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instrument is readily understood by him through the sense of hearing alone.

11. The telegraph is now used for many other purposes besides the sending of messages. By its means alarm-bells and time-bells are rung, and clock-hands at points remote from each other are moved in unison.

12. Little as we yet know of what electricity is, we are learning every year how to make it more and more useful to us. Successful experiments have been made in moving boats and cars by this great power; all our most beautiful metal-plating (electro-plating, as it is called) is done by it, and whole cities are brilliantly lighted by it at night.

13. But perhaps the most interesting of recent electrical discoveries is the telephone. Just as the word telegraph is made up of two words which mean “writing at a distance," so telephone means "hearing at a distance "; and this is just what the telephone helps us to do,—to hear what a person miles away is saying. It was found that by placing at each end of an electrified wire a speakingtrumpet and an ear-trumpet, as we may call them, words uttered at one end could be understood at the other.

14. This invention, although very recent, has come into great use. Hardly a city of any size but has its system of telephones with all their network of centering wires, bringing together without the delays of time and travel, office and factory, lawyer and client, physician and patient, buyer and seller. Surely a discovery that will do all these things must be accounted one of the chief wonders of this wonderful age.


How was galvanism first brought to notice (1) ? What came from Volta's experiments (3) ? Describe a simple way of showing that two metals when connected by moisture produce a current of electricity (4). What else did Volta find (5)? To what do we owe the voltaic

batteries (5) ? Give the names of some of the inventors of the telegraph (8). Describe in your own words how a telegraph works (9). How does a skillful operator learn the message sent by a telegraph (10)? For what other purposes besides sending messages is a telegraph used (11)? What is the meaning of the word “telegraph' (13) ? What does the word “telephone” mean (13) ? How is a telephone arranged (13) ?


1. con çěp' tion; n. idea.
1. store; n. supply,
1. În' ěx haust' ble; a. un-

1. dôr mant; a. sleeping.
2. pē' rý od' Ye al lý; adv. at

stated times. 2. styg'må tå; n. marks resem

bling the wounds on the crucified body of Our Saviour.

2. lăçi ēr ā' tions; n. wounds

made by tearing. 4, ăm' phi thể ả tẽn; . a cir

cular building having rows of seats, one above another, around an open space called the arena, and used by the ancient Romans for combats of

gladiators and wild beasts. 4. e liç' It ed ; v. drew out.


1. The Catholic Church, from east to west, from north to south, is, according to our conception, hung with miracles. The store of relics is inexhaustible; they are multiplied through all lands, and each particle of each has in it, at least a dormant, perhaps an energetic, virtue of supernatural operation. At Rome there is the True Cross, the crib of Bethlehem, and the chair of St. Peter; portions of the crown of thorns are kept at Paris; the holy coat is shown at Treves; the winding-sheet at Turin ; at Monza, the iron crown is formed out of a Nail of the Cross ; and another Nail is claimed for the Duomo of Milan ; and pieces of Our Lady's habit are to be seen in the Escurial.

2. The Agnus Dei, blessed medals, the scapular, the cord of St. Francis, all are the medium of divine manifestations and graces. Crucifixes have bowea the head to the

suppliant, and Madonnas have bent their eyes upon assembled crowds. St. Januarius's blood liquefies periodically at Naples, and St. Winifred's Well is the scene of wonders, even in an unbelieving country. Women are marked with the sacred stigmata ; blood has flowed on Fridays from their five wounds, and their heads are crowned with a circle of lacerations. Relics are ever touching the sick, the diseased, the wounded, sometimes with no result at all, at other times with marked and undeniable efficacy.

3. Who has not heard of the abundant favors gained by the intercession of the Blessed Virgin, and of the marvelous consequences which have attended the invocation of St. Anthony of Padua ? These phenomena are sometimes reported of Saints in their lifetime as well as after death, especially if they were evangelists or martyrs.

4. The wild beasts crouched before their victims in the Roman amphitheater ; the axman was unable to sever St. Cecilia's head from her body, and St. Peter elicited a spring of water for his jailer's baptism in the Mamertine. St. Francis Xavier turned salt water into fresh for five hundred travelers; St. Raymond was transported over the sea on his cloak; St. Andrew shone brightly in the dark ; St. Scholastica gained by her prayers a pouring rain ; St. Paul was fed by ravens; and St. Frances saw her guardian angel.

CARDINAL NEWMAN. Treves (1) is a city of Germany; Turin (1), Monza (1), and Milan (1) are cities of Italy. The “ Duomo" (1) of Milan is, next to St. Peter's in Rome, the most magnificent cathedral of Italy. St. Winifred's Well (2) is a holy place in Wales. The Mamertine (4) is the prison in Rome in which St. Peter was confined.

If you would hit the mark, you must aim above it; every arrow that flies feels the attraction of the earth.

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1. One morn a Peri at the gate

Of Eden stood, disconsolate ;
And as she listened to the springs

Of life within, like music flowing,
And caught the light upon her wings

Through the half-open portal glowing,
She wept to think her recreant race
Should e'er have lost that glorious place !
“ How happy,” exclaimed this child of air,
“ Are the holy spirits who wander there
'Mid flowers that never shall fade or fall

Though mine are the gardens of earth and sea
And the stars themselves have flowers for me,

One blossom of Heaven outblooms them all."

2. The glorious Angel who was keeping

The gates of light beheld her weeping;
And, as he nearer drew and listened
To her sad song, a tear-drop glistened

Within his eyelids, like the spray

From Eden's fountain when it lies
On the blue flower, which Brahmins say,

Blooms nowhere but in Paradise.

3. “ Nymph of a fair but erring line,"

Gently he said, " one hope is thine:
'Tis written in the Book of Fate,

The Peri yet may be forgiven
Who brings to this eternal gate

The gift that is most dear to Heaven !
Go, seek it, and redeem thy sin :

'Tis sweet to let the pardoned in.” 4. Downward the Peri turns her gaze,

And, through the war-field's bloody haze,
Beholds a youthful warrior stand

Alone beside his native river,
The red blade broken in his hand,

And the last arrow in his quiver.
“Live," said the conqueror, “ live to share
The trophies and the crowns I bear!"
Silent that youthful warrior stood:
Silent he pointed to the flood
All crimson with his country's blood,
Then sent his last remaining dart,
For answer, to the invader's heart.

5. False flew the shaft, though pointed well :

The tyrant lived, the hero fell !-
Yet marked the Peri where he lay,

And, when the rush of war was past,
Swiftly descending on a ray

Of morning light, she caught the last,

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