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Diferers me with those tears
more, One kiss, my love, and then adieu; The last boat
More, Wairs, dearest
And with the distance from your eyes
My love for you shall be encreas'd,
And farthest off still varies leaft.
bar And when we've bow'd the leaguing 102,
Revengeful for our country's wrong,
No fiction grac'd my artless song.
“ Love does so run in my Head.”
was I great Ottoman, drops at your pretty toe, Sweet hen in your beauties I'll fun me, Your twinkles and dimples have
ed to perpetuate the memory of the furprize, as better condition, at the same price; old 1 warning to future cimes against Gimilar negli- dried peale, at a third more; the worst salt, sence
half dirt, the sweeping of ships bottoms Such was the issue of the second a:tempt and storehouses, at eight-pence; old Irish fait made by France in this war upon che iland of butter, ac half-a-crown; the worst fort of Jersey.
brown sugar, brought the same price ; and En. The necefity of the times had occafioned glish farching candles were sold a: lix-pesce a much too loog a delay in the relief or fupply of piece. the important fortress of Cibraltar. The un. But fresh provisions bore Nill more exorbicant consumed part of the provision which had been price. Even when the arrival of vessels from conveyed to that place by Admiral Rodney's fileet the Mediteranean opened a market, curkies told in the beginning of the preceding year, had by at 31. 125. a piece ; fucking pig at iwo guineas; this paded its proper time or keeping, and besides ducks, at hall-a-guinea; and imall hens fold ac its being generally bad in quality, was so much 'nine fillings a piece. A guinea was refused for reduced in quantity, as to afford room for the a calf's pluck ; and 1!. 78. alked for an oxe mot serious apprehensions. So early as the head. To heighten every diftrels, the firing was preceding month of October, their wary and fo nearly exhausted, as scarcely to afford a fufprovident governor, found it necessary to make a ficiency for the most indispensable culinary pure reduction of a quarter of a pound from each man's poles; so that all the linnen of the towo and daily allowance of bread. Their quantity of garrison was washed in cold water, and worn meat was likewite reduced to a pound and a half without ironing. This was severely felt in the in the week; and chat became latterly so bad as wet sealun ; which, not wichitanding the gene. to be scarcely eatable. The officers were even ral warmth of the climate, is exceedingly cold forbid the use of powder in their hair ; a regula- at Gibraltar. tion of economy, which though not very ellen. From this face of things some idea may be tial in itself, couid not but poluce a good effect formed of the distresses of the inhabitants; and in reconciliog the minds of the common men to it need be little wondered at, if such officers as che necefsity of their fituation. Of all possible were not high in command, and who had famitests of the discipline, attachment and virtue of lies to maintain, should have been exceedingly an army, a restriction of food has ever, with jul- embarrassed and distressed in their circumstances. tice, been deemed the greatest. To the honour Such men have the tairest claim, not only upon of the foldiery, in the present instance, they not the benevolence but the justice of their country. only submitted to it without murmur, but with The interests and honour oi Great Britain were universal chearfulness ard good temper. deeply engaged in the timely relief of that im
If such were she (treighis of the garrison, portant fortress. It was accordingly one of the under the care and providence of government for first objects of government in the commencetheir support, what will be thought of the dif- ment of the year 1781, and the grand Hecl, tresses of the unfortunate inhabitant, who were under the conduct of the admirals Darby, Digby, far too numerous for fo new and unexpected a 304 S. Lockhart Ross, was ficted out early facuation, and were much increated by the fart.i. for this service. It was divided into three squalies of the married officers, The former were drons under their respective commanders; but cbained to the place by their boules, property though France as well as Spain, had loudly and occupation, as well as by habit, and con- boalted, that they would not only dispute, but sexion, and the not knowing whither to remove. abiolutely defeat the execution of this deligo, From the time of the last fupply from England, yet, lo widely extended was the war, and 10 and even earlier, not a lingle vertel had arrived numerous and detached were the services of the with provisions of necessa ics, either from the British navy, that only 28 fail of the line could neighbouring Barbary thores, or from any of be spared for so great an object. the more distant coalls of Africa ; so that, along France had, at the same time, a fleet little with every other misfortune, they were at once inferior either in number or force, nearly ready cut off from that great and long established for the sea at Brest, and Don Lewis de Cordova, source of a cheap and plentiful market, aod re
with about 30 Spanish thips of the line, was duced to depend entirely for relief, on the ca. continually parading in and out of Cadiz, avow. sual arrival of a few mall Minorquin velleks, edly to fight the British flect, and to intercept whose fupply was inlufficient, and prices immo- the fuccours. But to prevent all trouble in the derate.
