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That female flave of the Seraglio who be- on her with her daughter. The fernale atcomes the mother of a Sultan, and who may tendant of the exterior of the palace, was fire long enough to see her fon incurit upon directed to receive, and conduct them to the die Throne, is also the only woman who Sultana. On their arrival at the Seraglio of can, at that period alone, acquire without that Princess, the conductress made them the advantage of birth the distinction of enter by a firit and second iron gaie, guardSaltana valide, Sultana mother:

ed by different porters; but who were in no Maintained until then in the interior of way'difierent from the ordinary race of men, ber prison, with her son, she must be con- any more than the guardian of the third tented only to postess the eftcern which he gate, which cpened all at the command of inay have for her. It is evident that the the intendante, discovered several black title of favourite Suliana is the more abfurd, eunuchs, who with white starts in their for that, if sie be the Sultana, she caiinot liands, preceded the female strangers throuch avow that sort of preference; and the mos an inner court, entrufted to their keeping, dient fhe can poliels it, the is no lotiger alid introduced them into a large room called Sultana.

the Strangers Chamber. The title of Bachi Kadon, principal woi The Kiaya Cadun, ut Intendante of the ban, is the fift dignity of the Grand interior apartincnt of the Scaglio, came to Signior's harem: The has a larger allowance do the honourde aiid the slaves' fee had Luan those who have the title of second, brought affifted the two strangers to unmask third, and fourth woman; but these advan, and fold up their veils, while their mitre's Lage do not always indicate the real favou: vient to acquaint the Siltaria with their rite. The reigijing Grand Signior had cono arrival. The Princess, however, devoted fecrated thete" distinctions to his gratitude, is the prejudices of her religion, would by bestowing them on women who had paró only receive the visit from behind the blinds, taken of his retirement. He can dispose of that the might fee without being feen; but thon at his pleasure, by confining those iny mother in law declaring she would withwho already polless them in the old Seraglio. draw if the Sultana pestilted in concealing None of these four women are married to herself, the negociation was terminated by him: they represent only the four fice wo- the conferit of the Princess, who contrived mo which the law allows. One may pic- time to thiiik of her dress, by inviting fuine also, that they are there only for my mother to rest herself á little before how.

up to her apartment. ConductI have already said, that the difficulty of ed accordingly soon after by the Intenaccess to the Grand Signior's harem, where dante and a great number of slaves, they only a few doctors are admitted, and that founů the Sultana, ori entering her apartAfter removing every thing but what is con- ments, richly dresled, and set off with all Diected with the disorder, leaves no other fier diamonds, fcated in a corner of a rich thethod of judging of it than from the krów- fopha that furnished her saloon, the tapeftry 1dge of the custoins which pretail in the * and carpets of which were of gold and Larems of individuals.

silver lyons îluff, sewn together in breadths The palace even of a Sultaslá, where of different colours. The Telictes t, covers every thing, even to her husband, is at hered with fåttio, striped with gold, carried command, can give no insight into what and spread before the Sultana, served for passes in the Seraglio. I do not pretend, t'en to fit on; whilst fixty young girls, therefore, to cast a ray of light into that richly clad, and in loose robes, divided truly inaccessible durigeon; nor am I going thenifelves on the right and left at the ento offer any objects of comparison ; I shall trance of the hall, forming two rows, with confine myself to limple details, which ought their hands crossed on their waists. to be decmed curious; they give at Icat a After the first; compliments, the Princess's piqure of manners, and I am happy in questions turned upon ihe liberty enjoyed by fatisfying, in this respect, the anxiety of our women. She compared it with the culthe public, by describinig, as Madame de toms of the harcm, and thewed fome difTott dictates to me, a visit the made with

Ν Ο Τ E her mother to Sultarà Afina, daughter to

s. the Emperor Achmet, and filter to his suc- The Turks are very little acquainted cestors to this day.

with this kind of luxury, which is only to Under the reign of Sultan Mahamout, be found within the harems, where a kind this Priticefs fiil young, and prejudiced by of curtain extends behind the culhions, and the example of her brother in favour of the covers the wall half way up: but the hall of Franks, was defrous of conversing with an the throne, which has no lopha, is entirely European woman. My mother-in-law, al- covered with tapestry. though borti in Turkey, answered the pur- + Selictes is a small cotton matrass, copose of her curiosity, and was invited to wait vered with ituff. Gent. Mae, May 17&s.


