave, and ladies graver still, Wishes fome hours in hearing us to waste, And only we, and clowns, had wit at will, And Galloping dreary dun is quite his caste; His miad rejected formal claffic lore,

Sir Fopling, too, his brains with claret addle, And drew from Nature's never ending store; Pronounces comedy to be a twaddle; But authors now-we often prove the fact, His lordship by the privilege of folly, Mutt fashion court, to teach us how to act; Is neither mulical or melancholy; Expote the follies which our statutes ipare, Thinks every honest bard a queer old put, And uoprotected virtue make their care. “ Damme! 'there's cothing in a play like smut." All nacure nrw is CUSTOM; custom, Law; The politician's all commanding pate And here we bring not what we think, but law. Wouid have us dramatise th'affairs of Atate: 'Tis hard to vary your dramatic mirth,

Mek, Whes every folly gives iss likepels birth.

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