business; his force was magnified far beyond its As it has not been the fortune of the Englilla realitate ; and it was farther pretended, that for many years palt to have acted much upon the it was to be joined by strong reinforcements, defensive in fieges, an account of the market as weli from Toulon, as from the French prices at Gibraltar, during that period, may ports in the ocean.
The matter of fact was, probably be conlidered as a matter of some cu- that France was too anxious and eager for the rioley; but it is of much more moment, as a completion of her own great scheme in the Welt means of conveying information to the public, ladies and North America, and for retrieving of the obligations they are under to thofe brave her affairs in the Eadern world, to be diverted officers, who fo long 'Tultained the honour and from their purluit by attending to the views of jaterest of their country, by their ghufiuus de- Spain with respect to Gibraltar. She accordingly fence of Gibraltar.
directed her whole attention and industry, to Of the most commonand indispensable necessa- the early fitting out, and the effectual equipment, ries of life, bad thip biscuit, full of worms, was of the feet which was to sail from Breit, unwid at a Willing a pound; Hour, ig agt much der the conduct of M. de Gralse, for the Wet?
Inties, and to the squadron under M. de notice from a neutral ship of their near approach, Su ein, which was to proceed in company, all the vaunts which had been so long thrown on its way to the East Indies. On the out, of his determination and eageracis to fighe other hand, Spain, being diffident of her own them, were at once given up, and he made the strength to prevent the fuccour of Gibraltar, best of his way into Cadiz. On the same day, boasted loudly of her courage, and of the great after exploring the situation of the neis of her force, hoping thereby to deler her Span ith fleet, Admiral Darby for- April 121. enemy from the attempt.
warded the convoy, with fome men of war and The Aeet failed from St. frigates to cover them, to Gibraltar, as well as March 13th,
Helen', with the great East and 13 lail into the Mediterranean, on their way to 1781.
West India convoys, betore the Minorca, whilft he cruized with the main body middle of March ; bui met with lome delay on of the fleet off the Streight's mouth, in order to the coast of Ireland, in waiting for the victuale watch the motions of the enemy if they should Jer, from Cyke, which were to proceed with venture to put to sea. them to Gibraltar. It was probably owing to But though Spain - dared not to encounter the this delay, that they milied falling in wich M. British feet at fea, she had by this time prepared, de Grasle's feet of 26 Tips of the line, which a new, exceedingly troublelome, and not a little Tajled fi om Breft on the 22d of March. This dangerous, enemy, within the Bay of Gibrakar circumstance has cccafioned a question, which itself, upon which Ine depended, not only for de has dince been not a liule agitated both in par. feating the design of relief to that sostress, but liement and out, whether the intercepting of De for barning the convoy in the attempt. We Grafie should not have been tlie. first object of have heretofore had occasion to take notice, of our feet, instead of losing time in going to Ire- the trouble, which a few gun-boats they had land, and thereby mising the opportunity. conttructed at Algezira“, (on the opposite lide of
On the affimative side of the question it was the bay to Gibraltar) had frequently given, by Said, that the measure would have been the coming from their retreat, and firing upon the means of totally overthrowing the great designs town and garrison under the covert of the night. formed by France both in the Eastern and the The loog leiture of the liege, and the continual Western world. That our West India Ilands. opportunity which it afforded for invention, would have been preserved, Lord Cornwallis's experiment, and practical improvement, had enarmy saved from the fatal catastrophe at York abled the Spaniards to arrive at the highest pero Town, and our hopes