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ficulty in conceiving how the face of a young to add, no doubt, to this picture the illusion girl could be viewed before marriage by her of a fex which was wanting to the enterfuture hufhand. But, these different questi- tainment. These pretended men began ons discussed, the concurred in the advan- fort of tilting on the water, to win the tages resulting from our customs, and giving fruits which other flaves threw into the Joole to the natural sensations arising from balon. The strangers had alto the pleasure her own personai situation, the exclaimed of going on the water in a small boat, rovved against the barbarity of the institution, by female ivwers, disguised also like men ; which, at thirteen years old, had put her in after which being led back to the Sultana's the power of a decrepid old man, who, by apartment, they took leave of her with the treating her like a child, had only inspired usual ceremonies, and were conducted out her with disgust. He died, however, at of the Seraglio by the same pasage, and lait, added the: but am I more happy? in the same order by which they were “ Ten years have I been married to a young' introduced. Pacha, who, they say, is young and ami- It appears from this description, that the able, but we have never seen each other.” eunuchs were more at the command of the

The Princess then said many polite things Sultana than dilposed to thwart her. These to the two European ladies, and gave orders beings are no other than an object of luxury to her Intendante to treat them handsomely; in Turkey, displayed no where but in the and after taking a walk, to provide an en- Scraglios of the Grand Signior, and the Sultertainment for them in the garden, and tanas. The pride of the great, 'tis true, to reconduct them to her to conclude the extends fo far, but, with moderation, and visit.

the richest of them have scarcely ever more The Intendante led them accordingly to than two or three black eunuchs. The her aputments, where they dined alone with white ones, who are less deformed, are reher ; whilft a number of flaves, forining a served for the Grand Signer, to form the row around the table, were wholly employ- guard for the outer-gates of his Seraglio ; ed in serving them.

but they are not suffered to approach the The dinner finished, and the coffee ferv- women, nor obtain any employment, whilft ed, the European ladies were offered pipes, the possibility of arriving at the post of which they refused, and which the inten- Kisar Aga furnishes the back eunuchs at dante hardly gave herself time to finish, be- least a motive to support and armuate their fyre she conducted her guests into the gar- ambition. Their character is always feroden, where frem bands of flaves were cious; and nature, offended in their perfons, arranged a very beautiful kiosk, seems perpetually to feel the reproach. the place where the company were Although the feast of Tehiraghan *, an allemble.

entertainment the Grand Signor often takes, This pavillion, richly furnished and orna- cannot enable one to form any judgment of mentadi, built over a large balon of water, the inside of the Seraglio, the particulars of occupied the middle of the garden, where it may appear interesting, by giving some espaliers of rotes, rising on all sides, con. idea of his pleasures t. cealed from the eye the lofty walls that The garden of the harem, larger, no formed this prison. Small foot-paths, very doubt, than that of Sultana Asma, but laid narrow, and paved with mosaic, were, ac- out certainly in the same taste, ferves as the cording to custom, the only walks in the theatre of these nocturnal feasts. Vales of gardeni; but a great number of pots, and every kind, filled with natural or artificial baskets of flowers, presented to the eye a flowers, are gathered there to augment the little cluster, beautifully coloured, and in- cluster, which is lighted by an infinite numvited the senses to partake of their tweets in ber of lanthorns, coloured larnps, and waxthe corner of a good fopha, the only object lights, placed in glass tubes, and reflected of this fort of walks. They were scarcely by looking-glaises, disposed for that purpose. feated, before the eunuchs, who had headed Temporary shops, filled with different sorts the proceffion, ranged themfelves in a row of merchandire, are occupied by women of at some distance from the kiosk, to give the harem, who represent, in suitable dresses, room for the Prince's band of music, con

N ο Τ E S. filling of ten women faves, who performed different pieces: during which à troop of * The Feast of Tulips; which is so calwomen dancers, as richly but more lovidly led, becaufe it confiits in illuminating a Pardresed, execuied several ballets that were terre; and that this is the flower of which tolerably agrecable both for the variety of the Turks are the fondell. fteps and figures. There women dancers + One may be apt to imagine, that those were also of a higher class than they u'taily which he habitually takes, are less lively are in private houlis. Soon after arrived than those he procures himself, in illuminata freth troop of women, diefleca, lijke mening lois Tulips.