and clains not only kept fection in the construction and managemege of alive, but with great probabilily of success in this sort of vefttis, and to increase their number North America. - To this it was answered, that so as to form a little Aeet of gun-boats. Each no certain knowledge could be obtained of the of these was worked by 20 oars, and carried time that the Brelt feet would fail; that the a loog 26 pounder in its prow, which ihrew measure of intercepting it would be a matter of thot much farther than any thip guns could great uncertainty, and the attempt attended with reach; and this kind of force was rendered Itill much delay; and that the consequent detencion more formidable and dangerous, by the addition of the great outward-bound convoys, which were of several bomb boats upon a similar conitructiunder the care of Admiral Darby, would have on. Belides, they had to the great misfortune of been highly destructive to our commerce, and the garrison, in bazing no'similar, of other force ruinous to the merchants. That in care of suc. to oppose them) been is long in the uninterrupte cess, the lots of Gibraltar must be the certain ed policflion of the bay, that they had by this conlequence; as it could not be supposed, that time measured all their diftances, aod knew the after the mugh encounter of iwo fleets so nearly effect of their fire in every direction. equal in force, Admiral Darby should be in con- During the continuance of the convoy in the dition to proceed to a fresh engagement with the bay, about 20 of these, under the conduct of a Sanith feet at Cadiz, which was superior, at, Don Moreno, who appeared in his barge giving' least in number, to either. And, that the re- orders, fallied, under the benefit of the early lief of Gibraltar, as it was executed, was high- calm, every morning from Algeziras, and with a Jy honourable to this country; and, besides, the fixed and steady aiin, regularly cannooaded and importance of the object in itlelt, was absolutely bombarded our ships ; but as soon as the wind, necesary for the support of our character and at its stated hour, began to spring up, they imconiequence with the other powers of Europe. mediately fled, and were pursued in vain. Thele
The Ealt and West India convoys, amounting attacks were fo dangerous to the convoy, that tn about 300 tail, having proceeded on their re- Sir John Leckham Roi, with his whole division spective voyages, the British feet, with 97 of iwo-decked ships, was sent in to their protecTraníports, Atoreships, and victuallers, kept on its tion; and every cajiain in his squadron, as well course for Gibraltar ; and meeting no enemy, as the other officers, was obliged to take a perwhich they expected to have done, in the laci- sonal and active part in this contemptible wartrdie of Cape St. Vincent', arrived off Cadiz be- fare. Nothing was ever more vexatious to the fore the middle of pril, and looking into the seamen, or excited their indignation in a greater harbour, law the Spanish fleet lying peaceably at degree, chan the fuccefitul audacity of this petzachor, without the smallest appearance of any ty enemy. As their prows were only expoled to in:ention to disturb their purpole. It has since view, the object was so imall, that when they anpeared, that Don Cordova with his fleet bad ventured within reach of our fhot, it wa: still no kept the sea for about a month before, and had more than a bare poflibility to hit the mark; and narrowly escaped an unwilling encounter with the repeated exertions of fone of the braveit the English ; but having the fortune to receive others and best teamen in lac world to cut off
their retreat was fruitless. The Spaniards how- proportion of their number which were continuever failed in their grand object; their conti. ally exposed, in the duty and relief of their nupued efforts were only capable of producing merous guards. The whole loss, from the 12th trouble and vexation; and so far from buroing of April to the end of June, amounted only to the convoy, no material damage was done to any one commiflioned officer, and 52 private me. part of the shipping.
killed, and leven officers, and 253 others Nothing could be more grievous to Spain wounded. The damage to the works was too than this relief, nor more mortifying to her pride, trilling to give any concern to the defeoders; than the disgrace, after lo much boasting, which but the Juty and fatigne were extreme, and her navy now suffered in the eyes of all Europe. they experienced in a high degree all the income Šne had let her heart lo entirely on the recovery modities and rigours of a liege, famine and pero of Gibraltar, that the scarcely leemed to have cilence only excepted. another object in the war. She lavished her The town and its inhabitants were the facris ucatares with an unfparing hand in that pursuit. fice. It could not be large, but it was extremeThe labour of it e nation was exhausted in the ly populous. Though the number of houses fupendous works which she railed before the was under five hundred, the inhabitants (at least place, and they were now covered with the most in the beginning of the siege) considerably exlcmnendous artillery that has perhig: been known needed three thousand. There were compoled la any fiege. Indeed the whole naval and mili- of various nations and religions, the English cary iorce of the state, and its retources of eve- only amounting to 500, the Roman Catholics ry iort, leemed directed to that single object. to near 2000, and the Jews were little short of
Al thele powers were now called into action, goo. They had been formed, early in the reign and the untoilunale cown, with its miferable in- of George the Second, into a corporation, with habitants, were the victims to her indignation. a mayor and aldermen (according to the Englith 170 pieces of cannon of the heaviest metal, and model) for their government. The wives and fuu:icore mortars, dilgorged their tremendous families of the officers and garrison, it is procontent of five all at once upon that narrow ipot. bable, are not included in this estimate. 1: leemed as it not only the works, but the rock Upon theie tell, almost, the whole weight of iicit, mutt have been overwhelmed. This this cruel cannonade and bombardment. Such as dreadful cannonade and bombardment, was con- were not buried in the ruins of their houses, or Linuet night and day, for a conliderable time, torn in pieces by the shells, in the general dewithout inte, million. It is said, and may well Itruction of the first night, fied, many of them be supposed, that nothing could be more splen- nearly naked, to the remote parts of the rock. didly magn ficens, or dreadfully sublime, chan But the shells from the baiceries reached to die view and the report of this tremendous scene, places which had always been deemed secure ; to those who obtervend them from the neighbours and where these failed, the gun-hoats lurking in ing hills of Barbary and Spain during the night, the dark, poured death and destruction during cpccially in the beginning, when ihe cannonade the night to the molt fequeftered recelles. No of the caemy being recurned, with till fuperior scene could be more deplorable. It is said, that puwer, and greater fierceners by General Elliot, mothers and children, clalped in each others arm, the whole rock leemed to vomit out fire, and all were, at the fame instant, so compleatly blowa diftinction of parts was lost in flame and imoke. to pieces by the bomb", that it seemed rather an
It wax computed by the artillery oficers and annihilation, than a dispersion of their shattered engincers in the garrilon, ihat during more than fragments. The calemates, which could alone three weeks from the first attack, the enemy afford tecurity, were filled by the garrilon ; and continued segularly lo expend, at least, a thou: happy did ladies of the greatest sensibility and land barrels of gunpowder, of an hundred molt delicate habits deem it, to be admitted to a prund weight each, aos co fire from four to five few hours repole in them, amidi all the noise of ibouland that and theilig in every twenty-four a crowded soldiery, and the groans of the hours upon the fortref. No powers of fupply, wounded who were brought in from their could Jong lupport this expenditure. After dit works. charging 75,000 thot, and 25,000 Mells, in this Time and fear, hy degrees, led to the discocourie of firing, it was then lowered to about very of new places of securiy; nor was the fire 6co of both in the 24 hours; at which reduced of the enemy at all times equally fatal in those scale it was coatinued for leveral weeks longer. within reach; but when a certition of its vio
While the flect continued in the Bay, Gen. El- lence entued, the surviving inhabitants having Tot retorted the enemy's attack with a prodigious lost their houses and property, could no longer fhower of tire ; but as it was a lianding maxim live in the place. They accordingly, including with that experienced cominander never to watte the families of the officers, eagerly seized every bis ammunition, and that the great, and evident. opportunity of shipping that offered for an escape, ly inci ealing difficulty of lupply, rendered that whether to England or to the neighbouring caution till more essentially neceflary, he soon countries, betrenched in that respect, and seemed to behold It feemed as if the spoil of the Dutch inand of voconcerned the fury and violence of the enemy. St. Eustatius had been fubject to some fatality, The loss of men on the side of the garriton, which was to deprive the nation as well as the during his unexampled cannonade and bombard- captors of its benefit. A rich convoy, freighted ment, was much less than could have been porn with the most valuable commodities taken at libly imagined, even, without considering the that isand, was on its way to England, at the narrowbels of the ground which shey defended, time that Admiral Darby failed to the relief of its high Acuation above the works, and the great Gibraltar. France, determining to profit of the