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the merchants who might be supposed to sell consequently refused with disdain by the in. thein. The Sultanas, who are the lifters, dignant Englishman. nieces, or cousins of the Grand Signior, are " But, after all, gentlemen,” said hc, invited to these entertainments, and they, « you will allow that the stockings are as well as his Highness, purchase trinkets and mine?” Mufis in these shops, which they mutually " ( yes, Sir, we entertain no kind of make presents of to one another ; they ex- doubt in that respect.”, send ther generofity also çə such of the Grand « Then,' returned he,“ Signior's women as are adınitted to approach entertain ro kind of doubt but that, as being him, or who keep the thops.-Dancing, my property, I have a right to do with them music, and sports fimilar to the tilting on the what I please.”water I have fpcken of, prolong thele enter: To this question having also received an tainments until the night is far advanced, answer in the affirmative, he counted over the and diffufe à fort of momentary gaiety with- stockings, one by one; and having previousin these wallo, generally devoted to forrow ly cut them in pieces, he very deliberately, and to dulline's. It is also from Madame de in the presence of an astonished multitude, Tott that I obtained these relations, which trampled them under his feet in the kennel ; she received from the Sultana Hanum, of declaring, that he would travel over the whom, as I have already fald, her uncle abole kingdom bare-legged, rather tban have was very fond.

it said that be bad purchased from a Frencia The Englishman in Dunkirk : An Anecdote, King the privilege of wearing ubat frockings

be liked.
O man would submit to the payment of
Taxes, if he knew how, consistently

On -Uies-with the duty of a good subject, he could

equally burtbenjome to the Mind--Desire of poffibly avoid it; and though an englishman,

Company universal - Abuses of Company oppressed as he is with a stiil e creating cata

- Å moleft Hint to Misanthropes-Com, logue of national burthens, at home, may

pany bow divided and subdi videa. conient to bear them without much murmur, zs heing an unavoidable effect of the

embar Terinedination which mok men disraliments of the state, yet his very foul re- originate in a love of picafure, or any volts at every imposition in the form of taxe- unlawful passion. It is a propensity inion, to which he inay find himself exposed spired by the author of our nature, and by the despotic police of a foreign power—a which füves a moft valuable purpose. In power cipccially which he has always been company the mind receives a feafonable, taught to consider as the natural enemy of bis in.oderate and pleasing relief from those country, and the detera;ined fubverter of all pursuits in which we may be professionally ins dearest interests.

engaged. Bufiness, or ftudy, if interThus it happened lately, in the streets of rupted, defeat that indispensable vigour of Dunhirki--A gentleman of the Navy- one faculty, without which they Cannot be who, like his Royal Master, “ born and bred conducted, and languor, ill-templi, and in this country, glories in the name of Brie narrownels of sentiment, are the conica pon," on landing at this paltry town,- quences. Bancies are magnified into fakts, the nest of such outlaws, fwinders, and other fufpicions into certainties, and misconcep: vagrants, as England daily drives from her tions are as firmly rooted in the mind as the vith fcorn, and as France Aill blushes not to strongest principles can be. But business, or protect ; -found himself surrounded with a studly, fit us to enjoycompany, and company parcel of half-starved, chop-fallen wretches in its turn unbarthens the oppressed inind, who, stiling themselves Officers, begged to and enables us to return to our neceffary pur• have the bonour to convey his trunk, port. fuits with additional spirit. Our minds are manteau, and other baggage, to the Douane incapable of dwelling long on ore lub;et; or Cuftoin-house, for the purpose of being they were not created for selfishness, but for examined.

fociety. Man is no tooner a rational than As chance would have it, the packages of he becomes a focial being, cur countryman were found to contain no. All professions do not require amnement thing that the laws of the Grand Moncrque equally. Care is always to be taken that the declared contraband, except twelve pair of moments of amplement bear a just proportionz filk ito'kings, which had been purchased by to thofe of labour, Giddy ani opulent young him but the week before, at Nottingham, people play too muci, and when they and innocently intended for his own wear grow up do pothing but play; hence they during a short trip over the continent. become fopa and fools. Thy who work tvo

For those stockings, however, he was much injure their health, and thereby prevent ordered to pay three livres a pair.-Three the accomplishment of their wines, u prive livres !--The cxaction was enoritous, and themfelves of many enjoyments which nature has appointed for the hçalth of our bodies, more becoming estimate of the value and the equality and refinement of our temp. youth than to waste it in effeminate employ ers. Men of constant pleasure contract foliy merits, which, if necessary at all, ought cerand profligacy ; men of constant labour con- tainly to be left to women, tract melancholy, meanness, and avarice. Both But, after all, why attempt to prove the are useless to their friends and to mankind. utility of company ? 'I is a waste of words. 'The gratifications of thò fenfualist never re. Man is that coininunicative aniinal that eatward him for his trouble. The knowledge of gerly seeks after it in every situation of life. the ascetic Audent can neither be communi- Few ask themselves, Is company at this cated nor bequeathed. The riches of the time necessary to me?" Plenty of leisure miser administer to the luxuries of an heir, hours, and of money, sends thousands into The world profits not by any of those. It company, whose only care is to kill time, is deprived of those powers of genius and ha. and live all the days of their lives. bits of induftry, which placed in a proper The first assembly, rout, hurricane, or drum, light, and well-employed and regulated, at Westminster, differs only in degree from might have set many á bright example to the meanest tea drinking at Clerkenwel;'tkę mankind.

Tame inclination prompts to both. Porter • The employments which engage the mind and punch enable the citizens to meet in require to be oftener interrupted than those Dciety, to play cards, to talk politics, break which are only mechanical habits of industry. glasses, and keep late hours, just as much as Many men haveloft their reafon from intenle Champaigre and Burgundy enable the nobiapplication to some favouritë study ; but rio iity of the wet end of the town to enjoy siman ever loft his senses from an application milar amusements. A company of lords to the butineis of a country house. Six hours and 'fquires intoxicate themselves with study of Algebra is more weakening labour French wines, and a company of coblers to the mind, than a week of his employment intoxicate themselves with Er.glish ale; and who thinks he has done enough, if he swecps in whar lies the difference' next morning out the snop before breakfait, attend custo- All men desire company in one shape or anmers, or write ir,to his books all kis debts and other ; private houses, coffee-rooms, clubs, credits

. But still even such a man (when we focietie;' have their respective and numerous consider the carts and anxieties consequent flitors : fevy retire from the chearful society upon the fluctuations of commerce) is more of men, except they whom the pressure ont juftifiable in taking amusement than the la- misfortune drives ir to splitude. The love bourer to whom bodily rest is the highest fa- of one another's company is that part of tisfaction, and while meat and drink enable philanthropy which all prisTefs. : Statesmen him to return and toil with recruited strength, and thieves, clergymen and profligates, and activity. A statesman, a fiddler, a cler- maid-servants and fine liadies, asociate togyman, a fine lady, an oilman, a student, aşid gether according to the convenient times a bricklayer, require very different degrees and seasons of each. The fight of a nuof amusement, although it often happens merous company often abates the languor of that they who necii the least take the mort, á duil play or entertainment. And this uniA man of science, were it

' not for the chear. versal inclination for company may be per ful circles of friend hip, would not pnly ae- haps broaght as an argument against those quire-uncouth and disagreeable manners, but who maintain the equality of mankind in he would gradually impair the powers of his fome early age of the world; for, in a com mind, and defeat the purposes of his ambiţi- pany of only fix men, there is a visible deon. He would become morose to 'others, gree of superiority in fome, nor can any and unfriendly to himself. Although his amusement or business whatsoever be cons works might receive few impreffions from ducted, without pre-eminence being given the general form of his mind; yet a know- to some one, or more. ledge of his private conduct and character, But the mind is not only lightened of its would soon create public prejudice, and burthens in company, but it is iinproved. thereby his labours would prove useless to a Many men there are, indeed, who have no 8 part of marisind. A writer is never other opportunities of improving their minds fo amiable, or fo likely to please, as when particularly mechanics, and a great part of men areasured that he approaches near to mercantile people. If such avoid company, the virtues which he describes. Company, they never fail to become intan, selfish, and 'therefore, is useful to all. Even the idleft avaricious. The improvement received in class of traders, that which consists of those company, is of that kind which gives no well-drefed gentlemen whose business it is trouble; it is no additional fatigue to the la. to measure a ribbon, point out a fashionable bours of the day. Instruction glides imper: fik, and speak nonsense to giddy customers, ceptibly into the mind, and we are pleased may find the advantages of conipany, as in and improved at the same inftant. it come inay be found who have formed a As conversation, the, is not only the



noft faccessíul way of improving the mind, the only means to correct thefe. By retirehut also the most agrecable, I have often ment he neither benefits himself nor others; regretted that it is so often abuser by the un. his virtue is of that vieless, imtried kind, rowardness of rice and ignorance. Man which, like the courage or a coward, is lutcaties not with himn all his principles when pected by all men. he goes into company. Often wlien his wis Let us not relinquish the pleasures of comis brilliant it outshines wisdom, and he is bru- pany too haftily, nor allow the milk of hutal and unferling; resentments, quarrels, man kindness to be foured by gloomy reflectiand often bloodthed, ensue. We repent ons on abiurdities, which it is probably in our that wego into such company, and make ree power to remedy, Let us take a calm revew of solutions against company in general. Often ihe employments which fill up the hours alwe find that men of learning arç not com- lored to company. Perhaps it may be pofmunicative, that their exprellions are feeble sible to suggest some confiderations that may and barren; and that men of piety and good tend to remove the improprietics so often fense forget that the younger part of the complained of. company are to look up to them for an ex- The employments of men in company ample. Often the absurdities of fashion get may be referred to these heads, converļation, the better of the operations of common senie, carts, dancing, and drinking. -For method's and we voluntarily run into excesses and folo fake, conversation may be divided into three lies, which we neither can defend, nor pre- branches, politics, scandel, and miscellaneous tend to excuse. Gaming or intoxication, matier. This arrangement is not perhaps just, destroy our pleasures, and injure our health, but custom authorises it. In nineteen compaour fortune, and our integrity. Often a nies out of twenty, politics or news, are the man is in the cyes of his company "very fo- favourite subjects. Fjelding, who has left us cial,” when in the eyeg of a man of fense he a very fenfible pamphlet on conversation, dia would scarcely appear to be rational ; and a vides it into three kinds, With God, company into which we entered with piea- with ourselves, and with other men.” It is fure, we are often obliged to leave with a the last only, however, which comes to be regret that embitters every remembrance of conlidered here. Of the others, I shall only it.

say, that he who converses much with his Hence the really fociable and useful part God, is most fit to converse with himself; of mankind often complain, that they feldon and he who converses most with himself, is can go into company suited to their difpofiti- most fit to converse with cther men. on. They find companies to be dangerous afsociations for the purpose of idlenets, the ap: Tragic Story of Abdullah and Zarima at the petites of the luxurious, or the retreats of the

Siege of Buchara,

From tbe Arabian Writers. ignorant, where they may drink and be “jolly errors and abuses of company; having sedia Founy of my learned readers, skilled in the

oriental languages, Thall chuse to turn over more of a virtuous world than they have seen, the thirty and three volumes of Abulfagi, they feldom make allowances for the frailties the Arabian historian, they may find the of nature and education, or the follies of following story: Near one hundred leaves of fashion. By revolving in their mind the a- the Papyrus have been expended in the rebuses they have seen, and viewing them on. lation, but I have been at the pains of comly in one light, they aggravate into crimes, presling it into one paper. what perhaps more liberal men might call In the beginning of the nith century Ab« levities,”

They think him a wife man derama, the last descendant of the Samarian whose conversation is entirely with his own family, who reigned over the territory of heart, and whole society is with the dead. Buchiria, was besieged in his capital of BoKnowledge of the world, they call know- chara by Mamood the Great, who afterledge of vice and folly, and they leek wards reduced all India to his command. for those communications and instructions This mighty conqueror, who may be itiled from books, vhich it is in vain to look for the Aiexander of the Arabian historians, from the society in which they are placed. made twelve irriptions into India, and in

By such arguments have many reasoned each expedition swept away as much wealth, themselves out of society, and have left a and made as great a devastation of the hu. world, which their extensive ahilities, exem- man species, as Nadir Shah in his. Mamood plary integrity, and gentleness of manners, was the fon of the usurper Subuctagi, who might have adorned and improved. But expelled the father of Abderama from Sathis precipitation does nocredit to their know marcand, and reduced his empire to the ledge of human nature. They seem not to pofleffion of Bochana only and its depen. know that a good man muft ever live in a dencies. state of opposition to the profligacies of his Surli was the formidable general who fat 43, and that his presence and example are down with his forces beforc Bochara, and

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